Difference between revisions of "Concurrent Versions System"

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Revision as of 20:48, 23 January 2008

This is a guide to setup the latest CVS server on the latest Arch Linux machine. Best of luck.


Update or install to the latest version of cvs and xinetd (as root):

# pacman -Sy cvs xinetd

Create the cvs group - members of this group will have write access to the repository (as root):

# groupadd cvs

Create the cvs user in the cvs group (-md makes the home directory) (as root):

# useradd -md /home/cvsroot -g cvs -p Insecure0 cvs


Initialize your CVS repository (as cvs):

cvs% cvs -d /home/cvsroot init

The permissions on the directory (not the files inside, however) should be 2775 (drwxrwxr-x), but if not, run (as cvs):

cvs% chmod 2775 /home/cvsroot

Add any users that you want to have local access to the repository to the group cvs by using the following two steps. The 'adduser' script is very handy.

You can add pre-existing users to the cvs group with the command (as root):

# gpasswd -a username cvs

Make a file in /etc/xinetd.d/ called cvspserver with these contents (as root):

service cvspserver
        port            = 2401
        socket_type     = stream
        protocol        = tcp
        wait            = no
        user            = root
        passenv         = /home/cvsroot
        server          = /usr/bin/cvs
        server_args     = -f --allow-root=/home/cvsroot pserver

Edit /etc/services and add this line containing the information for cvspserver service if does not exist (as root):

cvspserver 2401/tcp     #CVS PServer

Edit /etc/hosts.allow and add this line to allow users to connect (as root):


Now restart xinetd (as root):

/etc/rc.d/xinetd restart


Become cvs ("su cvs") and create a 'passwd' file in ~/CVSROOT:

# Format is username:password:group


Now create a 'writers' file in ~/CVSROOT, which grants write privileges to the users you created in 'passwd':


Now create a 'readers' file in ~/CVSROOT, which grants read privileges to the users you created in 'passwd':



You can test out the server using the following commands:

export CVSROOT=:pserver:my_user_name@
cvs login
mkdir ~/sandbox
mkdir ~/sandbox/myproject
cd ~/sandbox/myproject
echo "this is a sample file" > myfile
cvs import -m "description of myproject" myproject v1 r1
cd ..
rm -R myproject
cvs checkout myproject
cd myproject
echo "some changes to the file" >> myfile
cvs commit -m "Explain changes here" myfile