FAQ (Suomi)

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Alla katettujen kysymysten lisäksi voit tarkistaa The Arch Way, Arch Linux ja Devland artikkelit. Kaikki kolme sisältävät paljon hyvää materiaalia Arch Linuksista.



Q) Olen GNU/Linux aloittelija. Pitäisikö minun käyttää Arch Linuksia?

A) Tämä kysymys riippuu monesta asiasta. Arch on suunnattu kokeneemmille GNU/Linux käyttäjille, mutta jotkut ajattelevat, että Archista on hyvä lähteä liikkeelle. Jos olet aloittelija ja haluat käyttää Archia, muista että sinun pitää olla halukas oppimaan. Ennenkuin kysyt mitään, etsi itse googlettamalla, wikistä ja foorumeilta (ja lue FAQ:it). Monet ihmiset eivät halua vastata samoihin peruskysymyksiin useaan kertaan. Jos toimit näin sinulla ei tulisi olla ongelmia. Suositeltavaa luettavaa: The Arch Linux Beginner's Guide.

Q) Milloin uusi versio on valmis?

A) Arch Linux releases coincide with each major kernel version, but are merely a snapshot of the /core repository, combined with various features or modifications to the installer script itself. The rolling release model keeps every Arch Linux system current and on the bleeding edge by issuing one command.

For this reason, releases are not terribly important in Arch, because the rolling-release system makes new releases out of date as soon as a package has been updated. If you are looking to obtain the latest Arch Linux release, you do not need to reinstall. You simply run the pacman -Syu command and your system will be identical to what you would get with a brand-new install.

For this same reason, new Arch Linux releases are not typically full of new and exciting features. New and exciting features are released as needed with the packages that are updated, and can be obtained immediately via pacman -Syu.

Q) Arch tarvitsee enemmän/vähemmän julkisuutta (esim. mainontaa)

A) Arch gets plenty of press as it is. The goal of Arch Linux is not to be large. The goal is to provide an elegant, minimalist and bleeding edge distribution focused on simplicity and code-correctness. Growth occurs naturally amongst the target user base. Trying to force growth will just cause problems.

Similarly, the development model does not restrict natural growth. More users might mean more devs to work on Arch Linux. This may cause some organizational issues at the "top", but those will be dealt with when they arrive.

Q) Arch tarvitsee enemmän dokumentaatiota

A) This is essentially true, so feel free to contribute. Documentation does not occur ex nihilo. After searching the forums and the wiki, if you cannot find the documentation you require, try creating it. Start a page on the wiki, and post in the forums regarding it. Likely other people have experience in the area, or are at least willing to help. If nobody does, don't be discouraged. When you finish your documentation, other people will likely find it an extremely valuable resource. There is always a need for documentation; contribute to the wiki.

Q) Arch tarvitsee enemmän kehittäjiä

A) Possibly so. Feel free to volunteer your time! Visit the forums, IRC channel, and mailing lists, and see what needs to be done. There is always a need for documentation; contribute to the wiki.

Q) Miksi Arch on niin hidas? Luulin että sen pitäisi olla nopea!

A) Make sure that your hostname is correctly set in /etc/hosts (i.e., that it matches the hostname in /etc/rc.conf. Have a look at "Configure the System" in The Beginner's Guide). If the hostnames do not match, applications may start up very slowly.

Q) Miksi internet on hitaampi verrattuna muihin käyttöjärjestelmiin?

A) Is your network configured correctly? Have you double checked your /etc/rc.conf /etc/hosts and /etc/resolv.conf? Have a look at "Configure the System" in The Beginner's Guide.


Q) Löysin virheen paketista X. Mitä minun pitäisi tehdä?

A) First, you need to figure out if this error is something the Arch team can fix. Sometimes it's not (that Firefox crash may be the fault of the Mozilla team) - this is called an upstream error. If it is an Arch problem, there is a series of steps you can take:

  1. Search the forums for information. See if anyone else has noticed it.
  2. Notify the package maintainer. Try a "pacman -Qi <package name>" for this info.
  3. Post a bug report with detailed information at http://bugs.archlinux.org.
  4. If you'd like, write a forum post detailing the problem and the fact that you have reported it already. This will help prevent a lot of people from reporting the same error.

Q) Tuleeko Archin pacman:lle tietokantaa?

A) Possibly. There is discussion over the issue.
Look at http://bugs.archlinux.org/task/5328, too.

