Difference between revisions of "GNOME/Keyring"

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(This bug warrants a note since the ssh-keys wiki page instructs users to create ecdsa keys by default.)
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From [https://live.gnome.org/GnomeKeyring/ GnomeKeyring]:
 
From [https://live.gnome.org/GnomeKeyring/ GnomeKeyring]:
 
:''GNOME Keyring is a collection of components in GNOME that store secrets, passwords, keys, certificates and make them available to applications.''
 
:''GNOME Keyring is a collection of components in GNOME that store secrets, passwords, keys, certificates and make them available to applications.''
 
+
{{Note| 1=Gnome Keyring does not support ECDSA keys. See [https://bugzilla.gnome.org/show_bug.cgi?id=641082 Bug 641082].}}
 
== Manage using GUI ==
 
== Manage using GUI ==
 
  pacman -S seahorse
 
  pacman -S seahorse

Revision as of 16:42, 11 December 2012

From GnomeKeyring:

GNOME Keyring is a collection of components in GNOME that store secrets, passwords, keys, certificates and make them available to applications.
Note: Gnome Keyring does not support ECDSA keys. See Bug 641082.

Manage using GUI

pacman -S seahorse

It is possible to leave the GNOME keyring password blank or change it. In seahorse, in the "View" dropdown, select "By Keyring". On the Passwords tab, right click on "Passwords: login" and pick "Change password." Enter the old password and leave empty the new password. You will be warned about using unencrypted storage; continue by pushing "Use Unsafe Storage."

Use Without GNOME

It is possible to use GNOME Keyring without the rest of the GNOME desktop. To do this, add the following to your ~/.xinitrc file:

# Start a D-Bus session
source /etc/X11/xinit/xinitrc.d/30-dbus
# Start GNOME Keyring
eval $(/usr/bin/gnome-keyring-daemon --start --components=gpg,pkcs11,secrets,ssh)
# You probably need to do this too:
export SSH_AUTH_SOCK
export GPG_AGENT_INFO
export GNOME_KEYRING_CONTROL
export GNOME_KEYRING_PID

See FS#13986 for more info.

On Xfce you may need to disable gpg-agent, silently loaded at startup by xfce4-session, otherwise the above environment variables will be overwritten. Execute the following command, then log out and log in again:

xfconf-query -c xfce4-session -p /startup/ssh-agent/enabled -n -t bool -s false

SSH Keys

To add your SSH key:

$ ssh-add ~/.ssh/id_dsa
Enter passphrase for /home/mith/.ssh/id_dsa:

To list automatically loaded keys:

$ ssh-add -L

To disable all keys;

$ ssh-add -D

Now when you connect to a server, the key will be found and a dialog will popup asking you for the passphrase. It has an option to automatically unlock the key when you login. If you check this you will not need to enter your passphrase again!

Integration with applications

Gnome Keyring dialog and SSH

Run in a terminal, the following:

$ gnome-keyring-daemon -s

Output will get a few lines, but in reality we are interested, SSH_AUTH_SOCK, example:

GNOME_KEYRING_C.................
SSH_AUTH_SOCK=/run/user/1000/keyring-XXXXXX/ssh
GPG_AGENT_INF...................

Now you should add to your ~/.bashrc, according to the output of the previous command, for example:

SSH_AUTH_SOCK=`netstat -xl | grep -o '/run/user/1000/keyring-.*/ssh$'`
[ -z "$SSH_AUTH_SOCK" ] || export SSH_AUTH_SOCK

If you run on your terminal the following:

$ echo $SSH_AUTH_SOCK

will return something like the following:

/run/user/1000/keyring--XXXXXX/ssh

Now when you connect with ssh, gnome-keyring dialog will launch the "entry of the passphrase"

Unlock at Startup

GNOME's login manager (gdm) will automatically unlock the keyring once you log in; for others it is not so easy.

For SLiM, see SLiM#SLiM_and_Gnome_Keyring, This method works for KDM as well, but you need to edit /etc/pam.d/kde instead of /etc/pam.d/slim.

If you are using automatic login, then you can disable the keyring manager by setting a blank password on the login keyring. Note: your passwords will be stored unencrypted if you do this.

Useful Tools

gnome-keyring-query

gnome-keyring-queryAUR from the AUR provides a simple command-line tool for querying passwords from the password store of the GNOME Keyring.