zh-CN:Compiz Compiz is a コンポジットなウインドウマネージャーです。. Compiz それ自身が1つのウインドウマネージャーであり、Openbox, Fluxbox, Enlightenmentのような他のウインドウマネージャーと同時に動作させることはできません。 - 現在利用しているウインドウマネージャーを使用したまま、いくつかのデスクトップ効果を得たいユーザーは Compiz の代わりにXcompmgr を利用してみるとよいかもしれません。
- 1 インストレーション
- 2 Starting Compiz Fusion
- 2.1 Manually (with "fusion-icon")
- 2.2 Manually (without "fusion-icon")
- 2.3 KDE
- 2.4 GNOME
- 2.4.1 Alternate Session for GNOME (Preferred Method for Experienced Compiz/Dock Users)
- 2.4.2 Autostart (without "fusion-icon") (Preferred Method)
- 2.4.3 Autostart (without "fusion-icon") (With gnome3 fallback mode session)
- 2.4.4 Autostart (without "fusion-icon", Gnome prior to 2.24)
- 2.4.5 Autostart (with "fusion-icon")
- 2.5 XFCE
- 2.6 As a Standalone Window Manager
- 3 Misc
- 4 Troubleshooting
- 5 See also
基本的なインストールは [community] リポジトリで行うことができます。
Make sure the [community] repository is enabled in
If you want to install the entire compiz-fusion group, give The command
# pacman -S compiz-fusion
which will install EVERYTHING, but chances are you only want compiz for either Gnome or KDE, not both, so...
Run this if you want only the gtk-based packages (for Gnome) installed:
# pacman -S compiz-fusion-gtk
Or this if you want only kde-based packages (for K Desktop Environment) installed:
# pacman -S compiz-fusion-kde
Users who wish to select the packages individually may consult the following list:
List of packages by group
- Entire compiz-fusion group (compiz-fusion)
- ccsm, compiz-core, compiz-fusion-plugins-extra, compiz-fusion-plugins-main, compizconfig-backend-gconf, compizconfig-backend-kconfig, emerald, emerald-themes, fusion-icon
- KDE compiz-fusion group (compiz-fusion-kde)
- ccsm, compiz-fusion-plugins-extra, compiz-fusion-plugins-main, compizconfig-backend-kconfig, emerald, emerald-themes, fusion-icon
- GTK (Gnome) compiz-fusion group (compiz-fusion-gtk)
- ccsm, compiz-fusion-plugins-extra, compiz-fusion-plugins-main, compizconfig-backend-gconf, emerald, emerald-themes, fusion-icon
- compiz-decorator-gtk, compiz-decorator-kde, compiz-manager
- ccsm or "CompizConfig settings manager" is the GUI application that lets you configure all of Compiz's plugins.
- Emerald is compiz's own window decorator with few dependencies. (Note: Works but is buggy and no longer maintained)
- fusion-icon offers a tray icon and a nice way to start compiz, start ccsm and change the WM / Window Decorator.
- compiz-manager is said to bring better session managing capabilities (needs confirmation!).
- compiz-decorator-gtk and compiz-decorator-kde are alternatives to emerald and uses your desktop environment's configuration backends and looks.
- 'Unsupported' Plugins
- compiz-fusion-plugins-unsupport is available from the AUR. It is versioned 0.8.4 but works fine with 0.8.6. It includes the 'Tile' plugin.
Starting Compiz Fusion
Manually (with "fusion-icon")
Launch the Compiz Fusion tray icon:
Note: If it fails (almost never), you may try it with dbus-launch:
$ dbus-launch "fusion-icon"
Right click on the icon in the panel and go to 'select window manager'. Choose "Compiz" if it isn't selected already, and you should be set.
If this fails you can start compiz-fusion by using the following additional command to replace your default window decorator with Compiz's window decorator (Emerald):
$ emerald --replace
Again, note: If you want to use compiz window decorations make sure you have the "Window Decoration" plugin marked in the compiz settings through ccsm.
Manually (without "fusion-icon")
Launch Compiz with the following command (which replaces your current window manager):
$ compiz --replace ccp &
A quick overview over common compiz command-line options:
- --indirect-rendering: use indirect-rendering (AIGLX)
- --loose-binding: can help performance issues (nVidia?)
