Difference between revisions of "Firefox"

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{{Related|Browser plugins}}
 
{{Related|Browser plugins}}
 
{{Related|Firefox/Tweaks}}
 
{{Related|Firefox/Tweaks}}
 +
{{Related|Firefox/Profile on RAM}}
 
{{Related|Firefox/Privacy}}
 
{{Related|Firefox/Privacy}}
 
{{Related|Chromium}}
 
{{Related|Chromium}}
 
{{Related|Opera}}
 
{{Related|Opera}}
 
{{Related articles end}}
 
{{Related articles end}}
[https://www.mozilla.org/firefox Firefox] is a popular open-source graphical web browser from [https://www.mozilla.org Mozilla].
+
[https://www.mozilla.org/firefox Firefox] is a popular open source graphical web browser from [https://www.mozilla.org Mozilla].
  
 
== Installing ==
 
== Installing ==
  
Firefox can be [[installed]] with the {{Pkg|firefox}} package. For printing support, see [[Gtk#Printers not shown in the GTK print dialog]].
+
Firefox can be [[install]]ed with the {{Pkg|firefox}} package.
  
 
Other alternatives include:
 
Other alternatives include:
  
 +
* {{App|Firefox Developer Edition|for developers|https://www.mozilla.org/firefox/developer/|{{Pkg|firefox-developer-edition}}}}
 
* {{App|Firefox Extended Support Release|long-term supported version|https://www.mozilla.org/firefox/organizations/|{{AUR|firefox-esr}} or {{AUR|firefox-esr-bin}}}}
 
* {{App|Firefox Extended Support Release|long-term supported version|https://www.mozilla.org/firefox/organizations/|{{AUR|firefox-esr}} or {{AUR|firefox-esr-bin}}}}
 
* {{App|Firefox Beta|cutting-edge version|https://www.mozilla.org/firefox/channel/desktop/#beta|{{AUR|firefox-beta}} or {{AUR|firefox-beta-bin}}}}
 
* {{App|Firefox Beta|cutting-edge version|https://www.mozilla.org/firefox/channel/desktop/#beta|{{AUR|firefox-beta}} or {{AUR|firefox-beta-bin}}}}
* {{App|Firefox Developer Edition|for developers|https://www.mozilla.org/firefox/developer/|{{AUR|firefox-developer}} or {{AUR|firefox-dev}}{{Broken package link|package not found}}}}
 
 
* {{App|Firefox Nightly|nightly builds for testing ([https://developer.mozilla.org/Firefox/Experimental_features experimental features])|https://www.mozilla.org/firefox/channel/desktop/#nightly|{{AUR|firefox-nightly}}}}  
 
* {{App|Firefox Nightly|nightly builds for testing ([https://developer.mozilla.org/Firefox/Experimental_features experimental features])|https://www.mozilla.org/firefox/channel/desktop/#nightly|{{AUR|firefox-nightly}}}}  
* {{App|Firefox KDE|Version of Firefox that incorporates an OpenSUSE patch for better KDE integration than is possible through simple Firefox plugins.|https://build.opensuse.org/package/show/mozilla:Factory/MozillaFirefox|{{AUR|firefox-kde-opensuse}}}}
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* {{App|Firefox KDE|Version of Firefox that incorporates an OpenSUSE patch for better [[#KDE/GNOME integration|KDE integration]] than is possible through simple Firefox plugins.|https://build.opensuse.org/package/show/mozilla:Factory/MozillaFirefox|{{AUR|firefox-kde-opensuse}}}}
 
* On top of the different Mozilla build channels, a number of forks exist with more or less special features; see [[List of applications#Gecko-based]].
 
* On top of the different Mozilla build channels, a number of forks exist with more or less special features; see [[List of applications#Gecko-based]].
  
Here you can find an overview of Mozilla's [https://wiki.mozilla.org/Releases releases].
+
A number of language packs are available for Firefox, other than the standard English. Language packs are usually named as {{ic|firefox-i18n-''languagecode''}} (where {{ic|''languagecode''}} can be any language code, such as '''de''', '''ja''', '''fr''', etc.). For a list of available language packs see [https://www.archlinux.org/packages/extra/any/firefox-i18n/ firefox-i18n] for {{Pkg|firefox}} and [https://www.archlinux.org/packages/community/any/firefox-developer-edition-i18n/ firefox-developer-edition-i18n] for {{Pkg|firefox-developer-edition}}.
 
 
There are a number of language packs available for Firefox, other than the standard English. Language packs are usually named as {{ic|firefox-i18n-''languagecode''}} (where {{ic|''languagecode''}} can be any language code, such as '''de''', '''ja''', '''fr''', etc.). For a list of available language packs see [https://www.archlinux.org/packages/?sort=&q=firefox-i18n&maintainer=&last_update=&flagged=&limit=100 this].
 
  
 
== Add-ons ==
 
== Add-ons ==
  
Firefox is well known for its large library of add-ons which can be used to add new features or modify the behavior of existing features of Firefox. You can find new add-ons or manage installed add-ons with Firefox's "Add-ons Manager."
+
Firefox is well known for its large library of add-ons which can be used to add new features or modify the behavior of existing features. Firefox's "Add-ons Manager" is used to manage installed add-ons or find new ones.  
  
 
For a list of popular add-ons, see [https://addons.mozilla.org/firefox/extensions/?sort=popular Mozilla's add-on list sorted by popularity]. See also [[Wikipedia:List of Firefox extensions|List of Firefox extensions]] on Wikipedia.
 
