Difference between revisions of "Custom File Associations"

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The following method creates a custom mime type and file association manually.  This is useful if your desktop does not have a mime type/file association editor installed.  In this example, a fictional multimedia application 'foobar' will be associated with all '*.foo' files.  This will be done a per user basis (as opposed to system-wide).
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#REDIRECT [[Default Applications]]
 
 
* First, create the file {{Filename|~/.local/share/mime/packages/application-x-foobar.xml}}:
 
 
 
$ mkdir -p ~/.local/share/mime/packages
 
$ cd ~/.local/share/mime/packages
 
$ touch application-x-foobar.xml
 
 
 
* Then edit {{Filename|~/.local/share/mime/packages/application-x-foobar.xml}} and add this text:
 
<pre>
 
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 
<mime-info xmlns="http://www.freedesktop.org/standards/shared-mime-info">
 
<mime-type type="application/x-foobar">
 
<comment>foo file</comment>
 
<icon name="application-x-foobar"/>
 
<glob-deleteall/>
 
<glob pattern="*.foo"/>
 
</mime-type>
 
</mime-info>
 
</pre>
 
Note that you can use any icon, including one for another application.
 
 
 
* Next, edit or create the file {{Filename|~/.local/share/applications/foobar.desktop}} to contain something like:
 
 
 
[Desktop Entry]
 
Name=Foobar
 
Exec=/usr/bin/foobar
 
MimeType=application/x-foobar
 
Icon=foobar
 
Terminal=false
 
Type=Application
 
Categories=AudioVideo;Player;Video;
 
Comment=
 
 
 
Note that Categories should be set appropriately for the application type (in this example, a multimedia app).
 
 
 
* Now update the mime database with:
 
 
 
$ update-mime-database ~/.local/share/mime
 
 
 
Programs that use mime types, such as file managers, should now open '*.foo' files with foobar.  (You may need to restart your file manager to see the change.)
 
 
 
[[Category: HOWTOs (English)]]
 

Revision as of 02:31, 9 April 2013