- --replace: replace current window-manager
- --keep-window-hints: keep the gnome window-manager gconf-settings for available viewports, ...
- --sm-disable: disable session-management
- ccp: the "ccp" command loads the last configured settings from ccsm (CompizConfig Settings Manager) otherwise Compiz will load with no settings and you won't be able to do anything with your windows like dragging, maximizing/minimizing, or moving.
Autostart (with "fusion-icon")
Add a symbolic link, that points to the fusion-icon executable, in your KDE Autostart directory (generally located in
$ ln -s /usr/bin/fusion-icon ~/.kde/Autostart/fusion-icon
Next time KDE is started, it will load fusion-icon automatically. Template:Box Note
Autostart (without "fusion-icon")
Method 1 - Autostart Link
- You can ensure that Compiz Fusion will always start at login by appending a desktop entry to the KDE Autostart directory. If it doesn't already exist (it should), create the file
~/.kde/Autostart/compiz.desktopwith the following contents:
[Desktop Entry] Type=Application Encoding=UTF-8 Name=Compiz Exec=/usr/bin/compiz ccp --replace NoDisplay=true # name of loadable control center module X-GNOME-WMSettingsModule=compiz # autostart phase X-GNOME-Autostart-Phase=WindowManager X-GNOME-Provides=windowmanager # name we put on the WM spec check window X-GNOME-WMName=Compiz # back compat only X-GnomeWMSettingsLibrary=compiz
- If you want to use the optional
fusion-iconapplication, launch fusion-icon. If you log out normally with fusion-icon running, KDE should restore your session and launch fusion-icon the next time you log in if this setting is enabled. If it doesn't appear to be working, ensure you have the following line in
Method 2 - export KDEWM (Preferred Method)
As root you must create a short script by doing the following in your terminal. This will allow you to load compiz with the switches because doing it directly via
export KDEWM="compiz --replace ccp --sm-disable" doesn't seem to work.
$ echo "compiz --replace ccp --sm-disable &" > /usr/bin/compiz-fusion
/usr/bin/compiz-fusion has executable (+x) permissions.
$ chmod a+x /usr/bin/compiz-fusion
Choose one of the following:
- 1) Compiz for your user only --> Edit the file
~/.kde4/env/compiz.shand add the following line so KDE will load compiz (via the script you just created) instead of loading KWin.
- 2) Compiz system wide --> Edit the file
/etc/kde/env/compiz.shand add the following line so KDE will load compiz (via the script you just created) instead of loading KWin.
Method 3 - Use KDE 4 System Settings
Go to System Settings --> Default Applications --> Window Manager --> Use a different window manager
If you need to run compiz with custom options select "Compiz custom" (when you run fusion-icon from a terminal you can see the command line with which compiz was started). Create a file called "compiz-kde-launcher" in your /usr/bin directory. Then make the file executable: "chmod +x /usr/bin/compiz-kde-launcher". Here is an example for compiz-kde-launcher:
#!/bin/bash LIBGL_ALWAYS_INDIRECT=1 compiz --replace ccp & wait
Alternate Session for GNOME (Preferred Method for Experienced Compiz/Dock Users)
The gnome-session-compiz package in AUR can be used to add an additional menu entry in the GNOME session login dialog. This method does not require foced fallback mode and/or modifications to sensitive system files/settings. Also, you can switch between GNOME Shell and Compiz/Cairo-Dock between sessions. If you can't get it working, you can always go back to your original GNOME session.
For this method to work, Compiz and Cairo-Dock (Taskbar/Panel) may have to be configured initially for fresh accounts, from another working session (ccsm in GNOME Shell worked fine for me).
This method completely replaces the GNOME's window manager and panel (they are not launched at all, rather than being replaced or killed later). So, before actually switching to this alternate session, you may want to configure corresponding/alternate features of the original panel application in Cairo-Dock:
- Add Application Menu icon to Cairo-Dock and remember its key-bindings.
- Remap Application Menu key-bindings to ALT+F1 and ALT+F2, for convenience.
- Add Clock, WiFi, NetSpeed icons to the dock as applicable.
- Add Log-out icon:
- Set the command for logout to "gnome-session-quit --logout"
- Set the command for shutdown to "gnome-session-quit --power-off"
- Add the Notification Area Old (systray) icon to Cairo-Dock.
