Difference between revisions of "FluidSynth"

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[[Category:English]]
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[[Category:Audio/Video]]
[[Category: Audio/Video (English)]]
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{{i18n|FluidSynth}}
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[http://www.fluidsynth.org/ FluidSynth] is a real-time software synthesizer based on the SoundFont 2 specifications.
 
[http://www.fluidsynth.org/ FluidSynth] is a real-time software synthesizer based on the SoundFont 2 specifications.
  
==Installing FluidSynth==
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== Installing FluidSynth ==
The first step is to install FluidSynth itself. It can be installed via pacman from the [[Pacman#Repositories|extra repository]]:
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# pacman -S fluidsynth
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'''However, fluidsynth will not produce any sound yet'''. This is because fluidsynth does not include any instrument samples. To produce sound, instrument patches and/or soundfonts need to be installed and fluidsynth configured so it knows where to find them. You can install [[Timidity#Soundfonts|Soundfont sample]].
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The first step is to [[pacman|install]] {{Pkg|fluidsynth}} from the [[official repositories]].
  
==How to use fluidsynth==
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'''However, FluidSynth will not produce any sound yet'''. This is because FluidSynth does not include any instrument samples. To produce sound, instrument patches and/or soundfonts need to be installed and fluidsynth configured so it knows where to find them. You can install [[Timidity#SoundFonts|SoundFont sample]].
There are two ways to use fluidsynth. Either as MIDI player or as daemon adding MIDI support to ALSA.
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 +
== How to use FluidSynth ==
 +
 
 +
There are two ways to use FluidSynth. Either as MIDI player or as daemon adding MIDI support to ALSA.
 +
 
 +
=== Standalone mode ===
  
===Standalone mode===
 
 
You can simply use fluidsynth to play MIDI files:
 
You can simply use fluidsynth to play MIDI files:
 
  $ fluidsynth -a alsa -m alsa_seq -l -i /usr/share/soundfonts/fluidr3/FluidR3GM.SF2 example.midi
 
  $ fluidsynth -a alsa -m alsa_seq -l -i /usr/share/soundfonts/fluidr3/FluidR3GM.SF2 example.midi
Line 20: Line 20:
 
There are many other options to fluidsynth; see manpage or use -h to get help.
 
There are many other options to fluidsynth; see manpage or use -h to get help.
  
===Alsa daemon mode===
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=== ALSA daemon mode ===
If you want fluidsynth to run as ALSA daemon, edit /etc/conf.d/fluidsynth and modify FSYNTH_SOUNDFONT with de sound sample you want to use, for fluidr3:
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FSYNTH_SOUNDFONT="/usr/share/soundfonts/fluidr3/FluidR3GM.SF2"
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After that, you can start fluidsynth with:
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If you want fluidsynth to run as ALSA daemon, edit {{ic|/usr/lib/systemd/system/fluidsynth.service}} and append the {{ic|ExecStart}} Line with the soundfont you want to use, for fluidr3:
   
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  ExecStart=/usr/bin/fluidsynth -is -a alsa -m alsa_seq -r 48000 "/usr/share/soundfonts/fluidr3/FluidR3GM.SF2"
# /etc/rc.d/fluidsynth start
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If you want to have permanent MIDI support, add fluidsynth to your daemon list in /etc/rc.conf:
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After that, you can start fluidsynth service and possibly enable it.
DAEMONS=(... fluidsynth ...)
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This will give you an output software MIDI port (in addition of hardware MIDI ports on your system, if any):
 
This will give you an output software MIDI port (in addition of hardware MIDI ports on your system, if any):
  
$ aconnect -o
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{{hc|$ aconnect -o|2=
client 128: 'FLUID Synth (5117)' [type=user]
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client 128: 'FLUID Synth (5117)' [type=user]
    0 'Synth input port (5117:0)'
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  0 'Synth input port (5117:0)'
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}}
  
 
An example of usage for this is aplaymidi:
 
An example of usage for this is aplaymidi:
  
  aplaymidi -p128:0 example.midi
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  $ aplaymidi -p128:0 example.midi
  
 
== How to convert MIDI to OGG ==
 
== How to convert MIDI to OGG ==
 +
 
Simple command lines to convert midi to ogg:
 
Simple command lines to convert midi to ogg:
  
