Difference between revisions of "Dell Latitude D600"

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[[Category:Dell (English)]]
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[[Category:Dell]]
The d600 was a released by Dell on 3/12/03. At the time of its release it was met with great  [http://reviews.cnet.com/laptops/dell-latitude-d600/4505-3121_7-20906166.html reviews]. Despite being almost 5 years old this business laptop is perfectly capable of delivering a satisfying Linux experience.
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The Dell Latitude D600 was released on 3/12/2003. Despite its age, it can prove to be quite a capable machine. With a couple exceptions, Linux support for the D600 is outstanding. Most of its components work automatically with Arch.
 
+
== Introduction==
+
This is not a guide on how to install Arch (for help with that see the [http://www.archlinux.org/static/docs/arch-install-guide.txt installation guide]), but rather an attempt to cover the steps of how to take full advantage of the laptop's hardware. Despite being an Arch-wiki page, everything explained here should apply to other Linux distributions as well.
+
 
+
Getting most of the hardware to work correctly under Linux, is not overly difficult (in fact these days most things are auto-detected, and "just work"<sup>TM</sup>. Keep in mind I am by no means an expert of hardware in Linux so you may find better solutions than the ones presented here. If you do ''please'' edit this guide so that other people may benefit as well.
+
 
+
== Documentation ==
+
As always the documentation for a Dell laptop is almost non-existant. The only documentation you are going to find for the [http://support.dell.com/support/downloads/driverslist.aspx?c=us&l=en&s=gen&ServiceTag=&SystemID=LAT_PNT_PM_D600&os=WW1&osl=en&catid=&impid= d600] is the [http://www.dell.com/downloads/us/products/latit/d600_spec.pdf spec sheet] and some useless [http://support.dell.com/support/edocs/systems/latd600/en/index.htm#online_documentation pdf] files (although the service guide can be useful if you need to take the laptop apart for some reason). So with that being said the only way to find out ''useful'' information is to inspect each individual hardware component.
+
  
 
= Hardware =
 
= Hardware =
Here's the output of
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===Working===
{{Command|name=lshwd|output=00:00.0 Class 0600: Intel Corp.|82855PM Processor to I/O Controller (intel-agp)
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* Intel Pentium-M, with CPU frequency scaling
00:01.0 Class 0604: Intel Corp.|82855PM Processor to AGP Controller (unknown)
+
* ATI Mobility Radeon 9000 (radeon driver)
00:1d.0 Class 0c03: Intel Corp.|82801DB USB Controller (uhci_hcd)
+
* Wireless card:
00:1d.1 Class 0c03: Intel Corp.|82801DB USB Controller (uhci_hcd)
+
** Intel 2200 Pro/Wireless Lan card (ipw2200 driver)
00:1d.2 Class 0c03: Intel Corp.|82801DB USB Controller (uhci_hcd)
+
** Broadcom BCM4306 rev2 Wireless card (b43legacy driver)
00:1d.7 Class 0c03: Intel Corp.|82801DB USB Enhanced Controller (ehci-hcd)
+
* Sigmatel STAC9750 AC'97 audio
00:1e.0 Class 0604: Intel Corp.|82801 Hub Interface to PCI Bridge (hw_random)
+
* Fn key combos and audio buttons
00:1f.0 Class 0601: Intel Corp.|82801DBM LPC Interface Bridge (i810-tco)
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* Alps DualPoint trackpad and pointing stick (synaptics driver)
00:1f.1 Class 0101: Intel Corp.|82801DBM IDE Controller (UltraATA/100) (piix)
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* O2Media PCMCIA slot
00:1f.5 Class 0401: Intel Corp.|ICH4 845G/GL Chipset AC'97 Audio Controller (snd-intel8x0)
+
01:00.0 Class 0300: ATI Technologies Inc.|Radeon Mobility 9000 (M9) Lf (AGP) (ati)
+
02:00.0 Class 0200: Broadcom Corp.|NetXtreme BCM5702X Gigabit Ethernet (tg3)
+
02:01.0 Class 0607: O2Micro Inc.|OZ711EC1 SmartCardBus Controller (yenta_socket)
+
02:01.1 Class 0607: O2Micro Inc.|OZ711EC1 SmartCardBus Controller (yenta_socket)
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02:03.0 Class 0280: Intel Corp.|Intel(R) PRO/Wireless 2200BG (ipw2200)}}
+
 
