Deluge

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Summary help replacing me
A lightweight, full-featured BitTorrent application with a client/server model
Related
rTorrent
systemd
systemd/User
iptables
OpenSSL
External Links
Deluge Homepage
Deluge Wiki

Deluge is a lightweight but full-featured BitTorrent application written in python2. It has a variety of features, including but not limited to: a client/server model, DHT support, magnet links, a plugin system, UPnP support, full-stream encryption, proxy support, and three different client applications. When the server daemon is running, users can connect to it via a console client, a gtk-based GUI, or a Web-based UI. A full list of features can be viewed here.

Installation

deluge is available from the official repositories.

# pacman -S deluge

The gtk UI requires additional dependencies as does the Web UI. Inspect the pacman output to determine which are right for the intended application.

python2-notify: libnotify notifications
pygtk: needed for gtk ui
librsvg: needed for gtk ui
python2-mako: needed for web ui

Daemon Setup

Warning: If multiple users are running a daemon, the default port (58846) will need to be changed for each user.

Deluge comes with a daemon called deluged. If it is not running when one of the clients is run, it will be started. It is useful, however, to have it started with systemd to allow torrents to run without starting a client and/or Xorg. This can be accomplished in one of two ways: a system service or a user service.

System Service

A system service will allow deluged to run at boot without the need to start Xorg or a client. Deluge comes with a system service called deluged.service, which can be started and enabled without change:

# systemctl start deluged
# systemctl enable deluged

This will run the deluge daemon as the deluge user, which is created by the deluge package. If you wish to run the daemon as another user, copy /usr/lib/systemd/system/deluged.service to /etc/systemd/system/deluged.service and change the User parameter within the file, such as the torrent user:

User=torrent

In that case, you will have to create a user called torrent.

User Service

A user service will allow deluged to run when systemd --user is started. This is accomplished by creating a user service file:

/etc/systemd/user/deluged.service
[Unit]
Description=Deluge Daemon
After=network.target

[Service]
Exec=/usr/bin/deluged -d -P %h/.config/deluge/deluge.pid

[Install]
WantedBy=default.target
 

The deluge user service can now be started and enabled by the user:

$ systemctl --user start deluged
$ systemctl --user enable deluged

The deluged user service can also be placed in $HOME/.config/systemd/user/. See systemd/User for more information on user services.

Configuration

Deluge can be configured through any of the clients as well as by simply editting the JSON-formatted configuration files located in $HOME/.config/deluge/. $HOME refers to the home directory of the user that deluged is running as. This means that if the daemon is running as the deluge user, the default home directory is /srv/deluge/.

Clients

Console

The console client can be run with:

$ deluge-console

Enter the help command for a list of available commands.

Gtk

Note: If you plan on using the daemon (server) functionality, it is wise to disable Classic Mode in Edit -> Preferences -> Interface. This requires a restart of the client.

The gtk client can be run with:

$ deluge-gtk

or:

$ deluge

The gtk client has a number of useful plugins:

  • AutoAdd - Monitors directories for .torrent files
  • Blocklist - Downloads and imports an IP blocklist
  • Execute - Event-based command execution
  • Extractor - Extracts archived files upon completion (beware of random high disk I/O usage)
  • Label - Allows labels to be assigned to torrents, as well as state, tracker, and keyword filters
  • Notifications - Provides notifications (email, pop-up, blink, sound) for events as well as other plugins
  • Scheduler - Limits active torrents and their speed on a per-hour, per-day basis
  • WebUi - Allows the Web UI to be started via the gtk client

Web

Warning: If multiple users are running a daemon, the default port (8112) will need to be changed for each user.
Note: It is recommended that you use https for the Web client.
Warning: The deluge Web client comes with a default password. See the Setup section.

The Web UI can be started by running deluge-web, through a plugin in the gtk UI, or via systemd. It has many of the same features of the gtk UI, including the plugin system.

System Service

Deluge comes with a system service file called deluge-web.service. The process for this is the same as starting deluged.service, except with deluge-web instead of deluged. This service will also run as the deluge user unless the service file is modified in the same way as deluged.service.

User Service

A user service will allow deluge-web to run when systemd --user is started. This is accomplished by creating a user service file:

/etc/systemd/user/deluge-web.service
[Unit]
Description=Deluge Web UI
After=deluged.service

[Service]
Exec=/usr/bin/deluge-web --ssl

[Install]
WantedBy=default.target
 

The deluge user service can now be started and enabled by the user:

$ systemctl --user start deluge-web
$ systemctl --user enable deluge-web

The deluge-web user service can also be placed in $HOME/.config/systemd/user/. See systemd/User for more information on user services.

Setup

When deluge-web is initially started, it will create $HOME/.config/deluge/web.conf. The password in this file is hashed with SHA1 and salted. The default password is deluge. On the first visit, you will be advised to change the password.

You will also be greeted by a warning from your browser that the SSL certificate is untrusted. You must add an exception to this in your browser to continue on. See the OpenSSL page for information on creating your own certificate.

Headless Setup

Deluge is quite useful on a headless system, often referred to as a seed box, because of its client/server model. To set up deluge on a headless system, set up the daemon as shown above.

Create a User

To allow interaction with the server remotely, create a user in $HOME/.config/deluge/auth. For example:

$ echo "delugeuser:p422WoRd:10" >> $HOME/.config/deluge/auth
Note: The user/password created does not have to match any system users, and to maintain good security practices it should NOT!
Note: The user/password in this file are not hashed or salted like in the web client config.

The number 10 corresponds to a level of Admin. Refer to the following table for additional values:

Level Name Level Value
None 0
Read Only 1
Normal 5
Admin 10
Note: In Deluge 1.35, these values have no effect, but multiuser options are under development.

Firewall

You will need to open the port for remote access. The following example uses the default daemon port (58846):

# iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 58846 -j ACCEPT

See iptables for more information on firewall rules.

If you are behind a NAT router/firewall, a port forward is also required there to access it over the Internet.

If deluge is informing you that it cannot open a port for incoming connections, you must also open ports and/or configure port forwards for the ports you wish to you. In this example, ports 56881 through 56889 are opened for TCP and UDP:

# iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 56881:56889 -j ACCEPT
# iptables -A INPUT -p udp --dport 56881:56889 -j ACCEPT
Note: You can limit this to just one port, but you must open any ports for both TCP and UDP.

Connect

In the console client:

connect <host>[:<port>] <user> <password>

In the gtk client, Edit -> Connection Manager -> Add.

In the Web client, Connection Manager -> Add.

See Also