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This is a quick blurb for setting or converting your keymaps to dvorak instead of qwerty.

Setting Dvorak On The Console

To convert to dvorak on the console, type

loadkeys dvorak

If you are using the left-handed dvorak layout,please type

loadkeys dvorak-l

or type

loadkeys dvorak-r

if you are using the right-handed dvorak layout.

To make this change permanently, set


in /etc/vconsole.conf.

Setting Dvorak In X

To change to the dvorak layout in X, see Xorg#Keyboard_settings

Setting Dvorak International In X

Setting your system to the dvorak international layout (with dead keys) is a simple matter of changing the XkbVariant option to dvorak-intl. It should look as follows:

Option "XkbVariant" "dvorak-intl"

Your XkbLayout should already be set to us.

In a small aside, you can test your configuration in a new X by entering the following into a shell:

$ xinit -- :1

This will work if you have xinit installed. If you are not using a custom .xinitrc, this will open a terminal in the new X session. From that terminal you can test your setup and exit that session by typing exit in the terminal. If you are using your own .xinitrc, you will have to exit in whatever way is provided by your setup.

For International Users


Swedish people interested in trying dvorak can find the swedish "version", called svorak, at aoeu.info! To convert to svorak in X you do not need to download any additional files from www.aoeu.info.


Use dvorak-es instead of dvorak, both in loadkeys and /etc/vconsole.conf to use the spanish dvorak variant.

On X, edit /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/01-keyboard-layout.conf and put:

Section "InputClass"
  Identifier "Keyboard-layout"
  Driver "evdev"
  MatchIsKeyboard "yes"
  Option "XkbLayout" "es(dvorak)"

Typing Tutors

Console: DvorakNGAUR

GUI: kdeedu-ktouch (includes Dvorak lessons in English, French, German & Spanish)

GUI: klavaro Dvorak lessons: (BG; BR; DE_neo2; EO; FR; FR_bépo; TR; UK; US; US_BR; US_ES; US_SE)

WEB: [1] Your keyboard, Your Words, Your Rules, Learn to Type Your Way