Difference between revisions of "FVWM"

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m (Added reference to xcompmgr)
(Starting FVWM: from FVWM official faq: we completely returned to the "fvwm" name. fvwm2 is symlinked to fvwm, so its superflous to list it as an alternative)
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[[Category:Stacking WMs (English)]] {{i18n|FVWM}} FVWM is a stable, powerful, efficient, and ICCCM-compliant multiple virtual desktop window manager for the X Window system. It requires some effort to learn to use it well, since it is almost entirely configured by editing configuration files with a text editor, but those who persist end up with a desktop environment that works exactly the way they want it to work. Development is active, and support is excellent. And for those who wonder, FVWM means Feeble Virtual Window Manager.
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[[Category:Stacking WMs]] [[it:FVWM]]
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[[ru:FVWM]]
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[[zh-CN:FVWM]]
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FVWM is a stable, powerful, efficient, and ICCCM-compliant multiple virtual desktop window manager for the X Window system. It requires some effort to learn to use it well, since it is almost entirely configured by editing configuration files with a text editor, but those who persist end up with a desktop environment that works exactly the way they want it to work. Although using FVWM does not require an knowlege of programming languages, it is possible to extend the power of FVWM with [http://www.fvwm.org/documentation/manpages/stable/FvwmM4.php M4], [http://www.fvwm.org/documentation/manpages/stable/FvwmCpp.php C], and [http://www.fvwm.org/documentation/manpages/stable/FvwmPerl.php Perl] preprocessing. FVWM has a [http://www.fvwm.org/documentation/perllib/ Perl library] that makes creating FVWM modules in Perl possible and easy.  Development is active, and support is excellent. And for those who wonder, FVWM means Feeble Virtual Window Manager.
  
 
==Installing FVWM==
 
==Installing FVWM==
  
Install FVWM so
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[[pacman|Install]] the package {{Pkg|fvwm}} which is available in the [[Official Repositories|official repositories]].
  
pacman -S fvwm
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You can also install {{AUR|fvwm-patched}} from the [[Arch User Repository|AUR]], or if you have archlinuxfr (see [[Unofficial user repositories]]) added to your {{ic|/etc/pacman.conf}} it can be installed with [[pacman]] like a regular package.
 
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You can also install [http://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?ID=7195 the patched version] (presently out of date) from the [[AUR]], or if you have archlinuxfr (see [[Unofficial user repositories]]) added to your pacman.conf it can be installed so
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pacman -S fvwm-patched
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[[FVWM-Crystal]], which is also [http://www.archlinux.org/packages/extra/any/fvwm-crystal/ in the Arch repositories], is an add-on that makes FVWM much easier to configure, although the easier configuration allows much less flexibility than direct editing of configuration files.
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==Starting FVWM==
 
==Starting FVWM==
  
 
FVWM will automatically be listed in kdm/gdm in the sessions menu. Otherwise, add  
 
FVWM will automatically be listed in kdm/gdm in the sessions menu. Otherwise, add  
exec fvwm2
 
or
 
 
  exec fvwm
 
  exec fvwm
to your user's .xinitrc.
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to your user's {{Ic|.xinitrc}}.
  
A sample .xinitrc might be as follows:
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See [[xinitrc]] for details, such as preserving the logind (and/or consolekit) session.
 
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DEFAULT_SESSION=fvwm
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case $1 in
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fvwm*)
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        exec ck-launch-session fvwm
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        ;;
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awesome)
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        exec ck-launch-session awesome
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        ;;
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*)
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        exec ck-launch-session $DEFAULT_SESSION
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        ;;
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esac
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[[SLiM]] is good login manager with few dependencies that acts well with FVWM. SLiM can also be used with multiple environments so it is helpful if one wants several environments and real control of the process.
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==Bringing Out its Power==
 
==Bringing Out its Power==
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When you start FVWM for the first time, you will get something that looks very blank. When you left-click on the desktop, you will be able to select a very basic configuration for FVWM. Chose the modules you want and you are ready to get started. You will undoubtedly want to do more to create your desktop, so here are some tips:
 
When you start FVWM for the first time, you will get something that looks very blank. When you left-click on the desktop, you will be able to select a very basic configuration for FVWM. Chose the modules you want and you are ready to get started. You will undoubtedly want to do more to create your desktop, so here are some tips:
  
*Although it is outdated, the [http://zensites.net/fvwm/guide/ FVWM beginners guide] helps to understand how FVWM functions and how to build '''your''' basic setup.
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*Although it is outdated, the Zensites FVWM beginners guide[http://zensites.net/fvwm/guide/] helps to understand how FVWM functions and how to build '''your''' basic setup.
  
