Difference between revisions of "Fonts"

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[[Category:Fonts]]
 
[[Category:Fonts]]
[[Category:Graphics and desktop publishing]]
 
 
[[cs:Fonts]]
 
[[cs:Fonts]]
 +
[[de:Schriftarten]]
 
[[es:Fonts]]
 
[[es:Fonts]]
 
[[it:Fonts]]
 
[[it:Fonts]]
 +
[[ja:フォント]]
 
[[ru:Fonts]]
 
[[ru:Fonts]]
[[tr:Yazıtipleri]]
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[[zh-hans:Fonts]]
[[zh-CN:Fonts]]
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[[zh-hant:Fonts]]
[[zh-TW:Fonts]]
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{{Related articles start}}
{{expansion}}
+
{{Related|Font configuration}}
 +
{{Related|Linux console#Fonts}}
 +
{{Related|Java Runtime Environment Fonts}}
 +
{{Related|Metric-compatible fonts}}
 +
{{Related articles end}}
  
{{Article summary start}}
+
From [[Wikipedia:Computer font]]: "A computer font (or font) is an electronic data file containing a set of glyphs, characters, or symbols such as dingbats."
{{Article summary text|Covers the selection and installation of fonts on Arch Linux}}
+
 
{{Article summary heading|Legal}}
+
Note that certain font licenses may impose some legal limitations.
{{Article summary text|Certain font licenses may impose some legal limitations}}
 
{{Article summary heading|Related}}
 
{{Article summary wiki|Font Configuration}}: Font setup and beautification
 
{{Article summary wiki|Java Runtime Environment Fonts}}: Fonts specific to Sun's Java machine
 
{{Article summary wiki|MS Fonts}}: Adding Microsoft fonts and mimicking Windows' font settings
 
{{Article summary end}}
 
  
 
== Font formats ==
 
== Font formats ==
  
Most computer fonts used today are in either ''bitmap'' or ''outline'' data formats. Bitmap fonts store fixed images for each glyph in each typeface and point size. Outline or ''vector'' fonts store characters as instructions for drawing each glyph's lines and curves. Outline fonts scale smoothly in size over a wide range.
+
Most computer fonts used today are in either ''bitmap'' or ''outline'' data formats.  
 +
;Bitmap fonts: Consist of a matrix of dots or pixels representing the image of each glyph in each face and size.
 +
;Outline or ''vector'' fonts: Use Bézier curves, drawing instructions and mathematical formulae to describe each glyph, which make the character outlines scalable to any size.
 +
 
 +
=== Bitmap formats ===
 +
 
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Glyph Bitmap Distribution Format|Bitmap Distribution Format]] (BDF) by Adobe
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Portable Compiled Format|Portable Compiled Format]] (PCF) by Xorg
 +
* [[Wikipedia:PC Screen Font|PC Screen Font]] (PSF) used by the Kernel for console fonts, not supported by Xorg (for Unicode PSF files the extension is {{ic|psfu}})
 +
 
 +
These formats can also be gzipped. See [[#Bitmap]] for the available bitmap fonts.
  
Common font filename extensions include:
+
=== Outline formats ===
  
* {{ic|bdf}} and {{ic|bdf.gz}} bitmap fonts, ''b''itmap ''d''istribution ''f''ormat and gzip compressed {{ic|bdf}}
+
* [[Wikipedia:PostScript fonts|PostScript fonts]] by Adobe has various formats, e.g: Printer Font ASCII (PFA) and Printer Font Binary (PFB)
* {{ic|pcf}} and {{ic|pcf.gz}} – bitmaps, ''p''ortable ''c''ompiled ''f''ont and gzip compressed {{ic|pcf}}
+
* [[Wikipedia:TrueType|TrueType]] by Apple and Microsoft (file extension: {{ic|ttf}})
* {{ic|psf}}, {{ic|psfu}}, {{ic|psf.gz}} and {{ic|psfu.gz}} – bitmaps, ''P''C ''s''creen ''f''ont, ''P''C ''s''creen ''f''ont ''U''nicode and the gzipped versions (not compatible with X.Org)
+
* [[Wikipedia:OpenType|OpenType]] by Microsoft, built on TrueType (file extensions: {{ic|otf}}, {{ic|ttf}})
* {{ic|pfa}} and {{ic|pfb}} – outline fonts, ''P''ostScript ''f''ont ''A''SCII and ''P''ostScript ''f''ont ''b''inary. PostScript fonts carry built-in printer instructions.
 
* {{ic|ttf}} – outline, ''T''rue''T''ype ''f''ont. Originally designed as a replacement for the PostScript fonts.
 
* {{ic|otf}} – outline, ''O''pen''T''ype ''f''ont. TrueType with PostScript typographic instructions.
 
  
For most purposes, the technical differences between TrueType and OpenType can be ignored, some fonts with a {{ic|ttf}} extension are actually OpenType fonts.
+
For most purposes, the technical differences between TrueType and OpenType can be ignored.
  
 
=== Other formats ===
 
=== Other formats ===
Line 39: Line 45:
 
The typesetting application, ''TeX,'' and its companion font software, ''Metafont,'' render characters using their own methods. Some of the file extensions used for fonts by these two programs are {{ic|*pk}}, {{ic|*gf}}, {{ic|mf}} and {{ic|vf}}.
 
The typesetting application, ''TeX,'' and its companion font software, ''Metafont,'' render characters using their own methods. Some of the file extensions used for fonts by these two programs are {{ic|*pk}}, {{ic|*gf}}, {{ic|mf}} and {{ic|vf}}.
  
''FontForge,'' a font editing application, can store fonts in its native text-based format, {{ic|sfd}}, ''s''pline ''f''ont ''d''atabase.
+
[https://fontforge.github.io/en-US/ FontForge] ({{Pkg|fontforge}}), a font editing application, can store fonts in its native text-based format, {{ic|sfd}}, ''s''pline ''f''ont ''d''atabase.
  
 
The [http://www.w3.org/TR/SVG/fonts.html SVG] format also has its own font description method.
 
The [http://www.w3.org/TR/SVG/fonts.html SVG] format also has its own font description method.
Line 49: Line 55:
 
=== Pacman ===
 
=== Pacman ===
  
Fonts and font collections in the enabled repositories can be installed using [[Pacman|pacman]]. Available fonts may be found by using:
+
Fonts and font collections in the enabled repositories can be installed using [[pacman]].
$ pacman -Ss font
 
Or to search for {{ic|ttf}} fonts only:
 
$ pacman -Ss ttf
 
  
Some fonts like terminus are installed in {{ic|/usr/share/fonts/local}}, which is not added to the font path by default. By adding the following lines to {{ic|~/.xinitrc}} the fonts can be used in X11:
+
Available fonts may be found by [[pacman#Querying package databases|querying packages]] (e.g. for {{ic|font}} or {{ic|ttf}}).
{{bc|
 
xset +fp /usr/share/fonts/local
 
xset fp rehash
 
}}
 
  
 
=== Creating a package ===
 
=== Creating a package ===
  
If you want to give pacman the ability to manage your fonts, you can create an Arch package. These can also be shared with the community in the [[AUR]]. Here is an example of how to create a basic package.  To learn more about building packages, read [[PKGBUILD]].
+
You should give pacman the ability to manage your fonts, which is done by creating an Arch package. These can also be shared with the community in the [[AUR]]. The packages to install fonts are particularly similar; simply taking an existing [https://git.archlinux.org/svntogit/packages.git/tree/trunk/PKGBUILD?h=packages/adobe-source-code-pro-fonts package] as template should work well. To learn about how to modify it for your font, please refer to [[Creating packages]].
 
 
{{bc|<nowiki>
 
pkgname=ttf-fontname
 
pkgver=1.0
 
pkgrel=1
 
depends=('fontconfig' 'xorg-font-utils')
 
pkgdesc="custom fonts"
 
arch=('any')
 
source=(http://someurl.org/$pkgname.tar.bz2)
 
install=$pkgname.install
 
 
 
build()
 
{
 
  mkdir -p $pkgdir/usr/share/fonts/TTF
 
  cp $srcdir/$pkgname/*.ttf $pkgdir/usr/share/fonts/TTF
 
}
 
</nowiki>}}
 
 
 
This PKGBUILD assumes the fonts are TrueType. An install file ({{ic|ttf-fontname.install}}) will also need to be created to update the font cache:
 
 
 
{{bc|<nowiki>
 
post_install() {
 
  echo -n "Updating font cache... "
 
  fc-cache -fs >/dev/null
 
  mkfontscale /usr/share/fonts/TTF /usr/share/fonts/Type1
 
  mkfontdir /usr/share/fonts/TTF /usr/share/fonts/Type1
 
  echo "done"
 
}
 
  
post_upgrade() {
+
The family name of a font file can be aquired with the use of {{ic|fc-query}} for example: {{ic|fc-query -f '%{family[0]}\n' /path/to/file}}. The formatting is described in the FcPatternFormat(3) manual.
  post_install
 
}
 
</nowiki>}}
 
  
 
=== Manual installation ===
 
=== Manual installation ===
  
The recommended way of adding fonts that are not in the repositories to your system is described in [[#Creating a package]]. This gives pacman the ability to remove or update them at a later time. Fonts can alternately be installed manually as well.
+
The recommended way of adding fonts that are not in the repositories to your system is described in [[#Creating a package]]. This gives pacman the ability to remove or update them at a later time. Fonts can alternately be installed manually as well.
  
To install fonts system-wide (available for all users), move the folder to the {{ic|/usr/share/fonts/}} directory. To install fonts for only a single user, use {{ic|~/.fonts/}} instead.
+
To install fonts system-wide (available for all users), move the folder to the {{ic|/usr/share/fonts/}} directory. The files need to be readable by every user, use [[chmod]] to set the correct permissions (i.e. at least {{ic|0444}} for files and {{ic|0555}} for directories). To install fonts for only a single user, use {{ic|~/.local/share/fonts}} ({{ic|~/.fonts/}} is now deprecated).
  
