Difference between revisions of "Fonts"

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[[Category:Fonts]]
 
[[Category:Fonts]]
[[Category:Graphics and desktop publishing]]
 
 
[[cs:Fonts]]
 
[[cs:Fonts]]
 
[[de:Schriftarten]]
 
[[de:Schriftarten]]
 
[[es:Fonts]]
 
[[es:Fonts]]
 
[[it:Fonts]]
 
[[it:Fonts]]
[[ja:Fonts]]
+
[[ja:フォント]]
 
[[ru:Fonts]]
 
[[ru:Fonts]]
 
[[tr:Yazıtipleri]]
 
[[tr:Yazıtipleri]]
 
[[zh-CN:Fonts]]
 
[[zh-CN:Fonts]]
 
[[zh-TW:Fonts]]
 
[[zh-TW:Fonts]]
From [[Wikipedia:Computer font|Wikipedia]]:
+
{{Related articles start}}
:''A computer font (or font) is an electronic data file containing a set of glyphs, characters, or symbols such as dingbats.''
+
{{Related|Font configuration}}
 +
{{Related|Infinality}}
 +
{{Related|Java Runtime Environment Fonts}}
 +
{{Related|Metric-compatible fonts}}
 +
{{Related articles end}}
  
{{Article summary start}}
+
From [[Wikipedia:Computer font|Wikipedia]]: "A computer font (or font) is an electronic data file containing a set of glyphs, characters, or symbols such as dingbats."
{{Article summary text|Covers the selection and installation of fonts on Arch Linux}}
+
 
{{Article summary heading|Legal}}
+
Note that certain font licenses may impose some legal limitations.
{{Article summary text|Certain font licenses may impose some legal limitations}}
+
{{Article summary heading|Related}}
+
{{Article summary wiki|Font Configuration}}: Font setup and beautification
+
{{Article summary wiki|Java Runtime Environment Fonts}}: Fonts specific to Sun's Java machine
+
{{Article summary wiki|MS Fonts}}: Adding Microsoft fonts and mimicking Windows' font settings
+
{{Article summary end}}
+
  
 
== Font formats ==
 
== Font formats ==
Line 54: Line 51:
 
=== Pacman ===
 
=== Pacman ===
  
Fonts and font collections in the enabled repositories can be installed using [[Pacman|pacman]]. Available fonts may be found by using:
+
Fonts and font collections in the enabled repositories can be installed using [[pacman]]. Available fonts may be found by using:
 
  $ pacman -Ss font
 
  $ pacman -Ss font
 +
 
Or to search for {{ic|ttf}} fonts only:
 
Or to search for {{ic|ttf}} fonts only:
 
  $ pacman -Ss ttf
 
  $ pacman -Ss ttf
 
Some fonts like {{pkg|terminus-font}} are installed in {{ic|/usr/share/fonts/local}}, which is not added to the font path by default. By adding the following lines to {{ic|~/.xinitrc}}, the fonts can be used in X11:
 
{{bc|
 
xset +fp /usr/share/fonts/local
 
xset fp rehash
 
}}
 
In case the first command causes the following error
 
{{bc|
 
$ xset +fp /usr/share/fonts/local/
 
xset:  bad font path element (#0), possible causes are:
 
    Directory does not exist or has wrong permissions
 
    Directory missing fonts.dir
 
    Incorrect font server address or syntax
 
}}
 
you'll have to run
 
{{bc|
 
# cd /usr/share/fonts/local;mkfontdir
 
}}
 
  
 
=== Creating a package ===
 
=== Creating a package ===
  
You should give pacman the ability to manage your fonts, which is done by creating an Arch package. These can also be shared with the community in the [[AUR]]. Here is an example of how to create a basic package. To learn more about building packages, read [[PKGBUILD]].
+
You should give pacman the ability to manage your fonts, which is done by creating an Arch package. These can also be shared with the community in the [[AUR]]. Here is an example of how to create a basic package. To learn more about building packages, read [[PKGBUILD]].
  
{{bc|<nowiki>
+
The family name of a font file can be aquired with the use of {{ic|fc-query}} for example: {{ic|fc-query -f '%{family[0]}\n' /path/to/file}}.  The formatting is described in the FcPatternFormat(3) manual.
pkgname=ttf-fontname
+
 
 +
{{hc|PKGBUILD|<nowiki>
 +
pkgname=fontname-fonts
 
pkgver=1.0
 
pkgver=1.0
 
pkgrel=1
 
pkgrel=1
pkgdesc="custom fonts"
+
pkgdesc="Some description"
arch=('any')
+
arch=(any)
depends=('fontconfig' 'xorg-font-utils')
+
depends=(fontconfig xorg-font-utils)
 
source=("http://someurl.org/$pkgname.tar.bz2")
 
source=("http://someurl.org/$pkgname.tar.bz2")
 
install=$pkgname.install
 
install=$pkgname.install
  
 
package() {
 
package() {
   install -d "$pkgdir/usr/share/fonts/TTF"
+
   install -Dm644 $pkgname/font.otf "$pkgdir"/usr/share/fonts/family_name/font.otf
   cp -dpr --no-preserve=ownership "$srcdir/$pkgname/"*.ttf "$pkgdir/usr/share/fonts/TTF/"
+
   install -Dm644 $pkgname/font_bold.otf "$pkgdir"/usr/share/fonts/family_name/font_bold.otf
 
}
 
}
 
</nowiki>}}
 
</nowiki>}}
  
This PKGBUILD assumes the fonts are TrueType.  An install file ({{ic|ttf-fontname.install}}) will also need to be created to update the font cache:
+
{{hc|fontname-fonts.install|<nowiki>
 
+
{{bc|<nowiki>
+
 
post_install() {
 
post_install() {
  echo -n "Updating font cache... "
+
   fc-cache -s
   fc-cache -fs >/dev/null
+
  mkfontscale /usr/share/fonts/TTF /usr/share/fonts/Type1
+
  mkfontdir /usr/share/fonts/TTF /usr/share/fonts/Type1
+
  echo "done"
+
 
}
 
}
  
Line 116: Line 92:
 
}
 
}
 
</nowiki>}}
 
</nowiki>}}
 
For a more convenient package creation from ttf-fonts you can also use {{AUR|makefontpkg}} from the [[AUR]].
 
  
 
=== Manual installation ===
 
=== Manual installation ===
  
The recommended way of adding fonts that are not in the repositories to your system is described in [[#Creating a package]]. This gives pacman the ability to remove or update them at a later time. Fonts can alternately be installed manually as well.
+
The recommended way of adding fonts that are not in the repositories to your system is described in [[#Creating a package]]. This gives pacman the ability to remove or update them at a later time. Fonts can alternately be installed manually as well.
  
To install fonts system-wide (available for all users), move the folder to the {{ic|/usr/share/fonts/}} directory. To install fonts for only a single user, use {{ic|~/.fonts/}} instead.
+
To install fonts system-wide (available for all users), move the folder to the {{ic|/usr/share/fonts/}} directory. The files need to be readable by every user, use [[chmod]] to set the correct permissions (i.e. at least {{ic|0444}} for files and {{ic|0555}} for directories). To install fonts for only a single user, use {{ic|~/.local/share/fonts}} ({{ic|~/.fonts/}} is now deprecated).
  
For Xserver to load fonts directly (as opposed to the use of a ''font server'') the directory for your newly added font must be added with a FontPath entry. This entry is located in the ''Files'' section [[Xorg#Configuration|of your Xorg configuration file]] (e.g. {{ic|/etc/X11/xorg.conf}} or {{ic|/etc/xorg.conf}}). See [[#Fonts with X.Org]] for more detail.
+
For Xserver to load fonts directly (as opposed to the use of a ''font server'') the directory for your newly added font must be added with a FontPath entry. This entry is located in the ''Files'' section [[Xorg#Configuration|of your Xorg configuration file]] (e.g. {{ic|/etc/X11/xorg.conf}} or {{ic|/etc/xorg.conf}}). See [[#Older applications]] for more detail.
  
Then update the fontconfig font cache:
+
Then update the fontconfig font cache: (usually unnecessary as software using the fontconfig library do this.)
  
  $ fc-cache -vf
+
  $ fc-cache
 
+
=== Manual installation: advanced method ===
+
 
+
Manual installation and maintenance of your font resources may be especially useful if your collection is more specialized, e.g. if you use commercial fonts,
+
if you use fonts in different formats, if you often install and remove font files, or if you just feel you need more control and better access than offered by
+
the package manager. There are numerous benefits to such an approach:
+
 
+
* You can avoid installation of multiple copies of the same family in different versions and formats (one of the most common reasons for rendering issues).
+
* You can use multiple and non-standard physical sources of font files (e.g. an additional hard drive, a separate partition).
+
* You can avoid relying on huge and cryptic local font sources which possibly contain 5 families you need and 55 you don't need (TeX Live & {{ic|09-texlive-fonts.conf}}, random font collections from the AUR, etc).
+
* You can avoid rendering issues because your fontconfig settings were tuned to a different format but the one installed in your system.
+
* You can quickly verify which families in which format(s) are present in the system and available for applications by visually inspecting the content of the main font directory (as a result, you don't need sophisticated and heavy-on-resources font management applications: {{Pkg|gtk2fontsel}} and basic CLI tools like {{ic|fc-query}} from {{Pkg|fontconfig}} package will do the job even better and faster).
+
* When you install or upgrade a single font, the same version will be available for all applications, including LaTeX related software.
+
* If necessary, you can quickly enable / disable a particular family because you know where exactly it can be found (useful for debugging).
+
* You don't need to worry about redundant {{ic|/etc/fonts/conf.avail/nn-foo.conf}} fontconfig files, potentially conflicting with your rendering settings (especially when you are using a [[Font_Configuration#Patched_packages|customized font configuration and patched libraries]]).
+
* In the long run, you save time needed to resolve issues and eliminate conflicts caused by careless use of the package manager.
+
 
+
In practical terms, there are at least a few ways to achieve this, which, if necessary, can be adopted by any package manager. The one described below has
+
proven to be very efficient and secure even with large font collections.
+
 
+
* We are going to separate font source locations (e.g. {{ic|/usr/share/fonts.avail}}: this is where our fonts will be stored) from a directory containing symbolic links to the families in use ({{ic|/usr/share/fonts}}).
+
 
+
* Each family is going to be located in a separate, clearly named subdirectory. The naming convention should be consistent and unambiguous, for instance:
+
 
+
{{bc|<nowiki>
+
<ttf|otf|t1>-<optional_global_group_or_foundry_name>-<font_family_name>
+
</nowiki>}}
+
 
+
This way the content of the source directory will look like this:
+
 
+
{{bc|<nowiki>
+
$ ls /usr/share/fonts.avail
+
 
+
/usr/share/fonts.avail/otf-heuristica
+
/usr/share/fonts.avail/ttf-liberation
+
/usr/share/fonts.avail/ttf-ms-arial
+
...
+
</nowiki>}}
+
 