*The Gentoo Linux Wiki has a [http://en.gentoo-wiki.com/wiki/FVWM/Configuration a useful guide] on configuration.
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*The Gentoo Linux Wiki has a useful guide on configuration.[http://en.gentoo-wiki.com/wiki/FVWM/Configuration]
  
*The [http://fvwm.org/ FVWM homepage] includes [http://fvwm.org/documentation/ documentation], a [http://fvwm.org/documentation/faq/ FAQ], and links to a [http://fvwmwiki.xteddy.org/ Wiki]) and the [http://www.fvwmforums.org FVWM forums].
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*The FVWM homepage[http://fvwm.org/] includes documentation[http://fvwm.org/documentation/], a FAQ [http://fvwm.org/documentation/faq/], and links to a Wiki[http://fvwmwiki.xteddy.org/]) and the FVWM forums[http://www.fvwmforums.org].
  
*The best way to come up with the desktop you want is probably to check out the configurations [http://www.fvwmforums.org/phpBB3/viewforum.php?f=39&sid=468469f95f9a2a90cd9d5a0819d26eec in the FVWM forum] or at http://www.box-look.org, choose one you like, install it, and modify it to taste.
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*The best way to come up with the desktop you want is probably to check out the configurations in the FVWM forum[http://www.fvwmforums.org/phpBB3/viewforum.php?f=39&sid=468469f95f9a2a90cd9d5a0819d26eec] or at Box-Look.org,[http://www.box-look.org] choose one you like, install it, and modify it to taste.
  
*As you work with what other people have done, you may find it helpful to look at these [http://www.fvwmforums.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=40&t=1505 tips on configuration files] by Thomas Adam, the most active FVWM developer.
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*As you work with what other people have done, you may find it helpful to look at the tips on configuration files by Thomas Adam, the most active FVWM developer.[http://www.fvwmforums.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=40&t=1505]
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*A page[http://web.archive.org/web/20070912061152/abdn.ac.uk/~u15dm4/fvwm/] in the [http://archive.org/ Internet Archive] is outdated, but seems to be the only significant online documentation for fvwm-patched.
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*FVWM-Crystal, which is also in the Arch repositories as package {{Pkg|fvwm-crystal}}, is an add-on that makes FVWM much easier to configure, although the easier configuration allows much less flexibility than direct editing of configuration files.
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*[[XdgMenu]] is a useful utility for generating menus.
  
 
*Fvwm plays well with [[xcompmgr]] for simple compositing effects.
 
*Fvwm plays well with [[xcompmgr]] for simple compositing effects.
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*Useful applications are similar to those suggested for [[Openbox]] or [[Fluxbox]].
 
*Useful applications are similar to those suggested for [[Openbox]] or [[Fluxbox]].
  
==External Links==
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== References ==
 
