From ArchWiki
Revision as of 14:35, 14 September 2013 by Smekkleysa (Talk | contribs) (MAIN CONFIGURATION)

Jump to: navigation, search


Get FreeNX/Nomachine from nx-allAUR. Both server and client packages are included in the package. The sshd daemon (available in openssh package) must be installed and running for it to function properly.




For freenx authentication to work, sshd has to be setup properly. You need to allow RSAauthentication, Password Authentication, and you also need to include nx public keys to Authorizedkeysfile.

If you do not want to allow password login globally, add match block at the end of file like below: /etc/ssh/sshd_config:

RSAAuthentication yes
PubkeyAuthentication yes
PasswordAuthentication no
PermitEmptyPasswords yes
AuthorizedKeysfIle /usr/NX/home/nx/.ssh/authorized_keys /usr/NX/home/nx/.ssh/authorized_keys2
Match Address
  PasswordAuthentication yes


The main configuration file is located at /usr/NX/node.cfg.

If you are running your SSH daemon on a port other than the default port 22, you'll need to uncomment and update:SSHD_PORT=22

If you use KDE or Gnome desktop environments you do not need to edit this file, as the defaults with the modified MD5SUM command should work in this case. If you use another window manager such as Fluxbox/Openbox or Xfce, you may need to edit this file slightly (see below).

Or if you are not using CDE but Xfce you could simply edit CDE line like below and start cde from the client:

CommandStartCDE = "/usr/bin/startxfce4"

After installing the nx-all package, run sudo /usr/NX/scripts/setup/nxserver --help for an overview of the install and uninstall procedures.

  • You should also install xdialog on the server or you will not see the "suspend/terminate" dialog when you try to close the window or hit Ctrl+Alt+t.
  • Although mostly assumed that you will have it already, xterm is also necessary for some things.


Keys are used to authenticate the clients with the server by default. You could used the default key created duaring installation or you could create a new pair. If you create your own key pair, make sure you add the directory of the public key to authorizedkeyfiles in sshd_config and also SSHAuthorizedKeys in node.cfg. And Don't forget to send the private key to the client.

The public key can be found here check :


The private key can be found here:


Recreation of random keys:

/usr/NX/bin/nxserver --keygen

You can check if the nxserver is running by:

/usr/NX/bin/nxserver --status 

You can also check if a desired user can be logged on by:

/usr/NX/bin/nxserver --usercheck USERNAME

Starting the server

As of installation nxserver is set to start up automatically, however, you are likely to need to restart the server after setting up:

/usr/NX/bin/nxserver --restart


Arch Linux

Install one or both of opennx and nxclient packages.


Get the client from nomachine's homepage:

Tip: Nomachine tends to remove old clients from their homepage, If your setup works with a client save it in a safe place.


As mentioned above, the client must contain the correct key to connect to the server. If you are using the custom keys generated during install, you need to copy the client key to the following locations:

  • Windows: your_install_dir_on_windows/share/keys/client.id_dsa.key
  • Arch Linux: /usr/lib/nx/share/keys/client.id_dsa.key

After moving the keys you may have use the nxclient GUI to import the new keys. From the configuration dialog press the 'Key...' button and import the new client key.


After installing nxclient on Arch Linux, executables are available in /usr/lib/nx/bin/ symlinked to /usr/bin/. At the first run of /usr/bin/nxclient, the user will be led through a wizard.

Keyboard shortcuts

CTR+ALT+F          Toggles full-screen mode. 
CTRL+ALT+T         Shows the terminate, suspend dialog.
CTRL+ALT+M         Maximizes of minimizes the window 
CTRL+ALT+Mouse     Drags the viewport, so you can view different portions 
                   of the desktop. 
or                 Moves the viewport by an incremental amount of pixels. 
CTRL+ALT+S         It will activate "screen-scraping" mode, so all the GetImage
                   originated by the clients will be forwarded to the real
                   display. This should make happy those who love taking
                   screenshots ;-). By pressing the sequence again, nxagent
                   will revert to the usual "fast" mode.
CTRL+ALT+E         lazy image encoding
CTRL+ALT+Shift+ESC Emergency-exit and kill-window

Leaving fullscreen

There is a magic-pixel in the top right corner of nearly every nx-application in fullscreenmode. Left-click the pixel and application-window gets iconified.

