Difference between revisions of "Desktop environment (Italiano)"

From ArchWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
m (segnato come "out of date" per prevista revisione)
(Allineata- da tradurre)
Line 3: Line 3:
 
{{i18n|Desktop Environment}}
 
{{i18n|Desktop Environment}}
  
{{out_of_date}}
+
{{translateme}}
 
{{Warning|Questa pagina è in fase di revisione e potrebbe non essere aggiornata. Seguite per ora le istruzioni della versione inglese.}}
 
{{Warning|Questa pagina è in fase di revisione e potrebbe non essere aggiornata. Seguite per ora le istruzioni della versione inglese.}}
  
 
{{Article summary start|Sommario}}
 
{{Article summary start|Sommario}}
{{Article summary text| Una panoramica sui vari Ambienti Desktop.}}
+
{{Article summary text|In graphical computing, a desktop environment (DE) commonly refers to a style of graphical user interface (GUI) derived from the desktop metaphor that is seen on most modern personal computers. This article provides a general overview of popular desktop environments.}}
{{Article summary heading|Articoli correlati}}
+
{{Article summary heading|Overview}}
{{Article summary wiki|Enlightenment}} | [[E17]]
+
{{Article summary text|{{Graphical user interface overview}}}}
{{Article summary wiki|GNOME}} | [[Xfce]]
+
{{Article summary heading|Resources}}
{{Article summary wiki|KDE}} | [[KDEmod]]
+
{{Article summary wiki|Wikipedia:Desktop environment}}
{{Article summary wiki|LXDE}} | [[Openbox]] | [[Fluxbox]]
+
{{Article summary wiki|Wikipedia:X Window System}}
{{Article summary wiki|Xorg}} | [[Compiz#As a standalone WM|Compiz Stand-alone]]
+
 
{{Article summary end}}
 
{{Article summary end}}
  
Un Desktop Environment (DE) è un insieme di strumenti grafici (in pratica, una GUI) per gestire un sistema operativo .
+
Desktop environments provide a ''complete'' graphical user interface (GUI) for a system by bundling together a variety of X clients written using a common widget toolkit and set of libraries.  
  
In genere, un Desktop Environments include tra le varie componenti :
+
== X Window System == <!-- please keep this section synchronized with [[Window Manager#X Window System]] -->
* Widgets
+
The [[Wikipedia:X Window System|X Window System]] provides the foundation for a graphical user interface. Prior to installing a desktop environment, a functional X server installation is required. See [[Xorg]] for detailed information.
* Toolbars/Pannelli (per esempio, per visualizzare le finestre attive)
+
* Applets
+
* Applicazioni
+
* Icone
+
* Sfondi
+
* Un gestore di finestre
+
  
== The X Server ==
+
:''X provides the basic framework, or primitives, for building such GUI environments: drawing and moving windows on the screen and interacting with a mouse and keyboard. X does not mandate the user interface — individual client programs known as window managers handle this. As such, the visual styling of X-based environments varies greatly; different programs may present radically different interfaces. X is built as an additional (application) abstraction layer on top of the operating system kernel.''
Per installare DE, per prima cosa devi avere installato X(org). Se stai leggendo questa wiki tramite un browser grafico come Firefox o Konqueror, significa che già hai installato X e un DE. Invece, se hai installato Arch Linux in versione base e stai leggendo questa wiki tramite un browser testuale come links2, probabilmente non hai X installato. Per installare X, digita i seguenti comandi in un terminale:
+
# pacman -S xorg
+
  
Per avere più informazioni su X e la sua installazione, leggiti la pagina [[Xorg]].
+
The user is free to configure their GUI environment in any number of ways. Desktop environments simply provide a complete and convenient means of accomplishing this task.
  
