DDNS, Dynamic DNS or DynDNS is a service which offers operators of homeservers the possibility to have an URL which does not change when the provider changes the servers public IP-Address.
Router or Server?
Most (home) routers offer connecting to different DDNS Services. But the offered lists are limited to serveal services which are most likely not free. If the Router supports a free service, or you are willing to pay or donate for a service, you should do this, it is faster and more reliable. In that case, there is no need to use a softwareside solution.
Setting up DDNS
FreeDNS.afraid.org is a free Service which is easy and uncomplicated to set up.
After signing up there, install Arch User Repository. It updates the IP.AUR, available in the
Because whatismyip.com seems to block perl SWP requests, replace the line
$extip = get("http://automation.whatismyip.com/n09230945.asp"); # Fetch current IP from whatismyip
$extip = get("http://api.externalip.net/ip/"); # Fetch current IP from externalip.net
After building and installing the package, configuration of
/usr/bin/afraid-dyndns-uv (which is a perl script) is necessary.
Locate the Lines
$afraid = "http://freedns.afraid.org/api/?action=getdyndns&sha=%s&style=xml"; $CACHEDIR = "/var/cache/afraid-dyndns/IP"; # set cache directory $HASH = "<your_hash>"; # account hash for authentication
Get the Hashcode:
- Visit http://freedns.afraid.org/api/ and log in.
- Copy the shasum from the URL which points to the XML or ASCII API
- Replace "<your_hash>" in
/usr/bin/afraid-dyndns-uvwith the shasum from the url
The last step is to add this line to your crontab:
*,5 * * * * afraid-dyndns-uv
It will update the IP every 5 Minutes.