Difference between revisions of "General recommendations (한국어)"

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[[zh-TW:General Recommendations]]
 
[[zh-TW:General Recommendations]]
 
{{Article summary start}}
 
{{Article summary start}}
{{Article summary text|An annotated index of recommended readings. Covers a wide variety of subjects relevant to both new and experienced users alike. See [[Common Applications]] for a list of frequently-used software.}}
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{{Article summary text|권장할만한 사항에 대해 설명을 단 목록입니다. 새로운 유저나 숙련된 유저 모두에게 적용 될 다양한 주제를 다룹니다. [[Common Applications]]에서 자주 사용되는 소프트웨어 목록을 보실 수 있습니다.}}
 
{{Article summary heading|Related}}
 
{{Article summary heading|Related}}
{{Article summary wiki|FAQ}}
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{{Article summary wiki|FAQ_(한국어)}}
{{Article summary wiki|Beginners' Guide}}
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{{Article summary wiki|초보자 안내서}}
 
{{Article summary end}}
 
{{Article summary end}}
  
This document is an annotated index of other popular articles and important information for improving and adding functionalities to the installed Arch system. Various pages listed here will require using [[pacman]] to install additional packages present in the [[official repositories]], and those in the unofficial [[Arch User Repository]] by employing [[makepkg]] with the optional aid of an [[AUR helper]]. As such, the concept of package management should be fully understood before continuing. Readers are assumed to have read and followed the [[Beginners' Guide]] or [[Official Arch Linux Install Guide]] to obtain a basic Arch Linux installation.
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이 문서는, 아치 시스템을 향상시키고 기능을 추가하는, 유명한 문서들이나 중요한 정보를 다루는 문서니다. 여기에 나열된 여러 페이지는 [[official repositories|공식 저장소]]에 있는 추가적인 패키지를 설치하기 위해 [[pacman|팩맨]]을 사용하고 [[AUR]]의 비공식 패키지를 설치하기 위해 [[makepkg]]를 이용할 것(이 때 [[AUR helper|AUR 도우미]]를 사용하실 수도 있습니다)입니다. 그러므로, 계속하기 전에 패키지 관리의 개념에 대해 완전히 이해해야 합니다. 이 문서는 여러분이 [[초보자 안내서]][[설치 안내서]]를 통해 기본적인 아치 리눅스 설치를 끝낸 뒤라고 가정합니다.
  
==Appearance==
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==외관==
''This section contains frequently-sought "eye candy" tweaks for an aesthetically pleasing Arch experience. For more, please see [[:Category:Eye candy]].''
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''이 부분은 자주 사용되는 "눈요깃거리" 개조를 담고 있으며 아치를 보기 좋게 꾸미는 데 중점을 둡니다. 더 많은 것을 위해서는 [[:Category:Eye candy]]를 보십시오.''
  
===Colored output===
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===컬러 출력===
Even though a number of applications have built-in color capabilities, using a general-purpose, colorizing wrapper such as cope is another route. Install {{AUR|cope}} or {{AUR|cope-git}}, the more often updated [[Git]] version, from the [[AUR]]. {{AUR|acoc}} and {{AUR|cw}} are similar alternatives.
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몇몇 어플리케이션이 기본적으로 컬러 기능을 가지고 있지만, cope와 같이 일반적인 목적으로 다른 어플리케이션에 색을 더해주는 어플리케이션을 사용하실수도 잇습니다. [[AUR]]에서 {{AUR|cope}}나 더 자주 업데이트되는 [[Git]]버전인 {{AUR|cope-git}}를 설치하십시오. {{AUR|acoc}}{{AUR|cw}}를 사용하실 수도 있습니다.
  
====Console prompt====
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====콘솔 프롬프트====
The console prompt (PS1) can be customized to a great extent. See the [http://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=50885 What's your PS1?] forum thread for ideas. Also see [[Color Bash Prompt]] or [[Zsh#Prompts]] if using Bash or Zsh, respectively.
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콘솔 프롬프트(PS1) 또한 상당 부분 커스터마이즈할 수 있습니다. [http://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=50885 What's your PS1?] 포럼 글타래를 보십시오. 또한 Bash나 Zsh를 사용하실 경우 각각 [[Color Bash Prompt]][[Zsh#Prompts]]를 보십시오.
  