== Come installare un Desktop Environment ==
+
== Desktop environments ==
Ci sono molti DE disponibili per Linux; eccone alcuni:
+
A desktop environment bundles together a variety of X clients to provide common graphical user interface elements such as icons, windows, toolbars, wallpapers, and desktop widgets. Additionally, most desktop environments include a set of integrated applications and utilities.
* [[KDE (Italiano) | KDE]]
+
* [[GNOME (Italiano)| GNOME]]
+
* [[Xfce (Italiano) | Xfce]]
+
* [[Enlightenment (Italiano)| Enlightenment]]
+
  
=== Come installare KDE da un terminale ===
+
Note that users are free to mix-and-match applications from multiple desktop environments. For example, a KDE user may install and run GNOME applications such as the Epiphany web browser, should he/she prefer it over KDE's Konqueror web browser. One drawback of this approach is that many applications provided by desktop environment projects rely heavily upon their DE's respective underlying libraries. As a result, installing applications from a range of desktop environments will require installation of a larger number of dependencies. Users seeking to conserve disk space and avoid [[Wikipedia:software bloat|software bloat]] often avoid such mixed environments, or look into lightweight alternatives.
Ti basta digitare il seguente comando in un terminale di root:
+
# pacman -S kde
+
  
Per prima cosa, ti chiederà se vuoi installare l'intero gruppo di pacchetti KDE (cioè il core più pacchetti opzionali come audio, ecc.). Dovrebbero essere all'incirca 280MB di pacchetti <sub>(stimato con KDE 4.4.3)</sub>. Se non vuoi installare tutto, digita 'n', e ti verrà chiesto quali pacchetti vuoi installare. Sotto c'è una lista dettagliata dei pacchetti di KDE.
+
Furthermore, DE-provided applications tend to integrate better with their native environments. Superficially, mixing environments with different widget toolkits will result in visual discrepancies (that is, interfaces will use different icons and widget styles). In terms of user experience, mixed environments may not behave similarly (e.g. single-clicking versus double-clicking icons; drag-and-drop functionality) potentially causing confusion or unexpected behavior.
  
==== KDE Packages ====
+
=== List of desktop environments ===
* Phonon &ndash; KDE Sound Engine , il gestore audio
+
; [[E17]]: ''The Enlightenment desktop shell provides an efficient yet breathtaking window manager based on the Enlightenment Foundation Libraries along with other essential desktop components like a file manager, desktop icons and widgets. It boasts a unprecedented level of theme-ability while still being capable of performing on older hardware or embedded devices.''
* gwenview &ndash; il visualizzatore di immagini
+
* kdesdk &ndash; alcuni pacchetti utili per sviluppatori KDE
+
* kdeaccessibility &ndash; i pacchetti per chi ha problemi di vista o di udito
+
* kdeplasma-addons &ndash; serie di plasmoidi aggiuntivi per plasma
+
* kdeadmin &ndash; pacchetti d' amministrazione, tra cui un gestore utenti
+
* kdeartwork &ndash; I file per l'aspetto (Colori, temi, immagini, splash screens, etc.)
+
* kdebase &ndash; I pacchetti base. FONDAMENTALE
+
* kdeedu &ndash; strumenti educativi e per le scuole
+
* kdegames &ndash; giochi
+
* kdegraphics &ndash; librerie grafiche ed editor
+
* kdelibs &ndash; KDE Libraries. FONDAMENTALE
+
* kdemultimedia &ndash; pacchetti multimediali, come lettori audio/video
+
* kdenetwork &ndash; pacchetti per la gestione della rete
+
* kdepim &ndash; Personal Information Management; Korganiser, KMail, etc.
+
* kdesdk &ndash; il pacchetto di sviluppo di KDE
+
* kdetoys &ndash; i giocattoli di KDE
+
* kdeutils &ndash; alcuni accessori utili (calcolatrice, gestore pacchetti compressi, ecc.)
+
* kdewebdev &ndash; alcuni accessori per sviluppatori web
+
  
Per approfondire, leggi [[KDE]]. Inoltre ora kde è fornito anche tramite meta-pacchetti diventando quindi una soluzione modulare di installazione. Per sapere quali siano i meta-pacchetti basta digitare:
+
; [[GNOME]]: ''The GNOME project provides two things: The GNOME desktop environment, an intuitive and attractive desktop for users, and the GNOME development platform, an extensive framework for building applications that integrate into the rest of the desktop. GNOME is free, usable, accessible, international, developer-friendly, organized, supported, and a community.''
  $ pacman -Sg kde-meta
+
  