Also you may need to update {{ic|/etc/X11/xorg.conf}} or {{ic|/etc/xorg.conf}} with the new directory. Search for {{ic|FontPath}} to find the correct location within the file to add your new path. See [[#Fonts with Xorg]] for more detail.
+
For Xserver to load fonts directly (as opposed to the use of a ''font server'') the directory for your newly added font must be added with a FontPath entry. This entry is located in the ''Files'' section [[Xorg#Configuration|of your Xorg configuration file]] (e.g. {{ic|/etc/X11/xorg.conf}} or {{ic|/etc/xorg.conf}}). See [[#Older applications]] for more detail.
  
Then update the fontconfig font cache:
+
Then update the fontconfig font cache: (usually unnecessary as software using the fontconfig library does this)
  
  $ fc-cache -vf
+
  $ fc-cache
  
==== Older applications ====
+
=== Older applications ===
  
 
With older applications that do not support fontconfig (e.g. GTK+ 1.x applications, and {{ic|xfontsel}}) the index will need to be created in the font directory:
 
With older applications that do not support fontconfig (e.g. GTK+ 1.x applications, and {{ic|xfontsel}}) the index will need to be created in the font directory:
Line 119: Line 87:
  
 
  $ for dir in /font/dir1/ /font/dir2/; do xset +fp $dir; done && xset fp rehash
 
  $ for dir in /font/dir1/ /font/dir2/; do xset +fp $dir; done && xset fp rehash
 +
 +
Or if fonts were installed in a different sub-folders under the e.g. {{ic|/usr/share/fonts}}:
 +
 +
$ for dir in * ; do if [  -d  "$dir"  ]; then cd "$dir";xset +fp "$PWD" ;mkfontscale; mkfontdir;cd .. ;fi; done && xset fp rehash
  
 
At times the X server may fail to load the fonts directory and you will need to rescan all the {{ic|fonts.dir}} files:
 
At times the X server may fail to load the fonts directory and you will need to rescan all the {{ic|fonts.dir}} files:
Line 128: Line 100:
  
 
  $ xlsfonts | grep fontname
 
  $ xlsfonts | grep fontname
 +
 +
{{note|Many packages will automatically configure Xorg to use the font upon installation. If that is the case with your font, this step is not necessary.}}
 +
 +
This can also be set globally in {{ic|/etc/X11/xorg.conf}} or {{ic|/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d}}.
 +
 +
Here is an example of the section that must be added to {{ic|/etc/X11/xorg.conf}}. Add or remove paths based on your particular font requirements.
 +
 +
# Let X.Org know about the custom font directories
 +
Section "Files"
 +
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/100dpi"
 +
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/75dpi"
 +
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/cantarell"
 +
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/cyrillic"
 +
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/encodings"
 +
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/misc"
 +
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/truetype"
 +
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/TTF"
 +
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/util"
 +
EndSection
  
 
=== Pango Warnings ===
 
=== Pango Warnings ===
When [http://www.pango.org/ Pango] is in use on your system it will read from [http://fontconfig.org/wiki/ fontconfig] to sort out where to source fonts.
+
 
 +
When [http://www.pango.org/ Pango] is in use on your system it will read from [http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/fontconfig fontconfig] to sort out where to source fonts.
  
 
  (process:5741): Pango-WARNING **: failed to choose a font, expect ugly output. engine-type='PangoRenderFc', script='common'
 
  (process:5741): Pango-WARNING **: failed to choose a font, expect ugly output. engine-type='PangoRenderFc', script='common'
 
  (process:5741): Pango-WARNING **: failed to choose a font, expect ugly output. engine-type='PangoRenderFc', script='latin'
 
  (process:5741): Pango-WARNING **: failed to choose a font, expect ugly output. engine-type='PangoRenderFc', script='latin'
  
If you are seeing errors similar to this and/or seeing blocks instead of characters in your application then you need to add fonts and update the font cache. This example uses the {{Pkg|ttf-liberation}} fonts to illustrate the solution and runs as root to enable them system-wide.
+
If you are seeing errors similar to this and/or seeing blocks instead of characters in your application then you need to add fonts and update the font cache. This example uses the {{Pkg|ttf-liberation}} fonts to illustrate the solution (after successful installation of the package) and runs as root to enable them system-wide.
 
 
# pacman -S ttf-liberation
 
  -- output abbreviated, assumes installation succeeded --
 
 
   
 
   
  # fc-cache -vfs
+
  # fc-cache
 
  /usr/share/fonts: caching, new cache contents: 0 fonts, 3 dirs
 
  /usr/share/fonts: caching, new cache contents: 0 fonts, 3 dirs
 
  /usr/share/fonts/TTF: caching, new cache contents: 16 fonts, 0 dirs
 
  /usr/share/fonts/TTF: caching, new cache contents: 16 fonts, 0 dirs
Line 146: Line 135:
 
  /usr/share/fonts/encodings/large: caching, new cache contents: 0 fonts, 0 dirs
 
  /usr/share/fonts/encodings/large: caching, new cache contents: 0 fonts, 0 dirs
 
  /usr/share/fonts/util: caching, new cache contents: 0 fonts, 0 dirs
 
  /usr/share/fonts/util: caching, new cache contents: 0 fonts, 0 dirs
  /var/cache/fontconfig: cleaning cache directory  
+
  /var/cache/fontconfig: cleaning cache directory
 
  fc-cache: succeeded
 
  fc-cache: succeeded
  
Line 154: Line 143:
 
  LiberationMono-Regular.ttf: "Liberation Mono" "Regular"
 
  LiberationMono-Regular.ttf: "Liberation Mono" "Regular"
  
=== Fonts with X.Org ===
+
== Font packages ==
 +
 
 +
This is a selective list that includes many font packages from the [[AUR]] along with those in the official repositories. Fonts are tagged "Unicode" if they have wide Unicode support, see the project or
 +
Wikipedia pages for detail.
 +
 
 +
The [https://github.com/ternstor/distrofonts Archfonts Python script] can be used to generate an overview of all the TTF fonts found in the official repositories / the AUR (the image generation is done using {{AUR|ttf2png}}).
 +
 
 +
=== Bitmap ===
 +
 
 +
* Default 8x16
 +
* [http://www.dcmembers.com/jibsen/download/61/ Dina] ({{Pkg|dina-font}}) – 6pt, 8pt, 9pt, 10pt, monospaced, based on Proggy
 +
* [http://openlab.jp/efont/unicode/ Efont] ({{AUR|efont-unicode-bdf}}) – 10px, 12px, 14px, 16px, 24px, normal, bold and italic
 +
* [http://font.gohu.org/ Gohu] ({{AUR|gohufont}}) – 11px, 14px, normal and bold
 +
* [http://artwizaleczapka.sourceforge.net/ Lime] ({{Pkg|artwiz-fonts}})
 +
* [http://tobiasjung.name/profont/ ProFont] ({{Pkg|profont}}{{Broken package link|package not found}}) – 10px, 11px, 12px, 15px, 17px, 22px, 29px, normal
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Proggy programming fonts|Proggy]] ({{AUR|proggyfonts}}) – has different variants
 +
* [http://www.fial.com/~scott/tamsyn-font/ Tamsyn] ({{Pkg|tamsyn-font}})
 +
* [http://terminus-font.sourceforge.net/ Terminus] ({{Pkg|terminus-font}})
 +
* [https://github.com/lucy/tewi-font Tewi] ({{AUR|bdf-tewi-git}})
 +
* [http://unifoundry.com/unifont.html Unifont] ([[Wikipedia:Unicode font#Comparison of fonts|most extensive]] Unicode coverage of any font) ({{Pkg|bdf-unifont}})
 +
 
 +
=== Latin script ===
 +
 
 +
==== Families ====
 +
 
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Luxi fonts|Luxi fonts]] ({{Pkg|font-bh-ttf}}) – X.Org Luxi fonts
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Bitstream Vera|Bitstream Vera]] ({{Pkg|ttf-bitstream-vera}}) – serif, sans-serif, and monospace
 +
* [https://quoteunquoteapps.com/courierprime/ Courier Prime] ({{AUR|ttf-courier-prime}}) – Courier font alternative optimized for screenplays
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Croscore fonts|Croscore fonts]] ({{Pkg|ttf-croscore}}) – Google's substitute for Windows' Arial, Times New Roman, and Courier New
 +
* [[Wikipedia:DejaVu fonts|DejaVu fonts]] ({{Pkg|ttf-dejavu}}) – Bitstream Vera modified for greater Unicode coverage
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Droid (font)|Droid]] ({{Pkg|ttf-droid}}, included in {{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-git}}) – default font for older Android versions
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Roboto|Roboto]] ({{Pkg|ttf-roboto}}) – default font for newer Android versions
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Noto fonts|Google Noto]] ({{Pkg|noto-fonts}}) – Unicode
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Liberation fonts|Liberation fonts]] ({{Pkg|ttf-liberation}}) – free metric-compatible substitute for the Arial, Arial Narrow, Times New Roman and Courier New fonts found in Windows and Microsoft Office products
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Ubuntu Font Family|Ubuntu Font Family]] ({{Pkg|ttf-ubuntu-font-family}})
 +
* [[Microsoft fonts]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-win10}}) – Windows 10 fonts
 +
Legacy Microsoft font packages:
 +
* [http://corefonts.sourceforge.net/ Microsoft fonts] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}}) – Andalé Mono, Courier New, Arial, Arial Black, Comic Sans, Impact, Lucida Sans, Microsoft Sans Serif, Trebuchet, Verdana, Georgia, Times New Roman
 +
* Vista fonts ({{AUR|ttf-vista-fonts}}) – Consolas, Calibri, Candara, Corbel, Cambria, Constantia
 +
 
