Difference between revisions of "Custom File Associations"

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The following method creates a custom mime type and file association manually.  This is useful if your desktop does not have a mime type/file association editor installed.  In this example, a fictional multimedia application 'foobar' will be associated with all '*.foo' files.  This will be done a per user basis (as opposed to system-wide).
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#REDIRECT [[Default Applications]]
 
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* First, create the file {{Filename|~/.local/share/mime/packages/application-x-foobar.xml}}:
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$ mkdir -p ~/.local/share/mime/packages
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$ cd ~/.local/share/mime/packages
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$ touch application-x-foobar.xml
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* Then edit {{Filename|~/.local/share/mime/packages/application-x-foobar.xml}} and add this text:
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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
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<mime-info xmlns="http://www.freedesktop.org/standards/shared-mime-info">
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<mime-type type="application/x-foobar">
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<comment>foo file</comment>
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<icon name="application-x-foobar"/>
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<glob-deleteall/>
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<glob pattern="*.foo"/>
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</mime-type>
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</mime-info>
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Note that you can use any icon, including one for another application.
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* Next, edit or create the file {{Filename|~/.local/share/applications/foobar.desktop}} to contain something like:
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[Desktop Entry]
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Name=Foobar
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Exec=/usr/bin/foobar
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MimeType=application/x-foobar
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Icon=foobar
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Terminal=false
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Type=Application
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Categories=AudioVideo;Player;Video;
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Comment=
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Note that Categories should be set appropriately for the application type (in this example, a multimedia app).
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* Now update the mime database with:
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$ update-mime-database ~/.local/share/mime
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Programs that use mime types, such as file managers, should now open '*.foo' files with foobar.  (You may need to restart your file manager to see the change.)
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[[Category: HOWTOs (English)]]
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Revision as of 02:31, 9 April 2013