Difference between revisions of "DVD Playing"

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[[Category:Audio/Video (English)]]
 
[[Category:Audio/Video (English)]]
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{{Article summary start}}
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{{Article summary text|An overview of playing/ripping/writing Digital Versatile Discs.}}
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{{Article summary heading|Available in languages}}
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{{i18n entry|English|DVD}}
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{{i18n entry|Français|DVD (Français)}}
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{{Article summary heading|Related articles}}
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{{Article summary wiki|DVD Ripping}}
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{{Article summary wiki|DVD Writing}}
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{{Article summary end}}
  
{{i18n_links_start}}
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DVD, also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc, is an optical disc storage media format used for video and data storage.[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DVD]
{{i18n_entry|English|:DVD}}
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{{i18n_entry|Français|:DVD (Français)}}
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{{i18n_links_end}}
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==Video Playback==
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==Playing DVDs==
  
Some popular programs to play DVDs are mplayer, Xine and VLC. Xine and VLC support DVD menus where mplayer will play any title you specify.
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===Required packages===
  
You will need to add your user to the group 'optical' to be able to access your DVD drive, if you have not done so already:
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If you wish to play encrypted DVDs, you must install the libdvd* packages.
  gpasswd -a USERNAME optical
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# pacman -S libdvdread libdvdcss libdvdnav
  
==libdvd Install==
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Additionally, you must install player software. Popular DVD players are [[MPlayer]], [[Wikipedia:Xine|xine]] and [[Wikipedia:VLC|VLC]]. xine and VLC support DVD menus.
  
If you wish to play encrypted DVDs, you must install the libdvd packages.
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{{Tip|Users may need to belong to the [[Groups|'optical' group]] to be able to access the DVD drive:
 +
# gpasswd -a USERNAME optical
 +
}}
  
They are installed with:
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===MPlayer===
 +
[[MPlayer]] is efficient and supports a wide variety of media formats (i.e. almost everything). To play a DVD with MPlayer:
 +
$ mplayer dvd://N
  
  pacman -S libdvdread libdvdcss libdvdnav
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...where N is the desired chapter number. Start at 1 and work up if unsure.
 
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===mplayer===
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MPlayer is efficient and not heavy on the system requirements. There isn't much that can't be played with this program. To play a DVD with MPlayer
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  mplayer dvd://N
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''Where N is the chapter that you want to play, start at 1 and work your way up if you are not too sure.''
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To play a DVD image file:
 
To play a DVD image file:
  mplayer -dvd-device movie.iso dvd://N
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$ mplayer -dvd-device movie.iso dvd://N
To play a loopback mounted image (shouldn't be needed, use the above)
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  # as root
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  mount -o loop movie.iso /mnt/dvd
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  # as a user
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  mplayer -dvd-device /mnt/dvd dvd://N
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To find your audio language you can start MPlayer with the '''-v''' switch and it will output audio IDs. You can make use of any auido track with '''-aid <audio_id>'''. You can set a default audio language by editing ''~/.mplayer/config'' and adding the line ''alang=en'' for english.
+
  
With MPlayer, the DVD could be set with a low volume. To increase the maximum volume to 400% use ''softvol=yes'' and ''softvol-max=400''. The startup volume defaults to 100% of software volume and the global mixer levels will remain untouched. Using the 9 and 0 keys, volume can be adjusted between 0 and 400 percent.
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To find the audio language, start MPlayer with the {{Codeline|-v}} switch to output audio IDs. An audio track is selected with {{Codeline|-aid <audio_id>}}. Set a default audio language by editing {{Filename|~/.mplayer/config}} and adding the line {{Codeline|1=alang=en}} for English.
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With MPlayer, the DVD could be set to a low volume. To increase the maximum volume to 400% use {{Codeline|1=softvol=yes}} and {{Codeline|1=softvol-max=400}}. The startup volume defaults to 100% of software volume and the global mixer levels will remain untouched. Using the 9 and 0 keys, volume can be adjusted between 0 and 400 percent.
 