 +
==== Monospaced ====
 +
 
 +
For more monospaced fonts see [[#Bitmap]] and [[#Families]].
 +
 
 +
* [http://www.marksimonson.com/fonts/view/anonymous-pro Anonymous Pro] ({{pkg|ttf-anonymous-pro}}, included in {{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-git}})
 +
* [https://damieng.com/blog/2008/05/26/envy-code-r-preview-7-coding-font-released Envy Code R] ({{AUR|ttf-envy-code-r}})
 +
* Fantasque Sans Mono ({{AUR|ttf-fantasque-sans-git}})
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Fira Sans|Fira Mono]] ({{pkg|ttf-fira-mono}}, {{pkg|otf-fira-mono}}) – designed for Firefox OS
 +
* [[Wikipedia:GNU FreeFont|FreeMono]] ({{Pkg|ttf-freefont}}) - Unicode
 +
* [https://sourcefoundry.org/hack/ Hack] ({{pkg|ttf-hack}}) - an open source monospaced font, used as the default in KDE Plasma
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Inconsolata|Inconsolata]] ({{Pkg|ttf-inconsolata}}, included in {{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-git}}) - inspired by Consolas
 +
* [https://leonardo-m.livejournal.com/77079.html Inconsolata-g] ({{AUR|ttf-inconsolata-g}}) - adds some programmer-friendly modifications
 +
* [https://be5invis.github.io/Iosevka/ Iosevka] ({{AUR|ttf-iosevka}}) – Iosevka is a slender monospace sans-serif and slab-serif typeface inspired by Pragmata Pro, M+ and PF DIN Mono, designed to be the ideal font for programming.
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Lucida Typewriter|Lucida Typewriter]] (included in package {{AUR|jre}})
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Menlo (typeface)|Menlo]] (derivative: {{AUR|ttf-meslo}}) - default monospaced font of OS X
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Monaco (typeface)|Monaco]] ({{AUR|ttf-monaco}}) - proprietary font designed by Apple for OS X
 +
* Monofur ({{AUR|ttf-monofur}})
 +
* [https://madmalik.github.io/mononoki Mononoki] ({{AUR|ttf-mononoki}})
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Source_Code_Pro|Source Code Pro]] ({{pkg|adobe-source-code-pro-fonts}})
 +
 
 +
Relevant websites:
 +
 
 +
* [http://hivelogic.com/articles/top-10-programming-fonts Dan Benjamin's Top 10 Programming Fonts].
 +
* [http://www.lowing.org/fonts/ Trevor Lowing's font list]
 +
* [https://www.slant.co/topics/67/~what-are-the-best-programming-fonts Slant: What are the best programming fonts?]
 +
* [https://stackoverflow.com/questions/4689/recommended-fonts-for-programming Stack Overflow: Recommended fonts for programming]
 +
 
 +
==== Sans-serif ====
 +
 
 +
* [http://scripts.sil.org/cms/scripts/page.php?site_id=nrsi&id=andika Andika] ({{AUR|ttf-andika}})
 +
* [[Wikipedia:GNU FreeFont|FreeSans]] ({{Pkg|ttf-freefont}}) - Unicode
 +
* [https://github.com/rsms/inter Inter UI] ({{AUR|ttf-inter-ui}}) – designed for user interfaces
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Linux Libertine|Linux Biolinum]] ({{Pkg|ttf-linux-libertine}}) – free substitute for Times New Roman
 +
* [[Wikipedia:PT Sans|PT Sans]] ({{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-git}}) - 3 major variations: normal, narrow, and caption - Unicode: Latin, Cyrillic
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Source Sans Pro|Source Sans Pro]] ({{pkg|adobe-source-sans-pro-fonts}})
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Tahoma (typeface)|Tahoma]] ({{AUR|ttf-tahoma}})
 +
 
 +
==== Serif ====
 +
 
 +
* [http://www.georgduffner.at/ebgaramond/ EB Garamond] ({{AUR|otf-eb-garamond}})
 +
* [[Wikipedia:GNU FreeFont|FreeSerif]] ({{Pkg|ttf-freefont}}) - Unicode
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Gentium|Gentium]] ({{Pkg|ttf-gentium}}) - Unicode: Latin, Greek, Cyrillic, Phonetic Alphabet
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Linux Libertine|Linux Libertine]] ({{Pkg|ttf-linux-libertine}}) - Unicode: Latin, Greek, Cyrillic, Hebrew
 +
 
 +
==== Unsorted ====
 +
 
 +
{{Style|This section should be absorbed into the Monospace/Serif/Sans-Serif structure}}
 +
 
 +
* {{Pkg|ttf-cheapskate}} - Font collection from ''dustismo.com''
 +
* {{Pkg|ttf-junicode}} - Junius font containing almost complete medieval latin script glyphs
 +
* {{Pkg|ttf-mph-2b-damase}} - Covers full plane 1 and several scripts
 +
* {{Pkg|xorg-fonts-type1}} - IBM Courier and Adobe Utopia sets of [[Wikipedia:PostScript fonts|PostScript fonts]]
 +
* {{AUR|all-repository-fonts}} - Meta package for all fonts in the official repositories.
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-git}} - a huge collection of free fonts (including Ubuntu, Inconsolata, Droid, etc.) - Note: Your font dialog might get very long as >100 fonts will be added.
 +
 
 +
=== Non-latin scripts ===
 +
 
 +
==== Ancient Scripts ====
 +
 
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-ancient-fonts}} - Font containing Unicode symbols for Aegean, Egyptian, Cuneiform, Anatolian, Maya, and Analecta scripts
  
In order for [[Xorg]] to find and use your newly installed fonts, you must add the font paths to {{ic|/etc/X11/xorg.conf}} (another X.Org configuration file may work too).
+
==== Arabic ====
  
Here is an example of the section that must be added to {{ic|/etc/X11/xorg.conf}}. Add or remove paths based on your particular font requirements.
+
* {{AUR|ttf-amiri}} - A classical Arabic typeface in Naskh style poineered by Amiria Press
# Let X.Org know about the custom font directories
+
* {{AUR|ttf-arabeyes-fonts}} - Collection of free Arabic fonts
Section "Files"
+
* {{AUR|ttf-qurancomplex-fonts}} - Fonts by King Fahd Glorious Quran Printing Complex in al-Madinah al-Munawwarah
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/100dpi"
+
* {{AUR|ttf-sil-lateef}} - Unicode Arabic font from SIL
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/75dpi"
+
* {{AUR|ttf-sil-scheherazade}} - Unicode Arabic font from SIL (Alternative for Traditional Arabic font)
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/cantarell"
 
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/cyrillic"
 
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/encodings"
 
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/local"
 
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/misc"
 
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/truetype"
 
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/TTF"
 
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/util"
 
EndSection
 
  
==Font packages==
+
==== Braille ====
This is a selective list that includes many font packages from the [[AUR]] along with those in the official repositories. Fonts are tagged "Unicode" if they have wide Unicode support, see the project or Wikipedia pages for detail.
 
  
===Braille===
 
 
*{{Pkg|ttf-ubraille}} - Font containing Unicode symbols for ''braille''
 
*{{Pkg|ttf-ubraille}} - Font containing Unicode symbols for ''braille''
  
===International users===
+
==== Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese ====
  
====Arabic====
+
===== Pan-CJK =====
*{{AUR|ttf-sil-lateef}} - Unicode Arabic font from SIL ''(AUR)''
+
*adobe source han fonts - Large collection of fonts which comprehensively support Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, Japanese, and Korean, with a consistent design and look.
*{{AUR|ttf-sil-scheherazade}} - Unicode Arabic font from SIL ''(AUR)''
+
**{{Pkg|adobe-source-han-sans-otc-fonts}} - Sans fonts
*{{AUR|ttf-arabeyes-fonts}} - Collection of free Arabic fonts ''(AUR)''
+
**{{Pkg|adobe-source-han-serif-otc-fonts}} - Serif fonts
  
====Birman====
+
*{{Pkg|noto-fonts-cjk}} - Large collection of fonts which comprehensively support Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, Japanese, and Korean, with a consistent design and look. It is currently a rebadged version of {{Pkg|adobe-source-han-sans-otc-fonts}}.
*{{AUR|ttf-myanmar3}} - Font for Myanmar/Burmese script ''(AUR)''
 
  
====Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese====
+
===== Chinese =====
  
=====(Mainly) Chinese=====
+
{{Move|Localization/Chinese#Fonts|It makes sense to group language-specific things together.|section=Move CJK and Indic fonts to Localization subpages}}
*{{AUR|ttf-tw}} - Kai and Song traditional Chinese font from the Ministry of Education of Taiwan ''(AUR)''.
 
*{{AUR|wqy-microhei}} - A Sans-Serif style high quality CJK outline font. ''(AUR)''
 
*{{Pkg|wqy-zenhei}} - Hei Ti Style (sans-serif) Chinese Outline font embedded with bitmapped Song Ti (also supporting Japanese (partial) and Korean characters).
 
*{{Pkg|ttf-arphic-ukai}} - ''Kaiti'' (brush stroke) Unicode font (enabling anti-aliasing is suggested)
 
*{{Pkg|ttf-arphic-uming}} - ''Mingti'' (printed) Unicode font
 
*{{Pkg|opendesktop-fonts}} - ''New Sung'' font, previously is ttf-fireflysung package
 
*{{Pkg|wqy-bitmapfont}} - Bitmapped Song Ti (serif) Chinese font
 
*{{Pkg|ttf-hannom}} - Chinese and Vietnamese TrueType font
 
  
=====Japanese=====
+
* adobe source han fonts
*{{AUR|otf-ipafont}} - Formal style Japanese Gothic (san-serif) and Mincho (serif) fonts set; one of the highest quality open source font. Default of openSUSE-ja. ''(AUR)''
+
** {{Pkg|adobe-source-han-sans-cn-fonts}} - Simplified Chinese OpenType/CFF Sans fonts
*{{AUR|ttf-vlgothic}} - Japanese Gothic fonts. Default of Debian/Fedora/Vine Linux ''(AUR)''
+
** {{Pkg|adobe-source-han-sans-tw-fonts}} - Traditional Chinese OpenType/CFF Sans fonts
*{{AUR|ttf-mplus}} - Modern Gothic style Japanese outline fonts. It includes all of Japanese Hiragana/Katakana, Basic Latin, Latin-1 Supplement, Latin Extended-A, IPA Extensions and most of Japanese Kanji, Greek, Cyrillic, Vietnamese with 7 weights (proportional) or 5 weights (monospace).
+
** {{Pkg|adobe-source-han-serif-cn-fonts}} - Simplified Chinese OpenType/CFF Serif fonts
*{{AUR|ttf-ipa-mona}}, {{AUR|ttf-monapo}} - Japanese fonts to show [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2channel_Shift_JIS_art 2channel Shift JIS art] properly. ''(AUR)''
+
** {{Pkg|adobe-source-han-serif-tw-fonts}} - Traditional Chinese OpenType/CFF Serif fonts
*{{Pkg|ttf-sazanami}} - Japanese free TrueType font. This is outdated and not maintained any more, but may be defined as a fallback font on several environment.
 