+
 
+
'''Overview'''
+
* Intel Pentium M Processor
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* ATI Radeon 9000 (RV250 Mobility FireGL 9000 4x AGP)
+
* Intel 2200 Pro/Wireless LAN card '''OR'''
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** Broadcom 54g Wireless card
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* Broadcom BCM570 Ethernet card
+
* Integrated Intel 82801 (intel8x0) sound card
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* PCMCIA card port
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* Alps touchpad
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* Function/Audio keys
+
 
* CD/RW, DVD+/-RW
 
* CD/RW, DVD+/-RW
* IRDA
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* Broadcom BCM5702 gigabit ethernet (tg3 driver)
 
+
* Hardware monitoring (i8k kernel module, hddtemp)
 
+
* Sleep and resume (see Resuming from sleep section)
'''Working'''
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* Cpu frequency scaling
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* Video Card: including framebuffer (open source radeon driver)
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* Intel 2200 Pro/Wireless Lan card (ipw2200 driver)
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** Broadcom 54g Wireless card (ndiswrapper with windows driver bcmwl5 or native kernel module)
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* Soundcard (including mixing with alsa)
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* Function/audio keys
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* Touchpad
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* PCMCIA
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* CD/RW, DVD+/-RW
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* Ethernet Card
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* Hardware monitoring (i8k kernel module)
+
 
+
  
'''Untested'''
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===Untested===
 
* IRDA
 
* IRDA
* Modem (not planning on testing)
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* Conexant V.56 modem (probably works)
* ACPI Sleep States
+
  
= Pre-Installation =
+
= Post-Installation =
==Bios Update==
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Now before you delete the Windows partition, you'll want to update the bios to the newest version (rev. A16 as of this writing), to avoid any potential non-OS hardware related problems. Grab the [http://support.dell.com/support/downloads/driverslist.aspx?c=us&l=en&s=gen&ServiceTag=&SystemID=LAT_PNT_PM_D600&os=WW1&osl=en&catid=&impid= executable] and install it.
+
 
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= Post Installation =
+
  
 
== Wireless ==
 
== Wireless ==
The D600 comes with either an Intel Pro Wireless 2200 or a Broadcom BCM43xx. The BCM43xx can be quite fickle under Linux, however the Intel Pro Wireless works flawlessly and is trivial to install. As the driver is already included in the kernel the only thing that needs to be done is to install the firmware.
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The D600 comes with either an Intel Pro Wireless 2200 or a Broadcom BCM4306 rev 2. Both are supported natively.
 +
 
 +
=== Intel PRO Wireless 2200 ===
 +
As the driver is already included in the kernel the only thing that needs to be done is to install the firmware.
  
 
  # pacman -S ipw2200-fw
 
  # pacman -S ipw2200-fw
  
Now add the entry ''ipw2200'' in the modules section of {{Filename|/etc/rc.conf}}, and add/change the line <tt>NET_PROFILES=(main)</tt>. Now make a <tt>main</tt> network-profile in {{Filename|/etc/network-profile|}}following the template in that directory.  It will look something like the following.
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=== Broadcom BCM4306 rev 2 ===
 +
The b43legacy driver is included in the kernel, so as with the Intel card, we just need to get the firmware for it.
  
{{File|name=/etc/network-profile/main|content=# Network Profile
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You'll need to download the following two firmware files:
DESCRIPTION="Default Network Profile"
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# Network Settings
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* http://mirror2.openwrt.org/sources/broadcom-wl-4.150.10.5.tar.bz2<br />
INTERFACE=eth1
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* http://downloads.openwrt.org/sources/wl_apsta-3.130.20.0.o
HOSTNAME=home
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# Wireless Settings (optional)
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And use b43-fwcutter to install the firmware files.
ESSID=Router
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IWOPTS="dhcp $ESSID"
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#WIFI_INTERFACE=wlan0  # use this if you have a special wireless interface
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                        # that is linked to the real $INTERFACE
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WIFI_WAIT=2            # seconds to wait for the wireless card to}}
+
  
 +
  $ tar xfvj broadcom-wl-4.150.10.5.tar.bz2
 +
  # b43-fwcutter -w /lib/firmware wl_apsta-3.130.20.0.o
 +
  # b43-fwcutter --unsupported -w /lib/firmware broadcom-wl-4.150.10.5/driver/wl_apsta_mimo.o
  
