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Revision as of 12:27, 30 August 2012 by Mrpsbrk (talk | contribs) (since the prog is called DNSmasq i figured DHCP server is not the main attraction, and should come after caching)
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dnsmasq provides services as a DNS cacher and a DHCP server. As a Domain Name Server (DNS), it can cache DNS queries to improve connection speed to previously visited sites. As a DHCP server, dnsmasq can be used to provide internal IP addresses and routes to computers on a LAN. Either or both of these services can be implemented. dnsmasq is considered to be lightweight and easy to configure; it is designed for personal computer use or for use on a network with less than 50 computers.


Install dnsmasq from the official repositories.

DNS Cache Setup

To set up dnsmasq as a DNS caching daemon on a single computer edit /etc/dnsmasq.conf and uncomment the localhost listening address:


To use this computer to act as a default DNS specify the fixed IP address of the network:

listen-address=<>  # Example IP

resolv.conf Setup

After configuring dnsmasq, the DHCP client will need to prepend the localhost address to the known DNS addresses file (/etc/resolv.conf) - this sends all queries to dnsmasq before trying to resolve them to an external DNS. After the DHCP client is configured the network will need to be restarted for changes to take effect.


dhcpcd has the ability to prepend or append nameservers to /etc/resolv.conf by creating (or editing) the /etc/resolv.conf.head and /etc/resolv.conf.tail files respectively:

echo "nameserver" > /etc/resolv.conf.head


For dhclient, uncomment in /etc/dhclient.conf:

prepend domain-name-servers;


NetworkManager can start the dnsmasq daemon by itself. In this case it handles most of the configuration (calling the program with correct arguments, so a configuration file isn't really necessary). In this case, the daemon should not be started in rc.conf. Add the dns=dnsmasq option to NetworkManager.conf (in the [main] section of the file):


If you have to start the dnsmasq daemon yourself, then it is necessary to add the localhost address to resolv.conf (which NetworkManager will be overriding). There are many possibilities:

Since the upgrade of NetworkManager to 0.7, Arch Linux now calls dhcpcd directly instead of the common default with dhclient. Because of the arguments set with dhcpcd, it no longer sources the /etc/resolv.conf.head, and /etc/resolv.conf.tail settings for insertion of name servers. Several options are available.

The first option would be to add a script to the NetworkManager dispatcher to prepend localhost to resolv.conf:

# Prepend localhost to resolv.conf for dnsmasq

if [[ ! $(grep /etc/resolv.conf) ]]; then
  sed -i '1s|^|nameserver\n|' /etc/resolv.conf

and make it executable:

# chmod +x /etc/NetworkManager/dispatcher.d/localhost-prepend

The second option be to go into NetworkManagers' settings (usually by right-clicking the applet) and entering settings manually. Setting up will depending on the type of front-end used; the process usually involves right-clicking on the applet, editing (or creating) a profile, and then choosing DHCP type as 'Automatic (specify addresses).' The DNS addresses will need to be entered and are usually in this form:, DNS-server-one, ....

Lastly, NetworkManager with dhclient can be used (networkmanager-dhclientAUR).

DHCP Server Setup

By default dnsmasq has the DHCP functionality turned off, if you want to use it you must turn it on in (/etc/dnsmasq.conf). Here are the important settings:

# Only listen to routers' LAN NIC.  Doing so opens up tcp/udp port 53 to
# localhost and udp port 67 to world:

# dnsmasq will open tcp/udp port 53 and udp port 67 to world to help with
# dynamic interfaces (assigning dynamic ips). Dnsmasq will discard world
# requests to them, but the paranoid might like to close them and let the 
# kernel handle them:

# Dynamic range of IPs to make available to LAN pc

# If you’d like to have dnsmasq assign static IPs, bind the LAN computer's
# NIC MAC address:

Start the Daemon

To have dnsmasq to load upon startup, add it to the daemons array in /etc/rc.conf:

DAEMONS=(... dnsmasq network ...)

To stand dnsmasq immediately:

$ rc.d start dnsmasq

To see if dnsmasq started properly, check the log; dnsmasq sends its messages to /var/log/messages.log. The network will also need to be restarted so the the DHCP client can create a new /etc/resolv.conf.


DNS Caching

To do a lookup speed test choose a website that has not been visited since dnsmasq has been started (dig is part of the dnsutils package):

$ dig archlinux.org | grep "Query time"

Running the command again will use the cached DNS IP and result in a faster lookup time if dnsmasq is setup correctly.

DHCP Server

From a computer that is connected to the one with dnsmasq on it, configure it to use DHCP for automatic IP address assignment, then attempt to log into the network normally.


Prevent OpenDNS Redirecting Google Queries

To prevent OpenDNS from redirecting all Google queries to their own search server, add to /etc/dnsmasq.conf:

server=/www.google.com/<ISP DNS IP>

View leases

cat /var/lib/misc/dnsmasq.leases