  
=====Korean=====
+
* noto Chinese fonts
*{{Pkg|ttf-baekmuk}} - Collection of Korean TrueType fonts
+
** {{AUR|noto-fonts-sc}} - Noto CJK-SC fonts for Simplified Chinese
*{{AUR|ttf-alee}} - Set of free Hangul TrueType fonts (''AUR'')
+
** {{AUR|noto-fonts-tc}} - Noto CJK-TC fonts for Traditional Chinese
*{{AUR|ttf-unfonts-core}} - Un fonts (default Baekmuk fonts may be unsatisfactory) (''AUR'')
 
*{{AUR|ttf-nanum}} - Nanum series TrueType fonts (''AUR'')
 
*{{AUR|ttf-nanumgothic_coding}} - Nanum series fixed width TrueType fonts (''AUR'')
 
  
====Cyrillic====
+
* wqy fonts
''Also see [[#Monospace]], [[#Sans]] and [[#Serif]]''
+
** {{Pkg|wqy-microhei}} - WenQuanYi Micro Hei font family (also known as Hei, Gothic or Dotum) is a sans-serif style derived from Droid Sans Fallback, it offers high quality CJK outline font and it is extremely compact (~5M).
*{{AUR|font-arhangai}} - Mongolian Cyrillic (''AUR'')
+
** {{Pkg|wqy-zenhei}} - Hei Ti Style (sans-serif) Chinese Outline font embedded with bitmapped Song Ti (also supporting Japanese (partial) and Korean characters).
*{{AUR|ttf-pingwi-typography}} - PingWi Typography (PWT) fonts (''AUR'')
+
** {{Pkg|wqy-bitmapfont}} - Bitmapped Song Ti (serif) Chinese font.
  
====Greek====
+
* arphic fonts
Almost all Unicode fonts contain the Greek character set (polytonic included). Some additional font packages, which might not contain the complete Unicode set but utilize high quality Greek (and Latin, of course) typefaces are:
+
** {{Pkg|ttf-arphic-ukai}} - ''Kaiti'' (brush stroke) Unicode font (enabling anti-aliasing is suggested)
*{{AUR|otf-gfs}} - Selection of OpenType fonts from the Greek Font Society ''(AUR)''
+
** {{Pkg|ttf-arphic-uming}} - ''Mingti'' (printed) Unicode font
*{{AUR|ttf-mgopen}} - Professional TrueType fonts from Magenta ''(AUR)''
 
  
====Hebrew====
+
* {{Pkg|opendesktop-fonts}} - ''New Sung'' font, previously is ttf-fireflysung package
*{{AUR|culmus}} - Nice collection of free Hebrew fonts
 
  
====Indic====
+
* {{Pkg|ttf-hannom}} - Chinese and Vietnamese ttf fonts
*{{Pkg|ttf-freebanglafont}} - Font for Bangla
 
*{{Pkg|ttf-indic-otf}} - Indic OpenType Fonts collection (containing ttf-freebanglafont)
 
:(This one contains a "look of disapproval" that might be more to your liking than the {{Pkg|bdf-unifont}} one mentioned elsewhere in this document)
 
* {{Pkg|lohit-font}} - Indic TrueType fonts from Fedora Project (containing Oriya Fonts and more) ''(AUR)''
 
  
====Khmer====
+
* Standart fonts of the Republic of China ministry of education in Taiwan
*{{Pkg|ttf-khmer}} - Font covering glyphs for Khmer language
+
** {{AUR|ttf-tw}} - Kai and Song traditional Chinese font from the Ministry of Education of Taiwan
*[http://code.google.com/webfonts/family?family=Hanuman&subset=khmer Hanuman] ({{AUR|ttf-google-webfonts}})
+
** {{AUR|ttf-twcns-fonts}} Chinese TrueType fonts by Ministry of Education of Taiwan government, support CNS11643 standard, including Kai and Sung fontface.
  
====Sinhala====
+
*Windows Chinese fonts
*{{AUR|ttf-lklug}} - Sinhala Unicode font (''AUR'')
+
**{{AUR|ttf-ms-win8-zh_cn}} - windows8 simple Chinese fonts。
 +
**{{AUR|ttf-ms-win8-zh_tw}} - windows8 traditional Chinese fonts。
 +
**{{AUR|ttf-ms-win10-zh_cn}} - windows10 simple Chinese fonts。
 +
**{{AUR|ttf-ms-win10-zh_tw}} - windows10 traditional Chinese fonts。
  
====Tamil====
+
* {{AUR|ttf-i.bming}} - CJK serif font that emphasis on an old-style typeface.
*{{AUR|ttf-tamil}} - Tamil Unicode fonts (''AUR'')
 
  
====Thai====
+
===== Japanese =====
*{{Pkg|ttf-thai}} - Font covering glyphs for Thai
 
====Tibetan====
 
*{{Pkg|ttf-tibetan-machine}} - Tibetan Machine TTFont
 
  
===Math===
+
{{Move|Localization/Japanese#Fonts|It makes sense to group language-specific things together.|section=Move CJK and Indic fonts to Localization subpages}}
*{{Pkg|font-mathematica}} - Mathematica fonts by Wolfram Research, Inc.
 
*{{AUR|ttf-mathtype}} - MathType fonts ''(AUR)''
 
*{{AUR|ttf-computer-modern-fonts}} - ''(AUR)''
 
  
===Microsoft fonts===
+
* {{Pkg|adobe-source-han-sans-jp-fonts}} - Japanese OpenType/CFF fonts
See [[MS Fonts]].
+
* {{Pkg|otf-ipafont}} - Formal style Japanese Gothic (sans-serif) and Mincho (serif) fonts set; one of the highest quality open source font. Default of openSUSE-ja.
 +
* {{Pkg|ttf-hanazono}} - A free Japanese kanji font, style Mincho (serif).
 +
* {{Pkg|ttf-sazanami}} - Japanese free TrueType font. This is outdated and not maintained any more, but may be defined as a fallback font on several environments.
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-koruri}} - Japanese TrueType font obtained by mixing {{AUR|ttf-mplus}} and Open Sans
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-monapo}} - Japanese fonts to show [[wikipedia:2channel_Shift_JIS_art|2channel Shift JIS art]] properly.
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-mplus}} - Modern Gothic style Japanese outline fonts. It includes all of Japanese Hiragana/Katakana, Basic Latin, Latin-1 Supplement, Latin Extended-A, IPA Extensions and most of Japanese Kanji, Greek, Cyrillic, Vietnamese with 7 weights (proportional) or 5 weights (monospace).
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-vlgothic}} - Japanese Gothic fonts. Default of Debian/Fedora/Vine Linux
  
===Monospaced===
+
===== Korean =====
Here are some suggestions. Every user has their own favorite, so experiment to find yours.
 
If you're in a hurry, you read Dan Benjamin's blog post: [http://hivelogic.com/articles/top-10-programming-fonts ''Top 10 Programming Fonts''].
 
  
Here's a long list of fonts by Trevor Lowing: http://www.lowing.org/fonts/.
+
{{Move|Localization/Korean#Fonts|It makes sense to group language-specific things together.|section=Move CJK and Indic fonts to Localization subpages}}
  
====TrueType====
+
* {{Pkg|adobe-source-han-sans-kr-fonts}} - Korean OpenType/CFF fonts
*[[Wikipedia:Andalé Mono|Andalé Mono]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
+
* {{Pkg|ttf-baekmuk}} - Collection of Korean TrueType fonts
*Anka/Coder ({{AUR|ttf-anka-coder}})
+
* {{AUR|spoqa-han-sans}} - Source Han Sans customized by Spoqa
*Anonymous Pro ({{AUR|ttf-anonymous-pro}}, included in {{AUR|ttf-google-webfonts}})
+
* {{AUR|ttf-d2coding}} - D2Coding fixed width TrueType font made by Naver
*[[Wikipedia:Bitstream Vera|Bitstream Vera Mono]] ({{Pkg|ttf-bitstream-vera}})
+
* {{AUR|ttf-nanum}} - Nanum series TrueType fonts
*[[Wikipedia:Consolas|Consolas]] ({{AUR|ttf-vista-fonts}})
+
* {{AUR|ttf-nanumgothic_coding}} - Nanum series fixed width TrueType fonts
*[[Wikipedia:Courier New|Courier New]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
+
* {{AUR|ttf-kopub}}/{{AUR|otf-kopub}} - Korean TrueType/OpenType fonts by Korea Publisher Society
*Cousine ({{AUR|ttf-google-webfonts}}) - Chrome/Chromium OS replacement for Courier New (metric-compatible)
+
* {{AUR|ttf-unfonts-core-ibx}} - A collection of Korean TrueType fonts by KLDP
*[[Wikipedia:DejaVu fonts|DejaVu Sans Mono]] ({{Pkg|ttf-dejavu}}) - Unicode
 
*[[Wikipedia:Droid (font)|Droid Sans Mono]] ({{Pkg|ttf-droid}}, included in {{AUR|ttf-google-webfonts}})
 
*Envy Code R ({{AUR|ttf-envy-code-r}})
 
*[[Wikipedia:GNU FreeFont|FreeMono]] ({{Pkg|ttf-freefont}}) - Unicode
 
*[[Wikipedia:Inconsolata|Inconsolata]] ({{Pkg|ttf-inconsolata}})
 
*[[Wikipedia:Inconsolata|Inconsolata-g]] ({{AUR|ttf-inconsolata-g}}) - adds some programmer-friendly modifications
 
*[[Wikipedia:Liberation fonts|Liberation Mono]] ({{Pkg|ttf-liberation}}) - Alternative to Courier New (metric-compatible)
 
*[[Wikipedia:Lucida Console|Lucida Console]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
 
