Difference between revisions of "Desktop environment (Italiano)"

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m (traduzione in italiano, ci sto lavorando ! ;P)
(KDE Packages)
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==== KDE Packages ====
 
==== KDE Packages ====
* arts – KDE Sound Engine
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* arts – KDE Sound Engine , il gestore audio
* gwenview – KDE Image Viewer
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* gwenview – il visualizzatore di immagini
 
* kde-Common – Common KDE packages
 
* kde-Common – Common KDE packages
* kdeaccessibility – KDE Accessibility
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* kdeaccessibility – i pacchetti per chi ha problemi di vista o di udito
* kdeaddons – Plugins for konq, noatun, etc.
+
* kdeaddons – piccole chicche e aggiunte per gli altri pacchetti
* kdeadmin – Administration packages; includes user manager
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* kdeadmin – pacchetti d' amministrazioe, tra cui un gestore utenti
* kdeartwork – Artwork (Colors, themes, pictures, splash screens, etc.)
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* kdeartwork – I file per l'aspetto (Colori, temi, immagini, splash screens, etc.)
* kdebase – Base of KDE. REQUIRED
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* kdebase – I pacchetti base. FONDAMENTALE
* kdebindings – KDE keybindings (for developers)
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* kdebindings – strumenti per sviluppatori
* kdeedu – KDE Educational Applications
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* kdeedu – strumenti educativi e per le scuole
* kdegames – Games for KDE
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* kdegames – giochi
* kdegraphics – Graphic-related Applications
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* kdegraphics – librerie grafiche ed editor
* kdelibs – KDE Libraries. REQUIRED
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* kdelibs – KDE Libraries. FONDAMENTALE
* kdemultimedia – Includes Multimedia Applications for KDE
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* kdemultimedia – pacchetti multimediali, come lettori audio/video
* kdenetwork – KDE Network-related package, including kppp, etc.
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* kdenetwork – pacchetti per la gestione della rete
 
* kdepim – Personal Information Management; Korganiser, KMail, etc.
 
* kdepim – Personal Information Management; Korganiser, KMail, etc.
* kdesdk – KDE Software Development Kit
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* kdesdk – il pacchetto di sviluppo di KDE
* kdetoys – Small Applications and toys for KDE; Eyes, Amusing Misuse of Resources (AMOR)
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* kdetoys – i giocattoli di KDE
* kdeutils – Little extra applications; ark, kcalc, etc.
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* kdeutils – alcuni accessori utili (calcolatrice, gestore pacchetti compressi, ecc.)
  
For more information, see [[KDE]].
+
Per approfondire, leggi [[KDE]].
  
 
=== Installing GNOME in a Nutshell ===
 
=== Installing GNOME in a Nutshell ===

Revision as of 12:35, 2 May 2010

Tango-preferences-desktop-locale.pngThis article or section needs to be translated.Tango-preferences-desktop-locale.png

Notes: please use the first argument of the template to provide more detailed indications. (Discuss in Talk:Desktop environment (Italiano)#)
Nota: Questo articolo è in fase di traduzione. Seguite per ora le istruzioni della versione inglese.

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A Desktop Environment (DE) è un insieme di strumenti grafici (in pratica, una GUI) per gestire un sistema operativo .

In genere, un Desktop Environments include tra le varie componenti :

  • Widgets
  • Toolbars/Pannelli (per esempio, per visualizzare le finestre attive)
  • Applets
  • Applicazioni
  • Icone
  • Sfondi
  • Un gestore di finestre

The X Server

Per installare DE, per prima cosa devi avere installato X(org). Se stai leggendo questa wiki tramite un browser grafico come Firefox o Konqueror, significa che già hai installato X e un DE. Invece, se hai installato Arch Linux in versione base e stai leggendo questa wiki tramite un browser testuale come links2, probabilmente non hai X installato. Per installare X, digita i seguenti comandi in un terminale:

# pacman -S xorg

Per avere più informazioni su X e la sua installazione, leggiti la pagina Xorg.

Come installare un Desktop Environment

Ci sono molti DE disponibili per Linux; eccone alcuni:

Come installare KDE da un terminale

Ti basta digitare il seguente comando in un terminale di root:

# pacman -S kde

Per prima cosa, ti chiederà se vuoi installare l'intero gruppo di pacchetti KDE (cioè il core più pacchetti opzionali come audio, ecc.). Dovrebbero essere all' incirca 270MB di pacchetti (4-2006 stimato con KDE 3.5.2). Se non vuoi installare tutto, digita 'n', e ti verrà chiesto quali pacchetti vuoi installare. Sotto c'è una lista dettagliata dei pacchetti di KDE.

KDE Packages

  • arts – KDE Sound Engine , il gestore audio
  • gwenview – il visualizzatore di immagini
  • kde-Common – Common KDE packages
  • kdeaccessibility – i pacchetti per chi ha problemi di vista o di udito
  • kdeaddons – piccole chicche e aggiunte per gli altri pacchetti
  • kdeadmin – pacchetti d' amministrazioe, tra cui un gestore utenti
  • kdeartwork – I file per l'aspetto (Colori, temi, immagini, splash screens, etc.)
  • kdebase – I pacchetti base. FONDAMENTALE
  • kdebindings – strumenti per sviluppatori
  • kdeedu – strumenti educativi e per le scuole
  • kdegames – giochi
  • kdegraphics – librerie grafiche ed editor
  • kdelibs – KDE Libraries. FONDAMENTALE
  • kdemultimedia – pacchetti multimediali, come lettori audio/video
  • kdenetwork – pacchetti per la gestione della rete
  • kdepim – Personal Information Management; Korganiser, KMail, etc.
  • kdesdk – il pacchetto di sviluppo di KDE
  • kdetoys – i giocattoli di KDE
  • kdeutils – alcuni accessori utili (calcolatrice, gestore pacchetti compressi, ecc.)

