Difference between revisions of "DVD Playing"

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[[Category:Audio/Video (English)]]
 
[[Category:Audio/Video (English)]]
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{{Article summary start}}
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{{Article summary text|An overview of playing/ripping/writing Digital Versatile Discs.}}
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{{Article summary heading|Available in languages}}
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{{i18n entry|English|DVD}}
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{{i18n entry|Français|DVD (Français)}}
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{{Article summary heading|Related articles}}
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{{Article summary wiki|DVD Ripping}}
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{{Article summary wiki|DVD Writing}}
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{{Article summary end}}
  
{{i18n_links_start}}
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DVD, also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc, is an optical disc storage media format used for video and data storage.[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DVD]
{{i18n_entry|English|:DVD}}
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{{i18n_entry|Français|:DVD (Français)}}
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{{i18n_links_end}}
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==Video Playback==
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==Playing DVDs==
  
Some popular programs to play DVDs are mplayer, Xine and VLC. Xine and VLC support DVD menus where mplayer will play any title you specify.
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===Required packages===
  
You will need to add your user to the group 'optical' to be able to access your DVD drive, if you have not done so already:
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If you wish to play encrypted DVDs, you must install the libdvd* packages.
  gpasswd -a USERNAME optical
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# pacman -S libdvdread libdvdcss libdvdnav
  
==libdvd Install==
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Additionally, you must install player software. Popular DVD players are [[MPlayer]], [[Wikipedia:Xine|xine]] and [[Wikipedia:VLC|VLC]]. xine and VLC support DVD menus.
  
If you wish to play encrypted DVDs, you must install the libdvd packages.
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{{Tip|Users may need to belong to the [[Groups|'optical' group]] to be able to access the DVD drive:
 +
# gpasswd -a USERNAME optical
 +
}}
  
They are installed with:
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===MPlayer===
 +
[[MPlayer]] is efficient and supports a wide variety of media formats (i.e. almost everything). To play a DVD with MPlayer:
 +
$ mplayer dvd://N
  
  pacman -S libdvdread libdvdcss libdvdnav
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...where N is the desired chapter number. Start at 1 and work up if unsure.
 
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===mplayer===
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MPlayer is efficient and not heavy on the system requirements. There isn't much that can't be played with this program. To play a DVD with MPlayer
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  mplayer dvd://N
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''Where N is the chapter that you want to play, start at 1 and work your way up if you are not too sure.''
+
  
 
To play a DVD image file:
 
To play a DVD image file:
  mplayer -dvd-device movie.iso dvd://N
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$ mplayer -dvd-device movie.iso dvd://N
To play a loopback mounted image (shouldn't be needed, use the above)
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  # as root
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  mount -o loop movie.iso /mnt/dvd
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  # as a user
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  mplayer -dvd-device /mnt/dvd dvd://N
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To find your audio language you can start MPlayer with the '''-v''' switch and it will output audio IDs. You can make use of any auido track with '''-aid <audio_id>'''. You can set a default audio language by editing ''~/.mplayer/config'' and adding the line ''alang=en'' for english.
+
  
With MPlayer, the DVD could be set with a low volume. To increase the maximum volume to 400% use ''softvol=yes'' and ''softvol-max=400''. The startup volume defaults to 100% of software volume and the global mixer levels will remain untouched. Using the 9 and 0 keys, volume can be adjusted between 0 and 400 percent.
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To find the audio language, start MPlayer with the {{Codeline|-v}} switch to output audio IDs. An audio track is selected with {{Codeline|-aid <audio_id>}}. Set a default audio language by editing {{Filename|~/.mplayer/config}} and adding the line {{Codeline|1=alang=en}} for English.
 +
 
 +
With MPlayer, the DVD could be set to a low volume. To increase the maximum volume to 400% use {{Codeline|1=softvol=yes}} and {{Codeline|1=softvol-max=400}}. The startup volume defaults to 100% of software volume and the global mixer levels will remain untouched. Using the 9 and 0 keys, volume can be adjusted between 0 and 400 percent.
 