Tips on resume

  • Resume is a bit experimental, crashes might appear after session has resumed. You have to find out which apps like resuming and which do not ;) .
  • Resuming between Linux and Windows sessions does not work. UPDATE: It appears that version 3.2.0-14 is able to resume Windows-suspended sessions.
  • If resume fails let it time out and do not use the cancel button, else sessions will stay open and consume RAM on server. To kill such sessions use the Session Admin program to kill them.

Fix DPI settings

If you like to have the same font-sizes/dpi sizes on all your client session, set the X resource "Xft.dpi". For example putting the following line into a user's "~/.Xresources" makes her/his "desktop" a 100dpi. Xft.dpi: 100

FreeNX to existing display

Usually, when connecting to a NX server, a new X session is created. Sometimes it might be useful, to connect to an existing X session, e.g. the root session. This is not possible with NX in default setup, but can be reached, using tightvnc and x11vnc. Install them on the NX server system.

x11vnc will serve the X session, we have to create a file $HOME/.x11vncrc to give x11vnc some options, e.g.:

display :0
rfbauth /home/user/.x11vnc/passwd

Create the VNC password file:

$ mkdir $HOME/.x11vnc
$ x11vnc -storepasswd PASSWORD $HOME/.x11vnc/passwd
$ chmod 600 $HOME/.x11vnc/passwd

Create a shell script, which starts the x11vnc service, if not running and starts the vncviewer provided by the package tightvnc.

Note: The variable $VNC_PORT in the following script defines the X display, which is configured as display :0 under $HOME/.x11vncrc, 5900 is the root session, if you want to use display :1 use the port 5901 and so on

if [ -z "$(pgrep ${VNC_SERVER})" ]; then
	echo $VNC_SERVER not running, starting...
	exec $VNC_SERVER &
	sleep 5

exec $VNC_VIEWER -geometry $VNC_RESOLUTION -passwd $VNC_PASSWD localhost::$VNC_PORT

Save this script with a texteditor of your choice, e.g. under $HOME/shell/ Make it executable and create a symbolic link, e.g:

$ chmod +x $HOME/shell/
# ln -s /home/USER/shell/ /usr/local/bin/nxvnc

At this point, you might want to test the current configuration:

$ /usr/local/bin/nxvnc

If the x11vnc service and a vncviewer session is started, you configuration works well. You are now able to connect to the current X session using your NX client with following options:

Login, Password, Host, Port: your default entries
Desktop: Unix -> Custom
 - Settings:
   - Run the following command: /usr/local/bin/nxvnc
   - New virtual desktop
  - Fullscreen or Custom with you preferred resolution

You are able to connect to your current X session via NX client now.

FreeNX to existing display (

Setting up non-KDE or Gnome desktop managers

Before following anything in this part, make sure the server working setup and accepting connections. This section only deals with problems once NXClient has logged on.

It is quite simple (once the server is setup) to connect to Gnome and KDE sessions, however connecting to other window managers (Fluxbox, XFCE, whatever) is slightly different.

Choosing "custom" and using a command like startx of startfluxbox will either result in a blank screen after the !M logo or the Client to present an error complaining about lack of a X server. A way around this is open a session with the command "startx", and the another with the command to start your window-manager-of-choice.

If you do not want to do this, you can start X by installing a login manager like SLIM or XDM. I would recomend using SLiM because of it's small size.

(Authors note: This is how I got fluxbox, xfce and others to work on my arch installation- however, I have now removed slim from inittab and set the run level back to 3, and yet I can still login perfectly with NXClient. Possibly try this if you get your system working this way, if like me you have a low memory machine.)

Note: The above information may not be true anymore. Once connection and authentication were valid (and xterm was installed on mine), startfluxbox was added to the custom command line, new window was selected, and it started right up.