+
* We are not going to touch TeX Live font directories to avoid issues with LaTeX software. Instead, since we can use multiple locations, we will create symlinks in {{ic|/usr/share/fonts}}, giving applications access to particular families:
+
 
+
{{bc|<nowiki>
+
# cd /usr/share/fonts
+
# ln -s ../fonts.avail/otf-heuristica .
+
# ln -s /opt/texlive/texmf-dist/fonts/truetype/public/opensans ttf-texlive-open.sans
+
</nowiki>}}
+
 
+
The result:
+
 
+
{{bc|<nowiki>
+
$ ls /usr/share/fonts
+
 
+
ttf-liberation        -> ..fonts.avail/ttf-liberation
+
ttf-ms-arial          -> ..fonts.avail/ttf-ms-arial
+
otf-heuristica        -> ..fonts.avail/otf-heuristica
+
otf-texlive-tex.gyre  -> /opt/texlive/texmf-dist/fonts/opentype/public/tex-gyre
+
ttf-texlive-open.sans -> /opt/texlive/texmf-dist/fonts/truetype/public/opensans
+
...
+
</nowiki>}}
+
 
+
Finally, you may want to run the usual:
+
 
+
{{bc|<nowiki>
+
# fc-cache && mkfontscale && mkfontdir
+
</nowiki>}}
+
 
+
A similar approach can be found in [[TeX_Live|TeX Live]] Wiki article, but it's way simpler and describes a per-user scenario rather than a global implementation.
+
  
 
=== Older applications ===
 
=== Older applications ===
Line 208: Line 115:
  
 
  $ for dir in /font/dir1/ /font/dir2/; do xset +fp $dir; done && xset fp rehash
 
  $ for dir in /font/dir1/ /font/dir2/; do xset +fp $dir; done && xset fp rehash
 +
 +
Or if fonts were installed in a different sub-folders under the e.g. {{ic|/usr/share/fonts}}:
 +
 +
$ for dir in * ; do if [  -d  "$dir"  ]; then cd "$dir";xset +fp "$PWD" ;mkfontscale; mkfontdir;cd .. ;fi; done && xset fp rehash
  
 
At times the X server may fail to load the fonts directory and you will need to rescan all the {{ic|fonts.dir}} files:
 
At times the X server may fail to load the fonts directory and you will need to rescan all the {{ic|fonts.dir}} files:
Line 217: Line 128:
  
 
  $ xlsfonts | grep fontname
 
  $ xlsfonts | grep fontname
 +
 +
{{note|Many packages will automatically configure Xorg to use the font upon installation. If that is the case with your font, this step is not necessary.}}
 +
 +
This can also be set globally in {{ic|/etc/X11/xorg.conf}} or {{ic|/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d}}.
 +
 +
Here is an example of the section that must be added to {{ic|/etc/X11/xorg.conf}}. Add or remove paths based on your particular font requirements.
 +
 +
# Let X.Org know about the custom font directories
 +
Section "Files"
 +
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/100dpi"
 +
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/75dpi"
 +
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/cantarell"
 +
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/cyrillic"
 +
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/encodings"
 +
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/misc"
 +
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/truetype"
 +
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/TTF"
 +
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/util"
 +
EndSection
  
 
=== Pango Warnings ===
 
=== Pango Warnings ===
 +
 
When [http://www.pango.org/ Pango] is in use on your system it will read from [http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/fontconfig fontconfig] to sort out where to source fonts.
 
When [http://www.pango.org/ Pango] is in use on your system it will read from [http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/fontconfig fontconfig] to sort out where to source fonts.
  
Line 224: Line 155:
 
  (process:5741): Pango-WARNING **: failed to choose a font, expect ugly output. engine-type='PangoRenderFc', script='latin'
 
  (process:5741): Pango-WARNING **: failed to choose a font, expect ugly output. engine-type='PangoRenderFc', script='latin'
  
If you are seeing errors similar to this and/or seeing blocks instead of characters in your application then you need to add fonts and update the font cache. This example uses the {{Pkg|ttf-liberation}} fonts to illustrate the solution and runs as root to enable them system-wide.
+
If you are seeing errors similar to this and/or seeing blocks instead of characters in your application then you need to add fonts and update the font cache. This example uses the {{Pkg|ttf-liberation}} fonts to illustrate the solution (after successful installation of the package) and runs as root to enable them system-wide.
 
+
# pacman -S ttf-liberation
+
  -- output abbreviated, assumes installation succeeded --
+
 
   
 
   
  # fc-cache -vfs
+
  # fc-cache
 
  /usr/share/fonts: caching, new cache contents: 0 fonts, 3 dirs
 
  /usr/share/fonts: caching, new cache contents: 0 fonts, 3 dirs
 
  /usr/share/fonts/TTF: caching, new cache contents: 16 fonts, 0 dirs
 
  /usr/share/fonts/TTF: caching, new cache contents: 16 fonts, 0 dirs
Line 235: Line 163:
 
  /usr/share/fonts/encodings/large: caching, new cache contents: 0 fonts, 0 dirs
 
  /usr/share/fonts/encodings/large: caching, new cache contents: 0 fonts, 0 dirs
 
  /usr/share/fonts/util: caching, new cache contents: 0 fonts, 0 dirs
 
  /usr/share/fonts/util: caching, new cache contents: 0 fonts, 0 dirs
  /var/cache/fontconfig: cleaning cache directory  
+
  /var/cache/fontconfig: cleaning cache directory
 
  fc-cache: succeeded
 
  fc-cache: succeeded
  
Line 243: Line 171:
 
  LiberationMono-Regular.ttf: "Liberation Mono" "Regular"
 
  LiberationMono-Regular.ttf: "Liberation Mono" "Regular"
  
=== Fonts with X.Org ===
+
== Console fonts ==
  
In order for [[Xorg]] to find and use your newly installed fonts, you must add the font paths to {{ic|/etc/X11/xorg.conf}} (another X.Org configuration file may work too).
+
{{Note|This section is about the [[Wikipedia:Linux console|Linux console]]. For alternative console solutions offering more features (full Unicode fonts, modern graphics adapters etc.), see [[fbterm]], [[KMSCON]] or similar projects.}}
  
Here is an example of the section that must be added to {{ic|/etc/X11/xorg.conf}}. Add or remove paths based on your particular font requirements.
+
By default, the [[Wikipedia:Virtual console|virtual console]] uses the kernel built-in font with a [[Wikipedia:CP437|CP437]] character set,<sup>[https://git.kernel.org/cgit/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git/tree/drivers/tty/vt/Makefile#n4]</sup> but this can be easily changed.
# Let X.Org know about the custom font directories
+
Section "Files"
+
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/100dpi"
+
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/75dpi"
+
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/cantarell"
+
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/cyrillic"
+
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/encodings"
+
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/local"
+
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/misc"
+
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/truetype"
+
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/TTF"
+
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/util"
+
EndSection
+
  
==Console fonts==
+
The [[Wikipedia:Linux console|Linux console]] uses UTF-8 encoding by default, but because the standard VGA-compatible framebuffer is used, a console font is limited to either a standard 256, or 512 glyphs. If the font has more than 256 glyphs, the number of colours is reduced from 16 to 8. In order to assign correct symbol to be displayed to the given Unicode value, a special translation map, often called ''unimap'', is needed. Nowadays most of the console fonts have the ''unimap'' built-in, historically it had to be loaded separately.
  
The [[Wikipedia:Virtual console|virtual console]] uses the kernel built-in font and ASCII character set by default, but both can be easily changed.
+
The {{Pkg|kbd}} package provides tools to change virtual console font and font mapping. Available fonts are saved in the {{ic|/usr/share/kbd/consolefonts/}} directory, those ending with ''.psfu'' or ''.psfu.gz'' have a Unicode translation map built-in.
  
A console font is limited to either 256 or 512 characters. Available fonts are saved in {{ic|/usr/share/kbd/consolefonts/}} directory.
+
Keymaps, the connection between the key pressed and the character used by the computer, are found in the subdirectories of {{ic|/usr/share/kbd/keymaps/}}, see [[Keyboard configuration in console]] for details.
  
Keymaps, the connection between the key pressed and the character used by the computer, are found in the subdirectories of {{ic|/usr/share/kbd/keymaps/}}.
+
{{Note|Replacing the font can cause issues with programs that expect a standard VGA-style font, such as those using line drawing graphics.}}
  
 
=== Previewing and testing ===
 
=== Previewing and testing ===
  
{{Tip|An organized library of images for previewing is available: [http://alexandre.deverteuil.net/consolefonts/consolefonts.html Linux console fonts screenshots].}}
+
{{Tip|An organized library of images for previewing is available: [http://alexandre.deverteuil.net/pages/consolefonts/ Linux console fonts screenshots].}}
  
 
The available glyphs or letters in the font can also be viewed as a table with using ''showconsolefont'':
 
The available glyphs or letters in the font can also be viewed as a table with using ''showconsolefont'':
Line 278: Line 193:
 
  $ showconsolefont
 
  $ showconsolefont
  
The ''setfont'' utility may be used to temporarily change the font, so that the user can consider its use as the default. Just pass the name of the font (they are located in {{ic|/usr/share/kbd/consolefonts/}}):
+
The ''setfont'' utility may be used to temporarily change the font, so that the user can consider its permanent use. Just pass the name of the font (they are located in {{ic|/usr/share/kbd/consolefonts/}}). For example:
  
  $ setfont Lat2-Terminus16
+
  $ setfont lat2-16 -m 8859-2
  
Optionally, you can specify character set to be used using the {{ic|-m}} option:
+
Note that the font name is case-sensitive, so type it ''exactly'' as you see it. If the newly changed font is not suitable, a return to the default font with the following command (even if the console display is totally unreadable, this command will still work, just type the command "blindly"):
 
+
$ setfont Lat2-Terminus16 -m 8859-2
+
 
+
If the newly changed font is not suitable, a return to the default font with the following command (even if the console display is totally unreadable, this command will still work - just type the command "blindly"):
+
  
 
  $ setfont
 
  $ setfont
Line 292: Line 203:
 
{{Note|''setfont'' only works on the console currently being used. Any other consoles, active or inactive, remain unaffected.}}
 
{{Note|''setfont'' only works on the console currently being used. Any other consoles, active or inactive, remain unaffected.}}
  
=== Changing the default font ===
+
=== Persistent configuration ===
  
The {{ic|FONT}} and {{ic|FONT_MAP}} variables in {{ic|/etc/vconsole.conf}} are used to change the default font.
+
The {{ic|FONT}} variable in {{ic|/etc/vconsole.conf}} is used to set the font at boot, persistently for all consoles. See {{ic|man 5 vconsole.conf}} for details.
  
