Difference between revisions of "Fcitx"

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==Using FCITX to input Chinese==
 
==Using FCITX to input Chinese==
 
Before you can make use of FCITX for input, you have to setup some environment variables.  It is quite simple.
 
Before you can make use of FCITX for input, you have to setup some environment variables.  It is quite simple.
*Open the {{filename|.xprofile}} file in your home directory and add following lines:
+
*Open the {{filename|.xprofile}} or (.profile?) file in your home directory and add following lines:
 
   #setup XIM environment, need not if use SCIM as gtk-immodules
 
   #setup XIM environment, need not if use SCIM as gtk-immodules
 
   export GTK_IM_MODULE=xim
 
   export GTK_IM_MODULE=xim

Revision as of 03:22, 16 January 2012

This template has only maintenance purposes. For linking to local translations please use interlanguage links, see Help:i18n#Interlanguage links.


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External languages (all articles in these languages should be moved to the external wiki): Deutsch – Français – Română – Suomi – Svenska – Tiếng Việt – Türkçe – فارسی

FCITX (Free Chinese Input Toy of X) is a collection of Simplified Chinese input methods for Linux.

Installation

Template:Package Official can be installed with Pacman from the [extra] repository.

Using FCITX to input Chinese

Before you can make use of FCITX for input, you have to setup some environment variables. It is quite simple.

  • Open the Template:Filename or (.profile?) file in your home directory and add following lines:
 #setup XIM environment, need not if use SCIM as gtk-immodules
 export GTK_IM_MODULE=xim
 export QT_IM_MODULE=xim
 export XMODIFIERS="@im=fcitx"
  • Re-login to make such environment effective.

After you re-login, open your favorite terminal, type:

  fcitx &

To see if fcitx is working correctly, open an application such as leafpad and press CTRL+Space to invoke FCITX and input some words.

If everything goes well, you may want to start FCITX automatically whenever you start X.

Open the Template:Filename file (see xinitrc) in your home directory, add line before starting your WM:

 killall fcitx
 fcitx &

That is it.

If you use any type of XDM (gdm for example), you should set up such environment in Template:Filename instead of above two files.

Enjoy!

Fcixt with KDM

To have FCITX start automatically with KDM, add the following lines to Template:Filename

 LANG=zh_CN.UTF-8
 export LANG
 LC_CTYPE=zh_CN.UTF-8
 export LC_CTYPE
 export XMODIFIERS="@im=fcitx"
 #pkill fcitx
 fcitx&

Add following lines to Template:Filename

 export XIM=fcitx
 export XIM_PROGRAM=fcitx
 export GTK_IM_MODULE=xim
 export QT_IM_MODULE=xim
 export XMODIFIERS="@im=fcitx"

Troubleshooting

CTRL+Space does not work

If you cannot invoke FCITX by pressing the CTRL+Space keyboard combination, but FCITX runs in background without problem, please check your locale:

 [ganlu@A ~]$ locale
 LANG=en_US
 LC_CTYPE=en_US.utf8
 LC_NUMERIC="en_US"
 LC_TIME="en_US"
 LC_COLLATE=C
 LC_MONETARY="en_US"
 LC_MESSAGES="en_US"
 LC_PAPER="en_US"
 LC_NAME="en_US"
 LC_ADDRESS="en_US"
 LC_TELEPHONE="en_US"
 LC_MEASUREMENT="en_US"
 LC_IDENTIFICATION="en_US"
 LC_ALL=

Above is what I get from command 'locale', so you can know for sure FCITX does support utf8 (en_US.utf8 at least) locale without problem. If your locale output shows you having set up a utf8 locale correctly, then I suggest you check if your bash does support utf8 locale:

$ locale -a

to see if your current locale in there, if not, do not worry, make it yourself:

$ localedef -vci en_US -f utf8 en_US.utf8

then, relogin to see if that works. If terrible things continue, I have to suggest you try any locale with "zh_CN", for example:

 export LC_CTYPE=zh_CN.GBK

For more information about locale, please find it in Google.

Note: You do not need to change your locale (such as LC_CTYPE) to a Chinese locale, ie: zh_CN.GBK, if you edit Template:Filename, and change this line:
 "xim" "X Input Method" "gtk20" "/usr/share/locale" "ko:ja:th:zh"

to:

 "xim" "X Input Method" "gtk20" "/usr/share/locale" "en:ko:ja:th:zh"

Very easy.

Characters are displayed as blank boxes

If you can trigger FCITX but the characters on it are displayed as blank boxes, open Template:Filename and change the line:

显示字体(中)=*

to

显示字体(中)=AR PL ShanHeiSun Uni

I am using uming font here, so be sure you have installed Template:Package Official. Restart FCITX:

$ pkill fcitx
$ fcitx &

If you have no config file after setup 3.6.3, you could generate it by:

fcitx -c

All configuration of FCITX can be found in Template:Filename, however you had better understand Chinese. :- )