Q) Arch paketit tarvitsevat yhtenäisen nimeämiskäytännön. .pkg.tar.gz on liian pitkä ja monimutkainen

A) This has been discussed on the Arch mailing list. Some proposed a .pac file extension. As far as is currently known, there is no plan to change the package extension. As Tobias Kieslich, one of the Arch devs, put it, "A package is a gzipped tarball! And it can be opened, investigated and manipulated by any tar-capable application. Moreover, the mime-type is automatically detected correctly by most applications."

Q) Pacman tarvitsee kirjaston jotta muut ohjelmat pääsevät helposti käsiksi pakettien tietoihin

A) Since version 3.0.0, pacman has been the front-end to libalpm, the "Arch Linux Package Management" library. This library allows alternative front-ends to be written (for instance, a GUI front-end).

Q) Miksei Pacmanilla ole virallista graafista käyttöliittymää?

A) Did you read The Arch Way and Arch Linux and Devland? The answer is basically that the Arch dev team will not be providing one. Feel free to use one of those developed by users. There is a nice list of them on the UserContributionsPage in the links section, and a selective list on Pacman_GUI_Frontends.

Q) Pacman tarvitsee Ominaisuuden X!

A) Did you read The Arch Way and Arch Linux and Devland? The Arch philosophy is "Keep It Simple". If you think the idea has merit, and does not violate this simple litany, then by all means, discuss it on the forum here. You might also like to check here; it's a place for feature requests if you find it is important.

However, the best way to get a feature added to Pacman or Arch Linux is to implement it yourself. There's no telling whether the patch will be officially accepted, but others will appreciate and test your effort.

Q) Arch tarvitsee vakaan pakettihaaran

A) Never say never. Some of the many discussions on the topic:

Q) Mikä ero kaikilla pakettien säilytyspaikoilla on?

A) See Official Repositories.

Q) Miksi Arch ei sisällä docs ja info-sivuja paketeissaan?

A) In its goal to be simple and lightweight, the relatively useless portions of a Linux system have been left out, things like /usr/doc and the info pages, in favor of man pages. This question is brought up a lot; read some past discussions about it:

Q) Asensin juuri Paketin X. Kuinka käynnistän sen?

A) If you're using a desktop environment like KDE or GNOME, the program should automatically show up in your menu. If you're trying to run the program from a terminal and don't know the binary name, try executing "pacman -Ql packagename | grep bin". A common problem for packages like Firefox or OpenOffice is that they are installed to /opt, which is not in your $PATH - you can "source /etc/profile" or logout/login to fix this.


Q) Arch tarvitsee paremman asennusohjelman, ehkä jopa graafisen sellaisen.

A) The discussion of a "better" installer is a subjective opinion. The best way to cope with these issues it to fit the installer to "the Arch way". If this opinion on a better installer is backed with more-concrete arguments, it might be taken into account for further development of the installer. Since installation doesn't occur often (see the question above on rolling release), it is not a high priority for developers or users. However, two unofficial methods exist: Archie Live CD for XFCE (other desktops in development) and Arch Linux Office Install CD for KDE.

Q) Asensin Archin ja olen bashin sisäänkirjautumisruudussa! Mitä nyt?

A) Have a look at the Arch Linux Beginner's Guide


Q) Saan virheen 'warning: current locale is invalid; using default "C" locale' joka kerta kun käytän pacmania. Mitä minun pitäisi tehdä?

A) As the error message says, your locale isn't correctly configured. Have a look at the locale configuration wiki page.

Q) Kuinka liitän levyjä?

A) If you use GNOME, install gnome-volume-manager:

pacman -Sy gnome-volume-manager

Now add yourself to the storage group:

gpasswd -a your_user storage

If you don't want to use gnome-volume-manager, check out the AutoFS HowTo.

Q) Kuinka vähennän ladattavia ytimen moduuleja?

A) If you are using kernel26, edit /etc/mkinitrd.conf. Enable auto-detection of HOSTCONTROLlER and FILESYSTEMS.


Q) Kuinka yhdistän langattomaan verkkoon?

A) See Wireless Setup.

Q) Kuinka yhdistän langalliseen verkkoon?

A) See Configuring network.

Q) Mikä AUR on?

A) See AUR Q & A.

Q) Miksi saan vihreän kuvan kun yritän katsoa videoita?

A) Your colour depth is set wrong. It may need to be 24 instead of 16, for example.