Per approfondire, leggi KDE.

Installing GNOME in a Nutshell

You can install GNOME by simply typing the following in a root terminal:

# pacman -S gnome

Like the KDE one, this will first ask whether you want the whole GNOME group. The total download for installing GNOME is 125.6MB (As of 12-2006). If not, you may select which packages to install. Below is a list of the GNOME packages, and explanations of what they are.

GNOME Packages

  • gnome-icon-theme – An icon theme for GNOME
  • control-center – The GNOME Control Center
  • epiphany – GNOME web-browser
  • gnome-applets – Panel Applets
  • gnome-backgrounds – Desktop Backgrounds
  • gnome-common – Common GNOME files
  • gnome-desktop – The GNOME Desktop
  • gnome-media – GNOME Media Tools
  • gnome-mime-data – Mime Data for GNOME
  • gnome-panel – GNOME Panel
  • gnome-session – GNOME Session handling
  • gnome-themes – Themes for GNOME
  • gnome2-user-docs – GNOME User Documentation
  • metacity – GNOME Window Manager
  • nautilus – GNOME File Browser
  • vte – GNOME Terminal Widget
  • yelp – GNOME Help browser

For more information, see GNOME.

Installing Xfce in a Nutshell

You can install Xfce by simply typing the following in a root terminal:

# pacman -S xfce4

As with both the KDE and GNOME installs, it will first ask you if you want to install the whole Xfce group. The total downloads for Xfce is 44.9MB (As of 4-2006). If you choose not to install the whole group, see below for each package and its details.

Xfce Packages

  • gtk-xfce-engine – The Xfce-GTK graphics engine
  • libxfce4mcs – Settings management support for Xfce.
  • libxfce4util – Non-GUI functions for Xfce
  • libxfcegui4 – GTK widgets for Xfce
  • orage – Xfce Calendar
  • thunar – File manager
  • xfce-mcs-manager – Settings manager.
  • xfce-mcs-plugins – Plugins for settings manager
  • xfce-utils – startxfce4 script, run dialog, etc.
  • xfce4-appfinder – Application finder
  • xfce4-icon-theme – Icon theme
  • xfce4-iconbox – Simple application management, similar to taskbar.
  • xfce4-mixer – Volume control plugin for the panel
  • xfce4-panel – Xfce Panel
  • xfce4-session – Session management
  • xfce4-systray – System tray plugin for the panel
  • xfce4-toys – Small toys for Xfce
  • xfce4-trigger-launcher – Trigger launcher panel plugin
  • xfdesktop – Allows desktop wallpaper, icons, and menus
  • xfprint – The Xfce Print package
  • xfwm4 – Xfce Window Manager
  • xfwm4-themes – Themes for Xfce Window Manager

For more information, see Xfce.

Installing Enlightenment in a Nutshell

Enlightenment has two versions:

  • DR16, the older code, originally released 2000, with most recent release 2003.
  • DR17, the newer code, still in pre-alpha (although quite stable).

Enlightenment Development Release 16

You can install Enlightenment DR16 by simply typing the following in a root terminal:

# pacman -S enlightenment

It seems that E16 is only the window manager, and not a whole Desktop Environment; See Window Manager for more info.

Enlightenment Development Release 17

You can install Enlightenment DR17 from the community repository, by typing the following in a root terminal:

# pacman -S e17-svn

Install additional packages with:

# pacman -S e17-extra-svn

Enlightenment DR17 has a similar group of packages to KDE, GNOME and Xfce. Below is a list of packages in the E17 group.

E17 Packages

  • e – The window manager
  • ecore – Event Abstraction and Modular Convenience
  • edb-devel – E Database Development package
  • edje – Interface Abstraction Library & Tools
  • eet – Distribution Container Libraries & Tools
  • embryo – Embeddable scripting language for enlightenment
  • emotion – Video smart-object library for evas
  • entice – An Image Viewer
  • entrance – The E Display Manager
  • epeg – For thumbnailing JPEGs
  • epsilon – Freedesktop.org thumbnailing library
  • esmart – A collection of evas smart objects
  • etox – Text Layout and Manipulation
  • evas – Canvas Library
  • ewl – Enlightenment Widget Library
  • imlib2-devel – Image Rendering and Manipulation Library
  • imlib2_loaders – Loaders for the Image Rendering and Manipulation Library

For more information, see Enlightenment and/or E17.

Configuring the Desktop Environment

Under KDE

After installing kdeadmin, from the konsole, type 'kcontrol' (kde3mod), or go to K Menu → System Settings (KDE 4).

Under GNOME

Use the preferences menu to drop down to whatever you'd like to change.

Under Xfce

Right-click on the desktop and pull down to the settings menu. From there you can open the settings manager.

Under E17

Navigate from the E17 menu (or left-click the desktop), and go to Configuration → Configuration Panel.

External Resources