For a list of popular add-ons, see [https://addons.mozilla.org/firefox/extensions/?sort=popular Mozilla's add-on list sorted by popularity]. See also [[Wikipedia:List of Firefox extensions|List of Firefox extensions]] on Wikipedia.
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== Configuration ==
 
== Configuration ==
  
Firefox exposes a number of configuration options. To examine them, enter:
+
Firefox exposes a number of configuration options. To examine them, enter in the Firefox address bar:
  
 
  about:config
 
  about:config
  
in the Firefox address bar.
+
Once set, these affect the user's current profile, and may be synchronized across all devices via [https://www.mozilla.org/firefox/sync/ Firefox Sync]. Please note that only a subset of the {{ic|about:config}} entries are synchronized by this method, and the exact subset may be found by searching for {{ic|services.sync.prefs}} in {{ic|about:config}}. Additional preferences and third party preferences may be synchronized by creating new boolean entries prepending the config value with {{ic|services.sync.prefs.sync}} ([https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Archive/Mozilla/Firefox_Sync/Syncing_custom_preferences documentation] is still applicable.) To synchronize the whitelist for the extension [https://addons.mozilla.org/firefox/addon/noscript/ NoScript]:
 
 
Once set, these affect the user's current profile, and may be synchronized across all devices via [https://www.mozilla.org/firefox/sync/ Firefox Sync]. Please note that only a subset of the {{ic|about:config}} entries are synchronized by this method, and the exact subset may be found by searching for {{ic|services.sync.prefs}} in {{ic|about:config}}. Additional preferences and 3rd party preferences may be synchronized by creating new boolean entries prepending the config value with {{ic|services.sync.prefs.sync}} ([https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Archive/Mozilla/Firefox_Sync/Syncing_custom_preferences documentation] is still applicable.) To synchronize the whitelist for the extension [https://addons.mozilla.org/firefox/addon/noscript/ NoScript]:
 
  
 
  services.sync.prefs.sync.capability.policy.maonoscript.sites
 
  services.sync.prefs.sync.capability.policy.maonoscript.sites
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HTML5 DRM playback is supported by the Google Widevine CDM, it is however not enabled by default. See ''Preferences > General > Digital Rights Management (DRM) Content'' if you want to learn more.
 
HTML5 DRM playback is supported by the Google Widevine CDM, it is however not enabled by default. See ''Preferences > General > Digital Rights Management (DRM) Content'' if you want to learn more.
  
See [[Firefox tweaks#Enable additional media codecs]] for advanced configuration and enabling support for Widevine (Netflix, Amazon Video, etc.).
+
See [[Firefox/Tweaks#Enable additional media codecs]] for advanced configuration and enabling support for Widevine (Netflix, Amazon Video, etc.).
  
Starting with version 54, Firefox uses [[PulseAudio]] for audio playback and capture. For sound to work, you need to install the {{Pkg|pulseaudio}} package.
+
Firefox uses [[PulseAudio]] for audio playback and capture. For sound to work, you need to install the {{Pkg|pulseaudio}} package.
  
 
In case, for whatever reason, [[PulseAudio]] is not an option for you, you can use [[Advanced Linux Sound Architecture#PulseAudio compatibility|apulse]] instead. To make this work, it is necessary to exclude {{ic|/dev/snd/}} from Firefox' sandboxing by adding it to the comma-separated list in {{ic|about:config}}:
 
In case, for whatever reason, [[PulseAudio]] is not an option for you, you can use [[Advanced Linux Sound Architecture#PulseAudio compatibility|apulse]] instead. To make this work, it is necessary to exclude {{ic|/dev/snd/}} from Firefox' sandboxing by adding it to the comma-separated list in {{ic|about:config}}:
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  security.sandbox.content.write_path_whitelist
 
  security.sandbox.content.write_path_whitelist
  
{{Note|The trailing slash on {{ic|/dev/snd/}} is important, otherwise apulse will report "Permission denied" errors.}}
+
{{Note|The trailing slash on {{ic|/dev/snd/}} is important, otherwise ''apulse'' will report "Permission denied" errors.}}
 +
 
 +
If you have no audio even when using ''apulse'', try adding {{ic|16}} to {{ic|security.sandbox.content.syscall_whitelist}} in {{ic|about:config}}.
 +
 
 +
==== Open-with extension ====
 +
 
 +
# Install [https://addons.mozilla.org/firefox/addon/open-with/ Open-with] add-on.
 +
# Open {{ic|about:openwith}}, select ''Add...''
 +
# In the dialog select a video streaming capable player (e.g. [[mpv|/usr/bin/mpv]]).
 +
# (Optional step) Add needed arguments to the player (e.g. you may want {{ic|--force-window --ytdl}} for ''mpv'')
 +
# (Optional step) Choose how to display the dialogs using the left panel.
 +
# Right click on links or visit pages containing videos. If the site is supported, the player will open as expected.
 +
 
 +
The same procedure can be used to associate video downloaders such as ''youtube-dl''.
  
 
=== Dictionaries for spell checking ===
 
=== Dictionaries for spell checking ===
 +
 +
{{Out of date|1={{Pkg|firefox}} since version 61.0-1 does not symlink dictionaries to {{ic|/usr/lib/firefox/dictionaries/}}, it sets {{ic|spellchecker.dictionary_path}} instead.[https://git.archlinux.org/svntogit/packages.git/commit/trunk?h=packages/firefox&id=95dd034eb8ae4263b371b074a57762eead705f96]}}
 +
 +
Install the {{Pkg|hunspell}} package. You also need to install dictionaries for your language, such as {{Pkg|hunspell-fr}} (for the French language) or {{Pkg|hunspell-he}} (for Hebrew).
 +
 +
By default, Firefox will try to symlink all your hunspell dictionaries in {{ic|/usr/lib/firefox/dictionaries/}}. If you want to have less dictionaries offered to you in Firefox, you can remove some of those links. Be aware that it may not stand an upgrade of Firefox.
  
 
To enable spell checking for a specific language right click on any text field and check the ''Check Spelling'' box. To select a language for spell checking to you have right click again and select your language from the ''Languages'' sub-menu.
 
To enable spell checking for a specific language right click on any text field and check the ''Check Spelling'' box. To select a language for spell checking to you have right click again and select your language from the ''Languages'' sub-menu.
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To get more languages just click ''Add Dictionaries...'' and select the dictionary you want to install from the list.
 