  # fluidsynth -nli -r 48000 -o synth.cpu-cores=2 -F /dev/shm/midi_temp.raw /usr/share/soundfonts/fluidr3/FluidR3GM.SF2 example.MID
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  $ fluidsynth -nli -r 48000 -o synth.cpu-cores=2 -T oga -F example.ogg /usr/share/soundfonts/fluidr3/FluidR3GM.SF2 example.MID
# oggenc -r -B 16 -C 2 -R 48000 /dev/shm/midi_temp.raw -o example.ogg
+
  
 
Here's a little script to convert multiple midi files to ogg in parallel:
 
Here's a little script to convert multiple midi files to ogg in parallel:
  
 
  #!/bin/bash
 
  #!/bin/bash
  maxjobs=$(cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep processor | wc -l)
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  maxjobs=$(grep processor /proc/cpuinfo | wc -l)
 
  midi2ogg() {
 
  midi2ogg() {
  name=`echo $@ | sed -r s/[.][mM][iI][dD][iI]?$//g | sed s/^[.][/]//g`
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  name=$(echo $@ | sed -r s/[.][mM][iI][dD][iI]?$//g | sed s/^[.][/]//g)
 
  for arg; do  
 
  for arg; do  
 
  fluidsynth -nli -r 48000 -o synth.cpu-cores=$maxjobs -F "/dev/shm/$name.raw" /usr/share/soundfonts/fluidr3/FluidR3GM.SF2 "$@"
 
  fluidsynth -nli -r 48000 -o synth.cpu-cores=$maxjobs -F "/dev/shm/$name.raw" /usr/share/soundfonts/fluidr3/FluidR3GM.SF2 "$@"

Revision as of 21:04, 3 August 2013

FluidSynth is a real-time software synthesizer based on the SoundFont 2 specifications.

Installing FluidSynth

The first step is to install fluidsynth from the official repositories.

However, FluidSynth will not produce any sound yet. This is because FluidSynth does not include any instrument samples. To produce sound, instrument patches and/or soundfonts need to be installed and fluidsynth configured so it knows where to find them. You can install SoundFont sample.

How to use FluidSynth

There are two ways to use FluidSynth. Either as MIDI player or as daemon adding MIDI support to ALSA.

Standalone mode

You can simply use fluidsynth to play MIDI files:

$ fluidsynth -a alsa -m alsa_seq -l -i /usr/share/soundfonts/fluidr3/FluidR3GM.SF2 example.midi

Assuming than you installed fluidr3.

There are many other options to fluidsynth; see manpage or use -h to get help.

ALSA daemon mode

If you want fluidsynth to run as ALSA daemon, edit /usr/lib/systemd/system/fluidsynth.service and append the ExecStart Line with the soundfont you want to use, for fluidr3:

ExecStart=/usr/bin/fluidsynth -is -a alsa -m alsa_seq -r 48000 "/usr/share/soundfonts/fluidr3/FluidR3GM.SF2"

After that, you can start fluidsynth service and possibly enable it.

This will give you an output software MIDI port (in addition of hardware MIDI ports on your system, if any):

$ aconnect -o
client 128: 'FLUID Synth (5117)' [type=user]
   0 'Synth input port (5117:0)'

An example of usage for this is aplaymidi:

$ aplaymidi -p128:0 example.midi

How to convert MIDI to OGG

Simple command lines to convert midi to ogg:

$ fluidsynth -nli -r 48000 -o synth.cpu-cores=2 -T oga -F example.ogg /usr/share/soundfonts/fluidr3/FluidR3GM.SF2 example.MID

Here's a little script to convert multiple midi files to ogg in parallel:

#!/bin/bash
maxjobs=$(grep processor /proc/cpuinfo | wc -l)
midi2ogg() {
	name=$(echo $@ | sed -r s/[.][mM][iI][dD][iI]?$//g | sed s/^[.][/]//g)
	for arg; do 
	fluidsynth -nli -r 48000 -o synth.cpu-cores=$maxjobs -F "/dev/shm/$name.raw" /usr/share/soundfonts/fluidr3/FluidR3GM.SF2 "$@"
	oggenc -r -B 16 -C 2 -R 48000 "/dev/shm/$name.raw" -o "$name.ogg"
	rm "/dev/shm/$name.raw"
	## Uncomment for replaygain tagging
	#vorbisgain -f "$name.ogg" 
	done
}
export -f midi2ogg
find . -regex '.*[.][mM][iI][dD][iI]?$' -print0 | xargs -0 -n 1 -P $maxjobs bash -c 'midi2ogg "$@"' --