Autostart (without "fusion-icon") (Preferred Method)
This Method makes use of the Desktop Entry Specification to specify a Compiz Desktop Entry and of the GConf default windowmanager setting. Thanks to the Desktop Entry you should be able to select Compiz as a windowmanager out of GDM.
1)If the following file doesn't already exist (it should), create it
/usr/share/applications/compiz.desktop containing the following:
[Desktop Entry] Type=Application Encoding=UTF-8 Name=Compiz Exec=/usr/bin/compiz ccp #Make sure ccp is included so that Compiz loads your previous settings. NoDisplay=true # name of loadable control center module X-GNOME-WMSettingsModule=compiz # autostart phase ##-> the folloing line cause gnome-session warning and slow startup, so try not to enable this # X-GNOME-Autostart-Phase=WindowManager X-GNOME-Provides=windowmanager # name we put on the WM spec check window X-GNOME-WMName=Compiz # back compat only X-GnomeWMSettingsLibrary=compiz
If the above doesn't work (in most cases it does), for example if you notice some issues with windows refreshing or low performance, try:
Exec=/usr/bin/compiz ccp --indirect-rendering
Exec=/usr/bin/compiz --replace --sm-disable --ignore-desktop-hints ccp --indirect-rendering
Some Users noticed a "lag" of 4-10 seconds when loging in from a login manager. The solution is to change the command to:
Exec=bash -c 'compiz ccp decoration --sm-client-id $DESKTOP_AUTOSTART_ID'
as noted in the forum. You can also add the extra parameters as described above if needed.
2) Set some GConf parameters using the gconftool-2 command in a terminal window or do it visually with Configuration Editor (gconf-editor). The following outlines using the command line method, but you can also see which keys to change using gconf-editor:
gconftool-2 --set -t string /desktop/gnome/session/required_components/windowmanager compiz
The following are optional and in most cases not necessary (the respective keys are deprecated since GNOME 2.12). But iny any case, if the above didn't succeed the next two statements are still valid and should be tried.
gconftool-2 --set -t string /desktop/gnome/applications/window_manager/current /usr/bin/compiz gconftool-2 --set -t string /desktop/gnome/applications/window_manager/default /usr/bin/compiz
Autostart (without "fusion-icon") (With gnome3 fallback mode session)
Replace your windows manager (gnome-shell,metacity...) with compiz in RequiredComponents line.
Change DefaultProvider-windowmanager line to DefaultProvider-windowmanager=compiz
Here is part of my
RequiredComponents=compiz;gnome-settings-daemon; RequiredProviders=windowmanager;notifications; DefaultProvider-windowmanager=compiz DefaultProvider-notifications=notification-daemon
Autostart (without "fusion-icon", Gnome prior to 2.24)
This is a way that works if you use GDM (and I'd assume KDM too).
Make a file called /usr/local/bin/compiz-start-boot with the contents:
#!/bin/bash export WINDOW_MANAGER="compiz ccp" exec gnome-session
and make it executable (
chmod +x /usr/local/bin/compiz-start-boot). Next create the file
/etc/X11/sessions/Compiz.desktop containing the following:
[Desktop Entry] Version=1.0 Encoding=UTF-8 Name=Compiz on GNOME Exec=/usr/local/bin/compiz-start-boot Icon= Type=Application
Select Compiz on Gnome as your session and you're good to go.
Autostart (with "fusion-icon")
To start Compiz fusion automatically when starting a session go to System > Preferences > Startup Applications. In the Startup Programs tab, click the Add button.
You will now see the Add Startup Program dialogue. Fill it in as follows.
Comment: (Put anything you like or leave blank.)
When you're done hit the Add button. You should now see your startup program in the list in the Startup Programs tab. It must be checked to be enabled. You can uncheck it to disable Compiz on startup and switch back to Metacity.
You may also need to use the gconftool-2 command in a terminal window to set the following parameter, otherwise fusion-icon might not load the windows decorator.
gconftool-2 --type bool --set /apps/metacity/general/compositing_manager false
Xfce autostart (without "fusion-icon")
This method will start Compiz directly through the XFCE session manager without loading Xfwm.