To get more languages just click ''Add Dictionaries...'' and select the dictionary you want to install from the list.
 
   
 
   
Alternatively, you can install the {{Pkg|hunspell}} package. You also need to install dictionaries for your language, such as {{Pkg|hunspell-fr}} (for the French language) or {{Pkg|hunspell-he}} (for Hebrew).
+
When your default language choice does not stick, see [[#Firefox does not remember default spell check language]].
  
By default, Firefox will try to symlink all your hunspell dictionaries in {{ic|/usr/lib/firefox/dictionaries}}. If you want to have less dictionaries offered to you in Firefox, you can remove some of those links. Be aware that it may not stand an upgrade of Firefox.
+
=== KDE/GNOME integration ===
  
When your default language choice does not stick, see [[#Firefox does not remember default spell check language]].
+
* To bring the [[KDE]] look to GTK apps (including Firefox), [[install]] {{Pkg|breeze-gtk}} and {{Pkg|kde-gtk-config}}. Afterwards, go to ''System Settings > Application Style > GTK''. Be sure to choose 'Breeze' in 'Select a GTK2/GTK3 Theme' and check 'Show icons in GTK buttons' and 'Show icons in GTK'.
 +
* To make the left mouse button warp the scrollbar instead of the middle one on KDE, go to ''System Settings > Application Style > GTK'' and set the checkbox for "Left mouse button warps scrollbar".
 +
* For integration with [[KDE]] mime type system and file dialog, one can use {{AUR|firefox-kde-opensuse}} variant from AUR with OpenSUSE’s patches applied.
 +
* Extensions/add-ons may provide additional integration, such as:
 +
** Browser integration in [[Plasma]]: requires {{Pkg|plasma-browser-integration}} and the [https://addons.mozilla.org/firefox/addon/plasma-integration/ plasma-integration add-on].
 +
** {{AUR|mozilla-extension-gnome-keyring-git}} (all-JavaScript implementation) to integrate Firefox with [[GNOME Keyring]]. To make firefox-gnome-keyring use your login keychain, set {{ic|extensions.gnome-keyring.keyringName}} to {{ic|login}} in {{ic|about:config}}. Note the lowercase 'l' despite the the keychain name having an uppercase 'L' in Seahorse.
  
=== KDE/GNOME integration ===
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=== Smooth Scrolling ===
  
* To bring the [[KDE]] look to GTK apps (including Firefox), install {{Pkg|breeze-gtk}} and {{Pkg|kde-gtk-config}}. Afterwards, go to ''System Settings > Application Style > GTK''. Be sure to choose 'Breeze' in 'Select a GTK2/GTK3 Theme' and check 'Show icons in GTK buttons' and 'Show icons in GTK'.
+
In order to get smooth physics-based scrolling in Firefox, the {{ic|general.smoothScroll.msdPhysics}} configurations can be changed to emulate a snappier behaviour like in other web browsers. For a quicker configuration, append the following to {{ic|~/.mozilla/firefox/'''your-profile'''/user.js}} (requires restart):
  
* For integration with KDE’s mime type system and file dialogs, one can use {{AUR|firefox-kde-opensuse}} variant from AUR with OpenSUSE’s patches applied.
+
user_pref("general.smoothScroll.lines.durationMaxMS", 125);
 +
user_pref("general.smoothScroll.lines.durationMinMS", 125);
 +
user_pref("general.smoothScroll.mouseWheel.durationMaxMS", 200);
 +
user_pref("general.smoothScroll.mouseWheel.durationMinMS", 100);
 +
user_pref("general.smoothScroll.msdPhysics.enabled", true);
 +
user_pref("general.smoothScroll.other.durationMaxMS", 125);
 +
user_pref("general.smoothScroll.other.durationMinMS", 125);
 +
user_pref("general.smoothScroll.pages.durationMaxMS", 125);
 +
user_pref("general.smoothScroll.pages.durationMinMS", 125);
  
* Add-ons may provide some integration, such as [https://addons.mozilla.org/firefox/addon/kde5-wallet-password-integrati/ KWallet integration], [https://addons.mozilla.org/firefox/addon/gnotifier/ GNotifier] (soon to be [https://github.com/mkiol/GNotifier/issues/162 discontinued]), [https://addons.mozilla.org/firefox/addon/unityfox-revived/ Unityfox Revived] (or e10s compatible {{AUR|firefox-extension-unity-launcher-api-e10s}}), and [https://addons.mozilla.org/firefox/addon/plasma-integration/ Plasma Integration].
+
Additionally the mouse wheel scroll settings have to be changed to react in a smooth way as well:
  
* Install {{AUR|mozilla-extension-gnome-keyring-git}} (all-JavaScript implementation) to integrate Firefox with [[GNOME Keyring]]. To make firefox-gnome-keyring use your login keychain, set extensions.gnome-keyring.keyringName to "login" (without the double quotes) in about:config. Note the lowercase 'l' despite the the keychain name having an uppercase 'L' in Seahorse.
+
user_pref("mousewheel.min_line_scroll_amount", 30);
 +
user_pref("mousewheel.system_scroll_override_on_root_content.enabled", true);
 +
user_pref("mousewheel.system_scroll_override_on_root_content.horizontal.factor", 175);
 +
user_pref("mousewheel.system_scroll_override_on_root_content.vertical.factor", 175);
 +
user_pref("toolkit.scrollbox.horizontalScrollDistance", 6);
 +
user_pref("toolkit.scrollbox.verticalScrollDistance", 2);
  
* To make the left mouse button warp the scrollbar instead of the middle one on KDE, go to ''System Settings > Application Style > GTK'' and set the checkbox for "Left mouse button warps scrollbar".
+
If you have troubles on machines with varying performance, try modifying the {{ic|mousewheel.min_line_scroll_amount}} until it feels snappy enough.
  