*[[Wikipedia:Lucida Typewriter|Lucida Typewriter]] (included in package {{Pkg|jre}})
 
*[[Wikipedia:Monaco (typeface)|Monaco]] ({{Pkg|monaco-linux-font}})
 
*Monofur ({{AUR|ttf-monofur}})
 
  
====Bitmap====
+
===== Vietnamese =====
*Default 8x16
 
*Dina ({{Pkg|dina-font}})
 
*Lime ({{Pkg|artwiz-fonts}})
 
*[[Wikipedia:ProFont|ProFont]] ({{Pkg|profont}})
 
*[[Wikipedia:Proggy Programming Fonts|Proggy Programming Fonts]] ({{AUR|proggyfonts}})
 
*Proggy opti cyrillic ({{AUR|proggyopticyr-font}})
 
*Tamsyn ({{AUR|tamsyn-font}})
 
*[[Wikipedia:Terminus (typeface)|Terminus]] ({{Pkg|terminus-font}})
 
*Unifont (glyphs like (look of disapproval)) ({{Pkg|bdf-unifont}})
 
  
===Sans-serif===
+
* {{Pkg|ttf-hannom}} - Vietnamese TrueType font for chữ Nôm characters
  
*[http://scripts.sil.org/cms/scripts/page.php?site_id=nrsi&id=andika Andika] ({{AUR|ttf-andika}}, included in {{AUR|ttf-sil-fonts}})
+
==== Cyrillic ====
*[[Wikipedia:Arial|Arial]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
 
*[[Wikipedia:Arial Black|Arial Black]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
 
*Arimo ({{AUR|ttf-google-webfonts}}) - Chrome/Chromium OS replacement for Arial (metric-compatible)
 
*[[Wikipedia:Calibri|Calibri]] ({{AUR|ttf-vista-fonts}})
 
*[[Wikipedia:Candara|Candara]] ({{AUR|ttf-vista-fonts}})
 
*[[Wikipedia:Constantia (typeface)|Constantia]] ({{AUR|ttf-vista-fonts}})
 
*[[Wikipedia:Corbel (typeface)|Corbel]] ({{AUR|ttf-vista-fonts}})
 
*[[Wikipedia:DejaVu fonts|DejaVu Sans]] ({{Pkg|ttf-dejavu}}) - Unicode
 
*[[Wikipedia:Droid (font)|Droid Sans]] ({{Pkg|ttf-droid}}, included in {{AUR|ttf-google-webfonts}})
 
*[[Wikipedia:GNU FreeFont|FreeSans]] ({{Pkg|ttf-freefont}}) - Unicode
 
*[[Wikipedia:Impact (typeface)|Impact]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
 
*[[Wikipedia:Liberation fonts|Liberation Sans]] ({{Pkg|ttf-liberation}}, improved/reworked Cyrillic: {{Pkg|ttf-liberastika}}) - Alternative to Arial  (metric-compatible)
 
*[[Wikipedia:Liberation fonts|Liberation Sans Narrow]] ({{Pkg|ttf-liberation}}) - Alternative to Arial Narrow (metric-compatible)
 
*[[Wikipedia:Linux Libertine|Linux Biolinum]] ({{Pkg|ttf-linux-libertine}})
 
*[[Wikipedia:Lucida Sans|Lucida Sans]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
 
*[[Wikipedia:Microsoft Sans Serif|Microsoft Sans Serif]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
 
*[[Wikipedia:PT Sans|PT Sans]] ({{AUR|ttf-google-webfonts}}) - 3 major variations: normal, narrow, and caption - Unicode: Latin, Cyrillic
 
*[[Wikipedia:Tahoma (typeface)|Tahoma]] ({{AUR|ttf-tahoma}})
 
*[[Wikipedia:Trebuchet MS|Trebuchet]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
 
*[[Wikipedia:Ubuntu-Title|Ubuntu-Title]] ({{AUR|ttf-ubuntu-title}})
 
*[[Wikipedia:Ubuntu Font Family|Ubuntu Font Family]] ({{Pkg|ttf-ubuntu-font-family}})
 
*[[Wikipedia:Verdana|Verdana]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
 
  
===Script===
+
See also [[#Latin script]].
  
*[[Wikipedia:Comic Sans|Comic Sans]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
+
* {{AUR|ttf-paratype}} - Font family by ParaType: sans, serif, mono, extended cyrillic and latin, OFL license
 +
* {{AUR|otf-russkopis}} - A free OpenType cursive font for Cyrillic script
  
===Serif===
+
==== Greek ====
*[[Wikipedia:Cambria (typeface)|Cambria]] ({{AUR|ttf-vista-fonts}})
 
*[[Wikipedia:Charis SIL|Charis]] ({{AUR|ttf-charis}}, included in {{AUR|ttf-sil-fonts}}) - Unicode: Latin, Cyrillic
 
*[[Wikipedia:DejaVu fonts|DejaVu Serif]] ({{Pkg|ttf-dejavu}}) - Unicode
 
*[[Wikipedia:Doulos SIL|Doulos]] ({{AUR|doulos-sil}}, included in {{AUR|ttf-sil-fonts}}) - Unicode: Latin, Cyrillic
 
*[[Wikipedia:Droid (font)|Droid Serif]] ({{Pkg|ttf-droid}}, included in {{AUR|ttf-google-webfonts}})
 
*[[Wikipedia:GNU FreeFont|FreeSerif]] ({{Pkg|ttf-freefont}}) - Unicode
 
*[[Wikipedia:Gentium|Gentium]] ({{Pkg|ttf-gentium}}, included in {{AUR|ttf-sil-fonts}}) - Unicode: Latin, Greek, Cyrillic, Phonetic Alphabet
 
*[[Wikipedia:Georgia (typeface)|Georgia]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
 
*[[Wikipedia:Liberation fonts|Liberation Serif]] ({{Pkg|ttf-liberation}}) - Alternative to Times New Roman (metric-compatible)
 
*[[Wikipedia:Linux Libertine|Linux Libertine]] ({{Pkg|ttf-linux-libertine}}) - Unicode: Latin, Greek, Cyrillic, Hebrew
 
*[[Wikipedia:Times New Roman|Times New Roman]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
 
*Tinos ({{AUR|ttf-google-webfonts}}) - Chrome/Chromium OS replacement for Times New Roman (metric-compatible)
 
  
===Unsorted===
+
Almost all Unicode fonts contain the Greek character set (polytonic included). Some additional font packages, which might not contain the complete Unicode set but utilize high quality Greek (and Latin, of course) typefaces are:
<!--This section should be absorbed into the Monospace/Serif/Sans-Serif structure-->
 
*{{AUR|ttf-google-webfonts}} - a huge collection of free fonts (including ubuntu, inconsolata, droid, etc.) - Note: Your font dialog might get very long as >100 fonts will be added
 
*{{Pkg|ttf-mph-2b-damase}} - Covers full plane 1 and several scripts
 
*{{AUR|ttf-symbola}} - Provides emoji and many many other symbols.
 
*{{AUR|ttf-sil-fonts}} - Gentium, Charis, Doulos, Andika and Abyssinica from SIL ''(AUR)''
 
*{{Pkg|font-bh-ttf}} - X.Org Luxi fonts
 
*{{Pkg|ttf-cheapskate}} - Font collection from ''dustismo.com''
 
*{{Pkg|ttf-isabella}} - Calligraphic font based on the ''Isabella Breviary'' of 1497
 
*{{Pkg|ttf-junicode}} - Junius font containing almost complete medieval latin script glyphs
 
*arkpandorafonts {{AUR|ttf-arkpandora}} — Alternative to Arial and Times New Roman fonts
 
*{{Pkg|xorg-fonts-type1}} — IBM Courier and Adobe Utopia sets of [[Wikipedia:PostScript fonts|PostScript fonts]]
 
  
==Console fonts==
+
* {{AUR|otf-gfs}} - Selection of OpenType fonts from the Greek Font Society
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-mgopen}} - Professional TrueType fonts from Magenta
  
The console, meaning a terminal running with no ''X'' Window System, uses the ASCII character set as the default. This font and the keymap used are easily changed.
+
==== Hebrew ====
  
A console font is limited to either 256 or 512 characters. The fonts are found in {{ic|/usr/share/kbd/consolefonts/}}.
+
* {{AUR|opensiddur-hebrew-fonts}} - Large collection of Open-source licensed Hebrew fonts
 +
* {{AUR|culmus}} - Nice collection of free Hebrew fonts
  
''Keymaps, ''the connection between the key pressed and the character used by the computer, are found in the subdirectories of {{ic|/usr/share/kbd/keymaps/}}.
+
==== Indic ====
  
=== Previewing and testing ===
+
{{Move|Localization/Indic#Fonts|It makes sense to group language-specific things together.|section=Move CJK and Indic fonts to Localization subpages}}
  
An organized library of images for previewing is available at http://alexandre.deverteuil.net/consolefonts/consolefonts.html.
+
* {{Pkg|ttf-freebanglafont}} - Font for Bangla
 +
* {{Pkg|ttf-indic-otf}} - Indic OpenType Fonts collection (containing ttf-freebanglafont), provides the character [http://www.fileformat.info/info/unicode/char/ca0/index.htm U+0CA0] "ಠ"
 +
* {{AUR|lohit-fonts}} - Indic TrueType fonts from Fedora Project (containing Oriya Fonts and more)
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-devanagarifonts}} - Devanagari TrueType fonts (contains 283 fonts)
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-gurmukhi-fonts_sikhnet}} - TrueType Gurmukhi fonts (gurbaniwebthick,prabhki)
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-gurmukhi_punjabi}} - TTF Gurmukhi / Punjabi (contains 252 fonts)
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-gujrati-fonts}} - TTF Gujarati fonts (Avantika,Gopika,Shree768)
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-kannada-font}} - Kannada, the language of Karnataka state in India
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-lklug}} - Sinhala Unicode font
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-tamil}} - Tamil Unicode fonts
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-urdufonts}} - Urdu fonts (Jameel Noori Nastaleeq (+kasheeda), Nafees Web Naskh, PDMS Saleem Quran Font) and font configuration to set Jameel Noori Nastaleeq as default font for Urdu
 +
* {{AUR|fonts-smc-malayalam}} - Malayalam Unicode Fonts released by 'Swathanthra Malayalam Computing' (contains 11 fonts).
  
