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This page is currently under construction. The final result will be a merged Post Installation Tips and Beginners' Guide Appendix. See Talk:Post Installation Tips#Duplication of effort (merge?) for details.
The intended style is that of an "index" of popular or otherwise frequently-sought information. This page should contain no real "content", but rather short introductions/descriptions of a problem/application followed by a suitable wiki link for interested parties.
That said, please keep headings alphabetical.
- 1 Recommended reading
- 2 Appearance
- 3 Booting
- 4 Console improvements
- 5 Input
- 6 Laptops
- 7 Networking
- 8 Package management
- 9 System services (and maintenance?)
This section is probably unnecessary...
This section contains frequently-sought "eye candy" tweaks for an aesthetically pleasing Arch experience. For more, please see Category:Eye candy (English).
Even though a number of applications have built-in color capabilities, installing a general-purpose, colorizing wrapper such as Template:Package AUR is another route. To install Template:Codeline using yaourt or another AUR helper:
$ yaourt -S cope
Or for the frequently updated git version:
$ yaourt -S cope-git
Emacs is known for featuring options beyond the duties of regular text editing, one of these being a full shell replacement. Consult Emacs#Colored output issues for a fix regarding garbled characters that may result from enabling colored output.
To add it, write the following entry to Template:Filename:
export GREP_COLOR="1;33" alias grep='grep --color=auto'
GREP_COLOR is used to specify the output color, in this example a light yellow color.
Although the man page of Template:Codeline states that Template:Codeline is deprecated and that Template:Codeline is preferable, this variable will not work (as of grep version 2.5.4) so continue to use Template:Codeline for now.
alias ls='ls --color=auto'
The next step will further enhance the colored Template:Codeline output; for example, broken (orphan) symlinks will show in red, etc. Add the following to Template:Filename and relogin, or source the file:
eval `dircolors -b`
If spending a significant amount of time working from the virtual console (i.e. outside an X server), users may wish to change the console font to improve readability; see Fonts#Console fonts.
LCD filtered fonts
Font rendering software can be patched to provide smoother fonts on LCD monitors by taking advantage of sub-pixel elements; see Font Configuration#LCD filter patched packages.
Daemons are programs that run in the background, and are typically started during boot. In order to speed up the boot process, certain daemons can be backgrounded, allowing the boot process to continue whilst the daemon loads. See Daemon for a complete explanation.
hwdetect informs of what modules are needed for a particular device.
# pacman -S hwdetect
$ yaourt -S lshwd
LILO speed improvement
NumLock activation at boot
NumLock is a toggle key found in most keyboards. For activating NumLock's number key-assignment during startup, see Activating Numlock on Bootup.
Retaining boot messages
After the boot process, the screen is cleared and the login prompt appears, leaving users unable to read init output and error messages. This default behavior may be modified in a few ways:
Using flow control:
For a more permanent change, add one of the following to the bottom of Template:Filename:
- Wait for a keypress before clearing the screen:
- Wait for at most 5 seconds or until a keypress occurs:
read -t5 -n1
- Remove the first 3 characters in Template:Filename, which form a "clear screen" escape code. This will also stop the screen from being cleared after logging out from regular sessions in addition to not clearing the screen after booting.
- Run Template:Codeline from the shell prompt to display all the boot messages generated by the kernel.
- Comment out the agetty instance that runs on Template:Codeline in Template:Filename:
#c1:2345:respawn:/sbin/agetty -8 38400 vc/1 linux
Start X at boot
If utilizing an X server to provide a graphical user interface, users may wish to start this server during the boot process rather than starting it manually after login. See Display Manager if desiring a graphical login or Start X at boot for methods that do not involve a display manager.