 
== Plugins ==
 
== Plugins ==
  
{{Note|Firefox [https://support.mozilla.org/en-US/kb/npapi-plugins has removed support] for [[w:NPAPI|NPAPI]] plugins, except for Flash. Firefox ESR will support plugins until 2018.}}
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{{Note|Firefox [https://support.mozilla.org/en-US/kb/npapi-plugins has removed support] for [[w:NPAPI|NPAPI]] plugins, except for Flash.}}
  
 
See the main article: [[Browser plugins]]
 
See the main article: [[Browser plugins]]
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=== Screenshot of webpage ===
 
=== Screenshot of webpage ===
{{Tip|Since Firefox 57, you can take a screenshot by clicking the "page actions" button (three horizontal dots in the right of the address bar), and choosing "Screenshot".}}
 
  
To use Firefox to take a screenshot of a webpage open the developer console using {{ic|Shift+F2}}. Then type in:
+
You can ''Take a Screenshot'' by either clicking the ''Page actions'' button (the three horizontal dots) in the address bar or by right-clicking on the webpage. See [https://support.mozilla.org/en-US/kb/firefox-screenshots] for more information.
  
screenshot ''filename''
+
{{Note|
 +
* The ''Save'' button misleadingly uploads your screenshot to a firefox.com subdomain. Set {{ic|extensions.screenshots.upload-disabled}} to {{ic|true}} to disable this behaviour. [https://github.com/mozilla-services/screenshots/issues/3503]
 +
* If [[Firefox/Privacy#Anti-fingerprinting|privacy.resistFingerprinting]] is enabled, to take a screenshot of a website using the above method, you need to grant it ''Extract Canvas Data'' permission.
 +
}}
  
where ''filename'' is optional.
+
As an alternative you can use the full-page screenshot button in the ''Developer Tools'', which you can open with {{ic|F12}} (you might need to enable the button first).
 
 
To take a screenshot of the entire page, not just the section displayed on the screen, use the {{ic|--fullpage}} option:
 
 
 
screenshot --fullpage ''filename''
 
  
 
== Troubleshooting ==
 
== Troubleshooting ==
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* {{ic|'''3'''}}: Block popups from plugins, even on whitelisted sites.
 
* {{ic|'''3'''}}: Block popups from plugins, even on whitelisted sites.
  
=== Middle-click errors ===
+
=== Middle-click behavior ===
{{Note|This has been fixed in Firefox 57.[https://www.phoronix.com/scan.php?page=news_item&px=Firefox-Middle-Click-Bug]}}
 
A common error message you can get while using the middle mouse button in Firefox is:
 
  
The URL is not valid and cannot be loaded.
+
To use the middle mouse button to paste whatever text has been highlighted/added to the clipboard, as is common in UNIX-like operating systems, set either {{ic|middlemouse.contentLoadURL}} or {{ic|middlemouse.paste}} to {{ic|true}} in {{ic|about:config}}. Having {{ic|middlemouse.contentLoadURL}} enabled was the default behaviour prior to Firefox 57.
  
Another symptom is that middle-clicking results in unexpected behavior, like accessing a random web page.
+
To scroll on middle-click (default for Windows browsers) set {{ic|general.autoScroll}} to {{ic|true}}.
 
 
The reason stems from the use of the middle mouse buttons in UNIX-like operating systems. The middle mouse button is used to paste whatever text has been highlighted/added to the clipboard. Then there is the possibly conflicting feature in Firefox, which defaults to loading the URL of the corresponding text when the button is depressed. This can be easily disabled by going to {{ic|about:config}} and setting the {{ic|middlemouse.contentLoadURL}} option to {{ic|false}}.
 
 
 
Alternatively, having the traditional scroll cursor on middle-click (default behavior on Windows browsers) can be achieved by searching for {{ic|general.autoScroll}} and setting it to {{ic|true}}.
 
  
 
=== Backspace does not work as the 'Back' button ===
 
=== Backspace does not work as the 'Back' button ===
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According to [http://kb.mozillazine.org/Browser.backspace_action mozillaZine], the {{ic|Backspace}} key was mapped based on which platform the browser was running on. As a compromise, this preference was created to allow the {{ic|Backspace}} key to either go back/forward, scroll up/down a page, or do nothing.
 
According to [http://kb.mozillazine.org/Browser.backspace_action mozillaZine], the {{ic|Backspace}} key was mapped based on which platform the browser was running on. As a compromise, this preference was created to allow the {{ic|Backspace}} key to either go back/forward, scroll up/down a page, or do nothing.
  
To make {{ic|Backspace}} behave like the back button type {{ic|about:config}} in the address bar and search for the property {{ic|browser.backspace_action}}, then set it to {{ic|0}}.
+
To make {{ic|Backspace}} behave like the back button and go back one page in the session history, set {{ic|browser.backspace_action}} to {{ic|0}} in {{ic|about:config}}.
  
You can also set the property {{ic|browser.backspace_action}} to {{ic|1}} so the {{ic|Backspace}} key will scroll up the page, whereas {{ic|Shift+Backspace}} scrolls down. Setting this property to any other value will leave the key unmapped (Arch Linux defaults to {{ic|2}}, in other words, it is unmapped by default).
+
To have the {{ic|Backspace}} key scroll up one page and {{ic|Shift+Backspace}} scroll down one page, set {{ic|browser.backspace_action}} to {{ic|1}}. Setting this property to any other value will leave the key unmapped (Arch Linux defaults to {{ic|2}}, in other words, it is unmapped by default).
  
 
=== Firefox does not remember login information ===
 
=== Firefox does not remember login information ===
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Restart Firefox and see if it solved the problem.
 
Restart Firefox and see if it solved the problem.
 
=== Unreadable input fields with dark GTK+ themes ===
 
 
{{Merge|Firefox tweaks#Appearance|Anything on that page might be in troubleshooting section as well, so let us keep the info in one place.}}
 
 
When using a dark [[GTK+]] theme, one might encounter Internet pages with unreadable input and text fields (e.g. Amazon can have white text on white background). This can happen because the site only sets either background or text color, and Firefox takes the other one from the theme. The extension [https://addons.mozilla.org/firefox/addon/text-contrast-for-dark-themes/ Text Contrast for Dark Themes] sets the other color as needed to maintain contrast.
 
