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zh-CN:Dvorak This is a quick blurb for setting or converting your keymaps to dvorak instead of qwerty.

Setting dvorak layout

See Keyboard Configuration in Console or Keyboard Configuration in Xorg, use for example:

  • dvorak for standard dvorak layout
  • dvorak-l for left-handed dvorak layout
  • dvorak-r for right-handed dvorak layout
Note: For console, these are standalone keymaps, but for Xorg these are variants of the us layout, you need to pass them to XkbVariant variable. See Keyboard Configuration in Xorg#Setting keyboard layout for an explanation.

Setting Dvorak International In X

Setting your system to the dvorak international layout (with dead keys) is a simple matter of changing the XkbVariant option to dvorak-intl. It should look as follows:

Option "XkbVariant" "dvorak-intl"

Your XkbLayout should already be set to us.

In a small aside, you can test your configuration in a new X by entering the following into a shell:

$ xinit -- :1

This will work if you have xinit installed. If you are not using a custom .xinitrc, this will open a terminal in the new X session. From that terminal you can test your setup and exit that session by typing exit in the terminal. If you are using your own .xinitrc, you will have to exit in whatever way is provided by your setup.

For International Users


Swedish people interested in trying dvorak can find the swedish "version", called svorak, at aoeu.info! To convert to svorak in X you do not need to download any additional files from www.aoeu.info.


Use dvorak-es instead of dvorak, both in loadkeys and /etc/vconsole.conf to use the spanish dvorak variant.

On X, edit /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/01-keyboard-layout.conf and put:

Section "InputClass"
  Identifier "Keyboard-layout"
  Driver "evdev"
  MatchIsKeyboard "yes"
  Option "XkbLayout" "es(dvorak)"

Typing Tutors

Console: DvorakNGAUR

GUI: kdeedu-ktouch (includes Dvorak lessons in English, French, German & Spanish)

GUI: klavaro Dvorak lessons: (BG; BR; DE_neo2; EO; FR; FR_bépo; TR; UK; US; US_BR; US_ES; US_SE)

WEB: http://typeyourway.com/ Your keyboard, Your Words, Your Rules, Learn to Type Your Way