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This page is currently under construction. The final result will be a merged Post Installation Tips and Beginners' Guide Appendix. See Talk:Post Installation Tips#Duplication of effort (merge?) for details.
The intended style is that of an "index" of popular or otherwise frequently-sought information. This page should contain no real "content", but rather short introductions/descriptions of a problem/application followed by a suitable wiki link for interested parties.
That said, please keep headings alphabetical.
- 1 Preface (draft)
- 2 Appearance
- 3 Booting
- 4 Console improvements
- 5 Input
- 6 Power management
- 7 Networking
- 8 System administration
- 9 System services
I think it shouldn't call using AUR helpers an optional practice since the article has instructions for using yaourt. Remember that its referring to their necessity within the context of the article, not to AUR's functioning in general. pwd 13:45, 23 December 2009 (EST)
2:The 'frequently-sought rep is also present below, besides the temporary intro that's bound to be removed. Changed to 'commonly wanted' for now. pwd 14:31, 23 December 2009 (EST)
This document is an annotated index of other popular articles and commonly wanted information. Various pages listed here will require using pacman to install additional packages present in the Official Repositories, and those in the unofficial Arch User Repository by employing makepkg with the optional aid of an AUR helper. As such, the concept of package management should be fully understood before continuing.
Besides the aforementioned, there are other subjects that are normally considered crucial requirements for a functional system. If a graphical user interface is desired, please read Xorg first, whereas users interested in printing should make reviewing CUPS a priority, and lastly, all users can familiarize themselves with the file system by heeding FHS' illustration.
This section contains frequently-sought "eye candy" tweaks for an aesthetically pleasing Arch experience. For more, please see Category:Eye candy (English).
I'd like to see a general "colorizing wrapper" section here, mentioning cope and acoc (and maybe others?) I've never used such tools myself, though...
Even though a number of applications have built-in color capabilities, installing a general-purpose, colorizing wrapper such as Template:Package AUR is another route. To install Template:Codeline using yaourt:
$ yaourt -S cope
Or for the oftenly updated git version:
$ yaourt -S cope-git
Emacs is known for featuring options beyond the duties of regular text editing, one of these being a full shell replacement. Consult Emacs#Colored output issues for a fix regarding garbled characters that may result from enabling colored output.
To add it, write the following entry to Template:Filename:
export GREP_COLOR="1;33" alias grep='grep --color=auto'
The variable Template:Codeline is used to specify the output color, in this example a light yellow color.
Although the man page of Template:Codeline states that Template:Codeline is deprecated and that Template:Codeline is preferable, this variable will not work (as of grep version 2.5.4) so continue to use Template:Codeline for now.
alias ls='ls --color=auto'
The next step will further enhance the colored Template:Codeline output; for example, broken (orphan) symlinks will start showing in a red hue. Add the following to Template:Filename and relogin, or source the file:
eval `dircolors -b`
Man pages (or manual pages) are one of the most useful resources available to GNU/Linux users. To aid readability, the pager can be configured to render colored text as explained in Man Page#Colored man pages.
If spending a significant amount of time working from the virtual console (i.e. outside an X server), users may wish to change the console font to improve readability; see Fonts#Console fonts.
LCD filtered fonts
Font rendering software can be patched to provide smoother fonts on LCD monitors by taking advantage of sub-pixel elements; see Font Configuration#LCD filter patched packages.
Daemons are programs that run in the background, and are typically started during boot. In order to speed up the boot process, certain daemons can be backgrounded, allowing the boot process to continue whilst the daemon loads. See Daemon for a complete explanation.
Hardware should be auto-detected by udev during the boot process by default. A potential improvement in boot time can be achieved by disabling module auto-loading and specifying required modules manually, as described in rc.conf#Hardware. Additionally Xorg should be able to auto-detect required drivers using HAL, but users have the option to configure the X server manually, too; see Xorg Input Hotplugging.
LILO speed improvement
Num Lock activation at boot
Num Lock is a toggle key found in most keyboards. For activating Num Lock's number key-assignment during startup, see Activating Numlock on Bootup.
Retaining boot messages
Once it concludes, the screen is cleared and the login prompt appears, leaving users unable to gather feedback from the boot process. Disable clearing of boot messages to overcome this limitation.
Start X at boot
If utilizing an X server to provide a graphical user interface, users may wish to start this server during the boot process rather than starting it manually after login. See Display Manager if desiring a graphical login or Start X at boot for methods that do not involve a display manager.
This section applies to small modifications that better console program's practicality
A list of miscellaneous Bash settings, including completion enhancements, history search and readline macros is available in Bash#Extended usage.
Browsing compressed files
Extracting compressed files
This section contains popular input device configuration tips. For more, please see Category:Input devices (English).
Adjusting mouse scroll wheel (deprecated?)
This section is probably unnecessary (from Beginners' Guide Appendix#Adjusting Mouse for scroll wheel) since input hotplugging is enabled by default. Users messing around with xorg.conf should already know what they're doing, IMHO.
Owners of advanced or otherwise non-standard mice with may find that not all mouse buttons are recognized by default, or may wish to assign different actions for extra buttons. Instructions can be found in Get All Mouse Buttons Working.
Non-English or otherwise non-standard keyboards may not function as expected by default. To define the keymap in virtual consoles, the KEYMAP variable must be set in rc.conf. For Xorg users, the required changes are described in Xorg#Keyboard layout.
Many laptops use Synaptics or ALPS "touchpad" pointing devices. These, and several other touchpad models, use the Synaptics input driver; see Touchpad Synaptics for installation and configuration details.
This section may be of use to laptop owners or users otherwise seeking power management controls. For more, please see Category:Power management (English).
Users can configure how the system reacts to ACPI events such as pressing the power button or closing a laptop's lid using acpid.
CPU frequency scaling
Modern processors can decrease their frequency and voltage to reduce heat and power consumption. Less heat leads to a quieter system and prolongs the life of hardware. cpufrequtils is a set of utilities designed to assist CPU frequency scaling.
For articles related to portable computing along with model-specific installation guides, please see Category:Laptops (English). For a general overview of laptop-related articles and recommendations, see Laptop.
Suspending and hibernation
Several options are available to users desiring suspend-to-RAM (sleep/stand-by) and suspend-to-disk (hibernate) functionality. pm-utils describes one popular method, while hibernate-script is an older alternative that does not depend on Xorg packages.
Not only does the module take around 250k of memory, it has also been reported that disabling it notoriously speeds up network access for programs that erroneously try to query servers with it, one of the affected applications being Firefox. So until the widespread adoption of IPv6, it may be beneficial to disable it.
DNS speed improvement
To improve load time by caching queries, use pdnsd, a very simple program that does not attempt to fill every need. Or install dnsmasq, a more comprehensive choice which also supports turning the system into a DHCP server.
Should this section be included here (under sys. admin.) or kept separate?
- Agree with keeping it here
Aliases for pacman
Aliasing a command, or a group thereof, is a way of saving time when using the command prompt. This is specially helpful for repetitive tasks that don't need significant alteration to their parameters between executions. Various time saving pacman aliases are organized in pacman Tips, besides other suggested tools.
Arch Build System
Arch User Repository
A new installation leaves users with only one user account: root (the superuser account). Logging in as root for prolonged periods of time is widely considered to be foolish and insecure. Instead, users should create and use unprivileged user accounts for most tasks, any only use the root account for system administration. The su (substitute user) command allows users to assume the identity of another user on the system (usually root) from an existing login, whereas the sudo command grants temporary privilege escalation for a specific command.