 
Another workaround is to explicitly set standard colors for all web pages in {{ic|~/.mozilla/firefox/''xxxxxxxx''.default/chrome/userContent.css}} or using the [https://addons.mozilla.org/firefox/addon/styl-us/ stylus add-on].
 
 
The following sets input fields to standard black text / white background; both can be overridden by the displayed site, so that colors are seen as intended:
 
 
{{Note|If you want {{ic|urlbar}} and {{ic|searchbar}} to be {{ic|white}} remove the two first {{ic|:not}} css selectors.}}
 
 
{{bc|1=
 
input:not(.urlbar-input):not(.textbox-input):not(.form-control):not([type='checkbox']):not([type='radio']) {
 
    -moz-appearance: none !important;
 
    background-color: white;
 
    color: black;
 
}
 
 
#downloads-indicator-counter {
 
    color: white;
 
}
 
 
textarea {
 
    -moz-appearance: none !important;
 
    background-color: white;
 
    color: black;
 
}
 
 
select {
 
    -moz-appearance: none !important;
 
    background-color: white;
 
    color: black;
 
}
 
}}
 
 
Alternatively, force Firefox to use a light theme (e.g. "Adwaita:light"):
 
 
# Copy {{ic|/usr/share/applications/firefox.desktop}} to {{ic|~/.local/share/applications/firefox.desktop}} and replace all occurrences of {{ic|1=Exec=firefox}} with {{ic|1=Exec=env GTK_THEME=Adwaita:light firefox}}.
 
# Close all running instances of Firefox and restart your window manager/desktop environment.
 
  
 
=== "Do you want Firefox to save your tabs for the next time it starts?" dialog does not appear ===
 
=== "Do you want Firefox to save your tabs for the next time it starts?" dialog does not appear ===
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When you close Firefox, the latter saves the current timestamp and version of your plugins inside {{ic|pluginreg.dat}} located in your profile folder, typically in {{ic|~/.mozilla/firefox/''xxxxxxxx''.default/}}.
 
When you close Firefox, the latter saves the current timestamp and version of your plugins inside {{ic|pluginreg.dat}} located in your profile folder, typically in {{ic|~/.mozilla/firefox/''xxxxxxxx''.default/}}.
  
If you upgraded your plugin when Firefox was still running, you will thus have the wrong information inside that file. The next time you will restart Firefox you will get that message {{ic|Firefox has prevented the outdated plugin "XXXX" from running on ...}} when you will be trying to open content dedicated to that plugin on the web. This problem often appears with the official [[Browser plugins#Flash Player|Adobe Flash Player plugin]] which has been upgraded while Firefox was still running.
+
If you upgraded your plugin when Firefox was still running, you will thus have the wrong information inside that file. The next time you will restart Firefox you will get that message {{ic|Firefox has prevented the outdated plugin "XXXX" from running on ...}} when you will be trying to open content dedicated to that plugin on the web. This problem often appears with the official [[Browser plugins#Adobe Flash Player|Adobe Flash Player plugin]] which has been upgraded while Firefox was still running.
  
 
The solution is to remove the file {{ic|pluginreg.dat}} from your profile and that is it. Firefox will not complain about the missing file as it will be recreated the next time Firefox will be closed. [https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=1109795#c16]
 
The solution is to remove the file {{ic|pluginreg.dat}} from your profile and that is it. Firefox will not complain about the missing file as it will be recreated the next time Firefox will be closed. [https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=1109795#c16]
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You need some Math fonts, namely Latin Modern Math and STIX (see this MDN page: [https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Mozilla/MathML_Project/Fonts#Linux]), to display MathML correctly.
 
You need some Math fonts, namely Latin Modern Math and STIX (see this MDN page: [https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Mozilla/MathML_Project/Fonts#Linux]), to display MathML correctly.
  
In Arch Linux, these fonts are provided by {{Pkg|texlive-core}} '''and''' {{Pkg|texlive-fontsextra}}, but they are not available to fontconfig by default. See [[TeX Live#Fonts]] for details. You can also try other [[Fonts#Math|Math fonts]].
+
In Arch Linux, these fonts are provided by {{Pkg|texlive-core}} '''and''' {{Pkg|texlive-fontsextra}}, but they are not available to fontconfig by default. See [[TeX Live#Making fonts available to Fontconfig]] for details. You can also try other [[Fonts#Math|Math fonts]].
 
 
=== Picture flickers while scrolling ===
 
 
 
{{Accuracy|Most likely a driver issue, useless without reference}}
 
{{Note|Problem available in some MATE desktops}}
 
 
 
Uncheck the "Use smooth scrolling" setting in ''Edit > Settings > Advanced > General''.
 
  
 
=== Tearing video in fullscreen mode ===
 
=== Tearing video in fullscreen mode ===
  
 
If you are using the Xorg Intel or Nouveau drivers and experience tearing video in fullscreen mode, try [[Firefox tweaks#Enable OpenGL Off-Main-Thread Compositing (OMTC)]].
 
If you are using the Xorg Intel or Nouveau drivers and experience tearing video in fullscreen mode, try [[Firefox tweaks#Enable OpenGL Off-Main-Thread Compositing (OMTC)]].
 
=== Firefox looks bad with GTK+ >=3.20 ===
 
 
{{Note|Firefox has removed GTK2 support in version 53 and will support an ESR 52 version until mid 2018.}}
 
 
Firefox (as of version 47) [https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=1264079 does not support] GTK+ >=3.20 and may look unsightly as a result. A possible resolution is compiling Firefox against GTK2 instead, see {{AUR|firefox-esr-gtk2}}. Alternatively, you may use the [[Unofficial_user_repositories#archlinuxcn|archlinuxcn]] repository (x86_64 only) for pre-built GTK2 Firefox packages.
 