=== Installare GNOME da terminale ===
+
; [[KDE]]: ''KDE software consists of a large number of individual applications and a desktop workspace as a shell to run these applications. You can run KDE applications just fine on any desktop environment. KDE applications are built to integrate well with your system's components. By using also KDE workspace, you get even better integration of your applications with the working environment while lowering system resource needs.''
Puoi installare Gnome, digitando in un terminale di root
+
# pacman -S gnome
+
  
Come per KDE, anche in questo caso ti sarà chiesto se vuoi installare l' intero gruppo dei pacchetti GNOME. La dimensione totale è 80MB <sub>(2010)</sub>. Se non vuoi (come per KDE) puoi decidere quali pacchetti installare :
+
; [[LXDE]]: ''The "Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment" is an extremely fast-performing and energy-saving desktop environment. Maintained by an international community of developers, it comes with a beautiful interface, multi-language support, standard keyboard short cuts and additional features like tabbed file browsing. LXDE uses less CPU and less RAM than other environments. It is especially designed for cloud computers with low hardware specifications, such as, netbooks, mobile devices (e.g. MIDs) or older computers.''
  
==== Pacchetti di GNOME ====
+
; [[ROX]]: ''ROX is a fast, user friendly desktop which makes extensive use of drag-and-drop. The interface revolves around the file manager, or filer, following the traditional Unix view that 'everything is a file' rather than trying to hide the filesystem beneath start menus, wizards, or druids. The aim is to make a system that is well designed and clearly presented. The ROX style favors using several small programs together instead of creating all-in-one mega-applications.''
* gnome-icon-theme &ndash; Il tema icone di base di GNOME
+
* epiphany &ndash; il browser di GNOME
+
* gnome-applets &ndash; gli applet del pannello
+
* gnome-backgrounds &ndash; sfondi del desktop
+
* gnome-control-center &ndash; il centro di controllo di GNOME
+
* gnome-desktop &ndash; Il desktop di GNOME
+
* gnome-icon-theme &ndash; Il tema icone di base di GNOME
+
* gnome-media &ndash; i tool multimediali
+
* gnome-mime-data &ndash; Mime Data for GNOME
+
* gnome-panel &ndash; Il pannello di GNOME
+
* gnome-screensaver &ndash; Serie di screensaver
+
* gnome-session &ndash; gli strumenti per gestire la sessioni in GNOME
+
* gnome-themes &ndash; Temi di GNOME
+
* gnome2-user-docs &ndash; La documentazione di GNOME
+
* metacity &ndash; Il gestore finestre di GNOME
+
* nautilus &ndash; Il gestore file (e desktop) di GNOME
+
* notification-daemon &ndash; sistema di notifiche di GNOME
+
* yelp &ndash; GNOME Help browser
+
  
Per approfondire, leggiti [[GNOME]].
+
; [[Sugar]]: ''The Sugar Learning Platform is a computer environment composed of Activities designed to help children from 5 to 12 years of age learn together through rich-media expression. Sugar is the core component of a worldwide effort to provide every child with the opportunity for a quality education &mdash; it is currently used by nearly one-million children worldwide speaking 25 languages in over 40 countries. Sugar provides the means to help people lead fulfilling lives through access to a quality education that is currently missed by so many.''
  
=== Installare Xfce dal terminale ===
+
; [[Xfce]]: ''Xfce embodies the traditional UNIX philosophy of modularity and re-usability. It consists of a number of components that provide the full functionality one can expect of a modern desktop environment. They are packaged separately and you can pick among the available packages to create the optimal personal working environment.''
Come per KDE e Gnome, puoi installare Xfce semplicemente digitando in un terminale root :
+
# pacman -S xfce4
+
  
Come per gli altri due DE, ti sarà richiesto se installare l' intero gruppo di pacchetti, la cui dimensione totale è di circa 18MB <sub>(2010)</sub>. Se decidi di scegliere manualmente i pacchetti, ecco la loro lista con descrizione.
+
=== Comparison of desktop environments ===
 +
{{Expansion}}
  