Moreover, the user can use {{ic|setfont}} to temporarily change the font and be able to consider its use as the default. The available ''glyphs ''or letters in the font can also be viewed as a table with the command {{ic|showconsolefont}}.
+
==== Khmer ====
  
If the newly changed font is not suitable, a return to the default font is done by issuing the command {{ic|setfont}} without any arguments. If the console display is totally unreadable, this command will still work—the user just types in {{ic|setfont}} while "working blind."
+
* {{Pkg|ttf-khmer}} - Font covering glyphs for Khmer language
 +
* [https://www.google.com/fonts/specimen/Hanuman Hanuman] ({{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-git}})
  
Note that {{ic|setfont}} only works on the console currently being used. Any other consoles, active or inactive, remain unaffected.
+
==== Mongolic and Tungusic ====
  
==== Examples ====
+
* {{AUR|ttf-abkai}} - Fonts for Sibe, Manchu and Daur scripts (incomplete, currently in development)
  
Change the font. This example is distinctive:
+
==== Persian ====
$ setfont /usr/share/kbd/consolefonts/gr737b-9x16-medieval.psfu.gz
 
  
Or change the font to one with 512 glyphs and set the keymap to ''ISO 8859-5'' using the {{ic|-m}} option:
+
* {{AUR|persian-fonts}} - Meta package for installing all Persian fonts in AUR.
$ setfont /usr/share/kbd/consolefonts/LatArCyrHeb-16.psfu.gz -m 8859-5
+
* {{AUR|borna-fonts}} - Borna Rayaneh Co. Persian B font series.
 +
* {{AUR|iran-nastaliq-fonts}} - A free Unicode calligraphic Persian font.
 +
* {{AUR|iranian-fonts}} - Iranian-Sans and Iranian-Serif Persian font family.
 +
* {{AUR|ir-standard-fonts}} - Iran Supreme Council of Information and Communication Technology (SCICT) standard Persian fonts.
 +
* {{AUR|persian-hm-ftx-fonts}} - A Persian font series derived from X Series 2, Metafont and FarsiTeX fonts with Kashida feature.
 +
* {{AUR|persian-hm-xs2-fonts}} - A Persian font series derived from X Series 2 fonts with Kashida feature.
 +
* {{AUR|sina-fonts}} - Sina Pardazesh Co. Persian font series.
 +
* {{AUR|gandom-fonts}}, {{AUR|parastoo-fonts}}, {{AUR|sahel-fonts}}, {{AUR|samim-fonts}}, {{AUR|shabnam-fonts}}, {{AUR|tanha-fonts}}, {{AUR|vazir-fonts}}, {{AUR|vazir-code-fonts}} - Beautiful Persian fonts made by Ali Rasti Kerdar.
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-yas}} - The Yas Persian font series (with '''hollow zero''').
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-x2}} - Free fonts with support for Persian, Arabic, Urdu, Pashto, Dari, Uzbek, Kurdish, Uighur, old Turkish (Ottoman) and modern Turkish (Roman).
  
Then issue commands that send text to the display, perhaps view a ''manpage'' and try ''vi'' or ''nano'', and view the table of glyphs with the command, {{ic|showconsolefont}}.
+
==== Tai–Kadai ====
  
Return to the default font with:
+
* {{Pkg|fonts-tlwg}} - Collection of scalable Thai fonts
$ setfont
+
* {{AUR|ttf-lao}} - Lao TTF font (Phetsarath_OT)
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-lao-fonts}} - Lao TTF fonts, both Unicode and non-Unicode for Windows
  
=== Changing the default font ===
+
==== Tibeto-Burman ====
  
To change the default font, the {{ic|FONT<nowiki>=</nowiki>}} and {{ic|FONT_MAP<nowiki>=</nowiki>}} settings in {{ic|/etc/vconsole.conf}} (this file may need to be created) must be altered. Again, the fonts can be found in {{ic|/usr/share/kbd/consolefonts/}} directory and keymaps can be found in the subdirectories of {{ic|/usr/share/kbd/keymaps/}}.
+
* {{Pkg|ttf-tibetan-machine}} - Tibetan Machine TTFont
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-myanmar-fonts}} - 121 Fonts from myordbok.com
  
==== Examples ====
+
=== Emoji and symbols ===
For displaying characters such as ''Č, ž, đ, š'' or ''Ł, ę, ą, ś'' using the font {{ic|lat2-16.psfu.gz}}:
 
CONSOLEFONT="lat2-16"
 
It means that second part of ISO/IEC 8859 characters are used with size 16. You can change font size using other values like lat2-08...16. For the regions determined by 8859 specification, look at the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISO/IEC_8859#The_Parts_of_ISO.2FIEC_8859 Wikipedia]. You can use a Terminus font which is recommended if you work a lot in console without X server. ter-216b for example is latin-2 part, size 16, bold. ter-216n is the same but normal weight. Terminus fonts have sizes up to 32.
 
  
Now, set the proper keymap, for lat2-16 it will be:
+
A section of the Unicode standard is designated for pictographic characters called "emoji".
CONSOLEMAP="8859-2"
 
  
To use the specified font in early userspace, that is, early in the bootup process, add the {{ic|consolefont}} hook to {{ic|/etc/mkinitcpio.conf}}:
+
* {{Pkg|noto-fonts-emoji}} - Google's own emoji font, like on Android or Google Hangouts.
HOOKS="base udev autodetect pata scsi sata filesystems '''consolefont''' '''keymap'''"
+
* {{AUR|ttf-symbola}} - provides many Unicode symbols, including emoji, in outline style.
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-emojione}} - Official colorful EmojiOne font.
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-emojione-color}} - a color and B&W emoji SVGinOT font built from EmojiOne.
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-twemoji-color}} - Twitter's open-sourced emoji glyphs.
  
Then rebuild the image:
+
[[wikipedia:Emoticon#Japanese_style|Kaomoji]] are sometimes referred to as "Japanese emoticons" and are composed of characters from various character sets, including CJK and Indic fonts. For example, the following set of packages covers most of existing kaomoji: {{Pkg|ttf-freefont}}, {{Pkg|ttf-arphic-uming}}, and {{Pkg|ttf-indic-otf}}.
# mkinitcpio -p linux
 
  
{{Note|The above steps must be repeated for each kernel if more than one kernel package is installed.}}
+
=== Math ===
  
See [[Mkinitcpio#HOOKS]] for more information.
+
* {{Pkg|font-mathematica}} - Mathematica fonts by Wolfram Research, Inc.
 +
* {{Pkg|texlive-core}} and {{Pkg|texlive-fontsextra}} contain many math fonts such as Latin Modern Math and [[Wikipedia:STIX Fonts project|STIX Fonts]]. See [[TeX Live#Making fonts available to Fontconfig]] for configuration.
 +
* {{AUR|otf-stix}} - A standalone, more recent version of STIX
 +
* {{Pkg|otf-latin-modern}}, {{Pkg|otf-latinmodern-math}} - Improved version of Computer Modern fonts as used in LaTeX
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-computer-modern-fonts}}, {{AUR|otf-cm-unicode}} - [[wikipedia:Computer Modern|Computer Modern]] (of TeX fame)
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-mathtype}} - MathType fonts
  
==== Boot Error ====
+
=== Other operating system fonts ===
  
If "Loading Console Font" fails at boot time, this is probably because you didn't choose a valid font during your Arch Linux install.
+
* {{AUR|ttf-mac-fonts}} - Apple MacOS TrueType fonts
  
To get rid of this message, simply empty the {{ic|CONSOLEFONT}} variable in {{ic|/etc/rc.conf}}. It will fallback on default font at boot.
+
See [[Metric-compatible fonts]], which lists available alternatives for [[Microsoft fonts]].
  
 
== Fallback font order with X11 ==
 
== Fallback font order with X11 ==
Fontconfig automatically chooses a font that matches the current requirement. That is to say, if one is looking at a window containing English and Chinese for example, it will switch to another font for the Chinese text if the default one doesn't support it.
 
  
Fontconfig lets every user configure the order they want via {{ic|~/.fonts.conf}}.
+
Fontconfig automatically chooses a font that matches the current requirement. That is to say, if one is looking at a window containing English and Chinese for example, it will switch to another font for the Chinese text if the default one does not support it.
 +
 
 +
Fontconfig lets every user configure the order they want via {{ic|$XDG_CONFIG_HOME/fontconfig/fonts.conf}}.
 
If you want a particular Chinese font to be selected after your favorite Serif font, your file would look like this:
 
If you want a particular Chinese font to be selected after your favorite Serif font, your file would look like this:
  <?xml version="1.0"?><!DOCTYPE fontconfig SYSTEM "fonts.dtd">
+
 
 +
  <?xml version="1.0"?>
 +
<!DOCTYPE fontconfig SYSTEM "fonts.dtd">
 
  <fontconfig>
 
  <fontconfig>
 
  <alias>
 
  <alias>
Line 426: Line 450:
 
  </fontconfig>
 
  </fontconfig>
  
You can add a section for Sans-serif and monospaced as well. For more informations, have a look at the fontconfig manual.
+
{{Tip|If you use a Chinese locale, set {{ic|LC_LANG}} to {{ic|und}} to make this work. Otherwise both English and Chinese text will be rendered in the Chinese font.}}
 +
 
 +
You can add a section for sans-serif and monospace as well. For more information, have a look at the fontconfig manual.
 +
 
 +
See also [[Font configuration#Replace or set default fonts]].
  
 
== Font alias ==
 
== Font alias ==
In Linux there are several fonts that are aliases to other fonts so that programs will be using similar fonts. The most common ones are {{ic|sans}} for a font of the sans type, {{ic|sans-serif}} for a font of the sans-serif type and {{ic|monospace}} for a monospaced font. However which fonts these are aliased to may vary and often doesn't show in font management tools like those found in KDE and other desktop environments.
 