If you run into the strange problem of your wireless interface switching between eth0 and eth1 at boot then you may want to use <tt>nameif</tt>. Simply put your network id followed by the mac address in /etc/mactab.
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It would be bad if udev were to load the b43 driver, as it would conflict with b43legacy, so let's go ahead and blacklist it:
  
eth0 00:0C:DB:E8:38:5A
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  # modprobe -r b43
wlan0 00:1F:12:62:2E:CC
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  # echo "blacklist b43" >> /etc/modprobe.d/modprobe.conf
  
(Taken from [http://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/IBM_Thinkpad_T30 here].)
+
Finally, load the b43legacy driver:
In addition, a small change to /etc/rc.d/network is necessary to run the nameif command prior to configuring the interfaces. The following excerpt from /etc/rc.d/network shows the lines that need to be added. This change simply checks for the existance of the /etc/mactab file and if it exists executes nameif to assign interface names.
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              stat_busy "Starting Network"
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  # modprobe b43legacy
              error=0
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              ##### begin nameif change #####
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              # set names
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              if [ -n /etc/mactab ]; then
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                /sbin/nameif
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              fi
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              ##### end nameif change #####
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              # bring up bridge interfaces
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              bridge_up
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              # bring up ethernet interfaces
+
  
If you are using a Broadcom wireless card you will probably have issues trying to get the Gnome or KDE network gui's to manage your card correctly. <tt>[http://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Wicd wicd]</tt> doesn't seem to have any problems managing this card, however.
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==Trackpad==
 +
The trackpad and pointing stick are supported out-of-the-box, but to enable certain features, such as tap-to-click or edge scrolling, you'll need to write some Xorg configuration files.
  
==CPU Scaling==
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Open your favorite text editor to the following file:
See [[cpufrequtils]].
+
  
==Suspend to Ram==
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  /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/10-evdev.conf
This is easily accomplished by installing <tt>[http://aur.archlinux.org/packages/uswsusp/uswsusp/ uswsusp]</tt> from AUR. Contrary to the ominous output from pacman no additional configuration is needed. Additionally, <tt>s2ram</tt> will probably output an error message saying that ''This machine can only suspend without framebuffer.'' but I have not encountered problems with resuming from suspend.
+
  
{{Command|name=# s2ram -i|output=This machine can be identified by:
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Comment out every line in the section referring to touchpads. It should look like this when you're done:
    sys_vendor  = "Dell Computer Corporation"
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    sys_product  = "Latitude D600                  "
+
    sys_version  = ""
+
    bios_version = "A16"}}
+
  
# s2ram -f
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  #Section "InputClass"
 +
  #        Identifier "evdev touchpad catchall"
 +
  #        MatchIsTouchpad "on"
 +
  #        MatchDevicePath "/dev/input/event*"
 +
  #        Driver "evdev"
 +
  #EndSection
  
=Kernel=
+
Next, you'll want to create a configuration file for your trackpad. The following is a good starting point. You can add more Synaptics config options if you'd like.
The pre-compiled Arch kernel certainly works, however, it has a lot of bloat so you'll probably want to compile your own. It's possible to make a custom kernel via [http://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Kernel_Compilation_with_ABS ABS], however, building a kernel manually is just as easy. Grab the source from [http://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/v2.6/ kernel.org] and extract it to {{Filename|/usr/src/linux|}}. Make a simlink (<tt>ln -s /usr/src/linux /usr/src/kernel-folder</tt>) and then <tt>make menuconfig</tt>.
+
  
(NOTE: You probably need to install <tt>make</tt> (for obvious reasons) and <tt>diffutils</tt> or you will probably get the following error message.)
+
{{hc|/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/10-synaptics.conf|2=
 +
Section "InputClass"
 +
  Driver      "synaptics"
 +
  Identifier  "touchpad catchall"
 +
  MatchDevicePath      "/dev/input/event*"
 +
  MatchIsTouchpad      "on"
 +
  Option "VertEdgeScroll" "on"
 +
  Option "HorizEdgeScroll" "on"
 +
  Option "TapButton1"  "1"
 +
EndSection}}
  
/bin/sh: cmp: command not found
+
Finally, restart X, and your trackpad should be fully functional!
Inconsistent kallsyms data
+
Try setting CONFIG_KALLSYMS_EXTRA_PASS
+
make: *** [vmlinux] Error 1
+
  
If you need a starting point for your kernel, here is a <tt>[http://www.geocities.com/beissemj/config_2.6.23.12.txt .config]</tt>.
+
==CPU Scaling==
 +
See [[CPU Frequency Scaling]]. All Pentium-M CPUs support Enhanced Intel SpeedStep, so you'll need the ''acpi-cpufreq'' driver.
  