 
For displaying characters such as ''Č, ž, đ, š'' or ''Ł, ę, ą, ś'' using the font {{ic|lat2-16.psfu.gz}}:
 
For displaying characters such as ''Č, ž, đ, š'' or ''Ł, ę, ą, ś'' using the font {{ic|lat2-16.psfu.gz}}:
  
FONT=lat2-16
+
{{hc|/etc/vconsole.conf|2=
 +
...
 +
FONT=lat2-16
 +
FONT_MAP=8859-2
 +
}}
  
It means that second part of ISO/IEC 8859 characters are used with size 16. You can change font size using other values (e.g. {{ic|lat2-08}}). For the regions determined by 8859 specification, look at the [[wikipedia:ISO/IEC_8859#The_Parts_of_ISO.2FIEC_8859|Wikipedia table]]. You can use a Terminus font which is recommended if you work a lot in console without X server. ter-216b for example is latin-2 part, size 16, bold. ter-216n is the same but normal weight. Terminus fonts have sizes up to 32.
+
It means that second part of ISO/IEC 8859 characters are used with size 16. You can change font size using other values (e.g. {{ic|lat2-08}}). For the regions determined by 8859 specification, look at the [[wikipedia:ISO/IEC_8859#The_Parts_of_ISO.2FIEC_8859|Wikipedia table]].
  
Now, set the proper font mapping, for lat2-16 it will be:
+
To use the specified font in early userspace, use the {{ic|consolefont}} hook in {{ic|/etc/mkinitcpio.conf}}. See [[Mkinitcpio#HOOKS]] for more information.
  
FONT_MAP=8859-2
+
If the fonts seems to not change on boot, or change only temporarily, it is most likely that they got reset when graphics driver was initialized and console was switched to framebuffer. To avoid this, load your graphics driver earlier. See for example [[Kernel mode setting#Early KMS start]], [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=145765] or other ways to setup your framebuffer before {{ic|/etc/vconsole.conf}} is applied.
  
To use the specified font in early userspace, use the {{ic|keymap}} hook in {{ic|/etc/mkinitcpio.conf}}. See [[Mkinitcpio#HOOKS]] for more information.
+
== Font packages ==
  
If the fonts seems to not change on boot, or change only temporarily, it is most likely that they got reset when graphics driver was initialized and console was switched to framebuffer. To avoid this, load your graphics driver earlier. See for example [[Kernel Mode Setting#Early KMS start]], [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=145765] or other ways to setup your framebuffer before {{ic|/etc/vconsole.conf}} is applied.
 
 
==Font packages==
 
 
This is a selective list that includes many font packages from the [[AUR]] along with those in the official repositories. Fonts are tagged "Unicode" if they have wide Unicode support, see the project or Wikipedia pages for detail.
 
This is a selective list that includes many font packages from the [[AUR]] along with those in the official repositories. Fonts are tagged "Unicode" if they have wide Unicode support, see the project or Wikipedia pages for detail.
  
Github user Ternstor has created a python script that generates PNG images of all fonts in [http://ternstor.github.com/archfonts/extra.html extra], [http://ternstor.github.com/archfonts/community.html community] and the [http://ternstor.github.com/archfonts/aur.html AUR] so you can preview all the fonts below.
+
Github user Ternstor has created a python script that generates HTML documents with PNG images of all the fonts in the AUR and the official repositories: [https://github.com/ternstor/distrofonts/blob/master/archfonts.py].
 +
 
 +
=== Ancient Scripts ===
 +
 
 +
*{{AUR|ttf-ancient-fonts}} - Font containing Unicode symbols for Aegean, Egyptian, Cuneiform, Anatolian, Maya, and Analecta scripts
 +
 
 +
=== Braille ===
  
===Braille===
 
 
*{{Pkg|ttf-ubraille}} - Font containing Unicode symbols for ''braille''
 
*{{Pkg|ttf-ubraille}} - Font containing Unicode symbols for ''braille''
  
===International users===
+
=== Emoji and symbols ===
Applications and browsers select and display fonts depending upon fontconfig preferences and available font glyph for Unicode text. To list installed fonts for a particular language, issue a command {{ic|<nowiki>fc-list :lang="two letter language code"</nowiki>}}. For instance, to list installed Arabic fonts or fonts supporting Arabic glyph:
+
{{hc|$ fc-list :lang&#61;ar &#124; cut -d: -f1|2=
+
<nowiki>
+
/usr/share/fonts/TTF/FreeMono.ttf
+
/usr/share/fonts/TTF/DejaVuSansCondensed.ttf
+
/usr/share/fonts/truetype/custom/DroidKufi-Bold.ttf
+
/usr/share/fonts/TTF/DejaVuSansMono.ttf
+
/usr/share/fonts/TTF/FreeSerif.ttf
+
</nowiki>
+
}}
+
  
To properly render fonts for multilingual websites like Wikipedia or this Arch Linux wiki, install these packages: {{Pkg|ttf-freefont}}, {{Pkg|ttf-arphic-uming}}, {{Pkg|ttf-baekmuk}}
+
A section of the Unicode standard is designated for pictographic characters called "emoji".
  
====Arabic & Urdu====
+
* {{AUR|emojione-color-font}} - a complete, independent, open-source emoji set focused on design correctness
*{{AUR|ttf-qurancomplex-fonts}} - Fonts by King Fahd Glorious Quran Printing Complex in al-Madinah al-Munawwarah ''(AUR)''
+
* {{AUR|twemoji-color-font}} - Twitter's open-sourced emoji glyphs
*{{AUR|ttf-amiri}} - A classical Arabic typeface in Naskh style poineered by Amiria Press ''(AUR)''
+
* {{Pkg|ttf-symbola}} - provides many Unicode symbols, including emoji, in outline style
*{{AUR|ttf-sil-lateef}} - Unicode Arabic font from SIL ''(AUR)''
+
* {{Pkg|noto-fonts-emoji}} - Google's own emoji font, like on Android or Google Hangouts. Some newer additions to Unicode appear to render poorly with Noto fonts.
*{{AUR|ttf-sil-scheherazade}} - Unicode Arabic font from SIL ''(AUR)''
+
*{{AUR|ttf-arabeyes-fonts}} - Collection of free Arabic fonts ''(AUR)''
+
  
====Birman====
+
[[wikipedia:Emoticon#Japanese_style|Kaomoji]] are sometimes referred to as "Japanese emoticons" and are composed of characters from various character sets, including CJK and Indic fonts. For example, the following set of packages covers most of existing kaomoji: {{Pkg|ttf-freefont}}, {{Pkg|ttf-arphic-uming}}, and {{Pkg|ttf-indic-otf}}.
*{{AUR|ttf-myanmar3}} - Font for Myanmar/Burmese script ''(AUR)''
+
  
====Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese====
+
==== Arabic & Urdu ====
  
=====(Mainly) Chinese=====
+
* {{AUR|ttf-amiri}} - A classical Arabic typeface in Naskh style poineered by Amiria Press
*{{AUR|ttf-tw}} - Kai and Song traditional Chinese font from the Ministry of Education of Taiwan ''(AUR)''.
+
* {{AUR|ttf-qurancomplex-fonts}} - Fonts by King Fahd Glorious Quran Printing Complex in al-Madinah al-Munawwarah
*{{Pkg|wqy-microhei}} - A Sans-Serif style high quality CJKV outline font.
+
* {{AUR|ttf-arabeyes-fonts}} - Collection of free Arabic fonts
*{{Pkg|wqy-zenhei}} - Hei Ti Style (sans-serif) Chinese Outline font embedded with bitmapped Song Ti (also supporting Japanese (partial) and Korean characters).
+
* {{AUR|ttf-sil-lateef}} - Unicode Arabic font from SIL
*{{Pkg|ttf-arphic-ukai}} - ''Kaiti'' (brush stroke) Unicode font (enabling anti-aliasing is suggested)
+
* {{AUR|ttf-sil-scheherazade}} - Unicode Arabic font from SIL
*{{Pkg|ttf-arphic-uming}} - ''Mingti'' (printed) Unicode font
+
* {{AUR|ttf-urdufonts}} - Urdu fonts (Jameel Noori Nastaleeq (+kasheeda), Nafees Web Naskh, PDMS Saleem Quran Font) and font configuration to set Jameel Noori Nastaleeq as default font for Urdu
*{{Pkg|opendesktop-fonts}} - ''New Sung'' font, previously is ttf-fireflysung package
+
*{{Pkg|wqy-bitmapfont}} - Bitmapped Song Ti (serif) Chinese font
+
*{{Pkg|ttf-hannom}} - Chinese and Vietnamese TrueType font
+
  
=====Japanese=====
+
==== Burmese ====
*{{Pkg|otf-ipafont}} - Formal style Japanese Gothic (sans-serif) and Mincho (serif) fonts set; one of the highest quality open source font. Default of openSUSE-ja.
+
*{{AUR|ttf-vlgothic}} - Japanese Gothic fonts. Default of Debian/Fedora/Vine Linux ''(AUR)''
+
*{{AUR|ttf-mplus}} - Modern Gothic style Japanese outline fonts. It includes all of Japanese Hiragana/Katakana, Basic Latin, Latin-1 Supplement, Latin Extended-A, IPA Extensions and most of Japanese Kanji, Greek, Cyrillic, Vietnamese with 7 weights (proportional) or 5 weights (monospace). ''(AUR)''
+
*{{AUR|ttf-ipa-mona}}, {{AUR|ttf-monapo}} - Japanese fonts to show [[wikipedia:2channel_Shift_JIS_art|2channel Shift JIS art]] properly. ''(AUR)''
+
*{{Pkg|ttf-sazanami}} - Japanese free TrueType font. This is outdated and not maintained any more, but may be defined as a fallback font on several environments.
+
  
=====Korean=====
+
* {{AUR|ttf-my-paduk}} - Padauk font for Myanmar/Birmania
*{{Pkg|ttf-baekmuk}} - Collection of Korean TrueType fonts
+
* {{AUR|ttf-myanmar-fonts}} - 121 Fonts from myordbok.com
*{{AUR|ttf-alee}} - Set of free Hangul TrueType fonts (''AUR'')
+
*{{AUR|ttf-unfonts-core}} - Un fonts (default Baekmuk fonts may be unsatisfactory) (''AUR'')
+
*{{AUR|ttf-nanum}} - Nanum series TrueType fonts (''AUR'')
+
*{{AUR|ttf-nanumgothic_coding}} - Nanum series fixed width TrueType fonts (''AUR'')
+
  
====Cyrillic====
+
==== Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese ====
''Also see [[#Monospaced]], [[#Sans-serif]] and [[#Serif]]''
+
 
*{{AUR|font-arhangai}} - Mongolian Cyrillic (''AUR'')
+
===== Pan-CJK =====
*{{AUR|ttf-pingwi-typography}} - PingWi Typography (PWT) fonts (''AUR'')
+
* {{Pkg|noto-fonts-cjk}} - Large collection of fonts which comprehensively support Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, Japanese, and Korean, with a consistent design and look. It is currently a rebadged version of {{Pkg|adobe-source-han-sans-otc-fonts}}.
 +
* {{Pkg|adobe-source-han-sans-otc-fonts}} - Large collection of fonts which comprehensively support Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, Japanese, and Korean, with a consistent design and look.
 +
 
