Difference between revisions of "Folding@home"

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(Installing Folding@Home)
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*team, the team number you wish to contribute points to (earned for work units returned), you will of course want to fill in 45032, the arch-linux team number ;)
*team, the team number you wish to contribute points to (earned for work units returned), you will of course want to fill in 45032, the arch-linux team number ;)
*bigpackets, defines whether you will accept memory intensive work loads. If you have no problem with Folding@Home using up more of your RAM, then set this to yes (at least 512MB of RAM recommended).
*bigpackets, defines whether you will accept memory intensive work loads. If you have no problem with Folding@Home using up more of your RAM, then set this to big. Other settings are normal and small.
*machineid, covered in the Multi-Core section.
*machineid, covered in the Multi-Core section.
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Folding@Home is now installed and running!
Folding@Home is now installed and running!
= Multi-Core Cpu's and Folding@Home =
= Multi-Core Cpu's and Folding@Home =

Revision as of 20:31, 28 April 2009

What is Folding@Home

From the AUR package page "Folding@Home is a distributed computing project which studies protein folding, misfolding, aggregation, and related diseases."

Please see the Folding@Home site for a fuller description.

Installing Folding@Home

Folding@Home is no longer in the community repository due to licensing issues. However, it is still possible to build it from AUR. If you are familiar with PKGBUILDs and AUR then build it and skip to configuration.

To install manually, first download the tarball at the Folding@Home AUR page. Open a console and untar the tarball. cd to the resulting directory and:


and if there are no errors you will be left with a package called foldingathome-version-number.pkg.tar.gz.


sudo pacman -U foldingathome-version-number.pkg.tar.gz

being sure to replace version-number first ;)

If all went well, Folding@Home should now be installed.


Firstly, you will want to open your /etc/conf.d/foldingathome config file, with your editor of choice.

sudo nano /etc/conf.d/foldingathome

The config is self explanatory, if you wish to have Folding@Home run as a user other than root (handy on single user systems, probably more secure on multi-user systems), or in a different group, then change these values.

Now run the Folding@Home process for the first time with

sudo /etc/rc.d/foldingathome start

give it a few seconds and then run

sudo /etc/rc.d/foldingathome stop

You will find under your /opt/fah/ directory, either new files or a new folder, if you set the user variable in /etc/conf.d/foldingathome. You will find a file called client.cfg, either in the /opt/fah dir or the /opt/fah/FAH_USER folder.

sudo nano /opt/fah/client.cfg


nano /opt/fah/FAH_USER/client.cfg  # Replace FAH_USER first

The most important settings here are:

  • username, username associated to the work-units you return (not related to the FAH_USER variable in /etc/conf.d/foldingathome).
  • team, the team number you wish to contribute points to (earned for work units returned), you will of course want to fill in 45032, the arch-linux team number ;)
  • bigpackets, defines whether you will accept memory intensive work loads. If you have no problem with Folding@Home using up more of your RAM, then set this to big. Other settings are normal and small.
  • machineid, covered in the Multi-Core section.

After editing that, run

sudo /etc/rc.d/foldingathome start

again, to start Folding@Home up.

Assuming it all ran correctly, you'll want to put it in /etc/rc.conf to run on startup, so

sudo nano /etc/rc.conf

and add @foldingathome to your DAEMONS variable (the @ causes it to start in the background, so as not to slow startup, see Daemons).
Remember, this is @foldingathome-smp for the SMP client!

Folding@Home is now installed and running!

Multi-Core Cpu's and Folding@Home

A Quick Note On Hyperthreading

If you have a single-core hyperthreading CPU, you may be tempted to follow the multi-core instructions. It's highly recommenced that you don't do this as the Folding@Home team prefers fewer results quickly, than more results slowly. There's also a time-limit on work-units, so if it runs slower, your work-units may not be returned in time, and so distributed to another user. If you have one core, run one folding process.

Multiple Folding@Home Installs

Setting up Multiple Folding@Home installs

It's very simple to set up an extra install, although after each (rare) upgrade of the Folding@Home package, you will have to perform some maintenance, unless you wish to build separate packages with custom PKGBUILDS / scripts (beyond the scope of this tutorial). This method should also scale to however many cores/processors you have.