==== Xfce Packages ====
+
''This section attempts to draw a comparison between popular desktop environments. Note that first-hand experience is the only effective way to truly evaluate whether a desktop environment best suits your needs.''
* exo &ndash;
+
* gtk-xfce-engine &ndash; Il motore grafico di Xfce-GTK
+
* libxfce4menu &ndash; menù per gestione delle impostazione di XFCE (librerie).
+
* libxfce4util &ndash; Funzioni (senza GUI) di Xfce
+
* libxfcegui4 &ndash; GTK widgets per Xfce
+
* mousepad &ndash; semplice editor di testo
+
* orage &ndash; Xfce Calendar
+
* squeeze &ndash; gestore di archivi compressi per XFCE
+
* terminal &ndash; un emulatore di terminale per XFCE
+
* thunar &ndash; File manager
+
* xfce-utils &ndash; startxfce4 script, run dialog, etc.
+
* xfce4-appfinder &ndash; Elenca tutte (o quasi :) ) le applicazioni installate nella tua Linux Box
+
* xfce4-mixer &ndash; Questo plugin per il pannello controlla il volume
+
* xfce4-panel &ndash; Xfce Panel
+
* xfce4-session &ndash; gestione della sessione
+
* xfce4-settings &ndash; Il gestore delle impostazioni di XFCE
+
* xfconf &ndash; un semplice client-server, storage e configurazione del sistema di interrogazione
+
* xfdesktop &ndash; Consente di avere un desktop con menu, icone e sfondi
+
* xfprint &ndash; il gestore stampanti
+
* xfwm4 &ndash; il gestore finestre
+
* xfwm4-themes &ndash; Themes for Xfce Window Manager
+
  
Per approfondire, leggiti [[Xfce]].
+
{{Wikipedia|Comparison of X Window System desktop environments}}
  
=== Installare Enlightenment da terminale ===
+
{| border="1" cellpadding="2"
Enlightenment ha due versioni di riferimenti:
+
|+ Overview of desktop environments <!-- PLEASE DO NOT OVER-CLUTTER THIS TABLE! -->
* DR16, la vecchia e stabile versione, rilasciata la prima volta nel 2000 e la cui release più recente è del 2003.
+
! Desktop environment !! Widget toolkit !! Window manager !! Terminal emulator !! File manager !! Text editor !! Web browser
* DR17, la nuova versione, è nello stadio pre-alpha (sebbene piuttosto stabile).
+
|-
 +
| [[E17]] || [http://trac.enlightenment.org/e/wiki/Elementary Elementary] || [http://trac.enlightenment.org/e/wiki/Enlightenment Enlightenment] || [http://www.eterm.org/ Eterm] || [http://trac.enlightenment.org/e/wiki/EFM EFM] / Entropy / [http://evidence.sourceforge.net/ Evidence] || N/A || [http://trac.enlightenment.org/e/wiki/Eve Eve]
 +
|-
 +
| [[GNOME]] || [[GTK+]] || [[Wikipedia:Metacity|Metacity]] || [[Wikipedia:GNOME Terminal|GNOME Terminal]] || [http://live.gnome.org/Nautilus Nautilus] || [http://projects.gnome.org/gedit/ gedit] || [[Epiphany]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[KDE]] || [http://qt.nokia.com/ Qt] || [[Wikipedia:KWin|KWin]] || [http://konsole.kde.org/ Konsole] || [http://dolphin.kde.org/ Dolphin] || [http://kate-editor.org/ Kate / KWrite] || [http://www.konqueror.org/ Konqueror]
 +
|-
 +
| [[LXDE]] || [[GTK+]] || [[Openbox]] || [http://wiki.lxde.org/en/LXTerminal LXTerminal] || [[PCManFM]] || [http://tarot.freeshell.org/leafpad/ Leafpad] || N/A
 +
|-
 +
| [[ROX]] || [[GTK+]] || [http://roscidus.com/desktop/OroboROX OroboROX] || [http://roxterm.sourceforge.net/ ROXTerm] || [http://roscidus.com/desktop/ROX-Filer ROX-Filer] || [http://roscidus.com/desktop/Edit Edit] || N/A
 +
|-
 +
| [[Xfce]] || [[GTK+]] || [http://www.xfce.org/projects/xfwm4 Xfwm] || [http://www.xfce.org/projects/terminal Terminal] || [[Thunar]] || [http://www.xfce.org/projects/mousepad/ Mousepad] || [[Midori]]
 +
|}
  