Alternative fix

A simple fix without resorting to the above seems to involve a simple edit to the config file. This should work for Fluxbox/Openbox/XFCE or any other window manager that uses the .xinitrc startup file in a call to startx.

Simply edit the config file /etc/nxserver/node.conf as root and change:




Remember to remove the # symbol from the start of the line.

Then in the client under configuration settings, choose Custom as the desktop, and click on settings:

  • In the first group select - Run the default X client Script on server
  • In the second group select - New virtual desktop


Debug problems

Edit the nxserver config file /etc/nxserver/node.conf and change:




Then you can look/debug the log files in:


For succesfull connections and:


For failed ones.

Authentication OK, but connection fails

If you are trying to start KDE edit /etc/nxserver/node.conf and search for:


Replace for:


Key changes

Change the key in GUI setup to new generated key.

Xorg 7

Be aware that you have to remove the /usr/X11R6 directory, else strange things can happen.

Wrong password / No connection possible / Key-based authentication

  • If you have changed your ssh daemon to run on an alternate port, be sure to modify SSHD_PORT within /etc/nxserver/node.conf.
  • If you get always wrong password or no connection after authentication was done and you are sure that you typed it correct, check that your server can connect to itself using localhost by ssh.
  • If you messed up your key files, create new ones or fix the old ones, it's probably caused by a wrong known_hosts file.
  • If you get wrong password or login, put ENABLE_PASSDB_AUTHENTICATION="1" in /etc/nxserver/node.conf and add a user by
# /usr/bin/nxserver --adduser [username]
# /usr/bin/nxserver --passwd [username]
  • The above commands are also necessary if you have disabled password authentication in ssh and instead are using key-based authentication.

NX Crashes on session startup

If your NX Client shows the NX logo then disappears with a Connection Problem dialog afterwards.

Missing Fonts

Then it could be due to missing fonts. Mostly applies if you have installed Arch Linux base and then installed freenx after without the whole X11 set.

Solution until FreeNX Dependencies is fixed is to install xorg-fonts-misc on your NX Server (pacman -S xorg-fonts-misc) and your NX should work.

Note: This does not apply to freenx 0.6.1-3 and above, fix has been incorporated in it and following versions.

Awesome WM

Using the window manager Awesome does not work with FreeNX. The bug report can be found at FS#844 - Awesome does not work with FreeNX. Troubleshoot with another desktop environment/window manager.

NX logo then blank screen

If you see the NX logo (!M) then a blank screen.

This problem can be solved by running a login manager- The problem is that X11 is not started, and it appears that "startx" or similar do not work from the freenx client. Follow these instructions to setup a login manager and load it at startup: Display Manager

Blind: If this does not resolve your issues, be aware that freenx and bash_completion do not play well together. I only got things to work after removing bash_completion from the .bashrc.

GDM/XDM Session Menu Error with non-KDE or Gnome Desktop Managers (more common with non-Arch Linux users)

Problem: A session menu comes up talking about "chooseSessionListWidget." A window manager never loads.

Double check to see if .xinitrc is executable:

stat -c "%A" ~/.xinitrc

If the file is not executable, simply:

 chmod +x ~/.xinitrc

Keep in mind this command should be executed along with pertinent instructions on this page about setting up non-KDE or Gnome desktop managers.

Cannot connect because command sessreg not found

If you get the following error while connecting:

 /usr/bin/nxserver: line 941: sessreg: command not found
 NX> 280 Exiting on signal: 15

then you have to install the package xorg-server-utils.

Broken resume with Cairo 1.12.x

Latest cairo updates broke the render extension. After resuming a session all characters from before suspending won't get rendered. To fix this add this single line to /etc/nxserver/node.conf.


Eclipse crashes when editing a file

 The program 'Eclipse' received an X Window System error.
 This probably reflects a bug in the program.
 The error was 'BadValue (integer parameter out of range for operation)'.
 (Details: serial 8414 error_code 2 request_code 149 minor_code 26)

Start eclipse using (see

 eclipse -vmargs -Dorg.eclipse.swt.internal.gtk.cairoGraphics=false