Drupal

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Introduction

This document describes how to set up Drupal (6.0) with Apache, MySQL or PostgreSQL, PHP, and Postfix! This document assumes that you have some sort of LAMP (Apache, MySQL, PHP) or LAPP (Apache, PostgreSQL, PHP) server already setup.

Installing GD

Drupal likes to have the GD image library installed so lets take care of that first.

  1. Install the package
    # pacman -S php-gd
  2. Open the file /etc/php/php.ini with your editor of choice, e.g.
    # nano /etc/php/php.ini
  3. Find the line that starts with, ";extension=gd.so" and change it to, "extension=gd.so". (Just remove the preceding ";"). If this line is not present, add it. This line may be in the "Dynamic Extensions" section of the file, or toward the very end of the file.
  4. Restart the Apache web server
    /etc/rc.d/httpd restart

Install Postfix

Postfix is necessary for sending e-mails from drupal. These are useful for account varification, password recovery, etc.

  1. Install Postfix
    # pacman -S postfix 
  2. Configure Postfix as needed
    # nano /etc/postfix/main.cf 
    All that you should have to do is change the hostnames under "Internet Host and Domain Names"
     myhostname = hostname1 

    And then start the Postfix service:
    # /etc/rc.d/postfix start
  3. Send a test e-mail to yourself
     mail myusername@localhost 
    (Enter a subject, some words in the body, then press ctrl+d to exit and send the letter) Wait 10 seconds, and then type mail to check your mail. If you've gotten it, excellent.
  4. Make sure Port 25 is fowarded if you have a router so that mails can be sent to the internet at large
  5. Open the file /etc/php/php.ini with your editor of choice, e.g.
    # nano /etc/php/php.ini
  6. Find the line that starts with, ;sendmail_path="" and change it to, sendmail_path="/usr/sbin/sendmail -t -i"
  7. Restart the Apache web server
    /etc/rc.d/httpd restart

Install and Setup Drupal

As of the 5.0 release, Drupal has a new install system.

  1. You can install drupal from [community] repository with pacman, or download the latest package from http://drupal.org and extract it.
  2. Move the folders to your /home/httpd/html/ folder.
  3. Open a web browser, and navigate to "localhost"
  4. Follow the instructions on the pages, and drupal should set iself up and bring you to the login!

Extras

Drupal asks you to run cron jobs hourly. It is possible to run the job manually via the administrator panel. If you feel so inclined, copy the proper script from the "scripts" folder into "/etc/cron.hourly" and make it executable.

With XAMPP

The 5.x and 6.x series of Drupal do not support PHP 5.3, and as a result are incompatible with the latest release of XAMPP. Currently, the last Drupal-compatible version of XAMPP is 1.7.1.

Note: XAMPP's PHP memory limit currently defaults to 8MB. Also, XAMPP ignores php.ini files in the Drupal directory. In order to fix this, edit the XAMPP php.ini instead:

nano /opt/lampp/etc/php.ini