Difference between revisions of "GNOME 2 (Česky)"

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==Co je to GNOME?==
[http://www.gnome.org/ GNOME] je projekt poskytující dvě věci: desktopové prostředí, intuitivní a atraktivní desktop pro koncové uživatele a GNOME vývojová platforma, rozsáhlá základna pro tvorbu aplikací integrovaných do prostředí.
==Jak nainstalovat GNOME?==
Pro nainstalování základu GNOME napište následující příkaz:
pacman -S gnome
Pro nainstalování rozšířeného GNOME (doporučeno) napište následující příkaz:
pacman -S gnome-extra
Pro spuštění správných procesů po bootu editujte soubor /etc/rc.conf a přidejte "portmap", "fam", "dbus" and "hal" do DAEMONS=() řádky.
==Spouštění GNOME==
Pro start GNOME z konzole napište:
Pokud přidáte do $HOME/.xinitrc řádku:
exec gnome-session
Pozn: GNOME 2.14 potřebuje podporu dbus proto nahradte řádek exec tímto:
exec dbus-launch --exit-with-session /opt/gnome/bin/gnome-session
GNOME se spustí jakmile napíšete:
==GDM (GNOME Display Manager)==
Pokud chcete grafické přihlašování musíte nainstalovat [http://www.gnome.org/projects/gdm/ GDM]. Pro jeho instalaci jen napište:
pacman -S gdm
Aby se gdm spouštělo hned po startu musíte zapsat "gdm" do seznamu démonů v /etc/rc.conf
If you are used to using the '''$HOME/.xinitrc''' file to pass arguments to the x server when it is started, such as '''xmodmap''' or '''xsetroot''', you should note that you can add the same commands to the '''$HOME/.xprofile''' file. My .xprofile looks like this:
# ~/.xprofile
# Executed by gdm at login
xmodmap -e "pointer = 1 2 3 6 7 4 5"  #set mouse buttons up correctly
xsetroot -solid black                #sets the background to black
For more information about Graphical Logins (DMs), see [http://endor.clublinux.org/RHCE-21.html this excellent page].
==Misc tips and tricks==
===Get the Desktop -> Lock Screen to work===
#Go to Desktop -> Preferences -> Screensaver
#Enable one or more screensavers
#Lock Screen will now start your screensaver and require your password to stop it
Want to get to a certain path but can't because of the spatial view? Just type:
<pre>control + L</pre>
====browser mode====
tired of spatial view? then start gconf-editor then browse to apps/nautilus/preferences and change the value  of "always_use_browser" (it's a yes/no value and should be visible as a checkbox or say "false", for the later change the value to "true"
===Add/Edit GDM Sessions===
To add or edit sessions to GDM:<br>
The GDM configuration file is located at /opt/gnome/etc/gdm/gdm.conf. The gdm.conf file links to the desktop/window manager sessions in the folder /etc/X11/sessions. The sessions are in the format *.desktop.<p>
To add a new session<br>
1.Copy an existing *.desktop file to use as a template for a new session:
<pre>cd /etc/X11/sessions
cp enlightenment.desktop waimea.desktop</pre>
2. Modify the template *.desktop file to open the required window manager:
<pre> nano waimea.desktop</pre>
Alternatively, you can open the new session in KDM. This creates the *.desktop file. Then return to using GDM and the new session will be available.
===/etc/hosts and the loopback device===
If your gnome applications seem sluggish and gnome hangs at start-up after killing the previous session, it's likely you haven't set your /etc/hosts file correctly and enabled the loopback device.<br><br>Make sure your /etc/rc.conf file includes: <pre>HOSTNAME="YOURHOSTNAME"
and your /etc/hosts file includes:<pre>      localhost      YOURHOSTNAME </pre> Then run "/bin/hostname YOURHOSTNAME" and "/usr/sbin/ifconfig lo up" as root.
==Some GNOME links==
===Arch Wiki links===
* [[Gnome Menu tweaking]]
* [[Gnome Tips]]
===External links===
* The official documentation: http://www.gnome.org/learn/
* For themes, icons, and backgrounds: http://www.gnome-look.org/ or http://art.gnome.org/
* For GTK programs and a few themes: http://www.gnomefiles.org/

Latest revision as of 10:11, 8 August 2013

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