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Links used in this tutorial:
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* [http://fvwm.org/ FVWM homepage]
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# Zensites [http://zensites.net/fvwm/guide/ FVWM beginners guide].
* [http://www.zensites.net/fvwm/guide/ FVWM beginners guide]
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# Gentoo Wiki [http://en.gentoo-wiki.com/wiki/FVWM/Configuration configuration guide].
* [http://fvwm.org/documentation/faq/ FVWM FAQ]
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# [http://fvwm.org/ FVWM Homepage].
* [http://fvwmwiki.xteddy.org/ FVWM Wiki]
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# FVWM Homepage [http://fvwm.org/documentation/ documentation].
* [http://fvwm.org/documentation/manpages/unstable/ FVWM man pages]
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# FVWM Homepage [http://fvwm.org/documentation/faq/ FAQ].
* [http://www.fvwmforums.org FVWM Forums]
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# [http://fvwmwiki.xteddy.org/ FVWM Wiki].
* [http://en.gentoo-wiki.com/wiki/FVWM/Configuration Gentoo Linux Wiki guide]
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# [http://www.fvwmforums.org FVWM Forums].
* [http://www.box-look.org/ Box-Look]
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# [http://www.fvwmforums.org/phpBB3/viewforum.php?f=39&sid=468469f95f9a2a90cd9d5a0819d26eec Configurations] in the FVWM forum.
* [http://www.fvwmforums.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=40&t=1505 Thomas Adam on common mistakes in configuration files]
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# [http://www.box-look.org/ Box-Look].
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# Thomas Adam on [http://www.fvwmforums.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=40&t=1505 common mistakes in configuration files].
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# [http://web.archive.org/web/20070912061152/abdn.ac.uk/~u15dm4/fvwm/ Fvwm Patches] in the [http://archive.org/ Internet Archive].
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# [http://petermblair.com/2009/02/my-first-fvwm-module/ An example of a Fvwm module written in Perl]

Revision as of 08:53, 21 June 2013

FVWM is a stable, powerful, efficient, and ICCCM-compliant multiple virtual desktop window manager for the X Window system. It requires some effort to learn to use it well, since it is almost entirely configured by editing configuration files with a text editor, but those who persist end up with a desktop environment that works exactly the way they want it to work. Although using FVWM does not require an knowlege of programming languages, it is possible to extend the power of FVWM with M4, C, and Perl preprocessing. FVWM has a Perl library that makes creating FVWM modules in Perl possible and easy. Development is active, and support is excellent. And for those who wonder, FVWM means Feeble Virtual Window Manager.

Installing FVWM

Install the package fvwm which is available in the official repositories.

You can also install fvwm-patchedAUR from the AUR, or if you have archlinuxfr (see Unofficial user repositories) added to your /etc/pacman.conf it can be installed with pacman like a regular package.

Starting FVWM

FVWM will automatically be listed in kdm/gdm in the sessions menu. Otherwise, add

exec fvwm

to your user's .xinitrc.

See xinitrc for details, such as preserving the logind (and/or consolekit) session.

Bringing Out its Power

When you start FVWM for the first time, you will get something that looks very blank. When you left-click on the desktop, you will be able to select a very basic configuration for FVWM. Chose the modules you want and you are ready to get started. You will undoubtedly want to do more to create your desktop, so here are some tips:

  • Although it is outdated, the Zensites FVWM beginners guide[1] helps to understand how FVWM functions and how to build your basic setup.
  • The Gentoo Linux Wiki has a useful guide on configuration.[2]
  • The FVWM homepage[3] includes documentation[4], a FAQ [5], and links to a Wiki[6]) and the FVWM forums[7].
  • The best way to come up with the desktop you want is probably to check out the configurations in the FVWM forum[8] or at Box-Look.org,[9] choose one you like, install it, and modify it to taste.
  • As you work with what other people have done, you may find it helpful to look at the tips on configuration files by Thomas Adam, the most active FVWM developer.[10]
  • A page[11] in the Internet Archive is outdated, but seems to be the only significant online documentation for fvwm-patched.
  • FVWM-Crystal, which is also in the Arch repositories as package fvwm-crystal, is an add-on that makes FVWM much easier to configure, although the easier configuration allows much less flexibility than direct editing of configuration files.
  • XdgMenu is a useful utility for generating menus.
  • Fvwm plays well with xcompmgr for simple compositing effects.
  • Useful applications are similar to those suggested for Openbox or Fluxbox.

References

  1. Zensites FVWM beginners guide.
  2. Gentoo Wiki configuration guide.
  3. FVWM Homepage.
  4. FVWM Homepage documentation.
  5. FVWM Homepage FAQ.
  6. FVWM Wiki.
  7. FVWM Forums.
  8. Configurations in the FVWM forum.
  9. Box-Look.
  10. Thomas Adam on common mistakes in configuration files.
  11. Fvwm Patches in the Internet Archive.
  12. An example of a Fvwm module written in Perl