Files is the default file manager for GNOME. Files attempts to provide a streamlined method to manage both files and applications.
- 1 Installation
- 2 Configuration
- 3 Tips and tricks
- 4 Troubleshooting
- Install package for Windows network shares.
- Install package and for accessing apple network shares. In addition to installing Avahi, it must be enabled too.
Some programs can add extra functionality to Files. Here are a few packages in the official repositories that do just that.
- Nautilus Actions — Configures programs to be launched when files are selected in Files
- Nautilus Terminal — Terminal embedded in Files. It is always open in the current folder, and follows the navigation.
- Open in Terminal — A Files plugin for opening terminals in arbitrary local paths
- http://ftp.gnome.org/pub/GNOME/sources/nautilus-open-terminal ||
- Tip: This plugin is not needed if you haveinstalled: since version 3.10.0-2 it provides the extension
/usr/lib/nautilus/extensions-3.0/libterminal-nautilus.sowhich creates an entry in Files' context menu for opening the selected directory in a new terminal - see this commit.
- Send to Menu — Files context menu for sending files.
- Seahorse Nautilus — PGP encryption and signing for Files
Files is simple to configure graphically, but not all options are available in the preferences menu. More options are available with dconf-editor under
Files, by default, no longer manages the desktop window in GNOME Shell. However, Files does have the ability to provide desktop icons if they are desired. Files achieves this by drawing a transparent window (containing the icons) which sits on top of the desktop window.
To enable desktop icons, in
killall nautilus; nautilus or if you are running GNOME, press
r, and press
Enter (this restarts GNOME Shell).
Alternatively, run the following command which will achieve the same effect:
$ gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.background show-desktop-icons true
Change default item view
You can change the default view for the items by setting the
default-folder-viewer variable, e.g. for the list view:
$ gsettings set org.gnome.nautilus.preferences default-folder-viewer 'list-view'
The displayed folders are specified in
~/.config/user-dirs.dirs and can be altered with any editor. An execution of
xdg-user-dirs-update will change them again, thus it may be advisable to set the file permissions to read-only.
Always show text-entry location
The standard Files toolbar shows a button bar interface for path navigation. To enter path locations using the keyboard, you must expose the location text-entry field. This is done by pressing
To make the location text-entry field always present, use gsettings as shown below:
$ gsettings set org.gnome.nautilus.preferences always-use-location-entry true
Tips and tricks
Create an empty document in Files 3.6 and above
GNOME 3.6 brought changes to Files. The option to create an empty document has been removed from the right-click menu in Files. To get this option back one has to create a
~/Templates/ folder in your home folder and place an empty file inside the folder through your favorite Terminal by
or by using any other file manager. Then just restart Files.
On non-English installations, the templates directory might have another name. One can find the actual directory with
Music files metadata in list view
GNOME Files lacks the ability to display metadata for music files in list view mode. A Python script is available which adds list view columns for the artist, album, track title, bit rate and more.
To use the script you first need to install the following: , , , and .
Once the dependencies are installed, save the bsc-v2.py script to
~/.local/share/nautilus-python/extensions (create the directory if it does not exist) and restart Files.
The new columns should now have been added. To enable them, navigate to Preferences -> List columns and tick the columns that you wish to use.
Files is no longer the default file manager
This can happen for a number of reasons, primarily when an installation of another application forces mime type changes. If Files is not recognized as the default file manager, set Files as default handler for the mime type inode/directory:
$ xdg-mime default org.gnome.Nautilus.desktop inode/directory
... which will generate:
[Default Applications] inode/directory=org.gnome.Nautilus.desktop
/usr/share/applications/mimeapps.listand add the line there.