GNOME (ไทย)

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อะไรคือ GNOME?

โครงการ GNOME คือโครงการพัฒนาระบบการทำงานแบบ Graphic หรือเรียกอีกชื่อหนึ่งว่า Desktop environment ซึ่งมีจุดประสงค์ในการสร้างระบบที่สวยงามและใช้งานได้ง่าย พร้อมทั้งมีต้นแบบการพัฒนาเพิ่มเติม ที่เรียกว่า GNOME development platform ซึ่งเป็นต้นแบบเพิ่มเติมที่สามารถใช้พัฒนาซอฟท์แวร์เพื่อใช้งานกับส่วนต่างๆ ของ Desktop ได้

How to install the GNOME Desktop

To install the base GNOME Desktop, type the following at a command prompt:

pacman -S gnome

To install the rest of the GNOME Desktop (highly recommended, see Gnome Tips), type the following at a command prompt:

pacman -S gnome-extra

To start the correct processes at system startup, edit the file /etc/rc.conf and add "portmap", "fam", "dbus" and "hal" to the DAEMONS=() line.

Running the GNOME Desktop

To start GNOME from the console, run:


If you add the following to your $HOME/.xinitrc file (and make sure it is the only line that starts with "exec"):

exec gnome-session

Note: Since GNOME 2.14 gnome needs dbus support, in that case replace the exec line above with:

exec dbus-launch --exit-with-session /opt/gnome/bin/gnome-session

GNOME will start when you enter the following command.


GDM (GNOME Display Manager)

If you want a graphical login, you will need to install GDM (which is also part of gnome-extra). To do so, type the following at a command prompt:

pacman -S gdm

To make the graphical login the default method of logging into the system, add gdm to your list of daemons in /etc/rc.conf

If you are used to using the $HOME/.xinitrc file to pass arguments to the x server when it is started, such as xmodmap or xsetroot, you should note that you can add the same commands to the $HOME/.xprofile file. My .xprofile looks like this:


# ~/.xprofile
# Executed by gdm at login

xmodmap -e "pointer = 1 2 3 6 7 4 5"  #set mouse buttons up correctly
xsetroot -solid black                 #sets the background to black

For more information about Graphical Logins (DMs), see this excellent page.

See also

External links