Electronic identification

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Reason: Some duplication with Smartcards (Discuss in Talk:Electronic identification#)

An electronic identification ("eID") is an electronic identification solution of citizens or organizations, for example in view to access benefits or services provided by government authorities, banks or other companies. Apart from online authentication many eICs also give users the option to sign electronic documents with a digital signature.

Installation

All types of electronic identification require installing the ccid package. After installation, enable, and start pcscd.socket. In addition, ACS smart cards also require the acsccid package.

pcsc-tools contains pcsc_scan program that can be used to check smart card detection Smartcards#Scan for card reader.

Setup per country

Belgium

https://eid.belgium.be/en

Install the eid-mwAUR package. Before installation, import the (continuous build) keys from [1]. See makepkg#Signature checking.

There is no plugin for Chrome, but there is one for Firefox. Add the Firefox plugin to your browser. In recent versions, you'll need to manually add the eID module to the Firefox security devices configuration. Your module path might be different than the one in the guide. List the different devices by doing:

# p11tool --list-tokens

Here you'll see the module, which might be beidpkcs11.so. Now to find the full path you do:

# find /usr/lib -name beidpkcs11.so

You should now be able to use your eID reader in Firefox. Try it out using the test page.

You may find hints for troubleshooting in the official documentation but keep in mind that Arch Linux is not officially supported.

Estonia

See https://www.id.ee/?lang=en

DigiDoc

Once ccid is installed and pcscd.socket is started, install qdigidoc4AUR. One of the dependency xml-security-cAUR is verified with a signature that you have to import to your GnuPG keyring. Alternatively, the older version of this software (DigiDoc3) is also available with the packages qdigidocAUR and qesteidutilAUR.

DigiDoc4 has an optional GNOME/Files right click menu integration. Install python2-nautilusAUR and restart Gnome Files using the command pkill nautilus.

Note: chrome-token-signingAUR contains the "Token signing" extension that allows digital signatures on the web for both Google Chrome/Chromium and Firefox.

Chromium

After installing chrome-token-signingAUR, enable the PIN 1 authentication in Google Chrome and Chromium by running the following command (taken from the open-eid repo).

 modutil -dbdir sql:$HOME/.pki/nssdb -add opensc-pkcs11 -libfile onepin-opensc-pkcs11.so -mechanisms FRIENDLY

Firefox

To enable PIN 1 authentication in Firefox you should install esteidpkcs11loaderAUR and chrome-token-signingAUR. After restarting the browser make sure that "Firefox PKCS11 loader" extension is enabled. You can also follow manual instructions at Smartcards#Mozilla Firefox.

For firefox-esr52AUR and other other Firefox forks you can use esteidfirefoxpluginAUR.

For new cards issued since December 2018

Install awp-blobAUR. (Which installs awp from official deb package with blobs. No source currently exists: see discussion at [2]).

In Firefox, enable "IDEMIA PKCS11 loader" extension after restart. For Chrome/Chromium, you could try

 modutil -force -dbdir sql:$HOME/.pki/nssdb -add idemia-pkcs11 -libfile /usr/local/AWP/lib/libOcsPKCS11Wrapper.so -mechanisms FRIENDLY

Sweden

BankID is the leading electronic identification in Sweden.