====Core utilities====
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====핵심 유틸리티====
Colorizing the output of specific core utilities such as '''grep''' and '''ls''' is covered in the [[Core Utilities]] article.
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'''grep''''''ls'''와 같은 특정 핵심 유틸리티를 컬러로 출력하는 방법은 [[핵심 유틸리티]] 문서에서 다룹니다.
  
====Emacs shell====
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====이맥스 쉘====
Emacs is known for featuring options beyond the duties of regular text editing, one of these being a full shell replacement. Consult [[Emacs#Colored output issues]] for a fix regarding garbled characters that may result from enabling colored output.
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이맥스는 쉘을 완전히 대체하는 것과 같이 일반적인 텍스트 수정에 관련된 것을 넘어서는 옵션을 가진 것으로 유명합니다. [[Emacs#Colored output issues]]에서 컬러 출력으로 인한 문자 깨짐에 대한 해결법을 알아보십시오.
  
====Man pages====
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====Man 페이지====
Man pages (or manual pages) are one of the most useful resources available to GNU/Linux users. To aid readability, the pager can be configured to render colored text as explained in [[Man Page#Colored man pages]].
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Man 페이지 (혹은 매뉴얼 페이지)GNU/리눅스 유저에게 가장 유용한 자료입니다. 가독성을 향상시키기 위해 [[Man Page#Colored man pages]]에 설명된 대로 설정하실 수 있습니다.
  
===Fonts===
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===글꼴===
A plethora of information on the subject can be found in the [[Fonts]] and [[Font Configuration]] articles.
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[[Fonts|글꼴]][[Font Configuration|글꼴 설정]]페이지에서 많은 정보를 얻으실 수 있습니다.
  
====Console fonts====
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====콘솔 글꼴====
If spending a significant amount of time working from the virtual console (i.e. outside an X server), users may wish to change the console font to improve readability; see [[Fonts#Console fonts]].
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가상 콘솔에서(X 서버 외부에서) 일하는데 많은 시간을 투자한다면 가독성을 높이기 위해 콘솔 글꼴을 변경하실 수도 있습니다. [[Fonts#Console fonts]]를 보세요.
  
====Patched font packages====
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====글꼴 패키지 패치하기====
  
Font rendering libraries can be patched to provide improved rendering compared to the standard packages; see [[Font Configuration#Patched packages]].
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표준 패키지에 비해 더 나은 렌더링을 제공하기 위해 글꼴 렌더링 라이브러리를 패치할 수도 있습니다. [[Font Configuration#Patched packages]]를 보세요.
  
==Audio/video==
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==오디오/동영상==
''[[:Category:Audio/Video]] includes additional multimedia resources.''
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''[[:Category:Audio/Video]]에 추가적인 멀티미디어 자료가 있습니다.''
  
===Browser plugins===
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===브라우저 플러그인===
 
To enjoy media-rich web content and for a ''complete'' browsing experience, [[browser plugins]] such as Adobe Acrobat Reader, Adobe Flash Player, and Java can be installed.
 
To enjoy media-rich web content and for a ''complete'' browsing experience, [[browser plugins]] such as Adobe Acrobat Reader, Adobe Flash Player, and Java can be installed.
  

Revision as of 09:27, 14 August 2012

Summary help replacing me
권장할만한 사항에 대해 설명을 단 목록입니다. 새로운 유저나 숙련된 유저 모두에게 적용 될 다양한 주제를 다룹니다. Common Applications에서 자주 사용되는 소프트웨어 목록을 보실 수 있습니다.
Related
FAQ_(한국어)
초보자 안내서

이 문서는, 아치 시스템을 향상시키고 기능을 추가하는, 유명한 문서들이나 중요한 정보를 다루는 문서니다. 여기에 나열된 여러 페이지는 공식 저장소에 있는 추가적인 패키지를 설치하기 위해 팩맨을 사용하고 AUR의 비공식 패키지를 설치하기 위해 makepkg를 이용할 것(이 때 AUR 도우미를 사용하실 수도 있습니다)입니다. 그러므로, 계속하기 전에 패키지 관리의 개념에 대해 완전히 이해해야 합니다. 이 문서는 여러분이 초보자 안내서설치 안내서를 통해 기본적인 아치 리눅스 설치를 끝낸 뒤라고 가정합니다.

외관

이 부분은 자주 사용되는 "눈요깃거리" 개조를 담고 있으며 아치를 보기 좋게 꾸미는 데 중점을 둡니다. 더 많은 것을 위해서는 Category:Eye candy를 보십시오.