('''IMPORTANT:''' if you use this you will probably have to edit {{Filename|/etc/fstab|}}and {{Filename|grub.conf}}/{{Filename|menu.lst}}to use <tt>/dev/hdax</tt> and not <tt>/dev/sdax</tt> or else your kernel will not boot!!)
+
Some BIOS revisions don't work properly with acpi-cpufreq, likely due to the driver being buggy or incorrect DSDT tables. If you're experiencing problems, flash your BIOS to A16 (the latest version.)
  
 
+
==Resuming from sleep==
When the .config is to your liking do:
+
There is a serious problem with KMS in the radeon driver that prevents normal resume from sleep mode with this laptop. This will remain unfixed for the foreseeable future. (see: [https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=531825 Redhat Bugzilla #531825]) Setting {{ic|1=AGPMode=1}} on the kernel boot line will workaround the issue. Another workaround, which works with varying degrees of success, is to set a primary password in the BIOS.
 
+
# make prepare
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# make
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# make modules_install;
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# cp /usr/src/linux/arch/i386/boot/bzImage /boot/kernel_name
+
 
+
Before you reboot be sure to edit {{Filename|grub.conf}}/{{Filename|menu.lst}}.
+
 
+
 
+
{{File|name=grub.conf|content=# general configuration:
+
timeout  5
+
default  0
+
color light-blue/black light-cyan/blue
+
 
+
# (1) Arch Linux
+
title Arch Linux (2.6.23.12)
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root  (hd0,1)
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kernel /kernel-2.6.23.12.arch root=/dev/hda3 vga=792 video=vesafb:mtrr:yrap splash=verbose,theme:darch console=tty1 processor.max_cstate=2
+
initrd /fbsplash-darch-1024x768
+
 
+
# (2) Windows
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title Windows
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rootnoverify (hd0,0)
+
makeactive
+
chainloader +1}}
+
 
+
 
+
'''''Aside:''''' The kernel line <tt>processor.max_cstate=2</tt> disables the CPU from going into the 2 higher power saving states. While this causes the battery to use several hundred more mW of power it also disables the ''annoying'' CPU wine that is usually very noticeable. (This problem also exists in Windows.) It seems that the kernel module <tt>usb-uhci</tt> is partially related to this problem. Disabling this is an option but it will disables USB support...
+
 
+
=Xorg=
+
With the constant stream of updates, and TONS of outdated documentation on the web, Xorg can be a pain to configure.
+
  
 
==Video Card==
 
==Video Card==
'''Use the open source "xf86-video-ati" radeon driver.''' ATI dropped support for the Radeon (RV250) Mobility FireGL 9000 after catalyst driver version 8.28.8. The [http://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?do_Details=1&ID=8286 binary] and the [http://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?do_Details=1&ID=8287 userspace tools] are available in the AUR, however they ''WILL NOT'' load with Xorg >= 7.2.
+
'''Use the open source "xf86-video-ati" radeon driver.''' ATI dropped support for the Radeon (RV250) Mobility FireGL 9000 after catalyst driver version 8.28.8.  
 
+
==Dual Monitors==
+
Setting up dual monitors used to be an insanely frustrating ordeal because you would have to edit xorg.conf and then start/test/reset X. Luckily RandR fixes this. To summarize from [http://wiki.debian.org/XStrikeForce/HowToRandR12 here] and [http://intellinuxgraphics.org/dualhead.html here] "RandR 1.2 provides automatic discovery of modes (resolutions, refresh rates, etc.) coupled with the ability to configure outputs dynamically (resize, rotate, move, etc.)." The only thing required by the user is to specify a virtual display area, and run the appropriate <tt>xrandr</tt> command. (For a nice tutorial see [http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=581947 here].)
+
 
+
'''Notes'''
+
#Xinerama is deprecated and will cause X to segfault. This is a known regression by the X developers and they have no intention of fixing it as Xinerama was basically a hack anyways.
+
#MergedFB has now been completely replaced by RandR.
+
  
This particular setup uses an external 20" LCD running at 1680x1050 and is connected to a docking station via a DVI cable. Now, it would be useful if the external monitor was auto detected and configured whenever we started the computer. Now because the computer is a laptop we also don't want to try and configure the screen if it isn't connected. The following bash script will do just that.
+
The [https://www.archlinux.org/packages/extra/i686/xf86-video-ati/ xf86-video-ati package] is available in the Extra repository.
<pre>
+
#!/bin/bash
+
monitor=`xrandr | grep -i DVI | cut -d" " -f2`
+
if [ $monitor = "connected" ]; then
+
    xrandr --output DVI-0 --right-of LVDS --mode 1680x1050
+
else
+
    xrandr --output DVI-0 --off
+
fi
+
</pre>
+

Revision as of 21:55, 27 July 2013

The Dell Latitude D600 was released on 3/12/2003. Despite its age, it can prove to be quite a capable machine. With a couple exceptions, Linux support for the D600 is outstanding. Most of its components work automatically with Arch.