   alang=en
 
   alang=en
 
   softvol=yes
 
   softvol=yes
 
   softvol-max=400
 
   softvol-max=400
  
[http://www.mplayerhq.hu/ MPlayer Homepage]
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[http://www.mplayerhq.hu/ MPlayer home page]
 
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===gmplayer===
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The GUI version of mplayer is not quite as powerful as the console version, but still efficient.
+
  
 
===xine===
 
===xine===
A lightweight media player. It has a GUI and supports menus.
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A lightweight media player supporting DVD menus.
  
[http://www.xine-project.org/ xine Homepage]
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[http://www.xine-project.org/ xine home page]
  
 
===VLC===
 
===VLC===
A capable player with a GUI, installed with:
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A capable player with a simple GUI, installed with:
  pacman -S vlc
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  # pacman -S vlc
  
[http://www.videolan.org/vlc VLC Homepage]
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[http://www.videolan.org/vlc VLC home page]
  
====VLC in GNOME====
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{{Tip|1=To make VLC the default DVD player in GNOME, edit {{Filename|/usr/share/applications/vlc.desktop}} and at the bottom of the file add:
To make VLC the default DVD player in GNOME edit ''/usr/share/applications/vlc.desktop'' and at the bottom of the file add:
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  MimeType=video/dv;video/mpeg;video/x-mpeg;video/msvideo;video/quicktime;video/x-anim;video/x-avi;video/x-ms-asf;video/x-ms-wmv;video/x-msvideo;video/x-nsv;video/x-flc;video/x-fli;application/ogg;application/x-ogg;application/x-matroska;audio/x-mp3;audio/x-mpeg;audio/mpeg;audio/x-wav;audio/x-mpegurl;audio/x-scpls;audio/x-m4a;audio/x-ms-asf;audio/x-ms-asx;audio/x-ms-wax;application/vnd.rn-realmedia;audio/x-real-audio;audio/x-pn-realaudio;application/x-flac;audio/x-flac;application/x-shockwave-flash;misc/ultravox;audio/vnd.rn-realaudio;audio/x-pn-aiff;audio/x-pn-au;audio/x-pn-wav;audio/x-pn-windows-acm;image/vnd.rn-realpix;video/vnd.rn-realvideo;audio/x-pn-realaudio-plugin;application/x-extension-mp4;audio/mp4;video/mp4;video/mp4v-es;x-content/video-vcd;x-content/video-svcd;x-content/video-dvd;x-content/audio-cdda;x-content/audio-player;
 
  MimeType=video/dv;video/mpeg;video/x-mpeg;video/msvideo;video/quicktime;video/x-anim;video/x-avi;video/x-ms-asf;video/x-ms-wmv;video/x-msvideo;video/x-nsv;video/x-flc;video/x-fli;application/ogg;application/x-ogg;application/x-matroska;audio/x-mp3;audio/x-mpeg;audio/mpeg;audio/x-wav;audio/x-mpegurl;audio/x-scpls;audio/x-m4a;audio/x-ms-asf;audio/x-ms-asx;audio/x-ms-wax;application/vnd.rn-realmedia;audio/x-real-audio;audio/x-pn-realaudio;application/x-flac;audio/x-flac;application/x-shockwave-flash;misc/ultravox;audio/vnd.rn-realaudio;audio/x-pn-aiff;audio/x-pn-au;audio/x-pn-wav;audio/x-pn-windows-acm;image/vnd.rn-realpix;video/vnd.rn-realvideo;audio/x-pn-realaudio-plugin;application/x-extension-mp4;audio/mp4;video/mp4;video/mp4v-es;x-content/video-vcd;x-content/video-svcd;x-content/video-dvd;x-content/audio-cdda;x-content/audio-player;
  
 
Then, as root, run:
 
Then, as root, run:
  update-desktop-database /usr/share/applications
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  # update-desktop-database /usr/share/applications
  
Open '''System>>Preferences>>File Management>>Media''' and next to ''DVD Video'' select ''Open VLC media player''
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Finally, open '''System > Preferences >> File Management >>> Media''' and next to '''DVD Video''' select '''Open VLC media player'''.}}
  
==Backing up Video==
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==Ripping DVDs==
See [[Make backup of DVD Video]] or use '''k9copy''' or '''dvdshrink''' under wine for the easy way out.
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See [[DVD Ripping]].
  