==== Enlightenment Development Release 16 ====
+
====Resource cost====
Puoi installare Enlightenment DR16 digitando in un terminale di root :
+
In terms of system resources, GNOME and KDE are ''expensive'' desktop environments. Not only do complete installations consume more disk space than lightweight alternatives (E17, LXDE, and Xfce) but also more CPU and memory resources while in use. This is because GNOME and KDE are relatively ''full-featured'': they provide the most complete and well-integrated environments.
# pacman -S enlightenment
+
  
A voler essere pignoli, Enlightenment DR16 è un semplice Window Manager e non un DE, quindi non avremo tutte le funzionalità presenti in KDE, Gnome e XFCE; Leggiti [[Window Manager]] per approfondire.
+
E17, LXDE, and Xfce, on the other hand, are ''lightweight'' desktop environments. They are designed to work well on older or lower-power hardware and generally consume fewer system resources while in use. This is achieved by cutting back on ''extra'' features (which some would term ''bloat'').
  
==== Enlightenment Development Release 17 ====
+
====Environment familiarity====
Puoi installare Enlightenment DR17 dal community repository, digitando in un terminale root:
+
Many users describe KDE as more ''Windows-like'' and GNOME as more ''Mac-like''. This is a very subjective comparison, since either desktop environment can be customized to emulate the Windows or Mac operating systems. See [http://www.psychocats.net/ubuntucat/is-kde-more-windows-like-than-gnome/ Is KDE 'more Windows-like' than Gnome?] and [http://www.jeffwu.net/?p=71 KDE vs Gnome] for more information. ([http://linux.oneandoneis2.org/LNW.htm Linux is Not Windows] is also an excellent resource.)
# pacman -S e17-svn
+
  
Installa i pacchetti aggiuntivi con:
+
== Custom environments ==
# pacman -S e17-extra-svn
+
Desktop environments represent the simplest means of installing a ''complete'' graphical environment. However, users are free to build and customize their graphical environment in any number of ways should none of the popular desktop environments meet their requirements. Generally, building a custom environment involves selection of a suitable [[Window Manager]] and a number of [[Lightweight Applications]] (a minimalist selection usually includes a terminal emulator, file manager, and text editor).
 
+
Enlightenment DR17 un gruppo di pacchetti analoghi a quelli di KDE, GNOME e Xfce. Ecco la lista del gruppo E17.
+
 
+
(''lascio le descrizioni inglesi sperando che qualcuno sappia tradurle meglio di me'')
+
 
+
==== E17 Packages ====
+
* e &ndash; Il gestore finestre
+
* ecore &ndash; Event Abstraction and Modular Convenience
+
* edb-devel &ndash; E Database Development package
+
* edje &ndash; Interface Abstraction Library & Tools
+
* eet &ndash; Distribution Container Libraries & Tools
+
* embryo &ndash; Embeddable scripting language for enlightenment
+
* emotion &ndash; Video smart-object library for evas
+
* entice &ndash; An Image Viewer
+
* entrance &ndash; The E Display Manager
+
* epeg &ndash; For thumbnailing JPEGs
+
* epsilon &ndash; Freedesktop.org thumbnailing library
+
* esmart &ndash; A collection of evas smart objects
+
* etox &ndash; Text Layout and Manipulation
+
* evas &ndash; Canvas Library
+
* ewl &ndash; Enlightenment Widget Library
+
* imlib2-devel &ndash; Image Rendering and Manipulation Library
+
* imlib2_loaders &ndash; Loaders for the Image Rendering and Manipulation Library
+
 
+
Per approfondire, leggiti la pagina [[Enlightenment]] e/o la pagina [[E17]].
+
 
+
== Configurazioni dei Desktop Environment ==
+
 
+
=== Sotto KDE ===
+
 
+
Dopo avere installato kdeadmin, dalla konsole, digita 'kcontrol' (kde3mod), oppure vai nel K Menu &rarr; System Settings (KDE 4).
+
 
+
=== Sotto GNOME ===
+
 
+
Per personalizzare un componente (per esempio lo sfondo o i pannelli), clicca sul tasto destro su di esso. Dovrebbe esserci una voce "Impostazioni"
+
 