First, stop Folding@Home if it's running

sudo /etc/rc.d/foldingathome stop


sudo cp -r /opt/fah /opt/fah2

If you wish to call it something different, then by all means do. This tutorial will assume you're using /opt/fah2 for your second install and that you have the FAH_USER directory.


rm -rf /opt/fah2/FAH_USER/work  /opt/fah2/FAH_USER/queue.dat

if they exist, this way the new process won't start working on the same work-unit as the original thread.

You now have to open up the config for the new process

nano /opt/fah2/FAH_USER/client.cfg

and change the machineid to a number different to the one in /opt/fah/client.cfg.

If you're using the bigpackets option in client.cfg, you should only have it set to yes for one of your Folding@Home processes as it can overwhelm your system unless you have plenty of free RAM (1GB at least).

Editing Init Scripts

Now comes the fun part. A second init script needs to be created and a little editing needs to be done, but this way you can turn each process on and off as wanted and it's simpler than one script managing both.

First, some initial editing has to be done to the current script and saved under another name

sudo nano /etc/rc.d/foldingathome


. /etc/rc.conf
. /etc/rc.d/functions
. /etc/conf.d/foldingathome



This is to cut down on later maintenance.

Next, change

PID=`pidof -o %PPID /opt/fah/FAH504-Linux.exe`


PID=`pgrep -f /opt/fah/FAH${FAH_VER}-Linux.exe -u $FAH_USER`

The reason for this is that pidof detects the first and second Folding@Home process as the same and so stopping one init script will kill both processes. On the other hand, pgrep will find the process' associated filename/location. The "-u $FAH_USER" part is tacked on as a precaution, in case you are doing something strange with Folding@Home threads and users. You'll also notice the FAH_VER has slipped in there.

There should be two more instances of /opt/fah/FAH504-Linux.exe, change them to


Next, find the lines

add_daemon foldingathome
rm_daemon foldingathome 

and change them to something like

add_daemon foldingathome1
rm_daemon foldingathome1 

You can also change the

stat_busy "Starting Folding@Home"

stat_busy "Stopping Folding@Home"

lines to have some extra description such as "on Core 1" if you need to.

Now save the file as /etc/rc.d/foldingathome1 , this is to prevent it being over-written by a package upgrade.

Make a copy of the script

sudo cp /etc/rc.d/foldingathome1 /etc/rc.d/foldingathome2

Now you have to find and replace instances of /opt/fah with /opt/fah2 in this script, double checking you aren't getting any false positives (there shouldn't be any, but scripts change). Make sure you get the one in the PID variable, otherwise the whole pgrep bit was a bit pointless ;)

Also, find the lines

add_daemon foldingathome1
rm_daemon foldingathome1

again, and change them to something like

add_daemon foldingathome2
rm_daemon foldingathome2 

Now, save this script and open up /etc/rc.conf and add @foldingathome1 and @foldingathome2 to the DAEMONS variable. Start up the two processes

sudo /etc/rc.d/foldingathome1 start
sudo /etc/rc.d/foldingathome2 start

and if all goes well, you've got 2 Folding@Home processes running!


When upgrading the Folding@Home package, it's recommended you stop both Folding@Home init-scripts first

sudo /etc/rc.d/foldingathome1 stop
sudo /etc/rc.d/foldingathome2 stop

On upgrading, /opt/fah/FAH504-Linux.exe will be replaced with a new version, this needs to be copied into your /opt/fah2 directory and the old executable deleted.

You then just have to change the FAH_VER variable in both scripts to reflect the new version number. You can then restart both scripts with

sudo /etc/rc.d/foldingathome1 start
sudo /etc/rc.d/foldingathome2 start

It may also be worth checking that there have been no other significant changes to the updated original script.

Alternative: Single Init Script

I couldn't get the above method to work with the current (6.02) version of the client. I found an old script on the forums and modified it slightly which works just fine on my system.

# Starts the Folding@Home client in the background

. /etc/rc.d/functions

case "$1" in
    stat_busy "Starting Folding@Home"
    cd /opt/fah/
    /opt/fah/fah6 > /opt/fah/myfah.log &
    cd /opt/fah2/
    /opt/fah2/fah6 > /opt/fah2/myfah.log &
    stat_busy "Stopping Folding@Home"
    killall fah6
    echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|restart}"

exit 0

Just make sure you don't forget to follow the first section under "Setting up Multiple Folding@Home installs".