   alang=en
 
   alang=en
 
   softvol=yes
 
   softvol=yes
 
   softvol-max=400
 
   softvol-max=400
  
[http://www.mplayerhq.hu/ MPlayer Homepage]
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[http://www.mplayerhq.hu/ MPlayer home page]
 
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===gmplayer===
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The GUI version of mplayer is not quite as powerful as the console version, but still efficient.
+
  
 
===xine===
 
===xine===
A lightweight media player. It has a GUI and supports menus.
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A lightweight media player supporting DVD menus.
  
[http://www.xine-project.org/ xine Homepage]
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[http://www.xine-project.org/ xine home page]
  
 
===VLC===
 
===VLC===
A capable player with a GUI, installed with:
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A capable player with a simple GUI, installed with:
  pacman -S vlc
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  # pacman -S vlc
  
[http://www.videolan.org/vlc VLC Homepage]
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[http://www.videolan.org/vlc VLC home page]
  
====VLC in GNOME====
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{{Tip|1=To make VLC the default DVD player in GNOME, edit {{Filename|/usr/share/applications/vlc.desktop}} and at the bottom of the file add:
To make VLC the default DVD player in GNOME edit ''/usr/share/applications/vlc.desktop'' and at the bottom of the file add:
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  MimeType=video/dv;video/mpeg;video/x-mpeg;video/msvideo;video/quicktime;video/x-anim;video/x-avi;video/x-ms-asf;video/x-ms-wmv;video/x-msvideo;video/x-nsv;video/x-flc;video/x-fli;application/ogg;application/x-ogg;application/x-matroska;audio/x-mp3;audio/x-mpeg;audio/mpeg;audio/x-wav;audio/x-mpegurl;audio/x-scpls;audio/x-m4a;audio/x-ms-asf;audio/x-ms-asx;audio/x-ms-wax;application/vnd.rn-realmedia;audio/x-real-audio;audio/x-pn-realaudio;application/x-flac;audio/x-flac;application/x-shockwave-flash;misc/ultravox;audio/vnd.rn-realaudio;audio/x-pn-aiff;audio/x-pn-au;audio/x-pn-wav;audio/x-pn-windows-acm;image/vnd.rn-realpix;video/vnd.rn-realvideo;audio/x-pn-realaudio-plugin;application/x-extension-mp4;audio/mp4;video/mp4;video/mp4v-es;x-content/video-vcd;x-content/video-svcd;x-content/video-dvd;x-content/audio-cdda;x-content/audio-player;
 
  MimeType=video/dv;video/mpeg;video/x-mpeg;video/msvideo;video/quicktime;video/x-anim;video/x-avi;video/x-ms-asf;video/x-ms-wmv;video/x-msvideo;video/x-nsv;video/x-flc;video/x-fli;application/ogg;application/x-ogg;application/x-matroska;audio/x-mp3;audio/x-mpeg;audio/mpeg;audio/x-wav;audio/x-mpegurl;audio/x-scpls;audio/x-m4a;audio/x-ms-asf;audio/x-ms-asx;audio/x-ms-wax;application/vnd.rn-realmedia;audio/x-real-audio;audio/x-pn-realaudio;application/x-flac;audio/x-flac;application/x-shockwave-flash;misc/ultravox;audio/vnd.rn-realaudio;audio/x-pn-aiff;audio/x-pn-au;audio/x-pn-wav;audio/x-pn-windows-acm;image/vnd.rn-realpix;video/vnd.rn-realvideo;audio/x-pn-realaudio-plugin;application/x-extension-mp4;audio/mp4;video/mp4;video/mp4v-es;x-content/video-vcd;x-content/video-svcd;x-content/video-dvd;x-content/audio-cdda;x-content/audio-player;
  
 
Then, as root, run:
 
Then, as root, run:
  update-desktop-database /usr/share/applications
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  # update-desktop-database /usr/share/applications
  
Open '''System>>Preferences>>File Management>>Media''' and next to ''DVD Video'' select ''Open VLC media player''
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Finally, open '''System > Preferences >> File Management >>> Media''' and next to '''DVD Video''' select '''Open VLC media player'''.}}
  
==Backing up Video==
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==Ripping DVDs==
See [[Make backup of DVD Video]] or use '''k9copy''' or '''dvdshrink''' under wine for the easy way out.
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See [[DVD Ripping]].
  