+
=== Sotto Xfce ===
+
 
+
Clic col tasto destro sul desktop e vai nel menu impostazioni. Da qui puoi richiamare il gestore di impostazioni.
+
 
+
=== Sotto E17 ===
+
 
+
Dal menu di E17 (oppure cliccando col tasto sinistro sul desktop), andiamo in Settings &rarr; Configuration Panel.
+
 
+
== External Resources ==
+
 
+
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Desktop_Environment Desktop Environment on Wikipedia]
+

Revision as of 14:45, 12 December 2010

This template has only maintenance purposes. For linking to local translations please use interlanguage links, see Help:i18n#Interlanguage links.


Local languages: Català – Dansk – English – Español – Esperanto – Hrvatski – Indonesia – Italiano – Lietuviškai – Magyar – Nederlands – Norsk Bokmål – Polski – Português – Slovenský – Česky – Ελληνικά – Български – Русский – Српски – Українська – עברית – العربية – ไทย – 日本語 – 正體中文 – 简体中文 – 한국어


External languages (all articles in these languages should be moved to the external wiki): Deutsch – Français – Română – Suomi – Svenska – Tiếng Việt – Türkçe – فارسی

Tango-preferences-desktop-locale.pngThis article or section needs to be translated.Tango-preferences-desktop-locale.png

Notes: please use the first argument of the template to provide more detailed indications. (Discuss in Talk:Desktop environment (Italiano)#)
Warning: Questa pagina è in fase di revisione e potrebbe non essere aggiornata. Seguite per ora le istruzioni della versione inglese.
Sommario help replacing me
In graphical computing, a desktop environment (DE) commonly refers to a style of graphical user interface (GUI) derived from the desktop metaphor that is seen on most modern personal computers. This article provides a general overview of popular desktop environments.
Overview
Template:Graphical user interface overview
Resources
Wikipedia:Desktop environment
Wikipedia:X Window System

Desktop environments provide a complete graphical user interface (GUI) for a system by bundling together a variety of X clients written using a common widget toolkit and set of libraries.

X Window System

The X Window System provides the foundation for a graphical user interface. Prior to installing a desktop environment, a functional X server installation is required. See Xorg for detailed information.

X provides the basic framework, or primitives, for building such GUI environments: drawing and moving windows on the screen and interacting with a mouse and keyboard. X does not mandate the user interface — individual client programs known as window managers handle this. As such, the visual styling of X-based environments varies greatly; different programs may present radically different interfaces. X is built as an additional (application) abstraction layer on top of the operating system kernel.

The user is free to configure their GUI environment in any number of ways. Desktop environments simply provide a complete and convenient means of accomplishing this task.

Desktop environments

A desktop environment bundles together a variety of X clients to provide common graphical user interface elements such as icons, windows, toolbars, wallpapers, and desktop widgets. Additionally, most desktop environments include a set of integrated applications and utilities.

Note that users are free to mix-and-match applications from multiple desktop environments. For example, a KDE user may install and run GNOME applications such as the Epiphany web browser, should he/she prefer it over KDE's Konqueror web browser. One drawback of this approach is that many applications provided by desktop environment projects rely heavily upon their DE's respective underlying libraries. As a result, installing applications from a range of desktop environments will require installation of a larger number of dependencies. Users seeking to conserve disk space and avoid software bloat often avoid such mixed environments, or look into lightweight alternatives.

Furthermore, DE-provided applications tend to integrate better with their native environments. Superficially, mixing environments with different widget toolkits will result in visual discrepancies (that is, interfaces will use different icons and widget styles). In terms of user experience, mixed environments may not behave similarly (e.g. single-clicking versus double-clicking icons; drag-and-drop functionality) potentially causing confusion or unexpected behavior.