==DVD Writing==
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==Writing DVDs==
See [[DVD writing]].
+
See [[DVD Writing]].

Revision as of 02:52, 28 November 2009

Template:Article summary start Template:Article summary text Template:Article summary heading Template:I18n entry Template:I18n entry Template:Article summary heading Template:Article summary wiki Template:Article summary wiki Template:Article summary end

DVD, also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc, is an optical disc storage media format used for video and data storage.[1]

Playing DVDs

Required packages

If you wish to play encrypted DVDs, you must install the libdvd* packages.

# pacman -S libdvdread libdvdcss libdvdnav

Additionally, you must install player software. Popular DVD players are MPlayer, xine and VLC. xine and VLC support DVD menus.

Tip: Users may need to belong to the 'optical' group to be able to access the DVD drive:
# gpasswd -a USERNAME optical

MPlayer

MPlayer is efficient and supports a wide variety of media formats (i.e. almost everything). To play a DVD with MPlayer:

$ mplayer dvd://N

...where N is the desired chapter number. Start at 1 and work up if unsure.

To play a DVD image file:

$ mplayer -dvd-device movie.iso dvd://N

To find the audio language, start MPlayer with the Template:Codeline switch to output audio IDs. An audio track is selected with Template:Codeline. Set a default audio language by editing Template:Filename and adding the line Template:Codeline for English.

With MPlayer, the DVD could be set to a low volume. To increase the maximum volume to 400% use Template:Codeline and Template:Codeline. The startup volume defaults to 100% of software volume and the global mixer levels will remain untouched. Using the 9 and 0 keys, volume can be adjusted between 0 and 400 percent.

 alang=en
 softvol=yes
 softvol-max=400

MPlayer home page

xine

A lightweight media player supporting DVD menus.

xine home page

VLC

A capable player with a simple GUI, installed with:

# pacman -S vlc

VLC home page

Tip: To make VLC the default DVD player in GNOME, edit Template:Filename and at the bottom of the file add:
MimeType=video/dv;video/mpeg;video/x-mpeg;video/msvideo;video/quicktime;video/x-anim;video/x-avi;video/x-ms-asf;video/x-ms-wmv;video/x-msvideo;video/x-nsv;video/x-flc;video/x-fli;application/ogg;application/x-ogg;application/x-matroska;audio/x-mp3;audio/x-mpeg;audio/mpeg;audio/x-wav;audio/x-mpegurl;audio/x-scpls;audio/x-m4a;audio/x-ms-asf;audio/x-ms-asx;audio/x-ms-wax;application/vnd.rn-realmedia;audio/x-real-audio;audio/x-pn-realaudio;application/x-flac;audio/x-flac;application/x-shockwave-flash;misc/ultravox;audio/vnd.rn-realaudio;audio/x-pn-aiff;audio/x-pn-au;audio/x-pn-wav;audio/x-pn-windows-acm;image/vnd.rn-realpix;video/vnd.rn-realvideo;audio/x-pn-realaudio-plugin;application/x-extension-mp4;audio/mp4;video/mp4;video/mp4v-es;x-content/video-vcd;x-content/video-svcd;x-content/video-dvd;x-content/audio-cdda;x-content/audio-player;

Then, as root, run:

# update-desktop-database /usr/share/applications
Finally, open System > Preferences >> File Management >>> Media and next to DVD Video select Open VLC media player.

Ripping DVDs

See DVD Ripping.

Writing DVDs

See DVD Writing.