Folding@Home SMP Support


There is now a Folding@Home client available for 64-bit multi-processor or multi-core computers (aka SMP). The creators of Folding@Home suggest the SMP client runs best on quad core machines but many people run it on dual cores with no trouble. This client is definitely NOT recommended for single-core CPUs with Hyperthreading. So, if your machine meets the requirements (Arch 64-bit, true multi-core/processor) you may want to give the SMP client a try instead of running two of the standard client!

Setup is identical to that of the standard client EXCEPT for the following:

  • the name of the package in the AUR is foldingathome-smp
  • lib32-glibc is required to install and run the client (this is reflected as a dependency in the PKGBUILD)
  • the package installs to /opt/fah-smp
  • the configuration script in /etc/conf.d is foldingathome-smp
  • the daemon that should be added to /etc/rc.conf is foldingathome-smp


When migrating from the standard FAH client/s to SMP, you may wish to finish off the work units currently running but without the FAH client downloading new ones. This is possible through the init-scripts as long as you make sure to check the status of the current work-unit before shutting down / rebooting.

This may seem a bit over the top and whether you do it depends on how committed you are to returning all work-units sent to your box. At the worst, your work-unit will be distributed to someone else after the cut-off date.

To do this, stop the folding client/s

sudo /etc/rc.d/foldingathome1 stop
sudo /etc/rc.d/foldingathome2 stop

open up your /etc/rc.d/foldingathome file/s and change

su $FAH_USER -c "/opt/fah/FAH504-Linux.exe -verbosity 9 > /opt/fah/$FAH_USER/myfah.log" &


su $FAH_USER -c "/opt/fah/FAH504-Linux.exe -oneunit -verbosity 9 > /opt/fah/$FAH_USER/myfah.log" &

This will force the FAH client to only finish its current work-unit and upload it without downloading a new one. The problem arises in that if you reboot (or restart the init-scripts) after it's finished and sent back the work-unit, it will download a new one to finish and send back. You will just have to monitor the status of the work-unit before you restart, and if it's at 100% and the end of /opt/fah/FAH_USER/FAHlog.txt says the work-unit has been returned, you can remove that script from the DAEMONS= line in /etc/rc.conf.

If you know how, you can probably find a way of stopping it from doing this, maybe with a check in the init-script which stops it running when the work-unit file is no longer in the /opt/fah/FAH_USER/work directory.

If you're currently on i686 arch, you will also need to migrate to X86_64 arc, and it would be a good idea to read the Arch64_FAQ


Can't find ./mpiexec

If you are using the $FAH_USER variable, you will find on starting the smp client that it can't find ./mpiexec , this is because it's in the /opt/fah-smp/ directory and not your local one. Copy it to /opt/fah-smp/$FAH_USER and it should run fine.

SMP client not doing any work / stalling ( NNODES=4 )

( This is adapted from the folding@home SMP FAQ )

If you run

sudo /etc/rc.d/foldingathome-smp start

from the console, you will get some output. If this output stalls with a


line and top/htop shows the smp-client running but with no CPU usage, you will need to check your local network settings. Check that your /etc/hosts file is set up with linked to the hostname you set up in /etc/rc.conf.

Monitoring Work-Unit Progress

There are several ways of monitoring the progress of your FAH client/s, both on the command line and by GUI.

In AUR there is silent blades fahmon, which provides a GUI with the ability to watch multiple clients and get info on the work-unit itself. Fahmon has a dedicated site at http://www.fahmon.net/

On the CLI, you can add a command to your .bashrc , .zshrc or .whateverrc :

fahstat() {
	echo `date`
	cat /opt/fah/FAH_USER/unitinfo.txt   #(replacing FAH_USER first)

Or for multiple clients :

fahstat() {
        echo `date`
        echo "Core 1:";cat /opt/fah/FAH_USER/unitinfo.txt      #(replace FAH_USER first)
        echo "Core 2:";cat /opt/fah2/FAH_USER/unitinfo.txt     #(replace FAH_USER first)

Also, replacing cat with tail -n1 will give just the percentage of work unit complete.

More Resources

Folding@Home Site

Folding@Home FAQ

Folding@Home Configuration FAQ

Folding@Home SMP Client on AUR

Folding@Home SMP Client FAQ

Arch Folding@Home team page

Extended Arch team statistics on extremeoverclocking.com