Difference between revisions of "DVD Burning"

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[[Category:Optical (English)]]
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#REDIRECT [[Optical_Disc_Drive#DVD_burning]]
{{i18n|DVD Burning}}
 
{{Article summary start}}
 
{{Article summary text|An overview of DVD writing tools and methods.}}
 
{{Article summary heading|Series}}
 
{{Article summary wiki|DVD Playing}}
 
{{Article summary wiki|DVD Ripping}}
 
{{Article summary wiki|DVD Burning}}
 
{{Article summary heading|Related articles}}
 
{{Article summary wiki|CD Burning Tips}}
 
{{Article summary wiki|Video2dvdiso}}
 
{{Article summary end}}
 
 
 
Writing (or "burning") DVDs requires a different approach than burning CDs. DVDs offer much higher capacities, and the standard CD writing tools will not suffice.
 
 
 
This HOWTO covers a narrow scope for now: writing data onto DVDs using the command line.
 
 
 
==Required packages==
 
# You still need the standard CD writing tools known as {{Package AUR|cdrtools}} (which can be replaced by {{Package Official|cdrkit}}, if desired).
 
# You also need the new DVD writing tools known as {{Package Official|dvd+rw-tools}} found in the [[Official Repositories]].
 
 
 
{{Note|Do not install the package known as {{Package Official|dvdrtools}}. It conflicts with {{Package AUR|cdrtools}}, and {{Package Official|dvd+rw-tools}} is the superior DVD writing package.}}
 
 
 
{{Tip|If you wish to use a graphical front-end, install {{Package Official|k3b}} or {{Package Official|brasero}}, and you need to read no further.}}
 
 
 
==Procedure==
 
This HOWTO will use the command {{Codeline|growisofs}} from the {{Package Official|dvd+rw-tools}} package. If you have ever written CDs from the command line before, you will know the process of first creating an iso9660 file ({{Codeline|mkisofs}}), and then burning it to CD ({{Codeline|cdrecord}}). {{Codeline|growisofs}} merges these steps, so you do not need extra storage space for the ISO file anymore. Another advantage is that multisession writing has been simplified.
 
 
 
===Overview===
 
Essentially, writing a '''new''' DVD follows this procedure:
 
$ growisofs -Z /dev/cdrw -r -J /path/to/files
 
 
 
where {{Filename|/dev/cdrw}} is your DVD writer device.
 
 
 
To '''continue''' a DVD (write an additional session), you use:
 
$ growisofs -M /dev/cdrw -r -J /path/to/files
 
 
 
To burn an ISO '''image''' to disc, use:
 
$ growisofs -dvd-compat -Z /dev/cdrw=/path/to/iso
 
 
 
To create a video DVD, use the following (NOTE: rather than using {{Filename|/dev/srN}} directly, consider {{Filename|/dev/dvdN}} or even just plain {{Filename|/dev/dvd}}):
 
$ growisofs -Z /dev/sr0 -dvd-video /path/to/video
 
 
 
; {{Codeline|-Z}}: start at the beginning of the DVD using the following device
 
; {{Codeline|-M}}: start after the last session on the disc using the following device
 
; {{Codeline|-r}}: [[Wikipedia:Rock Ridge|Rock Ridge]] support with sane permission settings (recommended, extended Unix info)
 
; {{Codeline|-J}}: [[Wikipedia:Joliet (file system)|Joliet]] support (recommended, extended info for Windows NT and Windows 95)
 
 
 
{{Note|{{Codeline|-r}} will choose different permissions than the real ones; to use the exact permissions use {{Codeline|-R}} instead. See the man page of {{Codeline|mkisofs}} for more information.}}
 
 
 
{{Tip|1=If you want to copy an existing DVD, one way that works is to make an ISO using {{Codeline|readcd}}:
 
$ readcd -v dev=/dev/cdrw -f image.iso
 
 
 
as per [[CD Burning Tips]], then use the {{Codeline|growisofs}} example above to burn the ISO to a new blank disc.}}
 
 
 
===Example===
 
 
 
Although the above might suffice for you, some users require extra settings to successfully write DVDs.
 
 
 
A simple DVD writing template:
 
$ growisofs -Z /dev/cdrw -v -l -dry-run -iso-level 3 -R -J -speed=2 -joliet-long -graft-points /files/=/path/to/files/
 
 
 
; {{Codeline|-Z}}: as seen above, this starts a new DVD; to continue a multisession DVD, use {{Codeline|-M}}
 
; {{Codeline|-v}}: increase verbosity level (more output)
 
; {{Codeline|-l}}: breaks DOS compatibility but allows for longer filenames
 
; {{Codeline|-dry-run}}: simulate writing (remove this flag if you are sure that everything is set up correctly)
 
; {{Codeline|-iso-level 3}}: defines how strict you want to adhere to the iso9660 standard ({{Codeline|-iso-level 1}} is very strict while {{Codeline|-iso-level 4}} is very loose)
 
; {{Codeline|-R}}: see above
 
; {{Codeline|-J}}: see above
 
; {{Codeline|1=-speed=2}}: start burning at 2X speed
 
; {{Codeline|-joliet-long}}: allows longer Joliet file names
 
 
 
The final part needs more explanation:
 
-graft-points /files/=/path/to/files/
 
 
 
This specifies that files will be stored in the subdirectory {{Filename|/files}} rather than the DVD root. See the {{Codeline|mkisofs}} manual for details.
 
 
 
{{Note|{{Codeline|growisofs}} is basically just a front-end to {{Codeline|mkisofs}}. That means that any option for {{Codeline|mkisofs}} also works with {{Codeline|growisofs}}. See the {{Codeline|mkisofs}} man page for details.}}
 
 
 
==Re-writable DVDs==
 
 
 
The process for burning re-writable discs is almost the same as for normal DVDs. However, keep in mind that virgin DVD+RW media needs to be initially formatted ("blanked") prior to usage. Blanking can be done using the program {{Codeline|dvd+rw-format}} like this:
 
$ dvd+rw-format /dev/cdrw
 
 
 
where {{Filename|/dev/cdrw}} is your DVD writer device.
 
 
 
==Troubleshooting==
 
 
 
===Permission denied===
 
 
 
If you encounter a permissions error, make sure that you are a member of the [[Groups|group]] "optical":
 
# usermod -aG optical username
 
 
 
after which you will have to log off and then log on again.
 
 
 
{{Note|{{Codeline|growisofs}} will not run via [[sudo]].}}
 
 
 
If you still have troubles accessing the device try the following command:
 
  $ ls -l /dev/<device name>
 
eg
 
  $ls -l /dev/sg1
 
If the output reads like this:
 
  crw-rw---- 1 root disk 21, 1 29. Okt 09:47 /dev/sg1
 
you have to change the group to ''optical'':
 
  # chown root:optical /dev/sg1
 

Revision as of 18:07, 22 July 2013