 +
===== (Mainly) Chinese =====
 +
 
 +
* {{Pkg|adobe-source-han-sans-cn-fonts}} - Simplified Chinese OpenType/CFF fonts
 +
* {{Pkg|adobe-source-han-sans-tw-fonts}} - Traditional Chinese OpenType/CFF fonts
 +
* {{Pkg|wqy-microhei}} - A Sans-Serif style high quality CJKV outline font.
 +
* {{Pkg|wqy-zenhei}} - Hei Ti Style (sans-serif) Chinese Outline font embedded with bitmapped Song Ti (also supporting Japanese (partial) and Korean characters).
 +
* {{Pkg|ttf-arphic-ukai}} - ''Kaiti'' (brush stroke) Unicode font (enabling anti-aliasing is suggested)
 +
* {{Pkg|ttf-arphic-uming}} - ''Mingti'' (printed) Unicode font
 +
* {{Pkg|opendesktop-fonts}} - ''New Sung'' font, previously is ttf-fireflysung package
 +
* {{Pkg|wqy-bitmapfont}} - Bitmapped Song Ti (serif) Chinese font
 +
* {{Pkg|ttf-hannom}} - Chinese and Vietnamese TrueType font
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-i.bming}} - CJK serif font that emphasis on an old-style typeface
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-tw}} - Kai and Song traditional Chinese font from the Ministry of Education of Taiwan
 +
 
 +
===== Japanese =====
 +
 
 +
* {{Pkg|adobe-source-han-sans-jp-fonts}} - Japanese OpenType/CFF fonts
 +
* {{Pkg|otf-ipafont}} - Formal style Japanese Gothic (sans-serif) and Mincho (serif) fonts set; one of the highest quality open source font. Default of openSUSE-ja.
 +
* {{Pkg|ttf-sazanami}} - Japanese free TrueType font. This is outdated and not maintained any more, but may be defined as a fallback font on several environments.
 +
* {{Pkg|ttf-hanazono}} - A free Japanese kanji font, style Mincho (serif).
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-vlgothic}} - Japanese Gothic fonts. Default of Debian/Fedora/Vine Linux
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-mplus}} - Modern Gothic style Japanese outline fonts. It includes all of Japanese Hiragana/Katakana, Basic Latin, Latin-1 Supplement, Latin Extended-A, IPA Extensions and most of Japanese Kanji, Greek, Cyrillic, Vietnamese with 7 weights (proportional) or 5 weights (monospace).
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-koruri}} - Japanese TrueType font obtained by mixing {{AUR|ttf-mplus}} and Open Sans
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-monapo}} - Japanese fonts to show [[wikipedia:2channel_Shift_JIS_art|2channel Shift JIS art]] properly.
 +
 
 +
===== Korean =====
 +
 
 +
* {{Pkg|adobe-source-han-sans-kr-fonts}} - Korean OpenType/CFF fonts
 +
* {{Pkg|ttf-baekmuk}} - Collection of Korean TrueType fonts
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-nanum}} - Nanum series TrueType fonts
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-nanumgothic_coding}} - Nanum series fixed width TrueType fonts
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-d2coding}} - D2Coding fixed width TrueType font made by Naver
 +
* {{AUR|spoqa-han-sans}} - Source Han Sans customized by Spoqa
 +
 
 +
==== Cyrillic ====
 +
 
 +
See also [[#Monospaced]], [[#Sans-serif]] and [[#Serif]].
 +
 
 +
* {{AUR|otf-russkopis}} - A free OpenType cursive font for Cyrillic script
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-paratype}} - Font family by ParaType: sans, serif, mono, extended cyrillic and latin, OFL license
 +
 
 +
==== Greek ====
  
====Greek====
 
 
Almost all Unicode fonts contain the Greek character set (polytonic included). Some additional font packages, which might not contain the complete Unicode set but utilize high quality Greek (and Latin, of course) typefaces are:
 
Almost all Unicode fonts contain the Greek character set (polytonic included). Some additional font packages, which might not contain the complete Unicode set but utilize high quality Greek (and Latin, of course) typefaces are:
*{{AUR|otf-gfs}} - Selection of OpenType fonts from the Greek Font Society ''(AUR)''
 
*{{AUR|ttf-mgopen}} - Professional TrueType fonts from Magenta ''(AUR)''
 
  
====Hebrew====
+
* {{AUR|otf-gfs}} - Selection of OpenType fonts from the Greek Font Society
*{{AUR|culmus}} - Nice collection of free Hebrew fonts ''(AUR)''
+
* {{AUR|ttf-mgopen}} - Professional TrueType fonts from Magenta
  
====Indic====
+
==== Hebrew ====
*{{Pkg|ttf-freebanglafont}} - Font for Bangla
+
*{{Pkg|ttf-indic-otf}} - Indic OpenType Fonts collection (containing ttf-freebanglafont)
+
:(This one contains a "look of disapproval" that might be more to your liking than the {{Pkg|bdf-unifont}} one mentioned elsewhere in this document)
+
* {{AUR|lohit-fonts}} - Indic TrueType fonts from Fedora Project (containing Oriya Fonts and more) ''(AUR)''
+
  
====Khmer====
+
* {{AUR|culmus}} - Nice collection of free Hebrew fonts
*{{Pkg|ttf-khmer}} - Font covering glyphs for Khmer language
+
*[http://code.google.com/webfonts/family?family=Hanuman&subset=khmer Hanuman] ({{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-hg}} or {{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-git}})
+
  
====Sinhala====
+
==== Indic ====
*{{AUR|ttf-lklug}} - Sinhala Unicode font (''AUR'')
+
  
====Tamil====
+
* {{Pkg|ttf-freebanglafont}} - Font for Bangla
*{{AUR|ttf-tamil}} - Tamil Unicode fonts (''AUR'')
+
* {{Pkg|ttf-indic-otf}} - Indic OpenType Fonts collection (containing ttf-freebanglafont)
 +
: (This one contains a "look of disapproval" that might be more to your liking than the {{Pkg|bdf-unifont}} one mentioned elsewhere in this document)
 +
* {{AUR|lohit-fonts}} - Indic TrueType fonts from Fedora Project (containing Oriya Fonts and more)
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-devanagarifonts}} - Devanagari TrueType fonts (contains 283 fonts)
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-gujrati-fonts}} - TTF Gujarati fonts (Avantika,Gopika,Shree768)
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-gurmukhi-fonts_sikhnet}} - TrueType Gurmukhi fonts (gurbaniwebthick,prabhki)
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-gurmukhi_punjabi}} - TTF Gurmukhi / Punjabi (contains 252 fonts)
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-kannada-font}} - Kannada, the language of Karnataka state in India
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-tamil}} - Tamil Unicode fonts
  
====Tibetan====
+
==== Khmer ====
*{{Pkg|ttf-tibetan-machine}} - Tibetan Machine TTFont
+
  
===Math===
+
* {{Pkg|ttf-khmer}} - Font covering glyphs for Khmer language
*{{Pkg|font-mathematica}} - Mathematica fonts by Wolfram Research, Inc.
+
* [https://www.google.com/fonts/specimen/Hanuman Hanuman] ({{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-git}})
*{{AUR|ttf-mathtype}} - MathType fonts ''(AUR)''
+
*{{AUR|ttf-computer-modern-fonts}} - ''(AUR)''
+
  
===Microsoft fonts===
+
==== Lao ====
See [[MS Fonts]].
+
  
=== Apple Mac OS X fonts ===
+
* {{AUR|ttf-lao}} - Lao TTF font (Phetsarath_OT)
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-lao-fonts}} - Lao TTF fonts, both Unicode and non-Unicode for Windows
 +
 
 +
==== Persian ====
 +
 
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-irfonts}} - Iran Supreme Council of Information and Communication Technology (SCICT) standard Persian fonts series.
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-borna}} - Borna Rayaneh Persian B font series.
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-sina}} - Sina Pardazesh Persian font series.
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-x2}} - Free fonts with support for Persian, Arabic, Urdu, Pashto, Dari, Uzbek, Kurdish, Uighur, old Turkish (Ottoman) and modern Turkish (Roman).
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-iran-nastaliq}} - A free Unicode calligraphic Persian font created by Iran Supreme Council of Information and Communication Technology (SCICT).
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-vazir}}, {{AUR|ttf-samim}}, {{AUR|ttf-tanha}}, {{AUR|ttf-shabnam}}, {{AUR|ttf-gandom}}, {{AUR|ttf-parastoo}} - Beautiful Persian fonts made by Ali Rasti Kerdar.
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-persian-hm-xs2}} - An improved and corrected font series derived from {{AUR|ttf-x2}} Persian font series with Kashida feature.
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-persian-hm-ftx}} - An improved and corrected font series derived from {{AUR|ttf-x2}} Persian font series, Metafont and FarsiTeX fonts with Kashida feature.
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-iranian-sans}} and {{AUR|ttf-iranian-serif}} - A family of fonts, designed by support from Iranian National Initiative for Free and Open Source Software to provide a good looking and free font for Persian script.
 +
* {{AUR|persian-fonts}} - Meta package for installing all Persian fonts in AUR.
 +
 
 +
==== Sinhala ====
 +
 
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-lklug}} - Sinhala Unicode font
 +
 
 +
==== Thai ====
 +
 
 +
* {{Pkg|ttf-tlwg}} - Collection of scalable Thai fonts
 +
 
 +
==== Tibetan ====
 +
 
 +
* {{Pkg|ttf-tibetan-machine}} - Tibetan Machine TTFont
 +
 
 +
=== Math ===
 +
 
 +
* {{Pkg|font-mathematica}} - Mathematica fonts by Wolfram Research, Inc.
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-mathtype}} - MathType fonts
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-computer-modern-fonts}}, {{AUR|otf-cm-unicode}} - [[wikipedia:Computer Modern|Computer Modern]] (of TeX fame)
 +
* {{AUR|otf-latin-modern}}, {{AUR|otf-latinmodern-math}} - Improved version of Computer Modern fonts as used in LaTeX
 +
* {{Pkg|texlive-core}} and {{Pkg|texlive-fontsextra}} contain many math fonts such as Latin Modern Math and [[Wikipedia:STIX Fonts project|STIX Fonts]]. See [[TeX Live#Fonts]] for configuration.
 +
* {{AUR|otf-xits}} - An OpenType implementation of [[Wikipedia:STIX Fonts project|STIX Fonts]] with support for maths written from right to left.
 +
 
 +
=== Metric-compatible fonts ===
 +
 
 +
See [[Metric-compatible fonts]], which lists available alternatives for [[Microsoft fonts]].
 +
 
 +
=== Apple OS X fonts ===
  
 
* {{AUR|ttf-mac-fonts}} - Mac OS X TrueType fonts
 
* {{AUR|ttf-mac-fonts}} - Mac OS X TrueType fonts
* {{AUR|ttf-mac}} - Mac OS X TrueType fonts (This package does not come with the ttf fonts (only the otf fonts), they have to be provided on their own.
 