Please note the change to xml config files in XFCE newer than 4.2
To install the session manager, run this command as root:
# pacman -S xfce4-session
Now we have to configure the default/failsafe session of XFCE.
Edit the following file
$ nano ~/.config/xfce4/xfconf/xfce-perchannel-xml/xfce4-session.xml
Or to make the change for all XFCE users (root access required)
# nano /etc/xdg/xfce4/xfconf/xfce-perchannel-xml/xfce4-session.xml
Replace the xfwm startup command,
<property name="Client0_Command" type="array"> <value type="string" value="xfwm4"/> </property>
with the following:
<property name="Client0_Command" type="array"> <value type="string" value="compiz"/> <value type="string" value="ccp"/> </property>
To prevent the default session from being overwritten you may also add this:
<property name="general" type="empty"> ... ... <property name="SaveOnExit" type="bool" value="false"/> </property>
To remove the existing sessions, run:
$ rm -r ~/.cache/sessions
Xfce autostart (with "fusion-icon")
This will load Xfwm first then replace it with Compiz.
Open the XFCE Settings Manager & then Sessions & Startup. Click the Application Autostart tab.
(Name:) Compiz Fusion
Edit the following file (settings in this file is used in preference)
Or to make the change for all XFCE users (root access required)
# nano /etc/xdg/xfce4-session/xfce4-session.rc
Add the following
[Failsafe Session] Client0_Command=fusion-icon
Comment out Client0_Command=xfwm4 if it exists.
This will cause xfce to load Compiz instead of Xfwm when the user has no existing sessions.
To prevent the default session from being overwritten you may also add
[General] AutoSave=false SaveOnExit=false
To remove the existing sessions
rm -r ~/.cache/sessions
Check if this file exists:
If not do:
cp /etc/xdg/xfce4/xfconf/xfce-perchannel-xml/xfce4-session.xml ~/.config/xfce4/xfconf/xfce-perchannel-xml/xfce4-session.xml
and open it for edit:
or make the changes for all xfce4 users (needs root access):
# nano /etc/xdg/xfce4/xfconf/xfce-perchannel-xml/xfce4-session.xml
Edit Client0_Command that it look like this:
<property name="Client0_Command" type="array"> <value type="string" value="fusion-icon"/> <value type="string" value="--force-compiz"/> </property>
if --force-compiz dosen't work use compiz --replace --sm-disable --ignore-desktop-hints ccp instead.
Add the SaveOnExit property if missing and set it to false:
<property name="general" type="empty"> <property name="FailsafeSessionName" type="string" value="Failsafe"/> <property name="SessionName" type="string" value="Default"/> <property name="SaveOnExit" type="bool" value="false"/> </property>
finally remove old xfce4 sessions:
rm -r ~/.cache/sessions
Now xfce4 will load compiz instead of Xfwm.
As a Standalone Window Manager
The package compiz-core by itself is sufficient to start using compiz-fusion. However ccsm and emerald (or another window-decorator) are additional highly recommended packages. You may install fusion-icon, compiz-fusion-plugins-main, compiz-fusion-plugins-extra or any other package later on at any time.
To autostart compiz-fusion configure .xinitrc to launch compiz as:
exec ck-launch-session compiz ccp
You can also add other command-line options to your .xinitrc
Or if using fusion-icon, configure .xinitrc as
exec ck-launch-session fusion-icon
However chances are you will need additional apps (e.g a panel) for optimal usability. So to autostart such apps simply add them to your .xinitrc as:
tint2 & cairo-dock & exec ck-launch-session fusion-icon
An alternative method, utilizing a simple script entitled start-fusion.sh:
#!/bin/sh # add more apps here if necessary or start another panel, tray like pypanel, bmpanel, stalonetray xfce4-panel& fusion-icon
If this script dosn't work for you, or you get issues with dbus utilize this script:
#!/bin/sh cd /home/<yourusername> eval `dbus-launch --sh-syntax --exit-with-session` /usr/bin/X :0.0 -br -audit 0 -nolisten tcp vt7 & export DISPLAY=:0.0 sleep 1 compiz-manager decoration move resize > /tmp/compiz.log 2>&1 & # add more apps here if necessary or start another panel, tray like pypanel, bmpanel, stalonetray xfce4-panel& fusion-icon
Make it executable
chmod +x start-fusion.sh
And add it to .xinitrc, like this:
exec ck-launch-session /path/to/file/start-fusion.sh
Feel free to use a different panel, tray, or start a whole bunch of applications with your session. See this forum thread for more info.