컬러 출력

몇몇 어플리케이션이 기본적으로 컬러 기능을 가지고 있지만, cope와 같이 일반적인 목적으로 다른 어플리케이션에 색을 더해주는 어플리케이션을 사용하실수도 잇습니다. AUR에서 copeAUR나 더 자주 업데이트되는 Git버전인 cope-gitAUR를 설치하십시오. acocAURcwAUR를 사용하실 수도 있습니다.

콘솔 프롬프트

콘솔 프롬프트(PS1) 또한 상당 부분 커스터마이즈할 수 있습니다. What's your PS1? 포럼 글타래를 보십시오. 또한 Bash나 Zsh를 사용하실 경우 각각 Color Bash PromptZsh#Prompts를 보십시오.

핵심 유틸리티

grepls와 같은 특정 핵심 유틸리티를 컬러로 출력하는 방법은 핵심 유틸리티 문서에서 다룹니다.

이맥스 쉘

이맥스는 쉘을 완전히 대체하는 것과 같이 일반적인 텍스트 수정에 관련된 것을 넘어서는 옵션을 가진 것으로 유명합니다. Emacs#Colored output issues에서 컬러 출력으로 인한 문자 깨짐에 대한 해결법을 알아보십시오.

Man 페이지

Man 페이지 (혹은 매뉴얼 페이지)는 GNU/리눅스 유저에게 가장 유용한 자료입니다. 가독성을 향상시키기 위해 Man Page#Colored man pages에 설명된 대로 설정하실 수 있습니다.

글꼴

글꼴글꼴 설정페이지에서 많은 정보를 얻으실 수 있습니다.

콘솔 글꼴

가상 콘솔에서(즉 X 서버 외부에서) 일하는데 많은 시간을 투자한다면 가독성을 높이기 위해 콘솔 글꼴을 변경하실 수도 있습니다. Fonts#Console fonts를 보세요.

글꼴 패키지 패치하기

표준 패키지에 비해 더 나은 렌더링을 제공하기 위해 글꼴 렌더링 라이브러리를 패치할 수도 있습니다. Font Configuration#Patched packages를 보세요.

오디오/동영상

Category:Audio/Video에 추가적인 멀티미디어 자료가 있습니다.

브라우저 플러그인

To enjoy media-rich web content and for a complete browsing experience, browser plugins such as Adobe Acrobat Reader, Adobe Flash Player, and Java can be installed.

Codecs

Codecs are utilized by multimedia applications to encode or decode audio or video streams. In order to play encoded streams, users must ensure an appropriate codec is installed.

Sound

Sound is provided by kernel sound drivers (ALSA and OSS). Users may additionally wish to install and configure a sound server.

Booting

This section contains information pertaining to the boot process. An overview of the Arch boot process can be found at Arch Boot Process. For more, please see Category:Boot process.

Backgrounding daemons

Daemons are programs that run in the background, and are typically started during boot. In order to speed up the boot process, certain daemons can be backgrounded, allowing the boot process to continue whilst the daemon loads. See Daemon for a complete explanation.

Hardware auto-recognition

Hardware should be auto-detected by udev during the boot process by default. A potential improvement in boot time can be achieved by disabling module auto-loading and specifying required modules manually, as described in rc.conf#Hardware. Additionally Xorg should be able to auto-detect required drivers using udev, but users have the option to configure the X server manually too.

Num Lock activation at boot

Num Lock is a toggle key found in most keyboards. For activating Num Lock's number key-assignment during startup, see Activating Numlock on Bootup.

Retaining boot messages

Once it concludes, the screen is cleared and the login prompt appears, leaving users unable to gather feedback from the boot process. Disable clearing of boot messages to overcome this limitation.

Start X at boot

If utilizing an X server to provide a graphical user interface, users may wish to start this server during the boot process rather than starting it manually after login. See Display Manager if desiring a graphical login or Start X at Boot for methods that do not involve a display manager.

Console improvements

This section applies to small modifications that better console programs' practicality. For more, please see Category:Command shells.

Aliases

Users can define shortcuts for frequently-used commands using a built-in shell command. Common time-saving aliases can be found in Bash#Aliases.

Bash additions

A list of miscellaneous Bash settings, including completion enhancements, history search and readline macros is available in Bash#Tips and tricks.