  
===Monospaced===
+
=== Monospaced ===
 +
 
 
Here are some suggestions. Every user has their own favorite, so experiment to find yours.  
 
Here are some suggestions. Every user has their own favorite, so experiment to find yours.  
 
If you are in a hurry, you read Dan Benjamin's blog post: [http://hivelogic.com/articles/top-10-programming-fonts ''Top 10 Programming Fonts''].
 
If you are in a hurry, you read Dan Benjamin's blog post: [http://hivelogic.com/articles/top-10-programming-fonts ''Top 10 Programming Fonts''].
Line 419: Line 390:
 
Here is a long list of fonts by Trevor Lowing: http://www.lowing.org/fonts/.
 
Here is a long list of fonts by Trevor Lowing: http://www.lowing.org/fonts/.
  
====TrueType====
+
A comparison with images on Slant: [http://www.slant.co/topics/67/~what-are-the-best-programming-fonts What are the best programming fonts?]
* Agave ({{AUR|ttf-agave}})
+
 
 +
And a Stack Overflow question with some images: [http://stackoverflow.com/questions/4689/recommended-fonts-for-programming Recommended fonts for programming]
 +
 
 +
==== TrueType ====
 +
 
 
* [[Wikipedia:Andalé Mono|Andalé Mono]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
 
* [[Wikipedia:Andalé Mono|Andalé Mono]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
* Anka/Coder ({{AUR|ttf-anka-coder}})
+
* [http://www.marksimonson.com/fonts/view/anonymous-pro Anonymous Pro] ({{pkg|ttf-anonymous-pro}}, included in {{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-git}})
* [http://www.marksimonson.com/fonts/view/anonymous-pro Anonymous Pro] ({{AUR|ttf-anonymous-pro}}, included in {{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-hg}} and {{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-git}})
+
 
* [[Wikipedia:Bitstream Vera|Bitstream Vera Mono]] ({{Pkg|ttf-bitstream-vera}})
 
* [[Wikipedia:Bitstream Vera|Bitstream Vera Mono]] ({{Pkg|ttf-bitstream-vera}})
 
* [[Wikipedia:Consolas|Consolas]] ({{AUR|ttf-vista-fonts}}) - Windows programming font
 
* [[Wikipedia:Consolas|Consolas]] ({{AUR|ttf-vista-fonts}}) - Windows programming font
 
* [[Wikipedia:Courier New|Courier New]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
 
* [[Wikipedia:Courier New|Courier New]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
* Cousine ({{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-hg}} or {{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-git}}) - Chrome/Chromium OS replacement for Courier New (metric-compatible)
+
* Cousine ({{AUR|ttf-chromeos-fonts}} or {{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-git}}) - Chrome/Chromium OS replacement for Courier New (metric-compatible)
 
* [[Wikipedia:DejaVu fonts|DejaVu Sans Mono]] ({{Pkg|ttf-dejavu}}) - Unicode
 
* [[Wikipedia:DejaVu fonts|DejaVu Sans Mono]] ({{Pkg|ttf-dejavu}}) - Unicode
* [[Wikipedia:Droid (font)|Droid Sans Mono]] ({{Pkg|ttf-droid}}, included in {{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-hg}} and {{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-git}})
+
* [[Wikipedia:Droid (font)|Droid Sans Mono]] ({{Pkg|ttf-droid}}, included in {{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-git}})
* Envy Code R ({{AUR|ttf-envy-code-r}})
+
* [https://damieng.com/blog/2008/05/26/envy-code-r-preview-7-coding-font-released Envy Code R] ({{AUR|ttf-envy-code-r}})
 +
* Fantasque Sans Mono ({{AUR|ttf-fantasque-sans}} or {{AUR|ttf-fantasque-sans-git}})
 
* [[Wikipedia:GNU FreeFont|FreeMono]] ({{Pkg|ttf-freefont}}) - Unicode
 
* [[Wikipedia:GNU FreeFont|FreeMono]] ({{Pkg|ttf-freefont}}) - Unicode
* [[Wikipedia:Inconsolata|Inconsolata]] ({{Pkg|ttf-inconsolata}}) - Excellent programming font
+
* [[Wikipedia:Inconsolata|Inconsolata]] ({{Pkg|ttf-inconsolata}}, included in {{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-git}}) - Excellent programming font
 
* [[Wikipedia:Inconsolata|Inconsolata-g]] ({{AUR|ttf-inconsolata-g}}) - adds some programmer-friendly modifications
 
* [[Wikipedia:Inconsolata|Inconsolata-g]] ({{AUR|ttf-inconsolata-g}}) - adds some programmer-friendly modifications
* [[Wikipedia:Liberation fonts|Liberation Mono]] ({{Pkg|ttf-liberation}}) - Alternative to Courier New (metric-compatible)
+
* [[Wikipedia:Liberation fonts|Liberation Mono]] ({{Pkg|ttf-liberation}}) - Replacement for Courier New, based on Cousine (metric-compatible)
* [[Wikipedia:Lucida Console|Lucida Console]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
+
* [[Wikipedia:Lucida Typewriter|Lucida Typewriter]] (included in package {{AUR|jre}})
* [[Wikipedia:Lucida Typewriter|Lucida Typewriter]] (included in package {{Pkg|jre}})
+
 
* [[Wikipedia:Monaco (typeface)|Monaco]] ({{AUR|ttf-monaco}}) - Popular programming font on OSX/Textmate
 
* [[Wikipedia:Monaco (typeface)|Monaco]] ({{AUR|ttf-monaco}}) - Popular programming font on OSX/Textmate
 
* Monofur ({{AUR|ttf-monofur}})
 
* Monofur ({{AUR|ttf-monofur}})
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Source_Code_Pro|Source Code Pro]] ({{pkg|adobe-source-code-pro-fonts}})
  
====Bitmap====
+
==== Bitmap ====
*Default 8x16
+
*Dina ({{Pkg|dina-font}})
+
*[http://font.gohu.org/ Gohu] ({{AUR|gohufont}})
+
*Lime ({{Pkg|artwiz-fonts}})
+
*[[Wikipedia:ProFont|ProFont]] ({{Pkg|profont}})
+
*[[Wikipedia:Proggy Programming Fonts|Proggy Programming Fonts]] ({{AUR|proggyfonts}})
+
*Proggy opti cyrillic ({{AUR|proggyopticyr-font}})
+
*Tamsyn ({{Pkg|tamsyn-font}})
+
*[[Wikipedia:Terminus (typeface)|Terminus]] ({{Pkg|terminus-font}})
+
*Unifont (glyphs like (look of disapproval)) ({{Pkg|bdf-unifont}})
+
  
===Sans-serif===
+
* Default 8x16
 +
* Dina ({{Pkg|dina-font}})
 +
* [http://font.gohu.org/ Gohu] ({{AUR|gohufont}})
 +
* Lime ({{Pkg|artwiz-fonts}})
 +
* [[Wikipedia:ProFont|ProFont]] ({{Pkg|profont}})
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Proggy Programming Fonts|Proggy Programming Fonts]] ({{AUR|proggyfonts}})
 +
* Tamsyn ({{Pkg|tamsyn-font}})
 +
* [http://terminus-font.sourceforge.net/ Terminus] ({{Pkg|terminus-font}})
 +
* [https://github.com/lucy/tewi-font Tewi] ({{AUR|bdf-tewi-git}})
 +
* Unifont (glyphs like (look of disapproval)) ({{Pkg|bdf-unifont}})
  
*[http://scripts.sil.org/cms/scripts/page.php?site_id=nrsi&id=andika Andika] ({{AUR|ttf-andika}}, included in {{AUR|ttf-sil-fonts}})
+
=== Sans-serif ===
*[[Wikipedia:Arial|Arial]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
+
*[[Wikipedia:Arial Black|Arial Black]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
+
*Arimo ({{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-hg}} or {{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-git}}) - Chrome/Chromium OS replacement for Arial (metric-compatible)
+
*[[Wikipedia:Calibri|Calibri]] ({{AUR|ttf-vista-fonts}})
+
*[[Wikipedia:Candara|Candara]] ({{AUR|ttf-vista-fonts}})
+
*[[Wikipedia:Constantia (typeface)|Constantia]] ({{AUR|ttf-vista-fonts}})
+
*[[Wikipedia:Corbel (typeface)|Corbel]] ({{AUR|ttf-vista-fonts}})
+
*[[Wikipedia:DejaVu fonts|DejaVu Sans]] ({{Pkg|ttf-dejavu}}) - Unicode
+
*[[Wikipedia:Droid (font)|Droid Sans]] ({{Pkg|ttf-droid}}, included in {{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-hg}} and {{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-git}})
+
*[[Wikipedia:GNU FreeFont|FreeSans]] ({{Pkg|ttf-freefont}}) - Unicode
+
*[[Wikipedia:Impact (typeface)|Impact]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
+
*[[Wikipedia:Liberation fonts|Liberation Sans]] ({{Pkg|ttf-liberation}}, improved/reworked Cyrillic: {{AUR|ttf-liberastika}}) - Alternative to Arial  (metric-compatible)
+
*[[Wikipedia:Linux Libertine|Linux Biolinum]] ({{Pkg|ttf-linux-libertine}})
+
*[[Wikipedia:Lucida Sans|Lucida Sans]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
+
*[[Wikipedia:Microsoft Sans Serif|Microsoft Sans Serif]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
+
*[[Wikipedia:PT Sans|PT Sans]] ({{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-hg}} or {{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-git}}) - 3 major variations: normal, narrow, and caption - Unicode: Latin, Cyrillic
+
*[[Wikipedia:Tahoma (typeface)|Tahoma]] ({{AUR|ttf-tahoma}})
+
*[[Wikipedia:Trebuchet MS|Trebuchet]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
+
*[[Wikipedia:Ubuntu-Title|Ubuntu-Title]] ({{AUR|ttf-ubuntu-title}})
+
*[[Wikipedia:Ubuntu Font Family|Ubuntu Font Family]] ({{Pkg|ttf-ubuntu-font-family}})
+
*[[Wikipedia:Verdana|Verdana]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
+
  