To add a root menu similar to that in Openbox, Fluxbox, Blackbox etc. you must install the package compiz-deskmenu from the AUR. Upon a restart of Compiz-Fusion, you should be able to middle click on your desktop to launch the menu.
If it does not automatically work, enter the CompizConfig Settings Manager, and in Commands tab, within the General Settings menu, ensure that there is a command to launch Compiz-Deskmenu, and the appropriate key binding is set to Control+Space.
If it still does not work, enter the Viewport Switcher menu, and change "Plugin for initiate action" to core (NOTE: for versions 0.8.2+ it's 'commands' instead of 'core'), and "Action name for initiate" to run_command0_key.
Allow users to shutdown/reboot
Refer to this wiki page. If using "The Modern way" of policykit You can add the command to ccsm->General->Commands and assign a short-cut key to it or alternatively you can use a launcher application.
In order to use compiz-manager, you need to install it from community:
pacman -S compiz-manager
Compiz-manager, that is now installed in
/usr/bin/compiz-manager, is a simple wrapper for Compiz and ALL of its options. For example, you can run
and see what the console returns for more info. You can use it in all the scripts that start Compiz. Very simple!
In order to use gtk-window-decorator, install the package compiz-decorator-gtk and select "GTK Window Decorator" instead of "Emerald" as your window decorator in fusion-icon or whatever other program you are using to configure compiz.
gconf: Additional Compiz Configurations
To achieve more satisfying results from Compiz, you can tweak its config with gconf-editor:
Note that now compiz-core isn't built with gconf support; It is now built with gconf support through compiz-decorator-gtk. So, you need to install it if you want to use gconf-editor to edit your Compiz configuration. The Compiz gconf configuration is located in in the key apps > compiz > general > allscreens > options.
"Active plugins" is where you specify the plugins you would like to use. Simply edit the key and add a value(refer to the key apps > compiz > plugins to see possible values). Plugins I’ve found useful are screenshot, png, fade, and minimize. Please do not remove those enabled by default.
Default plugin keyboard shortcuts (plugins have to be activated!)
- Switch windows = Alt + Tab
- Switch desktops on cube = Ctrl + Alt + Left/Right Arrow
- Move window = Alt + left-click
- Resize window = Alt + right-click
A more detailed list can be found under CommonKeyboardShortcuts in the Compiz wiki or you can always just look at your plugin's configuration (ccsm).
ATI R600/R700 Notes
While using fusion-icon you shouldn't experience any problems because it takes care of everything for you, but if you are using one of the autostart methods that do not involve fusion-icon you will run into trouble. For example when using the Xfce autostart method without fusion icon you must edit ~/.config/xfce4/xfconf/xfce-perchannel-xml/xfce4-session.xml per the instructions above. However, if you follow the directions above explicity you will find that compiz does not load. You must instead make your xfce4-session.xml file look like this
<property name="Client0_Command" type="array"> <value type="string" value="LIBGL_ALWAYS_INDIRECT=1"/> <value type="string" value="compiz"/> <value type="string" value="--sm-disable"/> <value type="string" value="--ignore-desktop-hints"/> <value type="string" value="ccp"/> <value type="string" value="--indirect-rendering"/> </property>
This example targeted Xfce specifically, but it can be adapted to any desktop environment. It's just a matter of figuring out how to add it to the proper config file. The key thing is the required command which if typed on a command line would look like this
LIBGL_ALWAYS_INDIRECT=1 compiz --sm-disable --ignore-desktop-hints ccp --indirect-rendering
This is how Xfce's session manager interprets the above XML code. Notice that you do not need --replace because you are not first loading xfwm and then compiz.
See this article.
- Compiz Configuration -- sub article
- Compiz Website -- including wiki and forum
- Composite -- A Xorg extension required by composite managers
- Xcompmgr -- A simple composite manager capable of drop shadows and primitive transparency
- Cairo Composite Manager -- A versatile and extensible composite manager which uses cairo for rendering.