Compressed files

Compressed files, or archives, are frequently encountered on a GNU/Linux system. Tar is one of the most commonly used archiving tools, and users should be familiar with its syntax (Arch Linux packages, for example, are simply xzipped tarballs). See Core Utilities#extract for other helpful commands.

Mouse support

Using a mouse with the console for copy-paste operations can be preferred over GNU screen's traditional copy mode. Refer to Console Mouse Support for comprehensive directions.

Scrollback buffer

To be able to save and view text which has scrolled off the screen, refer to Scrollback buffer.

Session management

Using terminal multiplexers like tmux or screen, programs may be ran under sessions composed of tabs and panes that can be detached at will, so when the user either kills the terminal emulator, terminates X, or logs off, the programs associated with the session will continue to run in the background as long as the terminal multiplexer server is active. Interacting with the programs requires reattaching to the session.

Input

This section contains popular input device configuration tips. For more, please see Category:Input devices.

Configure all mouse buttons

Owners of advanced or unusual mice may find that not all mouse buttons are recognized by default, or may wish to assign different actions for extra buttons. Instructions can be found in Get All Mouse Buttons Working.

Keyboard layouts

Non-English or otherwise non-standard keyboards may not function as expected by default. To define the keymap in virtual consoles, the KEYMAP variable must be set in /etc/vconsole.conf (or /etc/rc.conf using the legacy rc.conf format). For Xorg users, the required changes are described in Xorg#Keyboard layout.

Laptop touchpads

Many laptops use Synaptics or ALPS "touchpad" pointing devices. These, and several other touchpad models, use the Synaptics input driver; see Touchpad Synaptics for installation and configuration details.

TrackPoints

To configure your TrackPoint device refer to ThinkWiki.

Networking

This section is confined to small networking procedures. Head over to Network for a full guide. For more, please see Category:Networking.

Clock synchronization

The Network Time Protocol (NTP) is a protocol for synchronizing the clocks of computer systems over packet-switched, variable-latency data networks.

Disable IPv6

Not only does the IPv6 module take around 250k of memory, it has also been reported that disabling the feature notoriously speeds up network access for programs that erroneously try to query servers with this newer version. Incidentally, Firefox is listed among the affected applications. So until the widespread adoption of IPv6, one may benefit by disabling IPv6 support.

DNS speed improvement

To improve load time by caching queries, use pdnsd, a very simple DNS server that does not attempt to fill every need. Or install dnsmasq, a broader choice which also supports turning the system into a DHCP server.

DNSSEC validation

For better security while browsing web, paying online, connecting to SSH services and similar tasks you should consider using DNSSEC-enabled client software which can validate signed DNS records...

Setting up a Firewall

A firewall can provide an extra layer of protection on top of the Linux networking stack. The Linux kernel includes iptables, a stateful firewall, as part of the Netfilter project. It can be configured directly or through a front end. Arch ships with no ports open and daemons will not be started automatically without explicit configuration in rc.conf, so a firewall is not essential if you aren't running services that need to be protected.

Optimization

This section aims to summarize tweaks, tools and available options useful to improve system and application performance.

Benchmarking

Benchmarking is the act of measuring performance and comparing the results to another system's results or a widely accepted standard through a unified procedure.

Maximizing performance

The Maximizing Performance article gathers information and is a basic rundown about gaining performance in Arch Linux.

Package management

This section contains helpful information related to package management. All users should at least be familiar with the pacman package manager. For more, please see Category:Package management.

Aliases for pacman

Aliasing a command, or a group thereof, is a way of saving time when using the console. This is specially helpful for repetitive tasks that do not need significant alteration to their parameters between executions. Various time saving pacman aliases are organized in pacman Tips, besides other suggested tools.

Arch Build System

Ports is a system initially used by BSD distributions consisting of build scripts that reside in a directory tree on the local system. Simply put, each port contains a script within a directory intuitively named after the installable third-party application.

The ABS tree offers the same functionality by providing build scripts called PKGBUILDs, which are populated with information for a given piece of software; integrity hashes, project URL, version, license and build instructions. These PKGBUILDs are later parsed by makepkg, the actual program that generates packages cleanly manageable by pacman.

Every package in the repositories along with those present in the AUR are subject to recompilation with makepkg.

Arch User Repository

While the ABS tree allows the ability of building software available in the official repositories, the AUR is the equivalent for user submitted packages. It is an unsupported repository of build scripts accessible through the web interface or by an AUR helper.