===Script===
+
* [http://scripts.sil.org/cms/scripts/page.php?site_id=nrsi&id=andika Andika] ({{AUR|ttf-andika}})
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Arial|Arial]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Arial Black|Arial Black]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
 +
* Arimo ({{AUR|ttf-chromeos-fonts}} or {{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-git}}) - Chrome/Chromium OS replacement for Arial (metric-compatible)
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Calibri|Calibri]] ({{AUR|ttf-vista-fonts}})
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Candara|Candara]] ({{AUR|ttf-vista-fonts}})
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Corbel (typeface)|Corbel]] ({{AUR|ttf-vista-fonts}})
 +
* [[Wikipedia:DejaVu fonts|DejaVu Sans]] ({{Pkg|ttf-dejavu}}) - Unicode
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Droid (font)|Droid Sans]] ({{Pkg|ttf-droid}}, included in {{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-git}})
 +
* [[Wikipedia:GNU FreeFont|FreeSans]] ({{Pkg|ttf-freefont}}) - Unicode
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Impact (typeface)|Impact]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Liberation fonts|Liberation Sans]] ({{Pkg|ttf-liberation}}) Replacement for Arial, based on Arimo (metric-compatible)
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Linux Libertine|Linux Biolinum]] ({{Pkg|ttf-linux-libertine}})
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Lucida Sans|Lucida Sans]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Microsoft Sans Serif|Microsoft Sans Serif]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
 +
* [[Wikipedia:PT Sans|PT Sans]] ({{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-git}}) - 3 major variations: normal, narrow, and caption - Unicode: Latin, Cyrillic
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Source Sans Pro|Source Sans Pro]] ({{pkg|adobe-source-sans-pro-fonts}})
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Tahoma (typeface)|Tahoma]] ({{AUR|ttf-tahoma}})
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Trebuchet MS|Trebuchet]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Ubuntu Font Family|Ubuntu Font Family]] ({{Pkg|ttf-ubuntu-font-family}})
 +
* [[Wikipedia:Verdana|Verdana]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
  
*[[Wikipedia:Comic Sans|Comic Sans]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
+
=== Script ===
  
===Serif===
+
* [[Wikipedia:Comic Sans|Comic Sans]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
*[[Wikipedia:Cambria (typeface)|Cambria]] ({{AUR|ttf-vista-fonts}})
+
*[[Wikipedia:Charis SIL|Charis]] ({{AUR|ttf-charis}}, included in {{AUR|ttf-sil-fonts}}) - Unicode: Latin, Cyrillic
+
*[[Wikipedia:DejaVu fonts|DejaVu Serif]] ({{Pkg|ttf-dejavu}}) - Unicode
+
*[[Wikipedia:Doulos SIL|Doulos]] ({{AUR|doulos-sil}}, included in {{AUR|ttf-sil-fonts}}) - Unicode: Latin, Cyrillic
+
*[[Wikipedia:Droid (font)|Droid Serif]] ({{Pkg|ttf-droid}}, included in {{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-hg}} and {{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-git}})
+
*[[Wikipedia:GNU FreeFont|FreeSerif]] ({{Pkg|ttf-freefont}}) - Unicode
+
*[[Wikipedia:Gentium|Gentium]] ({{Pkg|ttf-gentium}}, included in {{AUR|ttf-sil-fonts}}) - Unicode: Latin, Greek, Cyrillic, Phonetic Alphabet
+
*[[Wikipedia:Georgia (typeface)|Georgia]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
+
*[[Wikipedia:Liberation fonts|Liberation Serif]] ({{Pkg|ttf-liberation}}) - Alternative to Times New Roman (metric-compatible)
+
*[[Wikipedia:Linux Libertine|Linux Libertine]] ({{Pkg|ttf-linux-libertine}}) - Unicode: Latin, Greek, Cyrillic, Hebrew
+
*[[Wikipedia:Times New Roman|Times New Roman]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
+
*Tinos ({{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-hg}} or {{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-git}}) - Chrome/Chromium OS replacement for Times New Roman (metric-compatible)
+
  
===Unsorted===
+
=== Serif ===
<!--This section should be absorbed into the Monospace/Serif/Sans-Serif structure-->
+
 
*{{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-git}} and {{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-hg}} — a huge collection of free fonts (including ubuntu, inconsolata, droid, etc.) - Note: Your font dialog might get very long as >100 fonts will be added. {{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-hg}} pulls down the entire Mercurial repository from the upstream Web Fonts project. {{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-git}} pulls from a much smaller and leaner unofficial repository hosted on GitHub. ''(AUR)''
+
* [[Wikipedia:Cambria (typeface)|Cambria]] ({{AUR|ttf-vista-fonts}})
*{{Pkg|ttf-mph-2b-damase}} — Covers full plane 1 and several scripts
+
* [[Wikipedia:Constantia (typeface)|Constantia]] ({{AUR|ttf-vista-fonts}})
*{{Pkg|ttf-symbola}} — Provides emoji and many many other symbols
+
* [[Wikipedia:DejaVu fonts|DejaVu Serif]] ({{Pkg|ttf-dejavu}}) - Unicode
*{{AUR|ttf-sil-fonts}} — Gentium, Charis, Doulos, Andika and Abyssinica from SIL ''(AUR)''
+
* [[Wikipedia:Droid (font)|Droid Serif]] ({{Pkg|ttf-droid}}, included in {{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-git}})
*{{Pkg|font-bh-ttf}} X.Org Luxi fonts
+
* [[Wikipedia:GNU FreeFont|FreeSerif]] ({{Pkg|ttf-freefont}}) - Unicode
*{{Pkg|ttf-cheapskate}} Font collection from ''dustismo.com''
+
* [[Wikipedia:Gentium|Gentium]] ({{Pkg|ttf-gentium}}) - Unicode: Latin, Greek, Cyrillic, Phonetic Alphabet
*{{AUR|ttf-isabella}} — Calligraphic font based on the ''Isabella Breviary'' of 1497
+
* [[Wikipedia:Georgia (typeface)|Georgia]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
*{{Pkg|ttf-junicode}} Junius font containing almost complete medieval latin script glyphs
+
* [[Wikipedia:Liberation fonts|Liberation Serif]] ({{Pkg|ttf-liberation}}) - Replacement for Times New Roman, based on Tinos (metric-compatible)
*arkpandorafonts {{AUR|ttf-arkpandora}} — Alternative to Arial and Times New Roman fonts ''(AUR)''
+
* [[Wikipedia:Linux Libertine|Linux Libertine]] ({{Pkg|ttf-linux-libertine}}) - Unicode: Latin, Greek, Cyrillic, Hebrew
*{{Pkg|xorg-fonts-type1}} IBM Courier and Adobe Utopia sets of [[Wikipedia:PostScript fonts|PostScript fonts]]
+
* [[Wikipedia:Times New Roman|Times New Roman]] ({{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}})
 +
* Tinos ({{AUR|ttf-chromeos-fonts}} or {{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-git}}) - Chrome/Chromium OS replacement for Times New Roman (metric-compatible)
 +
 
 +
=== Unsorted ===
 +
 
 +
{{Style|This section should be absorbed into the Monospace/Serif/Sans-Serif structure}}
 +
 
 +
* {{AUR|ttf-google-fonts-git}} - a huge collection of free fonts (including ubuntu, inconsolata, droid, etc.) - Note: Your font dialog might get very long as >100 fonts will be added.
 +
* {{Pkg|ttf-mph-2b-damase}} - Covers full plane 1 and several scripts
 +
* {{Pkg|font-bh-ttf}} - X.Org Luxi fonts
 +
* {{Pkg|ttf-cheapskate}} - Font collection from ''dustismo.com''
 +
* {{Pkg|ttf-junicode}} - Junius font containing almost complete medieval latin script glyphs
 +
* {{Pkg|xorg-fonts-type1}} - IBM Courier and Adobe Utopia sets of [[Wikipedia:PostScript fonts|PostScript fonts]]
 +
* {{AUR|all-repository-fonts}} - Meta package for all fonts in the official repositories.
  
 
== Fallback font order with X11 ==
 
== Fallback font order with X11 ==
 +
 
Fontconfig automatically chooses a font that matches the current requirement. That is to say, if one is looking at a window containing English and Chinese for example, it will switch to another font for the Chinese text if the default one does not support it.
 
Fontconfig automatically chooses a font that matches the current requirement. That is to say, if one is looking at a window containing English and Chinese for example, it will switch to another font for the Chinese text if the default one does not support it.
  
 
Fontconfig lets every user configure the order they want via {{ic|$XDG_CONFIG_HOME/fontconfig/fonts.conf}}.
 
Fontconfig lets every user configure the order they want via {{ic|$XDG_CONFIG_HOME/fontconfig/fonts.conf}}.
 
If you want a particular Chinese font to be selected after your favorite Serif font, your file would look like this:
 
If you want a particular Chinese font to be selected after your favorite Serif font, your file would look like this:
 +
 
  <?xml version="1.0"?>
 
  <?xml version="1.0"?>
 
  <!DOCTYPE fontconfig SYSTEM "fonts.dtd">
 
  <!DOCTYPE fontconfig SYSTEM "fonts.dtd">
Line 525: Line 501:
 
  </fontconfig>
 
  </fontconfig>
  
You can add a section for Sans-serif and monospaced as well. For more informations, have a look at the fontconfig manual.
+
{{Tip|If you use a Chinese locale, set {{ic|LC_LANG}} to {{ic|und}} to make this work. Otherwise both English and Chinese text will be rendered in the Chinese font.}}
 +
 
 +
You can add a section for sans-serif and monospace as well. For more informations, have a look at the fontconfig manual.
 +
 
 +
See also [[Font configuration#Replace or set default fonts]].
  
 
== Font alias ==
 
== Font alias ==
In Linux there are several font aliases which represent other fonts in order that applications may use similar fonts. The most common aliases are: {{ic|serif}} for a font of the serif type (e.g. DejaVu Serif); {{ic|sans-serif}} for a font of the sans-serif type (e.g. DejaVu Sans); and {{ic|monospace}} for a monospaced font (e.g. DejaVu Sans Mono). However, the fonts which these aliases represent may vary and the relationship is often not shown in font management tools such as those found in KDE and other desktop environments.
+
 
 +
There are several font aliases which represent other fonts in order that applications may use similar fonts. The most common aliases are: {{ic|serif}} for a font of the serif type (e.g. DejaVu Serif); {{ic|sans-serif}} for a font of the sans-serif type (e.g. DejaVu Sans); and {{ic|monospace}} for a monospaced font (e.g. DejaVu Sans Mono). However, the fonts which these aliases represent may vary and the relationship is often not shown in font management tools, such as those found in [[KDE]] and other [[desktop environments]].
  
 
To reverse an alias and find which font it is representing, run:
 
To reverse an alias and find which font it is representing, run:
$ fc-match monospace
 
DejaVuSansMono.ttf: "DejaVu Sans Mono" "Book"
 
  
In this case {{ic|DejaVuSansMono.ttf}} is the font represented by the monospace alias.
+
{{hc|$ fc-match monospace|
 +
DejaVuSansMono.ttf: "DejaVu Sans Mono" "Book"
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
In this case, {{ic|DejaVuSansMono.ttf}} is the font represented by the monospace alias.
 +
 
 +
== Tips and tricks ==
 +
 
 +
=== List all installed fonts ===
 +
 
 +
You can use the following command to list all installed fonts that are available on your system.
 +
 
 +
$ fc-list
 +
 
 +
=== Lists installed fonts for a particular language ===
 +
 
 +
Applications and browsers select and display fonts depending upon fontconfig preferences and available font glyph for Unicode text. To list installed fonts for a particular language, issue a command {{ic|<nowiki>fc-list :lang="two letter language code"</nowiki>}}. For instance, to list installed Arabic fonts or fonts supporting Arabic glyph:
 +
{{hc|$ fc-list -f '%{file}\n' :lang&#61;ar|2=
 +
<nowiki>
 +
/usr/share/fonts/TTF/FreeMono.ttf
 +
/usr/share/fonts/TTF/DejaVuSansCondensed.ttf
 +
/usr/share/fonts/truetype/custom/DroidKufi-Bold.ttf
 +
/usr/share/fonts/TTF/DejaVuSansMono.ttf
 +
/usr/share/fonts/TTF/FreeSerif.ttf
 +
</nowiki>
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
=== Set terminal font on-the-fly ===
 +
 
 +
{{Expansion|Which terminals specifically support this method? Where is the documentation for the escape codes?}}
 +
 
 +
For terminal emulators that use {{ic|Xresources}}, fonts can be set by using escape sequences. Specifically, echo {{ic|\033]710;$font\007}} to change the normal font ({{ic|*font}} in {{ic|~/.Xresources}}), and replace {{ic|710}} with {{ic|711}}, {{ic|712}}, and {{ic|713}} to change the {{ic|*boldFont}}, {{ic|*italicFont}}, and {{ic|*boldItalicFont}}, respectively.
  
