Difference between revisions of "Desktop environment (Italiano)"

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m (traduzione in italiano, ci sto lavorando ! ;P)
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{{Article summary end}}
 
{{Article summary end}}
  
A Desktop Environment (DE) is a complete Graphical User Interface (GUI) for a system.
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A Desktop Environment (DE) è un insieme di strumenti grafici (in pratica, una GUI) per gestire un sistema operativo .
  
Desktop Environments usually include, but are not limited to:
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In genere, un Desktop Environments include tra le varie componenti :
 
* Widgets
 
* Widgets
* Toolbars/Panels
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* Toolbars/Pannelli (per esempio, per visualizzare le finestre attive)
 
* Applets
 
* Applets
* Applications
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* Applicazioni
* Icons
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* Icone
* Wallpapers
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* Sfondi
* A Window Manager
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* Un gestore di finestre
  
 
== The X Server ==
 
== The X Server ==
To install/use a DE, you require X(org). If you are accessing this wiki through a graphical browser like Firefox or Konqueror, then you likely already have X and a DE installed. However, if you installed Arch using a base CD and are reading this wiki from the terminal (in a browser like links2), you likely don't have X. To install X, type the following in a console:
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Per installare DE, per prima cosa devi avere installato X(org). Se stai leggendo questa wiki tramite un browser grafico come Firefox o Konqueror, significa che già hai installato X e un DE. Invece, se hai installato Arch Linux in versione base e stai leggendo questa wiki tramite un browser testuale come links2, probabilmente non hai X installato. Per installare X, digita i seguenti comandi in un terminale:
 
  # pacman -S xorg
 
  # pacman -S xorg
  
For more information on X, see the [[Xorg]] article.
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Per avere più informazioni su X e la sua installazione, leggiti la pagina [[Xorg]].
  
== Installing a Desktop Environment ==
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== Come installare un Desktop Environment ==
There are many DE's available for Linux; here are just a few:
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Ci sono molti DE disponibili per Linux; eccone alcuni:
 
* [[KDE]]
 
* [[KDE]]
 
* [[GNOME]]
 
* [[GNOME]]
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* [[Enlightenment]]
 
* [[Enlightenment]]
  
=== Installing KDE in a Nutshell ===
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=== Come installare KDE da un terminale ===
You can install KDE by simply typing the following in a root terminal:
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Ti basta digitare il seguente comando in un terminale di root:
 
  # pacman -S kde
 
  # pacman -S kde
  
This will first ask you if you want to install the whole KDE group of packages. This is about 270MB of downloads <sub>(4-2006 estimate with KDE 3.5.2)</sub>. If you don't want to install all of this, you can type 'n', and it will ask you which KDE packages you want. Below is a list of all the KDE packages and details about them.
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Per prima cosa, ti chiederà se vuoi installare l'intero gruppo di pacchetti KDE (cioè il core più pacchetti opzionali come audio, ecc.). Dovrebbero essere all' incirca 270MB di pacchetti <sub>(4-2006 stimato con KDE 3.5.2)</sub>. Se non vuoi installare tutto, digita 'n', e ti verrà chiesto quali pacchetti vuoi installare. Sotto c'è una lista dettagliata dei pacchetti di KDE.
  
 
==== KDE Packages ====
 
==== KDE Packages ====

Revision as of 12:29, 2 May 2010

Tango-preferences-desktop-locale.pngThis article or section needs to be translated.Tango-preferences-desktop-locale.png

Notes: please use the first argument of the template to provide more detailed indications. (Discuss in Talk:Desktop environment (Italiano)#)
Nota: Questo articolo è in fase di traduzione. Seguite per ora le istruzioni della versione inglese.

This template has only maintenance purposes. For linking to local translations please use interlanguage links, see Help:i18n#Interlanguage links.


