Convert a text file's encoding

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Notes: please use the second argument of the template to provide more detailed indications. (Discuss in Talk:Convert a text file's encoding#)
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Characters' encoding problems are well-known and of course there is a simple solution on linux to change a file's encoding.

This solution is named: iconv which is provided by the glibc package which is in core.

The following command will convert the foo file from ISO-8859-15 to UTF-8 saving it to foo.utf:

$ iconv -f ISO-8859-15 -t UTF-8 foo > foo.utf

The manual page of this program is pretty clear so refer to it for more advanced usage.