== Hints ==
+
{{ic|$font}} can be anything the terminal emulator will support.
=== Install fonts from official repositories ===
+
Maybe you want to install all fonts available in ''official repositories''.
+
;All fonts:
+
# pacman -S $(pacman -Ssq font)
+
;All ''TrueType'' fonts:
+
# pacman -S $(pacman -Ssq ttf)
+
  
 
=== Application-specific font cache ===
 
=== Application-specific font cache ===
  
Matplotlib ({{pkg|python-matplotlib}} or {{pkg|python2-matplotlib}}) uses its own font cache, so after updating fonts, be sure to remove {{ic|$HOME/.matplotlib/fontList.cache}} so it will regenerate its cache and find the new fonts [http://matplotlib.1069221.n5.nabble.com/getting-matplotlib-to-recognize-a-new-font-td40500.html].
+
Matplotlib ({{pkg|python-matplotlib}} or {{pkg|python2-matplotlib}}) uses its own font cache, so after updating fonts, be sure to remove {{ic|$HOME/.matplotlib/fontList.cache}},
 +
{{ic|$HOME/.cache/matplotlib/fontList.cache}}, {{ic|$HOME/.sage/matplotlib-1.2.1/fontList.cache}}, etc. so it will regenerate its cache and find the new fonts [http://matplotlib.1069221.n5.nabble.com/getting-matplotlib-to-recognize-a-new-font-td40500.html].
  
== See Also ==
+
== See also ==
  
* [[Font Configuration]]
+
* [http://behdad.org/text/ State of Text Rendering]

Latest revision as of 21:12, 16 July 2016

From Wikipedia: "A computer font (or font) is an electronic data file containing a set of glyphs, characters, or symbols such as dingbats."

Note that certain font licenses may impose some legal limitations.

Font formats

Most computer fonts used today are in either bitmap or outline data formats.

Bitmap fonts
Consist of a matrix of dots or pixels representing the image of each glyph in each face and size.
Outline or vector fonts
Use Bézier curves, drawing instructions and mathematical formulae to describe each glyph, which make the character outlines scalable to any size.

Common extensions

  • bdf and bdf.gz – bitmap fonts, bitmap distribution format and gzip compressed bdf
  • pcf and pcf.gz – bitmaps, portable compiled font and gzip compressed pcf
  • psf, psfu, psf.gz and psfu.gz – bitmaps, PC screen font, PC screen font Unicode and the gzipped versions (not compatible with X.Org)
  • pfa and pfb – outline fonts, PostScript font ASCII and PostScript font binary. PostScript fonts carry built-in printer instructions.
  • ttf – outline, TrueType font. Originally designed as a replacement for the PostScript fonts.
  • otf – outline, OpenType font. TrueType with PostScript typographic instructions.

For most purposes, the technical differences between TrueType and OpenType can be ignored, some fonts with a ttf extension are actually OpenType fonts.

Other formats

The typesetting application, TeX, and its companion font software, Metafont, render characters using their own methods. Some of the file extensions used for fonts by these two programs are *pk, *gf, mf and vf.

FontForge, a font editing application, can store fonts in its native text-based format, sfd, spline font database.

The SVG format also has its own font description method.

Installation

There are various methods for installing fonts.

Pacman

Fonts and font collections in the enabled repositories can be installed using pacman. Available fonts may be found by using:

$ pacman -Ss font

Or to search for ttf fonts only:

$ pacman -Ss ttf

Creating a package

You should give pacman the ability to manage your fonts, which is done by creating an Arch package. These can also be shared with the community in the AUR. Here is an example of how to create a basic package. To learn more about building packages, read PKGBUILD.

The family name of a font file can be aquired with the use of fc-query for example: fc-query -f '%{family[0]}\n' /path/to/file. The formatting is described in the FcPatternFormat(3) manual.

PKGBUILD
pkgname=fontname-fonts
pkgver=1.0
pkgrel=1
pkgdesc="Some description"
arch=(any)
depends=(fontconfig xorg-font-utils)
source=("http://someurl.org/$pkgname.tar.bz2")
install=$pkgname.install

package() {
  install -Dm644 $pkgname/font.otf "$pkgdir"/usr/share/fonts/family_name/font.otf
  install -Dm644 $pkgname/font_bold.otf "$pkgdir"/usr/share/fonts/family_name/font_bold.otf
}
fontname-fonts.install
post_install() {
  fc-cache -s
}

post_upgrade() {
  post_install
}

post_remove() {
  post_install
}

Manual installation

The recommended way of adding fonts that are not in the repositories to your system is described in #Creating a package. This gives pacman the ability to remove or update them at a later time. Fonts can alternately be installed manually as well.

To install fonts system-wide (available for all users), move the folder to the /usr/share/fonts/ directory. The files need to be readable by every user, use chmod to set the correct permissions (i.e. at least 0444 for files and 0555 for directories). To install fonts for only a single user, use ~/.local/share/fonts (~/.fonts/ is now deprecated).

For Xserver to load fonts directly (as opposed to the use of a font server) the directory for your newly added font must be added with a FontPath entry. This entry is located in the Files section of your Xorg configuration file (e.g. /etc/X11/xorg.conf or /etc/xorg.conf). See #Older applications for more detail.

Then update the fontconfig font cache: (usually unnecessary as software using the fontconfig library do this.)

$ fc-cache

Older applications

With older applications that do not support fontconfig (e.g. GTK+ 1.x applications, and xfontsel) the index will need to be created in the font directory:

$ mkfontscale
$ mkfontdir

Or to include more than one folder with one command:

$ for dir in /font/dir1/ /font/dir2/; do xset +fp $dir; done && xset fp rehash

Or if fonts were installed in a different sub-folders under the e.g. /usr/share/fonts:

$ for dir in * ; do if [  -d  "$dir"  ]; then cd "$dir";xset +fp "$PWD" ;mkfontscale; mkfontdir;cd .. ;fi; done && xset fp rehash

At times the X server may fail to load the fonts directory and you will need to rescan all the fonts.dir files:

# xset +fp /usr/share/fonts/misc # Inform the X server of new directories
# xset fp rehash                # Forces a new rescan

To check that the font(s) is included:

$ xlsfonts | grep fontname
Note: Many packages will automatically configure Xorg to use the font upon installation. If that is the case with your font, this step is not necessary.

This can also be set globally in /etc/X11/xorg.conf or /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d.

Here is an example of the section that must be added to /etc/X11/xorg.conf. Add or remove paths based on your particular font requirements.

# Let X.Org know about the custom font directories
Section "Files"
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/100dpi"
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/75dpi"
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/cantarell"
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/cyrillic"
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/encodings"
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/misc"
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/truetype"
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/TTF"
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/util"
EndSection

Pango Warnings

When Pango is in use on your system it will read from fontconfig to sort out where to source fonts.

(process:5741): Pango-WARNING **: failed to choose a font, expect ugly output. engine-type='PangoRenderFc', script='common'
(process:5741): Pango-WARNING **: failed to choose a font, expect ugly output. engine-type='PangoRenderFc', script='latin'

If you are seeing errors similar to this and/or seeing blocks instead of characters in your application then you need to add fonts and update the font cache. This example uses the ttf-liberation fonts to illustrate the solution (after successful installation of the package) and runs as root to enable them system-wide.

# fc-cache
/usr/share/fonts: caching, new cache contents: 0 fonts, 3 dirs
/usr/share/fonts/TTF: caching, new cache contents: 16 fonts, 0 dirs
/usr/share/fonts/encodings: caching, new cache contents: 0 fonts, 1 dirs
/usr/share/fonts/encodings/large: caching, new cache contents: 0 fonts, 0 dirs
/usr/share/fonts/util: caching, new cache contents: 0 fonts, 0 dirs
/var/cache/fontconfig: cleaning cache directory
fc-cache: succeeded

You can test for a default font being set like so:

# fc-match
LiberationMono-Regular.ttf: "Liberation Mono" "Regular"

Console fonts

Note: This section is about the Linux console. For alternative console solutions offering more features (full Unicode fonts, modern graphics adapters etc.), see fbterm, KMSCON or similar projects.

By default, the virtual console uses the kernel built-in font with a CP437 character set,[1] but this can be easily changed.

The Linux console uses UTF-8 encoding by default, but because the standard VGA-compatible framebuffer is used, a console font is limited to either a standard 256, or 512 glyphs. If the font has more than 256 glyphs, the number of colours is reduced from 16 to 8. In order to assign correct symbol to be displayed to the given Unicode value, a special translation map, often called unimap, is needed. Nowadays most of the console fonts have the unimap built-in, historically it had to be loaded separately.

The kbd package provides tools to change virtual console font and font mapping. Available fonts are saved in the /usr/share/kbd/consolefonts/ directory, those ending with .psfu or .psfu.gz have a Unicode translation map built-in.

Keymaps, the connection between the key pressed and the character used by the computer, are found in the subdirectories of /usr/share/kbd/keymaps/, see Keyboard configuration in console for details.

Note: Replacing the font can cause issues with programs that expect a standard VGA-style font, such as those using line drawing graphics.

Previewing and testing

Tip: An organized library of images for previewing is available: Linux console fonts screenshots.

The available glyphs or letters in the font can also be viewed as a table with using showconsolefont:

$ showconsolefont

The setfont utility may be used to temporarily change the font, so that the user can consider its permanent use. Just pass the name of the font (they are located in /usr/share/kbd/consolefonts/). For example:

$ setfont lat2-16 -m 8859-2

Note that the font name is case-sensitive, so type it exactly as you see it. If the newly changed font is not suitable, a return to the default font with the following command (even if the console display is totally unreadable, this command will still work, just type the command "blindly"):

$ setfont
Note: setfont only works on the console currently being used. Any other consoles, active or inactive, remain unaffected.

Persistent configuration

The FONT variable in /etc/vconsole.conf is used to set the font at boot, persistently for all consoles. See man 5 vconsole.conf for details.