List of desktop environments

E17
The Enlightenment desktop shell provides an efficient yet breathtaking window manager based on the Enlightenment Foundation Libraries along with other essential desktop components like a file manager, desktop icons and widgets. It boasts a unprecedented level of theme-ability while still being capable of performing on older hardware or embedded devices.
GNOME
The GNOME project provides two things: The GNOME desktop environment, an intuitive and attractive desktop for users, and the GNOME development platform, an extensive framework for building applications that integrate into the rest of the desktop. GNOME is free, usable, accessible, international, developer-friendly, organized, supported, and a community.
KDE
KDE software consists of a large number of individual applications and a desktop workspace as a shell to run these applications. You can run KDE applications just fine on any desktop environment. KDE applications are built to integrate well with your system's components. By using also KDE workspace, you get even better integration of your applications with the working environment while lowering system resource needs.
LXDE
The "Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment" is an extremely fast-performing and energy-saving desktop environment. Maintained by an international community of developers, it comes with a beautiful interface, multi-language support, standard keyboard short cuts and additional features like tabbed file browsing. LXDE uses less CPU and less RAM than other environments. It is especially designed for cloud computers with low hardware specifications, such as, netbooks, mobile devices (e.g. MIDs) or older computers.
ROX
ROX is a fast, user friendly desktop which makes extensive use of drag-and-drop. The interface revolves around the file manager, or filer, following the traditional Unix view that 'everything is a file' rather than trying to hide the filesystem beneath start menus, wizards, or druids. The aim is to make a system that is well designed and clearly presented. The ROX style favors using several small programs together instead of creating all-in-one mega-applications.
Sugar
The Sugar Learning Platform is a computer environment composed of Activities designed to help children from 5 to 12 years of age learn together through rich-media expression. Sugar is the core component of a worldwide effort to provide every child with the opportunity for a quality education — it is currently used by nearly one-million children worldwide speaking 25 languages in over 40 countries. Sugar provides the means to help people lead fulfilling lives through access to a quality education that is currently missed by so many.
Xfce
Xfce embodies the traditional UNIX philosophy of modularity and re-usability. It consists of a number of components that provide the full functionality one can expect of a modern desktop environment. They are packaged separately and you can pick among the available packages to create the optimal personal working environment.

Comparison of desktop environments

Tango-view-fullscreen.pngThis article or section needs expansion.Tango-view-fullscreen.png

Reason: please use the first argument of the template to provide a brief explanation. (Discuss in Talk:Desktop environment (Italiano)#)

This section attempts to draw a comparison between popular desktop environments. Note that first-hand experience is the only effective way to truly evaluate whether a desktop environment best suits your needs.

Template:Wikipedia

Overview of desktop environments
Desktop environment Widget toolkit Window manager Terminal emulator File manager Text editor Web browser
E17 Elementary Enlightenment Eterm EFM / Entropy / Evidence N/A Eve
GNOME GTK+ Metacity GNOME Terminal Nautilus gedit Epiphany
KDE Qt KWin Konsole Dolphin Kate / KWrite Konqueror
LXDE GTK+ Openbox LXTerminal PCManFM Leafpad N/A
ROX GTK+ OroboROX ROXTerm ROX-Filer Edit N/A
Xfce GTK+ Xfwm Terminal Thunar Mousepad Midori

Resource cost

In terms of system resources, GNOME and KDE are expensive desktop environments. Not only do complete installations consume more disk space than lightweight alternatives (E17, LXDE, and Xfce) but also more CPU and memory resources while in use. This is because GNOME and KDE are relatively full-featured: they provide the most complete and well-integrated environments.

E17, LXDE, and Xfce, on the other hand, are lightweight desktop environments. They are designed to work well on older or lower-power hardware and generally consume fewer system resources while in use. This is achieved by cutting back on extra features (which some would term bloat).

Environment familiarity

Many users describe KDE as more Windows-like and GNOME as more Mac-like. This is a very subjective comparison, since either desktop environment can be customized to emulate the Windows or Mac operating systems. See Is KDE 'more Windows-like' than Gnome? and KDE vs Gnome for more information. (Linux is Not Windows is also an excellent resource.)

Custom environments

Desktop environments represent the simplest means of installing a complete graphical environment. However, users are free to build and customize their graphical environment in any number of ways should none of the popular desktop environments meet their requirements. Generally, building a custom environment involves selection of a suitable Window Manager and a number of Lightweight Applications (a minimalist selection usually includes a terminal emulator, file manager, and text editor).