==DVD Writing==
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==Writing DVDs==
See [[DVD writing]].
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See [[DVD Writing]].

Revision as of 02:52, 28 November 2009

Summary help replacing me
An overview of playing/ripping/writing Digital Versatile Discs.
Available in languages

Template:I18n entry Template:I18n entry

Related articles
DVD Ripping
DVD Writing

DVD, also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc, is an optical disc storage media format used for video and data storage.[1]

Playing DVDs

Required packages

If you wish to play encrypted DVDs, you must install the libdvd* packages.

# pacman -S libdvdread libdvdcss libdvdnav

Additionally, you must install player software. Popular DVD players are MPlayer, xine and VLC. xine and VLC support DVD menus.

Tip: Users may need to belong to the 'optical' group to be able to access the DVD drive:
# gpasswd -a USERNAME optical

MPlayer

MPlayer is efficient and supports a wide variety of media formats (i.e. almost everything). To play a DVD with MPlayer:

$ mplayer dvd://N

...where N is the desired chapter number. Start at 1 and work up if unsure.

To play a DVD image file:

$ mplayer -dvd-device movie.iso dvd://N

To find the audio language, start MPlayer with the Template:Codeline switch to output audio IDs. An audio track is selected with Template:Codeline. Set a default audio language by editing Template:Filename and adding the line Template:Codeline for English.

With MPlayer, the DVD could be set to a low volume. To increase the maximum volume to 400% use Template:Codeline and Template:Codeline. The startup volume defaults to 100% of software volume and the global mixer levels will remain untouched. Using the 9 and 0 keys, volume can be adjusted between 0 and 400 percent.

 alang=en
 softvol=yes
 softvol-max=400

MPlayer home page

xine

A lightweight media player supporting DVD menus.

xine home page

VLC

A capable player with a simple GUI, installed with:

# pacman -S vlc

VLC home page

Tip: To make VLC the default DVD player in GNOME, edit Template:Filename and at the bottom of the file add:
MimeType=video/dv;video/mpeg;video/x-mpeg;video/msvideo;video/quicktime;video/x-anim;video/x-avi;video/x-ms-asf;video/x-ms-wmv;video/x-msvideo;video/x-nsv;video/x-flc;video/x-fli;application/ogg;application/x-ogg;application/x-matroska;audio/x-mp3;audio/x-mpeg;audio/mpeg;audio/x-wav;audio/x-mpegurl;audio/x-scpls;audio/x-m4a;audio/x-ms-asf;audio/x-ms-asx;audio/x-ms-wax;application/vnd.rn-realmedia;audio/x-real-audio;audio/x-pn-realaudio;application/x-flac;audio/x-flac;application/x-shockwave-flash;misc/ultravox;audio/vnd.rn-realaudio;audio/x-pn-aiff;audio/x-pn-au;audio/x-pn-wav;audio/x-pn-windows-acm;image/vnd.rn-realpix;video/vnd.rn-realvideo;audio/x-pn-realaudio-plugin;application/x-extension-mp4;audio/mp4;video/mp4;video/mp4v-es;x-content/video-vcd;x-content/video-svcd;x-content/video-dvd;x-content/audio-cdda;x-content/audio-player;

Then, as root, run:

# update-desktop-database /usr/share/applications
Finally, open System > Preferences >> File Management >>> Media and next to DVD Video select Open VLC media player.

Ripping DVDs

See DVD Ripping.

Writing DVDs

See DVD Writing.