Difference between revisions of "Eclipse"

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See Aptana Studio further down.
 
See Aptana Studio further down.
  
=== Python support ===
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=== [[Python]] support ===
  
 
==== PyDev ====
 
==== PyDev ====

Revision as of 23:46, 29 June 2011

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Eclipse is an open source community project, which aims to provide a universal development platform. The Eclipse project is most widely known for its cross-platform integrated development environment (IDE). The Arch Linux packages (and this guide) relate specifically to the IDE.

The Eclipse IDE is largely written in Java but can be used to develop applications in a number of languages, including Java, C/C++, PHP and Perl. The IDE can also provide subversion support (see below) and task management (either through its built-in TODO list or through the eclipse-mylyn package).

Installation

It is very easy to install the Eclipse SDK in Arch Linux:

# pacman -S eclipse

This base package has Java development support built in.

Plugins

There are two methods to install plugins for Eclipse:

  • using pacman to install plugins packaged in Arch repositories (see Eclipse plugin package guidelines for further informations);
  • using Eclipse's plugin manager to download and install plugins from their original repositories; in this case you have to find the needed repository in the plugin's website, then go to Help -> Install New Software..., enter the repository in the Work with field, select the plugin to install from the list below and follow the instructions.
Warning:
  • If you install plugins with Eclipse's plugin manager, you are advised to launch Eclipse as root: this way the plugins will be installed in Template:Filename; if you installed them as normal user, they would be stored in a version-dependent folder inside Template:Filename, and, after upgrading Eclipse, they wouldn't be recognized any longer.
  • Do not use Eclipse as root for your everyday work.

C/C++ support

Eclipse CDT

Perl support

EPIC

PHP support

Eclipse PDT

PHPEclipse

Aptana PHP

See Aptana Studio further down.

Python support

PyDev

Web development (HTML, CSS, JavaScript...)

Aptana Studio

Subversion support

Subclipse

Eclipse Subversive

Git support

EGit

Updates

  • Eclipse and the plugins installed with pacman are obviously updated with pacman itself.
  • For plugins installed with Eclipse's plugin manager, run Eclipse and select Help -> Check for Updates (if you have installed them as root as advised in the section above, you have to run Eclipse as root).

For plugins to be updated, you should check to have their update repositories enabled in Window -> Preferences -> Install/Update -> Available Software Sites: you can find each plugin's repository(es) on the respective project website. To add, edit, remove... repositories just use the buttons on the right of the Available Software Sites panel. For Eclipse 3.7 (Indigo), check you have enabled this repository:

http://download.eclipse.org/releases/indigo

To receive update notifications, go to Window -> Preferences -> Install/Update -> Automatic Updates. If you want to receive notifications for plugins installed as root, you should run Eclipse as root, go to Window -> Preferences -> Install/Update -> Available Software Sites, select the repositories related to the installed plugins and Export them; then run Eclipse as normal user and Import them in the same panel.

Using Sun JDK in place of OpenJDK

Tango-inaccurate.pngThe factual accuracy of this article or section is disputed.Tango-inaccurate.png

Reason: please use the first argument of the template to provide a brief explanation. (Discuss in Talk:Eclipse#)

Eclipse depends on openjdk6 by default, which you can easily replace with jdk, following this article.

By the way, you may want to link the file /opt/java/bin/java to /usr/bin/java:

# ln -s /opt/java/bin/java /usr/bin

Enable javadoc integration

Want to see API entries when hovering the mouse pointer over standard Java methods?

Online Version

If you have constant internet access on your machine, you can use the on-line documentation provided by sun. Just follow these instructions:

  1. Go to Window/Preferences, then go to Java/Installed JREs.
  2. There should be one named "java" with the type "Standard VM". Select this and click Edit.
  3. Select the Template:Filename item under "JRE system libraries:", then click "Javadoc Location...".
  4. Enter "http://java.sun.com/javase/6/docs/api/" in the "Javadoc location path:" text field.
  5. Done!

Offline Version

If you have no internet connection on your development machine or do not want to constantly consume bandwidth for the documentation, you can store the documentation locally.

  1. Start your favorite web browser and navigate to http://java.sun.com/javase/downloads/index.jsp
  2. Search for "Java SE 6 Documentation" and click the Download link.
  3. Follow the instructions to download the "jdk-6-doc.zip" file. (e.g. to Template:Filename).
  4. Go to Window/Preferences, then go to Java/Installed JREs.
  5. There should be one named "java" with the type "Standard VM". Select this and click Edit.
  6. Select the Template:Filename item under "JRE system libraries:", then click "Javadoc Location...".
  7. Select the point "Javadoc in archive"
  8. Enter the path to the previously downloaded Template:Filename (e.g. Template:Filename) in the "Archive path:" text field.
  9. Done!

Troubleshooting

Autocompletion and javadoc render crash

For some reason, libxul may crash. To fix this issue, you can try installing Template:Package Official and adding the following lines in your Template:Filename:

-Dorg.eclipse.swt.browser.UseWebKitGTK=true

If that does not work (or if you do not want to use libwebkit) try:

-Dorg.eclipse.swt.browser.XULRunnerPath=/usr/bin

Crash on first boot or when choosing "Help->Welcome"

Same as above. Edit Template:Filename and add just below -vmargs the line:

-Dorg.eclipse.swt.browser.XULRunnerPath=/usr/bin