An AUR helper can add seamless access to the AUR. They may vary in features, but all ease in searching, fetching, building, and installing from over 20,000 PKGBUILDs found in the unofficial repository.

Mirrors

Visit Mirrors for steps on taking full advantage of using the fastest and most up to date pacman mirrors. As explained in the article, a particularly good advice is to routinely check the Mirror Status page and/or Mirror-Status for a list of mirrors that have been recently synced.

Power management

This section may be of use to laptop owners or users otherwise seeking power management controls. For more, please see Category:Power management.

acpid

Users can configure how the system reacts to ACPI events such as pressing the power button or closing a laptop's lid using acpid.

CPU frequency scaling

Modern processors can decrease their frequency and voltage to reduce heat and power consumption. Less heat leads to a quieter system and prolongs the life of hardware. cpufrequtils is a set of utilities designed to assist CPU frequency scaling.

Laptops

For articles related to portable computing along with model-specific installation guides, please see Category:Laptops. For a general overview of laptop-related articles and recommendations, see Laptop.

Suspending and hibernation

Several options are available to users desiring suspend-to-RAM (sleep/stand-by) and suspend-to-disk (hibernate) functionality. pm-utils describes one popular method, while hibernate-script is an older alternative that does not depend on Xorg packages. Tuxonice is an option growing in popularity and, while it claims to have more features than the other two options, requires kernel patching or the use of linux-iceAUR available in the AUR.

System administration

This section deals with administrative tasks and system management. For more, please see Category:System administration.

Log maintenance

By default, log files are rotated using logrotate, which rotates existing log files to an alternatively named file (suffixed with a number) and empties the original log files. Logrotate is typically executed via cron job; users must ensure the cron daemon is running in order to initiate log rotation.

Users of the syslog-ng syslog daemon may wish to configure ISO 8601 timestamps (yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm:ss-zz:zz) in log files.

Privilege escalation

A new installation leaves users with only the super user account, better known as root. Logging in as root for prolonged periods of time is widely considered to be foolish and insecure. Instead, users should create and use unprivileged user accounts for most tasks, only using the root account for system administration. The su (substitute user) command allows assuming the identity of another user on the system (usually root) from an existing login, whereas the sudo command grants temporary privilege escalation for a specific command.

Users and groups

Users and groups are used on GNU/Linux for access control; administrators may fine-tune group membership and ownership to grant or deny users and services access to system resources. Access to peripheral devices such as optical (CD/DVD) drives and sound hardware often requires membership in an appropriate group.

Windows networking

To enable communication between Windows and Arch Linux machines across a network, users can use Samba; a re-implementation of the SMB/CIFS networking protocol.

To configure an Arch Linux machine to join and use Active Directory for authentication, read the article on Active_Directory_Integration.

System service

This section relates to daemons. For more, please see Category:Daemons and system services.

File index and search

Most distributions have a locate command available to be able to quickly search for files. To get this functionality mlocate is the recommended install. After the install you should run updatedb to index the filesystems.

Local mail delivery

A default base setup bestows no means for mail syncing. To configure Postfix for simple local mailbox delivery, see Local Mail Delivery with Postfix. Other options are SSMTP, MSMTP and fdm.

Printing

CUPS is a standards-based, open source printing system developed by Apple. See Category:Printers for printer-specific articles.

X Window System

Xorg is the public, open-source implementation of the X Window System version 11. If a graphical user interface is desired, the majority of users will use Xorg. See Category:X Server for additional resources.

Desktop environments

Whilst Xorg provides the basic framework for building a graphical environment, there are additional components that may be considered necessary for a complete user experience. Desktop environments such as GNOME, KDE, LXDE, and Xfce bundle together a wide range of X clients, such as a window manager, panel, file manager, terminal emulator, text editor, icons, and other utilities. See Category:Desktop environments for a complete list and additional resources.

Display drivers

The default vesa display driver will work with most video cards, but performance can be significantly improved and additional features harnessed by installing the appropriate driver for ATI, Intel, or NVIDIA products.

Window managers

A full-fledged desktop environment provides a complete and consistent graphical user interface, but tends to consume a considerable amount of system resources. Users seeking to maximize performance or otherwise simplify their environment may opt to install a window manager instead and hand-pick desired extras. An alternative window manager can also be used with most desktop environments. Dynamic, stacking, and tiling window managers differ in their handling of window placement.