  
 
=== Firefox WebRTC module cannot detect a microphone ===
 
=== Firefox WebRTC module cannot detect a microphone ===
Line 344: Line 316:
 
You can try setting {{ic|media.navigator.audio.full_duplex}} property to {{ic|false}} at {{ic|about:config}} Firefox page and restart Firefox.
 
You can try setting {{ic|media.navigator.audio.full_duplex}} property to {{ic|false}} at {{ic|about:config}} Firefox page and restart Firefox.
  
This can also help if you are using the PulseAudio [[PulseAudio/Troubleshooting#Enable Echo/Noise-Cancelation|module-echo-cancel]], and Firefox does not recognise the virtual echo canceling source.
+
This can also help if you are using the PulseAudio [[PulseAudio/Troubleshooting#Enable Echo/Noise-Cancellation|module-echo-cancel]], and Firefox does not recognise the virtual echo canceling source.
  
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==
Line 350: Line 322:
 
* [https://www.mozilla.org/firefox/ Official website]
 
* [https://www.mozilla.org/firefox/ Official website]
 
* [https://www.mozilla.org/ Mozilla Foundation]
 
* [https://www.mozilla.org/ Mozilla Foundation]
* [https://wiki.mozilla.org/Firefox Firefox wiki]
+
* [[MozillaWiki:Firefox]]
 
* [https://addons.mozilla.org/ Firefox Add-ons]
 
* [https://addons.mozilla.org/ Firefox Add-ons]
 
* [https://addons.mozilla.org/firefox/themes/ Firefox themes]
 
* [https://addons.mozilla.org/firefox/themes/ Firefox themes]
 
* [[Wikipedia:Mozilla Firefox]]
 
* [[Wikipedia:Mozilla Firefox]]
 
* [http://forums.mozillazine.org/ mozillaZine] unofficial forums
 
* [http://forums.mozillazine.org/ mozillaZine] unofficial forums

Latest revision as of 16:17, 15 October 2018

Firefox is a popular open source graphical web browser from Mozilla.

Installing

Firefox can be installed with the firefox package.

Other alternatives include:

  • Firefox Developer Edition — for developers
https://www.mozilla.org/firefox/developer/ || firefox-developer-edition
  • Firefox Extended Support Release — long-term supported version
https://www.mozilla.org/firefox/organizations/ || firefox-esrAUR or firefox-esr-binAUR
  • Firefox Beta — cutting-edge version
https://www.mozilla.org/firefox/channel/desktop/#beta || firefox-betaAUR or firefox-beta-binAUR
https://www.mozilla.org/firefox/channel/desktop/#nightly || firefox-nightlyAUR
  • Firefox KDE — Version of Firefox that incorporates an OpenSUSE patch for better KDE integration than is possible through simple Firefox plugins.
https://build.opensuse.org/package/show/mozilla:Factory/MozillaFirefox || firefox-kde-opensuseAUR

A number of language packs are available for Firefox, other than the standard English. Language packs are usually named as firefox-i18n-languagecode (where languagecode can be any language code, such as de, ja, fr, etc.). For a list of available language packs see firefox-i18n for firefox and firefox-developer-edition-i18n for firefox-developer-edition.

Add-ons

Firefox is well known for its large library of add-ons which can be used to add new features or modify the behavior of existing features. Firefox's "Add-ons Manager" is used to manage installed add-ons or find new ones.

For a list of popular add-ons, see Mozilla's add-on list sorted by popularity. See also List of Firefox extensions on Wikipedia.

Adding search engines

Search engines can be added to Firefox through normal add-ons, see this page for a list of available search engines.

A very extensive list of search engines can be found at the Mycroft Project.

Also, you can use the add-to-searchbar extension to add a search to your search bar from any web site, by simply right clicking on the site's search field and selecting Add to Search Bar...

arch-firefox-search

Install the arch-firefox-search package to add Arch-specific searches (AUR, wiki, forum, etc, as specified by user) to the Firefox search toolbar.

Configuration

Firefox exposes a number of configuration options. To examine them, enter in the Firefox address bar:

about:config

Once set, these affect the user's current profile, and may be synchronized across all devices via Firefox Sync. Please note that only a subset of the about:config entries are synchronized by this method, and the exact subset may be found by searching for services.sync.prefs in about:config. Additional preferences and third party preferences may be synchronized by creating new boolean entries prepending the config value with services.sync.prefs.sync (documentation is still applicable.) To synchronize the whitelist for the extension NoScript:

services.sync.prefs.sync.capability.policy.maonoscript.sites

The boolean noscript.sync.enabled must be set to true to synchronize the remainder of NoScript's preferences via Firefox Sync.

Firefox also allows configuration for a profile via a user.js file: user.js kept in the profile folder, usually ~/.mozilla/firefox/xxxxxxxx.default/. For a useful starting point, see e.g custom user.js which is targeted at privacy/security conscious users.

One drawback of the above approach is that it is not applied system-wide. Furthermore, this is not useful as a "pre-configuration", since the profile directory is created after first launch of the browser. You can, however, let firefox create a new profile and, after closing it again, copy the contents of an already created profile folder into it.

Sometimes it may be desired to lock certain settings, a feature useful in widespread deployments of customized Firefox. In order to create a system-wide configuration, follow the steps outlined in Locking preferences:

1. Create /usr/lib/firefox/defaults/pref/local-settings.js:

pref("general.config.obscure_value", 0);
pref("general.config.filename", "mozilla.cfg");

2. Create /usr/lib/firefox/mozilla.cfg (this stores the actual configuration):

//
//...your settings...
// e.g to disable Pocket, uncomment the following line
// lockPref("browser.pocket.enabled", false);

Please note that the first line must contain exactly //. The syntax of the file is similar to that of user.js.

Multimedia playback

Firefox uses FFmpeg for playing multimedia inside HTML5 <audio> and <video> elements. Go to YouTube's HTML5 page, video-test page or audio-test page to check which formats are actually supported.