  
To reverse the alias and find which fonts the aliases are representing run:
+
There are several font aliases which represent other fonts in order that applications may use similar fonts. The most common aliases are: {{ic|serif}} for a font of the serif type (e.g. DejaVu Serif); {{ic|sans-serif}} for a font of the sans-serif type (e.g. DejaVu Sans); and {{ic|monospace}} for a monospaced font (e.g. DejaVu Sans Mono). However, the fonts which these aliases represent may vary and the relationship is often not shown in font management tools, such as those found in [[KDE]] and other [[desktop environments]].
fc-match monospace
+
 
VeraMono.ttf: "Bitstream Vera Sans Mono" "Roman"
+
To reverse an alias and find which font it is representing, run:
Where in this case VeraMono.ttf would be the font monospace is aliased as.
+
 
 +
{{hc|$ fc-match monospace|
 +
DejaVuSansMono.ttf: "DejaVu Sans Mono" "Book"
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
In this case, {{ic|DejaVuSansMono.ttf}} is the font represented by the monospace alias.
 +
 
 +
== Tips and tricks ==
 +
 
 +
=== List all installed fonts ===
 +
 
 +
You can use the following command to list all installed Fontconfig fonts that are available on your system.
 +
 
 +
$ fc-list
 +
 
 +
=== Lists installed fonts for a particular language ===
 +
 
 +
Applications and browsers select and display fonts depending upon fontconfig preferences and available font glyph for Unicode text. To list installed fonts for a particular language, issue a command {{ic|<nowiki>fc-list :lang="two letter language code"</nowiki>}}. For instance, to list installed Arabic fonts or fonts supporting Arabic glyph:
 +
{{hc|$ fc-list -f '%{file}\n' :lang&#61;ar|2=
 +
<nowiki>
 +
/usr/share/fonts/TTF/FreeMono.ttf
 +
/usr/share/fonts/TTF/DejaVuSansCondensed.ttf
 +
/usr/share/fonts/truetype/custom/DroidKufi-Bold.ttf
 +
/usr/share/fonts/TTF/DejaVuSansMono.ttf
 +
/usr/share/fonts/TTF/FreeSerif.ttf
 +
</nowiki>
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
=== Set terminal font on-the-fly ===
 +
 
 +
{{Expansion|Which terminals specifically support this method? Where is the documentation for the escape codes?}}
 +
 
 +
For terminal emulators that use {{ic|Xresources}}, fonts can be set by using escape sequences. Specifically, {{ic|echo -e "\033]710;$font\007"}} to change the normal font ({{ic|*font}} in {{ic|~/.Xresources}}), and replace {{ic|710}} with {{ic|711}}, {{ic|712}}, and {{ic|713}} to change the {{ic|*boldFont}}, {{ic|*italicFont}}, and {{ic|*boldItalicFont}}, respectively.
 +
 
 +
{{ic|$font}} uses the same syntax as in {{ic|~/.Xresources}} and can be anything the terminal emulator will support. (Example: {{ic|1=xft:dejavu sans mono:size=9}})
 +
 
 +
=== Application-specific font cache ===
 +
 
 +
Matplotlib ({{pkg|python-matplotlib}} or {{pkg|python2-matplotlib}}) uses its own font cache, so after updating fonts, be sure to remove {{ic|~/.matplotlib/fontList.cache}},
 +
{{ic|~/.cache/matplotlib/fontList.cache}}, {{ic|~/.sage/matplotlib-1.2.1/fontList.cache}}, etc. so it will regenerate its cache and find the new fonts [http://matplotlib.1069221.n5.nabble.com/getting-matplotlib-to-recognize-a-new-font-td40500.html].
 +
 
 +
== See also ==
 +
 
 +
* [http://behdad.org/text/ State of Text Rendering]
 +
* [https://fontlibrary.org/en Font Library] - Fonts under Free licenses
 +
* [https://screenshots.debian.net/packages?search=fonts&show=with Fonts on screenshots.debian.net]

Latest revision as of 15:01, 14 October 2018

From Wikipedia:Computer font: "A computer font (or font) is an electronic data file containing a set of glyphs, characters, or symbols such as dingbats."

Note that certain font licenses may impose some legal limitations.

Font formats

Most computer fonts used today are in either bitmap or outline data formats.

Bitmap fonts
Consist of a matrix of dots or pixels representing the image of each glyph in each face and size.
Outline or vector fonts
Use Bézier curves, drawing instructions and mathematical formulae to describe each glyph, which make the character outlines scalable to any size.

Bitmap formats

These formats can also be gzipped. See #Bitmap for the available bitmap fonts.

Outline formats

  • PostScript fonts by Adobe – has various formats, e.g: Printer Font ASCII (PFA) and Printer Font Binary (PFB)
  • TrueType by Apple and Microsoft (file extension: ttf)
  • OpenType by Microsoft, built on TrueType (file extensions: otf, ttf)

For most purposes, the technical differences between TrueType and OpenType can be ignored.

Other formats

The typesetting application, TeX, and its companion font software, Metafont, render characters using their own methods. Some of the file extensions used for fonts by these two programs are *pk, *gf, mf and vf.

FontForge (fontforge), a font editing application, can store fonts in its native text-based format, sfd, spline font database.

The SVG format also has its own font description method.

Installation

There are various methods for installing fonts.

Pacman

Fonts and font collections in the enabled repositories can be installed using pacman.

Available fonts may be found by querying packages (e.g. for font or ttf).

Creating a package

You should give pacman the ability to manage your fonts, which is done by creating an Arch package. These can also be shared with the community in the AUR. The packages to install fonts are particularly similar; simply taking an existing package as template should work well. To learn about how to modify it for your font, please refer to Creating packages.

The family name of a font file can be aquired with the use of fc-query for example: fc-query -f '%{family[0]}\n' /path/to/file. The formatting is described in the FcPatternFormat(3) manual.

Manual installation

The recommended way of adding fonts that are not in the repositories to your system is described in #Creating a package. This gives pacman the ability to remove or update them at a later time. Fonts can alternately be installed manually as well.

To install fonts system-wide (available for all users), move the folder to the /usr/share/fonts/ directory. The files need to be readable by every user, use chmod to set the correct permissions (i.e. at least 0444 for files and 0555 for directories). To install fonts for only a single user, use ~/.local/share/fonts (~/.fonts/ is now deprecated).

For Xserver to load fonts directly (as opposed to the use of a font server) the directory for your newly added font must be added with a FontPath entry. This entry is located in the Files section of your Xorg configuration file (e.g. /etc/X11/xorg.conf or /etc/xorg.conf). See #Older applications for more detail.

Then update the fontconfig font cache: (usually unnecessary as software using the fontconfig library does this)

$ fc-cache

Older applications

With older applications that do not support fontconfig (e.g. GTK+ 1.x applications, and xfontsel) the index will need to be created in the font directory:

$ mkfontscale
$ mkfontdir

Or to include more than one folder with one command:

$ for dir in /font/dir1/ /font/dir2/; do xset +fp $dir; done && xset fp rehash

Or if fonts were installed in a different sub-folders under the e.g. /usr/share/fonts:

$ for dir in * ; do if [  -d  "$dir"  ]; then cd "$dir";xset +fp "$PWD" ;mkfontscale; mkfontdir;cd .. ;fi; done && xset fp rehash

At times the X server may fail to load the fonts directory and you will need to rescan all the fonts.dir files:

# xset +fp /usr/share/fonts/misc # Inform the X server of new directories
# xset fp rehash                # Forces a new rescan

To check that the font(s) is included:

$ xlsfonts | grep fontname
Note: Many packages will automatically configure Xorg to use the font upon installation. If that is the case with your font, this step is not necessary.

This can also be set globally in /etc/X11/xorg.conf or /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d.

Here is an example of the section that must be added to /etc/X11/xorg.conf. Add or remove paths based on your particular font requirements.

# Let X.Org know about the custom font directories
Section "Files"
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/100dpi"
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/75dpi"
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/cantarell"
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/cyrillic"
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/encodings"
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/misc"
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/truetype"
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/TTF"
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/util"
EndSection

Pango Warnings

When Pango is in use on your system it will read from fontconfig to sort out where to source fonts.

(process:5741): Pango-WARNING **: failed to choose a font, expect ugly output. engine-type='PangoRenderFc', script='common'
(process:5741): Pango-WARNING **: failed to choose a font, expect ugly output. engine-type='PangoRenderFc', script='latin'

If you are seeing errors similar to this and/or seeing blocks instead of characters in your application then you need to add fonts and update the font cache. This example uses the ttf-liberation fonts to illustrate the solution (after successful installation of the package) and runs as root to enable them system-wide.

# fc-cache
/usr/share/fonts: caching, new cache contents: 0 fonts, 3 dirs
/usr/share/fonts/TTF: caching, new cache contents: 16 fonts, 0 dirs
/usr/share/fonts/encodings: caching, new cache contents: 0 fonts, 1 dirs
/usr/share/fonts/encodings/large: caching, new cache contents: 0 fonts, 0 dirs
/usr/share/fonts/util: caching, new cache contents: 0 fonts, 0 dirs
/var/cache/fontconfig: cleaning cache directory
fc-cache: succeeded

You can test for a default font being set like so:

# fc-match
LiberationMono-Regular.ttf: "Liberation Mono" "Regular"

Font packages

This is a selective list that includes many font packages from the AUR along with those in the official repositories. Fonts are tagged "Unicode" if they have wide Unicode support, see the project or Wikipedia pages for detail.

The Archfonts Python script can be used to generate an overview of all the TTF fonts found in the official repositories / the AUR (the image generation is done using ttf2pngAUR).

Bitmap

Latin script

Families

Legacy Microsoft font packages:

  • Microsoft fonts (ttf-ms-fontsAUR) – Andalé Mono, Courier New, Arial, Arial Black, Comic Sans, Impact, Lucida Sans, Microsoft Sans Serif, Trebuchet, Verdana, Georgia, Times New Roman
  • Vista fonts (ttf-vista-fontsAUR) – Consolas, Calibri, Candara, Corbel, Cambria, Constantia

Monospaced

For more monospaced fonts see #Bitmap and #Families.

