Codecs (简体中文)

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本文仅仅关心解码器和应用程序后端。参见 Common Applications 查看媒体播放器列表 (MPlayerVLC 是常用的选择。)



  • 一个合适的媒体播放器
  • 合适的解码器

如果你安装了一个媒体播放器,通常不需要特意的安装解码器。如 MPlayer 包含了大量的解码器作为依赖,同时也内嵌了一些解码器。


  • a52dec: liba52 is a free library for decoding ATSC A/52 streams
  • faac: FAAC is an AAC audio encoder
  • faad2: ISO AAC audio decoder
  • flac: Free Lossless Audio Codec
  • jasper: A software-based implementation of the codec specified in the emerging JPEG-2000 Part-1 standard
  • lame: An MP3 encoder and graphical frame analyzer
  • libdca: Free library for decoding DTS Coherent Acoustics streams
  • libdv: The Quasar DV codec (libdv) is a software codec for DV video
  • libmad: A high-quality MPEG audio decoder
  • libmpeg2: libmpeg2 is a library for decoding MPEG-1 and MPEG-2 video streams
  • libtheora: An open video codec developed by the
  • libvorbis: Vorbis codec library
  • libxv: X11 Video extension library
  • wavpack: Audio compression format with lossless, lossy, and hybrid compression modes
  • x264: Free library for encoding H264/AVC video streams
  • xvidcore: XviD is an open source MPEG-4 video codec




GStreamer is a library for constructing graphs of media-handling components. The applications it supports range from simple Ogg/Vorbis playback, audio/video streaming to complex audio (mixing) and video (non-linear editing) processing.

Simply, GStreamer is a backend or framework utilized by many media players.

GStreamer uses a plugin architecture which makes the most of GStreamer's functionality implemented as shared libraries. Since version 0.10 the plugins come grouped into three sets (named after the film The Good, the Bad and the Ugly).[1]

For the most complete solution:

# pacman -S gstreamer0.10-plugins



xine is a free (gpl-licensed) high-performance, portable and reusable multimedia playback engine. xine itself is a shared library with an easy to use, yet powerful API which is used by many applications for smooth video playback and video processing purposes.

As an alternative to GStreamer, many media players can be configured to utilize the xine backend:

# pacman -S xine-lib

Note that the xine project itself provides a capable video player, xine-ui.


libavcodec is part of the FFmpeg project. It includes a large number of video and audio codecs. The libavcodec codecs are included with media players such as MPlayer and VLC, so you may not need to install the ffmpeg package itself.

Tips and tricks

Install MPlayer binary codecs

As an ultimate solution, you can try to install MPlayer binary codecs.

If you are not able to play some files go to, read the instructions and install the codec you need to play your files.

They can also be found in AUR with the name codecsAUR.