HTML5 DRM playback is supported by the Google Widevine CDM, it is however not enabled by default. See Preferences > General > Digital Rights Management (DRM) Content if you want to learn more.

See Firefox/Tweaks#Enable additional media codecs for advanced configuration and enabling support for Widevine (Netflix, Amazon Video, etc.).

Firefox uses PulseAudio for audio playback and capture. For sound to work, you need to install the pulseaudio package.

In case, for whatever reason, PulseAudio is not an option for you, you can use apulse instead. To make this work, it is necessary to exclude /dev/snd/ from Firefox' sandboxing by adding it to the comma-separated list in about:config:

security.sandbox.content.write_path_whitelist
Note: The trailing slash on /dev/snd/ is important, otherwise apulse will report "Permission denied" errors.

If you have no audio even when using apulse, try adding 16 to security.sandbox.content.syscall_whitelist in about:config.

Open-with extension

  1. Install Open-with add-on.
  2. Open about:openwith, select Add...
  3. In the dialog select a video streaming capable player (e.g. /usr/bin/mpv).
  4. (Optional step) Add needed arguments to the player (e.g. you may want --force-window --ytdl for mpv)
  5. (Optional step) Choose how to display the dialogs using the left panel.
  6. Right click on links or visit pages containing videos. If the site is supported, the player will open as expected.

The same procedure can be used to associate video downloaders such as youtube-dl.

Dictionaries for spell checking

Tango-view-refresh-red.pngThis article or section is out of date.Tango-view-refresh-red.png

Reason: firefox since version 61.0-1 does not symlink dictionaries to /usr/lib/firefox/dictionaries/, it sets spellchecker.dictionary_path instead.[1] (Discuss in Talk:Firefox#)

Install the hunspell package. You also need to install dictionaries for your language, such as hunspell-fr (for the French language) or hunspell-he (for Hebrew).

By default, Firefox will try to symlink all your hunspell dictionaries in /usr/lib/firefox/dictionaries/. If you want to have less dictionaries offered to you in Firefox, you can remove some of those links. Be aware that it may not stand an upgrade of Firefox.

To enable spell checking for a specific language right click on any text field and check the Check Spelling box. To select a language for spell checking to you have right click again and select your language from the Languages sub-menu.

To get more languages just click Add Dictionaries... and select the dictionary you want to install from the list.

When your default language choice does not stick, see #Firefox does not remember default spell check language.

KDE/GNOME integration

  • To bring the KDE look to GTK apps (including Firefox), install breeze-gtk and kde-gtk-config. Afterwards, go to System Settings > Application Style > GTK. Be sure to choose 'Breeze' in 'Select a GTK2/GTK3 Theme' and check 'Show icons in GTK buttons' and 'Show icons in GTK'.
  • To make the left mouse button warp the scrollbar instead of the middle one on KDE, go to System Settings > Application Style > GTK and set the checkbox for "Left mouse button warps scrollbar".
  • For integration with KDE mime type system and file dialog, one can use firefox-kde-opensuseAUR variant from AUR with OpenSUSE’s patches applied.
  • Extensions/add-ons may provide additional integration, such as:

Smooth Scrolling

In order to get smooth physics-based scrolling in Firefox, the general.smoothScroll.msdPhysics configurations can be changed to emulate a snappier behaviour like in other web browsers. For a quicker configuration, append the following to ~/.mozilla/firefox/your-profile/user.js (requires restart):

user_pref("general.smoothScroll.lines.durationMaxMS", 125);
user_pref("general.smoothScroll.lines.durationMinMS", 125);
user_pref("general.smoothScroll.mouseWheel.durationMaxMS", 200);
user_pref("general.smoothScroll.mouseWheel.durationMinMS", 100);
user_pref("general.smoothScroll.msdPhysics.enabled", true);
user_pref("general.smoothScroll.other.durationMaxMS", 125);
user_pref("general.smoothScroll.other.durationMinMS", 125);
user_pref("general.smoothScroll.pages.durationMaxMS", 125);
user_pref("general.smoothScroll.pages.durationMinMS", 125);

Additionally the mouse wheel scroll settings have to be changed to react in a smooth way as well:

user_pref("mousewheel.min_line_scroll_amount", 30);
user_pref("mousewheel.system_scroll_override_on_root_content.enabled", true);
user_pref("mousewheel.system_scroll_override_on_root_content.horizontal.factor", 175);
user_pref("mousewheel.system_scroll_override_on_root_content.vertical.factor", 175);
user_pref("toolkit.scrollbox.horizontalScrollDistance", 6);
user_pref("toolkit.scrollbox.verticalScrollDistance", 2);

If you have troubles on machines with varying performance, try modifying the mousewheel.min_line_scroll_amount until it feels snappy enough.

Plugins

Note: Firefox has removed support for NPAPI plugins, except for Flash.

See the main article: Browser plugins

To find out what plugins are installed/enabled, enter:

about:plugins

in the Firefox address bar or go to the Add-ons entry in the Firefox Menu and select the Plugins tab.

Tips and tricks

For general enhancements see Firefox/Tweaks, for privacy related enhancements see Firefox/Privacy.

Screenshot of webpage

You can Take a Screenshot by either clicking the Page actions button (the three horizontal dots) in the address bar or by right-clicking on the webpage. See [2] for more information.

Note:
  • The Save button misleadingly uploads your screenshot to a firefox.com subdomain. Set extensions.screenshots.upload-disabled to true to disable this behaviour. [3]
  • If privacy.resistFingerprinting is enabled, to take a screenshot of a website using the above method, you need to grant it Extract Canvas Data permission.

As an alternative you can use the full-page screenshot button in the Developer Tools, which you can open with F12 (you might need to enable the button first).

Troubleshooting

Firefox startup takes very long

If Firefox takes much longer to start up than other browsers, it may be due to lacking configuration of the localhost in /etc/hosts. See Network configuration#Local network hostname resolution on how to set it up.