For displaying characters such as Č, ž, đ, š or Ł, ę, ą, ś using the font lat2-16.psfu.gz:

/etc/vconsole.conf
...
FONT=lat2-16
FONT_MAP=8859-2

It means that second part of ISO/IEC 8859 characters are used with size 16. You can change font size using other values (e.g. lat2-08). For the regions determined by 8859 specification, look at the Wikipedia table.

To use the specified font in early userspace, use the consolefont hook in /etc/mkinitcpio.conf. See Mkinitcpio#HOOKS for more information.

If the fonts seems to not change on boot, or change only temporarily, it is most likely that they got reset when graphics driver was initialized and console was switched to framebuffer. To avoid this, load your graphics driver earlier. See for example Kernel mode setting#Early KMS start, [2] or other ways to setup your framebuffer before /etc/vconsole.conf is applied.

Font packages

This is a selective list that includes many font packages from the AUR along with those in the official repositories. Fonts are tagged "Unicode" if they have wide Unicode support, see the project or Wikipedia pages for detail.

Github user Ternstor has created a python script that generates HTML documents with PNG images of all the fonts in the AUR and the official repositories: [3].

Ancient Scripts

  • ttf-ancient-fontsAUR - Font containing Unicode symbols for Aegean, Egyptian, Cuneiform, Anatolian, Maya, and Analecta scripts

Braille

Emoji and symbols

A section of the Unicode standard is designated for pictographic characters called "emoji".

  • emojione-color-fontAUR - a complete, independent, open-source emoji set focused on design correctness
  • twemoji-color-fontAUR - Twitter's open-sourced emoji glyphs
  • ttf-symbola - provides many Unicode symbols, including emoji, in outline style
  • noto-fonts-emoji - Google's own emoji font, like on Android or Google Hangouts. Some newer additions to Unicode appear to render poorly with Noto fonts.

Kaomoji are sometimes referred to as "Japanese emoticons" and are composed of characters from various character sets, including CJK and Indic fonts. For example, the following set of packages covers most of existing kaomoji: ttf-freefont, ttf-arphic-uming, and ttf-indic-otf.

Arabic & Urdu

  • ttf-amiriAUR - A classical Arabic typeface in Naskh style poineered by Amiria Press
  • ttf-qurancomplex-fontsAUR - Fonts by King Fahd Glorious Quran Printing Complex in al-Madinah al-Munawwarah
  • ttf-arabeyes-fontsAUR - Collection of free Arabic fonts
  • ttf-sil-lateefAUR - Unicode Arabic font from SIL
  • ttf-sil-scheherazadeAUR - Unicode Arabic font from SIL
  • ttf-urdufontsAUR - Urdu fonts (Jameel Noori Nastaleeq (+kasheeda), Nafees Web Naskh, PDMS Saleem Quran Font) and font configuration to set Jameel Noori Nastaleeq as default font for Urdu

Burmese

Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese

Pan-CJK
  • noto-fonts-cjk - Large collection of fonts which comprehensively support Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, Japanese, and Korean, with a consistent design and look. It is currently a rebadged version of adobe-source-han-sans-otc-fonts.
  • adobe-source-han-sans-otc-fonts - Large collection of fonts which comprehensively support Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, Japanese, and Korean, with a consistent design and look.
(Mainly) Chinese
Japanese
  • adobe-source-han-sans-jp-fonts - Japanese OpenType/CFF fonts
  • otf-ipafont - Formal style Japanese Gothic (sans-serif) and Mincho (serif) fonts set; one of the highest quality open source font. Default of openSUSE-ja.
  • ttf-sazanami - Japanese free TrueType font. This is outdated and not maintained any more, but may be defined as a fallback font on several environments.
  • ttf-hanazono - A free Japanese kanji font, style Mincho (serif).
  • ttf-vlgothicAUR - Japanese Gothic fonts. Default of Debian/Fedora/Vine Linux
  • ttf-mplusAUR - Modern Gothic style Japanese outline fonts. It includes all of Japanese Hiragana/Katakana, Basic Latin, Latin-1 Supplement, Latin Extended-A, IPA Extensions and most of Japanese Kanji, Greek, Cyrillic, Vietnamese with 7 weights (proportional) or 5 weights (monospace).
  • ttf-koruriAUR - Japanese TrueType font obtained by mixing ttf-mplusAUR and Open Sans
  • ttf-monapoAUR - Japanese fonts to show 2channel Shift JIS art properly.
Korean

Cyrillic

See also #Monospaced, #Sans-serif and #Serif.

  • otf-russkopisAUR - A free OpenType cursive font for Cyrillic script
  • ttf-paratypeAUR - Font family by ParaType: sans, serif, mono, extended cyrillic and latin, OFL license

Greek

Almost all Unicode fonts contain the Greek character set (polytonic included). Some additional font packages, which might not contain the complete Unicode set but utilize high quality Greek (and Latin, of course) typefaces are:

  • otf-gfsAUR - Selection of OpenType fonts from the Greek Font Society
  • ttf-mgopenAUR - Professional TrueType fonts from Magenta

Hebrew

  • culmusAUR - Nice collection of free Hebrew fonts

Indic

(This one contains a "look of disapproval" that might be more to your liking than the bdf-unifont one mentioned elsewhere in this document)

Khmer

Lao

  • ttf-laoAUR - Lao TTF font (Phetsarath_OT)
  • ttf-lao-fontsAUR - Lao TTF fonts, both Unicode and non-Unicode for Windows

Persian

  • ttf-irfontsAUR - Iran Supreme Council of Information and Communication Technology (SCICT) standard Persian fonts series.
  • ttf-bornaAUR - Borna Rayaneh Persian B font series.
  • ttf-sinaAUR - Sina Pardazesh Persian font series.
  • ttf-x2AUR - Free fonts with support for Persian, Arabic, Urdu, Pashto, Dari, Uzbek, Kurdish, Uighur, old Turkish (Ottoman) and modern Turkish (Roman).
  • ttf-iran-nastaliqAUR - A free Unicode calligraphic Persian font created by Iran Supreme Council of Information and Communication Technology (SCICT).
  • ttf-vazirAUR, ttf-samimAUR, ttf-tanhaAUR, ttf-shabnamAUR, ttf-gandomAUR, ttf-parastooAUR - Beautiful Persian fonts made by Ali Rasti Kerdar.
  • ttf-persian-hm-xs2AUR - An improved and corrected font series derived from ttf-x2AUR Persian font series with Kashida feature.
  • ttf-persian-hm-ftxAUR - An improved and corrected font series derived from ttf-x2AUR Persian font series, Metafont and FarsiTeX fonts with Kashida feature.
  • ttf-iranian-sansAUR and ttf-iranian-serifAUR - A family of fonts, designed by support from Iranian National Initiative for Free and Open Source Software to provide a good looking and free font for Persian script.
  • persian-fontsAUR - Meta package for installing all Persian fonts in AUR.

Sinhala

Thai

  • ttf-tlwg - Collection of scalable Thai fonts

Tibetan

Math

Metric-compatible fonts

See Metric-compatible fonts, which lists available alternatives for Microsoft fonts.

Apple OS X fonts

Monospaced

Here are some suggestions. Every user has their own favorite, so experiment to find yours. If you are in a hurry, you read Dan Benjamin's blog post: Top 10 Programming Fonts.

Here is a long list of fonts by Trevor Lowing: http://www.lowing.org/fonts/.

A comparison with images on Slant: What are the best programming fonts?

And a Stack Overflow question with some images: Recommended fonts for programming

TrueType

Bitmap

Sans-serif

Script

Serif

Unsorted

Tango-edit-clear.pngThis article or section needs language, wiki syntax or style improvements.Tango-edit-clear.png

Reason: This section should be absorbed into the Monospace/Serif/Sans-Serif structure (Discuss in Talk:Fonts#)

Fallback font order with X11

Fontconfig automatically chooses a font that matches the current requirement. That is to say, if one is looking at a window containing English and Chinese for example, it will switch to another font for the Chinese text if the default one does not support it.

Fontconfig lets every user configure the order they want via $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/fontconfig/fonts.conf. If you want a particular Chinese font to be selected after your favorite Serif font, your file would look like this:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<!DOCTYPE fontconfig SYSTEM "fonts.dtd">
<fontconfig>
<alias>
   <family>serif</family>
   <prefer>
     <family>Your favorite Latin Serif font name</family>
     <family>Your Chinese font name</family>
   </prefer>
 </alias>
</fontconfig>
Tip: If you use a Chinese locale, set LC_LANG to und to make this work. Otherwise both English and Chinese text will be rendered in the Chinese font.

You can add a section for sans-serif and monospace as well. For more informations, have a look at the fontconfig manual.

See also Font configuration#Replace or set default fonts.

Font alias

There are several font aliases which represent other fonts in order that applications may use similar fonts. The most common aliases are: serif for a font of the serif type (e.g. DejaVu Serif); sans-serif for a font of the sans-serif type (e.g. DejaVu Sans); and monospace for a monospaced font (e.g. DejaVu Sans Mono). However, the fonts which these aliases represent may vary and the relationship is often not shown in font management tools, such as those found in KDE and other desktop environments.

To reverse an alias and find which font it is representing, run:

$ fc-match monospace
DejaVuSansMono.ttf: "DejaVu Sans Mono" "Book"

In this case, DejaVuSansMono.ttf is the font represented by the monospace alias.

Tips and tricks

List all installed fonts

You can use the following command to list all installed fonts that are available on your system.

$ fc-list

Lists installed fonts for a particular language

Applications and browsers select and display fonts depending upon fontconfig preferences and available font glyph for Unicode text. To list installed fonts for a particular language, issue a command fc-list :lang="two letter language code". For instance, to list installed Arabic fonts or fonts supporting Arabic glyph:

$ fc-list -f '%{file}\n' :lang=ar
/usr/share/fonts/TTF/FreeMono.ttf
/usr/share/fonts/TTF/DejaVuSansCondensed.ttf
/usr/share/fonts/truetype/custom/DroidKufi-Bold.ttf
/usr/share/fonts/TTF/DejaVuSansMono.ttf
/usr/share/fonts/TTF/FreeSerif.ttf

Set terminal font on-the-fly

Tango-view-fullscreen.pngThis article or section needs expansion.Tango-view-fullscreen.png

Reason: Which terminals specifically support this method? Where is the documentation for the escape codes? (Discuss in Talk:Fonts#)

For terminal emulators that use Xresources, fonts can be set by using escape sequences. Specifically, echo \033]710;$font\007 to change the normal font (*font in ~/.Xresources), and replace 710 with 711, 712, and 713 to change the *boldFont, *italicFont, and *boldItalicFont, respectively.

$font can be anything the terminal emulator will support.

Application-specific font cache

Matplotlib (python-matplotlib or python2-matplotlib) uses its own font cache, so after updating fonts, be sure to remove $HOME/.matplotlib/fontList.cache, $HOME/.cache/matplotlib/fontList.cache, $HOME/.sage/matplotlib-1.2.1/fontList.cache, etc. so it will regenerate its cache and find the new fonts [4].

See also