Local languages: Català – Dansk – English – Español – Esperanto – Hrvatski – Indonesia – Italiano – Lietuviškai – Magyar – Nederlands – Norsk Bokmål – Polski – Português – Slovenský – Česky – Ελληνικά – Български – Русский – Српски – Українська – עברית – العربية – ไทย – 日本語 – 正體中文 – 简体中文 – 한국어


External languages (all articles in these languages should be moved to the external wiki): Deutsch – Français – Română – Suomi – Svenska – Tiếng Việt – Türkçe – فارسی

Sommario help replacing me
Una panoramica sui vari Ambienti Desktop.
Articoli correlati
Enlightenment | E17
GNOME | Xfce
KDE | KDEmod
LXDE | Openbox | Fluxbox
Xorg | Compiz Stand-alone

A Desktop Environment (DE) è un insieme di strumenti grafici (in pratica, una GUI) per gestire un sistema operativo .

In genere, un Desktop Environments include tra le varie componenti :

  • Widgets
  • Toolbars/Pannelli (per esempio, per visualizzare le finestre attive)
  • Applets
  • Applicazioni
  • Icone
  • Sfondi
  • Un gestore di finestre

The X Server

Per installare DE, per prima cosa devi avere installato X(org). Se stai leggendo questa wiki tramite un browser grafico come Firefox o Konqueror, significa che già hai installato X e un DE. Invece, se hai installato Arch Linux in versione base e stai leggendo questa wiki tramite un browser testuale come links2, probabilmente non hai X installato. Per installare X, digita i seguenti comandi in un terminale:

# pacman -S xorg

Per avere più informazioni su X e la sua installazione, leggiti la pagina Xorg.

Come installare un Desktop Environment

Ci sono molti DE disponibili per Linux; eccone alcuni:

Come installare KDE da un terminale

Ti basta digitare il seguente comando in un terminale di root:

# pacman -S kde

Per prima cosa, ti chiederà se vuoi installare l'intero gruppo di pacchetti KDE (cioè il core più pacchetti opzionali come audio, ecc.). Dovrebbero essere all' incirca 270MB di pacchetti (4-2006 stimato con KDE 3.5.2). Se non vuoi installare tutto, digita 'n', e ti verrà chiesto quali pacchetti vuoi installare. Sotto c'è una lista dettagliata dei pacchetti di KDE.

KDE Packages

  • arts – KDE Sound Engine
  • gwenview – KDE Image Viewer
  • kde-Common – Common KDE packages
  • kdeaccessibility – KDE Accessibility
  • kdeaddons – Plugins for konq, noatun, etc.
  • kdeadmin – Administration packages; includes user manager
  • kdeartwork – Artwork (Colors, themes, pictures, splash screens, etc.)
  • kdebase – Base of KDE. REQUIRED
  • kdebindings – KDE keybindings (for developers)
  • kdeedu – KDE Educational Applications
  • kdegames – Games for KDE
  • kdegraphics – Graphic-related Applications
  • kdelibs – KDE Libraries. REQUIRED
  • kdemultimedia – Includes Multimedia Applications for KDE
  • kdenetwork – KDE Network-related package, including kppp, etc.
  • kdepim – Personal Information Management; Korganiser, KMail, etc.
  • kdesdk – KDE Software Development Kit
  • kdetoys – Small Applications and toys for KDE; Eyes, Amusing Misuse of Resources (AMOR)
  • kdeutils – Little extra applications; ark, kcalc, etc.

For more information, see KDE.

Installing GNOME in a Nutshell

You can install GNOME by simply typing the following in a root terminal:

# pacman -S gnome

Like the KDE one, this will first ask whether you want the whole GNOME group. The total download for installing GNOME is 125.6MB (As of 12-2006). If not, you may select which packages to install. Below is a list of the GNOME packages, and explanations of what they are.

GNOME Packages

  • gnome-icon-theme – An icon theme for GNOME
  • control-center – The GNOME Control Center
  • epiphany – GNOME web-browser
  • gnome-applets – Panel Applets
  • gnome-backgrounds – Desktop Backgrounds
  • gnome-common – Common GNOME files
  • gnome-desktop – The GNOME Desktop
  • gnome-media – GNOME Media Tools
  • gnome-mime-data – Mime Data for GNOME
  • gnome-panel – GNOME Panel
  • gnome-session – GNOME Session handling
  • gnome-themes – Themes for GNOME
  • gnome2-user-docs – GNOME User Documentation
  • metacity – GNOME Window Manager
  • nautilus – GNOME File Browser
  • vte – GNOME Terminal Widget
  • yelp – GNOME Help browser

For more information, see GNOME.