Relevant websites:

Sans-serif

Serif

Unsorted

Tango-edit-clear.pngThis article or section needs language, wiki syntax or style improvements. See Help:Style for reference.Tango-edit-clear.png

Reason: This section should be absorbed into the Monospace/Serif/Sans-Serif structure (Discuss in Talk:Fonts#)

Non-latin scripts

Ancient Scripts

  • ttf-ancient-fontsAUR - Font containing Unicode symbols for Aegean, Egyptian, Cuneiform, Anatolian, Maya, and Analecta scripts

Arabic

Braille

Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese

Pan-CJK
  • noto-fonts-cjk - Large collection of fonts which comprehensively support Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, Japanese, and Korean, with a consistent design and look. It is currently a rebadged version of adobe-source-han-sans-otc-fonts.
Chinese

Tango-go-next.pngThis article or section is a candidate for moving to Localization/Chinese#Fonts.Tango-go-next.png

Notes: It makes sense to group language-specific things together. (Discuss in Talk:Fonts#Move CJK and Indic fonts to Localization subpages)
  • noto Chinese fonts
  • wqy fonts
    • wqy-microhei - WenQuanYi Micro Hei font family (also known as Hei, Gothic or Dotum) is a sans-serif style derived from Droid Sans Fallback, it offers high quality CJK outline font and it is extremely compact (~5M).
    • wqy-zenhei - Hei Ti Style (sans-serif) Chinese Outline font embedded with bitmapped Song Ti (also supporting Japanese (partial) and Korean characters).
    • wqy-bitmapfont - Bitmapped Song Ti (serif) Chinese font.
  • Standart fonts of the Republic of China ministry of education in Taiwan
    • ttf-twAUR - Kai and Song traditional Chinese font from the Ministry of Education of Taiwan
    • ttf-twcns-fontsAUR Chinese TrueType fonts by Ministry of Education of Taiwan government, support CNS11643 standard, including Kai and Sung fontface.
  • ttf-i.bmingAUR - CJK serif font that emphasis on an old-style typeface.
Japanese

Tango-go-next.pngThis article or section is a candidate for moving to Localization/Japanese#Fonts.Tango-go-next.png

Notes: It makes sense to group language-specific things together. (Discuss in Talk:Fonts#Move CJK and Indic fonts to Localization subpages)
  • adobe-source-han-sans-jp-fonts - Japanese OpenType/CFF fonts
  • otf-ipafont - Formal style Japanese Gothic (sans-serif) and Mincho (serif) fonts set; one of the highest quality open source font. Default of openSUSE-ja.
  • ttf-hanazono - A free Japanese kanji font, style Mincho (serif).
  • ttf-sazanami - Japanese free TrueType font. This is outdated and not maintained any more, but may be defined as a fallback font on several environments.
  • ttf-koruriAUR - Japanese TrueType font obtained by mixing ttf-mplusAUR and Open Sans
  • ttf-monapoAUR - Japanese fonts to show 2channel Shift JIS art properly.
  • ttf-mplusAUR - Modern Gothic style Japanese outline fonts. It includes all of Japanese Hiragana/Katakana, Basic Latin, Latin-1 Supplement, Latin Extended-A, IPA Extensions and most of Japanese Kanji, Greek, Cyrillic, Vietnamese with 7 weights (proportional) or 5 weights (monospace).
  • ttf-vlgothicAUR - Japanese Gothic fonts. Default of Debian/Fedora/Vine Linux
Korean

Tango-go-next.pngThis article or section is a candidate for moving to Localization/Korean#Fonts.Tango-go-next.png

Notes: It makes sense to group language-specific things together. (Discuss in Talk:Fonts#Move CJK and Indic fonts to Localization subpages)
Vietnamese
  • ttf-hannom - Vietnamese TrueType font for chữ Nôm characters

Cyrillic

See also #Latin script.

  • ttf-paratypeAUR - Font family by ParaType: sans, serif, mono, extended cyrillic and latin, OFL license
  • otf-russkopisAUR - A free OpenType cursive font for Cyrillic script

Greek

Almost all Unicode fonts contain the Greek character set (polytonic included). Some additional font packages, which might not contain the complete Unicode set but utilize high quality Greek (and Latin, of course) typefaces are:

  • otf-gfsAUR - Selection of OpenType fonts from the Greek Font Society
  • ttf-mgopenAUR - Professional TrueType fonts from Magenta

Hebrew

Indic

Tango-go-next.pngThis article or section is a candidate for moving to Localization/Indic#Fonts.Tango-go-next.png

Notes: It makes sense to group language-specific things together. (Discuss in Talk:Fonts#Move CJK and Indic fonts to Localization subpages)
  • ttf-freebanglafont - Font for Bangla
  • ttf-indic-otf - Indic OpenType Fonts collection (containing ttf-freebanglafont), provides the character U+0CA0 "ಠ"
  • lohit-fontsAUR - Indic TrueType fonts from Fedora Project (containing Oriya Fonts and more)
  • ttf-devanagarifontsAUR - Devanagari TrueType fonts (contains 283 fonts)
  • ttf-gurmukhi-fonts_sikhnetAUR - TrueType Gurmukhi fonts (gurbaniwebthick,prabhki)
  • ttf-gurmukhi_punjabiAUR - TTF Gurmukhi / Punjabi (contains 252 fonts)
  • ttf-gujrati-fontsAUR - TTF Gujarati fonts (Avantika,Gopika,Shree768)
  • ttf-kannada-fontAUR - Kannada, the language of Karnataka state in India
  • ttf-lklugAUR - Sinhala Unicode font
  • ttf-tamilAUR - Tamil Unicode fonts
  • ttf-urdufontsAUR - Urdu fonts (Jameel Noori Nastaleeq (+kasheeda), Nafees Web Naskh, PDMS Saleem Quran Font) and font configuration to set Jameel Noori Nastaleeq as default font for Urdu
  • fonts-smc-malayalamAUR - Malayalam Unicode Fonts released by 'Swathanthra Malayalam Computing' (contains 11 fonts).

Khmer

Mongolic and Tungusic

  • ttf-abkaiAUR - Fonts for Sibe, Manchu and Daur scripts (incomplete, currently in development)

Persian

Tai–Kadai

  • fonts-tlwg - Collection of scalable Thai fonts
  • ttf-laoAUR - Lao TTF font (Phetsarath_OT)
  • ttf-lao-fontsAUR - Lao TTF fonts, both Unicode and non-Unicode for Windows

Tibeto-Burman

Emoji and symbols

A section of the Unicode standard is designated for pictographic characters called "emoji".

Kaomoji are sometimes referred to as "Japanese emoticons" and are composed of characters from various character sets, including CJK and Indic fonts. For example, the following set of packages covers most of existing kaomoji: ttf-freefont, ttf-arphic-uming, and ttf-indic-otf.

Math

Other operating system fonts

See Metric-compatible fonts, which lists available alternatives for Microsoft fonts.

Fallback font order with X11

Fontconfig automatically chooses a font that matches the current requirement. That is to say, if one is looking at a window containing English and Chinese for example, it will switch to another font for the Chinese text if the default one does not support it.

Fontconfig lets every user configure the order they want via $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/fontconfig/fonts.conf. If you want a particular Chinese font to be selected after your favorite Serif font, your file would look like this:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<!DOCTYPE fontconfig SYSTEM "fonts.dtd">
<fontconfig>
<alias>
   <family>serif</family>
   <prefer>
     <family>Your favorite Latin Serif font name</family>
     <family>Your Chinese font name</family>
   </prefer>
 </alias>
</fontconfig>
Tip: If you use a Chinese locale, set LC_LANG to und to make this work. Otherwise both English and Chinese text will be rendered in the Chinese font.

You can add a section for sans-serif and monospace as well. For more information, have a look at the fontconfig manual.

See also Font configuration#Replace or set default fonts.

Font alias

There are several font aliases which represent other fonts in order that applications may use similar fonts. The most common aliases are: serif for a font of the serif type (e.g. DejaVu Serif); sans-serif for a font of the sans-serif type (e.g. DejaVu Sans); and monospace for a monospaced font (e.g. DejaVu Sans Mono). However, the fonts which these aliases represent may vary and the relationship is often not shown in font management tools, such as those found in KDE and other desktop environments.

To reverse an alias and find which font it is representing, run:

$ fc-match monospace
DejaVuSansMono.ttf: "DejaVu Sans Mono" "Book"

In this case, DejaVuSansMono.ttf is the font represented by the monospace alias.

Tips and tricks

List all installed fonts

You can use the following command to list all installed Fontconfig fonts that are available on your system.

$ fc-list

Lists installed fonts for a particular language

Applications and browsers select and display fonts depending upon fontconfig preferences and available font glyph for Unicode text. To list installed fonts for a particular language, issue a command fc-list :lang="two letter language code". For instance, to list installed Arabic fonts or fonts supporting Arabic glyph:

$ fc-list -f '%{file}\n' :lang=ar
/usr/share/fonts/TTF/FreeMono.ttf
/usr/share/fonts/TTF/DejaVuSansCondensed.ttf
/usr/share/fonts/truetype/custom/DroidKufi-Bold.ttf
/usr/share/fonts/TTF/DejaVuSansMono.ttf
/usr/share/fonts/TTF/FreeSerif.ttf

Set terminal font on-the-fly

Tango-view-fullscreen.pngThis article or section needs expansion.Tango-view-fullscreen.png

Reason: Which terminals specifically support this method? Where is the documentation for the escape codes? (Discuss in Talk:Fonts#)

For terminal emulators that use Xresources, fonts can be set by using escape sequences. Specifically, echo -e "\033]710;$font\007" to change the normal font (*font in ~/.Xresources), and replace 710 with 711, 712, and 713 to change the *boldFont, *italicFont, and *boldItalicFont, respectively.

$font uses the same syntax as in ~/.Xresources and can be anything the terminal emulator will support. (Example: xft:dejavu sans mono:size=9)

Application-specific font cache

Matplotlib (python-matplotlib or python2-matplotlib) uses its own font cache, so after updating fonts, be sure to remove ~/.matplotlib/fontList.cache, ~/.cache/matplotlib/fontList.cache, ~/.sage/matplotlib-1.2.1/fontList.cache, etc. so it will regenerate its cache and find the new fonts [1].

See also