Font troubleshooting

See Font configuration.

Firefox has a setting which determines how many replacements it will allow from fontconfig. To allow it to use all your replacement-rules, change gfx.font_rendering.fontconfig.max_generic_substitutions to 127 (the highest possible value).

Setting an email client

Inside the browser, mailto links by default are opened by a web application such as Gmail or Yahoo Mail. To set an external email program, go to Preferences > Applications and modify the action corresponding to the mailto content type; the file path will need to be designated (e.g. /usr/bin/kmail for Kmail).

Outside the browser, mailto links are handled by the x-scheme-handler/mailto mime type, which can be easily configured with xdg-mime. See Default applications for details and alternatives.

File association

See Default applications.

Firefox keeps creating ~/Desktop even when this is not desired

Firefox uses ~/Desktop as the default place for download and upload files. To change it to another folder, set the XDG_DESKTOP_DIR option as explained in XDG user directories.

Make plugins respect blocked pop-ups

Some plugins can misbehave and bypass the default settings, such as the Flash plugin. You can prevent this by doing the following:

  1. Type about:config into the address bar.
  2. Right-click on the page and select New > Integer.
  3. Name it privacy.popups.disable_from_plugins.
  4. Set the value to 2.

The possible values are:

  • 0: Allow all popups from plugins.
  • 1: Allow popups, but limit them to dom.popup_maximum.
  • 2: Block popups from plugins.
  • 3: Block popups from plugins, even on whitelisted sites.

Middle-click behavior

To use the middle mouse button to paste whatever text has been highlighted/added to the clipboard, as is common in UNIX-like operating systems, set either middlemouse.contentLoadURL or middlemouse.paste to true in about:config. Having middlemouse.contentLoadURL enabled was the default behaviour prior to Firefox 57.

To scroll on middle-click (default for Windows browsers) set general.autoScroll to true.

Backspace does not work as the 'Back' button

According to mozillaZine, the Backspace key was mapped based on which platform the browser was running on. As a compromise, this preference was created to allow the Backspace key to either go back/forward, scroll up/down a page, or do nothing.

To make Backspace behave like the back button and go back one page in the session history, set browser.backspace_action to 0 in about:config.

To have the Backspace key scroll up one page and Shift+Backspace scroll down one page, set browser.backspace_action to 1. Setting this property to any other value will leave the key unmapped (Arch Linux defaults to 2, in other words, it is unmapped by default).

Firefox does not remember login information

It may be due to a corrupted cookies.sqlite file in Firefox's profile folder. In order to fix this, just rename or remove cookie.sqlite while Firefox is not running.

Open a terminal of choice and type the following:

$ rm -f ~/.mozilla/firefox/<profile id>.default/cookies.sqlite

The profile id is a random 8 character string.

Restart Firefox and see if it solved the problem.

"Do you want Firefox to save your tabs for the next time it starts?" dialog does not appear

From the Mozilla support site:

  1. Type about:config in the address bar.
  2. Set browser.warnOnQuit to true.
  3. Set browser.showQuitWarning to true.

Silently fails when installing desktop apps from marketplace

Installation of apps from Firefox OS Marketplace will silently fail if there is no ~/.local/share/applications folder.

Firefox detects the wrong version of my plugin

When you close Firefox, the latter saves the current timestamp and version of your plugins inside pluginreg.dat located in your profile folder, typically in ~/.mozilla/firefox/xxxxxxxx.default/.

If you upgraded your plugin when Firefox was still running, you will thus have the wrong information inside that file. The next time you will restart Firefox you will get that message Firefox has prevented the outdated plugin "XXXX" from running on ... when you will be trying to open content dedicated to that plugin on the web. This problem often appears with the official Adobe Flash Player plugin which has been upgraded while Firefox was still running.

The solution is to remove the file pluginreg.dat from your profile and that is it. Firefox will not complain about the missing file as it will be recreated the next time Firefox will be closed. [4]

Javascript context menu does not appear on some sites

In about:config, unset the dom.w3c_touch_events.enabled setting.

Firefox does not remember default spell check language

The default spell checking language can be set as follows:

  1. Type about:config in the address bar.
  2. Set spellchecker.dictionary to your language of choice, for instance en_GB.
  3. Notice that the for dictionaries installed as a Firefox plugin the notation is en-GB, and for hunspell dictionaries the notation is en_GB.

When you only have system wide dictionaries installed with hunspell, Firefox might not remember your default dictionary language settings. This can be fixed by having at least one dictionary installed as a Firefox plugin. Notice that now you will also have a tab Dictionaries in add-ons.

Related questions on the StackExchange platform: [5], [6], [7]

Related bug reports: Bugzilla 776028, Ubuntu bug 1026869

Some MathML symbols are missing

You need some Math fonts, namely Latin Modern Math and STIX (see this MDN page: [8]), to display MathML correctly.

In Arch Linux, these fonts are provided by texlive-core and texlive-fontsextra, but they are not available to fontconfig by default. See TeX Live#Making fonts available to Fontconfig for details. You can also try other Math fonts.

Tearing video in fullscreen mode

If you are using the Xorg Intel or Nouveau drivers and experience tearing video in fullscreen mode, try Firefox tweaks#Enable OpenGL Off-Main-Thread Compositing (OMTC).

Firefox WebRTC module cannot detect a microphone

WebRTC applications for instance Firefox WebRTC getUserMedia test page say that microphone cannot be found. Issue is reproducible for both ALSA or Pulseaudio setup. Firefox debug logs show the following error:

$ NSPR_LOG_MODULES=MediaManager:5,GetUserMedia:5 firefox
...
[Unnamed thread 0x7fd7c0654340]: D/GetUserMedia  VoEHardware:GetRecordingDeviceName: Failed 1

You can try setting media.navigator.audio.full_duplex property to false at about:config Firefox page and restart Firefox.

This can also help if you are using the PulseAudio module-echo-cancel, and Firefox does not recognise the virtual echo canceling source.

See also