Installing Xfce in a Nutshell

You can install Xfce by simply typing the following in a root terminal:

# pacman -S xfce4

As with both the KDE and GNOME installs, it will first ask you if you want to install the whole Xfce group. The total downloads for Xfce is 44.9MB (As of 4-2006). If you choose not to install the whole group, see below for each package and its details.

Xfce Packages

  • gtk-xfce-engine – The Xfce-GTK graphics engine
  • libxfce4mcs – Settings management support for Xfce.
  • libxfce4util – Non-GUI functions for Xfce
  • libxfcegui4 – GTK widgets for Xfce
  • orage – Xfce Calendar
  • thunar – File manager
  • xfce-mcs-manager – Settings manager.
  • xfce-mcs-plugins – Plugins for settings manager
  • xfce-utils – startxfce4 script, run dialog, etc.
  • xfce4-appfinder – Application finder
  • xfce4-icon-theme – Icon theme
  • xfce4-iconbox – Simple application management, similar to taskbar.
  • xfce4-mixer – Volume control plugin for the panel
  • xfce4-panel – Xfce Panel
  • xfce4-session – Session management
  • xfce4-systray – System tray plugin for the panel
  • xfce4-toys – Small toys for Xfce
  • xfce4-trigger-launcher – Trigger launcher panel plugin
  • xfdesktop – Allows desktop wallpaper, icons, and menus
  • xfprint – The Xfce Print package
  • xfwm4 – Xfce Window Manager
  • xfwm4-themes – Themes for Xfce Window Manager

For more information, see Xfce.

Installing Enlightenment in a Nutshell

Enlightenment has two versions:

  • DR16, the older code, originally released 2000, with most recent release 2003.
  • DR17, the newer code, still in pre-alpha (although quite stable).

Enlightenment Development Release 16

You can install Enlightenment DR16 by simply typing the following in a root terminal:

# pacman -S enlightenment

It seems that E16 is only the window manager, and not a whole Desktop Environment; See Window Manager for more info.

Enlightenment Development Release 17

You can install Enlightenment DR17 from the community repository, by typing the following in a root terminal:

# pacman -S e17-svn

Install additional packages with:

# pacman -S e17-extra-svn

Enlightenment DR17 has a similar group of packages to KDE, GNOME and Xfce. Below is a list of packages in the E17 group.

E17 Packages

  • e – The window manager
  • ecore – Event Abstraction and Modular Convenience
  • edb-devel – E Database Development package
  • edje – Interface Abstraction Library & Tools
  • eet – Distribution Container Libraries & Tools
  • embryo – Embeddable scripting language for enlightenment
  • emotion – Video smart-object library for evas
  • entice – An Image Viewer
  • entrance – The E Display Manager
  • epeg – For thumbnailing JPEGs
  • epsilon – Freedesktop.org thumbnailing library
  • esmart – A collection of evas smart objects
  • etox – Text Layout and Manipulation
  • evas – Canvas Library
  • ewl – Enlightenment Widget Library
  • imlib2-devel – Image Rendering and Manipulation Library
  • imlib2_loaders – Loaders for the Image Rendering and Manipulation Library

For more information, see Enlightenment and/or E17.

Configuring the Desktop Environment

Under KDE

After installing kdeadmin, from the konsole, type 'kcontrol' (kde3mod), or go to K Menu → System Settings (KDE 4).

Under GNOME

Use the preferences menu to drop down to whatever you'd like to change.

Under Xfce

Right-click on the desktop and pull down to the settings menu. From there you can open the settings manager.

Under E17

Navigate from the E17 menu (or left-click the desktop), and go to Configuration → Configuration Panel.

External Resources