Hardware

Working

  • Intel Pentium-M, with CPU frequency scaling
  • ATI Mobility Radeon 9000 (radeon driver)
  • Wireless card:
    • Intel 2200 Pro/Wireless Lan card (ipw2200 driver)
    • Broadcom BCM4306 rev2 Wireless card (b43legacy driver)
  • Sigmatel STAC9750 AC'97 audio
  • Fn key combos and audio buttons
  • Alps DualPoint trackpad and pointing stick (synaptics driver)
  • O2Media PCMCIA slot
  • CD/RW, DVD+/-RW
  • Broadcom BCM5702 gigabit ethernet (tg3 driver)
  • Hardware monitoring (i8k kernel module, hddtemp)
  • Sleep and resume (see Resuming from sleep section)

Untested

  • IRDA
  • Conexant V.56 modem (probably works)

Post-Installation

Wireless

The D600 comes with either an Intel Pro Wireless 2200 or a Broadcom BCM4306 rev 2. Both are supported natively.

Intel PRO Wireless 2200

As the driver is already included in the kernel the only thing that needs to be done is to install the firmware.

# pacman -S ipw2200-fw

Broadcom BCM4306 rev 2

The b43legacy driver is included in the kernel, so as with the Intel card, we just need to get the firmware for it.

You'll need to download the following two firmware files:

And use b43-fwcutter to install the firmware files.

 $ tar xfvj broadcom-wl-4.150.10.5.tar.bz2
 # b43-fwcutter -w /lib/firmware wl_apsta-3.130.20.0.o
 # b43-fwcutter --unsupported -w /lib/firmware broadcom-wl-4.150.10.5/driver/wl_apsta_mimo.o

It would be bad if udev were to load the b43 driver, as it would conflict with b43legacy, so let's go ahead and blacklist it:

 # modprobe -r b43
 # echo "blacklist b43" >> /etc/modprobe.d/modprobe.conf

Finally, load the b43legacy driver:

 # modprobe b43legacy

Trackpad

The trackpad and pointing stick are supported out-of-the-box, but to enable certain features, such as tap-to-click or edge scrolling, you'll need to write some Xorg configuration files.

Open your favorite text editor to the following file:

 /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/10-evdev.conf

Comment out every line in the section referring to touchpads. It should look like this when you're done:

 #Section "InputClass"
 #        Identifier "evdev touchpad catchall"
 #        MatchIsTouchpad "on"
 #        MatchDevicePath "/dev/input/event*"
 #        Driver "evdev"
 #EndSection

Next, you'll want to create a configuration file for your trackpad. The following is a good starting point. You can add more Synaptics config options if you'd like.

/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/10-synaptics.conf
Section "InputClass"
   Driver      "synaptics"
   Identifier  "touchpad catchall"
   MatchDevicePath      "/dev/input/event*"
   MatchIsTouchpad      "on"
   Option "VertEdgeScroll" "on"
   Option "HorizEdgeScroll" "on"
   Option "TapButton1"  "1"
EndSection

Finally, restart X, and your trackpad should be fully functional!

CPU Scaling

See CPU Frequency Scaling. All Pentium-M CPUs support Enhanced Intel SpeedStep, so you'll need the acpi-cpufreq driver.

Some BIOS revisions don't work properly with acpi-cpufreq, likely due to the driver being buggy or incorrect DSDT tables. If you're experiencing problems, flash your BIOS to A16 (the latest version.)

Resuming from sleep

There is a serious problem with KMS in the radeon driver that prevents normal resume from sleep mode with this laptop. This will remain unfixed for the foreseeable future. (see: Redhat Bugzilla #531825) Setting AGPMode=1 on the kernel boot line will workaround the issue. Another workaround, which works with varying degrees of success, is to set a primary password in the BIOS.

Video Card

Use the open source "xf86-video-ati" radeon driver. ATI dropped support for the Radeon (RV250) Mobility FireGL 9000 after catalyst driver version 8.28.8.

The xf86-video-ati package is available in the Extra repository.