Difference between revisions of "Gitolite"

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== Installation ==
 
== Installation ==
{{AUR|gitolite-git}} is available in the [[Arch User Repository]].
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{{AUR|gitolite}} is available in the [[Arch User Repository]], but installation is easier when done manually via the [https://github.com/sitaramc/gitolite/ Git repository] on GitHub.
 
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It is also available on [https://github.com/sitaramc/gitolite/tree/master github], where you can find the last update.
+
  
 
== Configuration ==
 
== Configuration ==
Add a user
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* Add a git user and setup gitolite. Installing Git from pacman should automatically add a "git" user to the system. If not, create a new user named "git":
  # useradd -m -U -r -s /bin/bash -d /srv/git git
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  # useradd -m -U -r -s /bin/bash git
# su - git
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$ gitolite setup -pk id_rsa.pub
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Modify your work-machine's ~/.ssh/config:
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* Make sure /home/git exists, and copy over *your* SSH public key to /home/git/<your_username>.pub
Host server
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  # sudo cp ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub /home/git/<your_username>.pub
HostName Server's-IP-address (eg 192.168.12.2)
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User git
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  ### IdentityFile specifies the private ssh-key
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IdentityFile ~/.ssh/id_rsa
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 +
* Run Gitolite setup script
 +
# sudo -i -u git
 +
$ rm -f ~/.ssh/authorized_keys
 +
$ mkdir ~/bin
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$ gitolite/install -to $HOME/bin
 +
$ gitolite setup -pk <your_username>.pub
  
Do NOT add repos or users directly on the server! You MUST manage the server by cloning the special 'gitolite-admin' repo on your workstation:
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Do NOT add repositories or users directly on the server! You MUST manage the server by cloning the special ''gitolite-admin'' repository on your workstation:
  $ git clone server:gitolite-admin
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  $ git clone <your_server_hostname>:gitolite-admin
 +
 
 +
See [https://github.com/sitaramc/gitolite/ Gitolite]
  
 
== Add users ==
 
== Add users ==
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Copy all these *.pub files to keydir in your gitolite-admin repo clone. You can also organise them into various subdirectories of keydir if you wish, since the entire tree is searched.
 
Copy all these *.pub files to keydir in your gitolite-admin repo clone. You can also organise them into various subdirectories of keydir if you wish, since the entire tree is searched.
  
Edit the config file (conf/gitolite.conf in your admin repo clone). See the gitolite.conf documentation (http://sitaramc.github.com/gitolite/conf.html) for details on what goes in that file, syntax, etc. Just add new repos as needed, and add new users and give them permissions as required. The users names should be exactly the same as their keyfile names, but without the .pub extension
+
Edit the config file (conf/gitolite.conf in your admin repo clone). See the gitolite.conf documentation (http://sitaramc.github.com/gitolite/admin.html#conf) for details on what goes in that file, syntax, etc. Just add new repos as needed, and add new users and give them permissions as required. The users names should be exactly the same as their keyfile names, but without the .pub extension
 
  $ nano conf/gitolite.conf
 
  $ nano conf/gitolite.conf
  
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  git commit -a
 
  git commit -a
 
  git push
 
  git push
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 +
== Gitosis-like usernames ==
 +
If you want to distinguish users with the same login (like username@server1, username@server2) you may want to do the following (for {{pkg|gitolite}}-3.04-1):
 +
 +
* edit {{ic|/usr/lib/gitolite/triggers/post-compile/ssh-authkeys}} and replace
 +
$user =~ s/(\@[^.]+)?\.pub$//;    # baz.pub, baz@home.pub -> baz
 +
by
 +
$user =~ s/\.pub$//;              # baz@home.pub -> baz@home
 +
* update authorized_keys file (for example, by pushing into the ''gitolite-admin'' repository)
  
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==
 
http://sitaramc.github.com/gitolite/index.html
 
http://sitaramc.github.com/gitolite/index.html

Revision as of 07:37, 3 December 2013

Gitolite allows you to host Git repositories easily and securely.

Installation

gitoliteAUR is available in the Arch User Repository, but installation is easier when done manually via the Git repository on GitHub.

Configuration

  • Add a git user and setup gitolite. Installing Git from pacman should automatically add a "git" user to the system. If not, create a new user named "git":
# useradd -m -U -r -s /bin/bash git
  • Make sure /home/git exists, and copy over *your* SSH public key to /home/git/<your_username>.pub
# sudo cp ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub /home/git/<your_username>.pub
  • Run Gitolite setup script
# sudo -i -u git
$ rm -f ~/.ssh/authorized_keys
$ mkdir ~/bin
$ gitolite/install -to $HOME/bin
$ gitolite setup -pk <your_username>.pub

Do NOT add repositories or users directly on the server! You MUST manage the server by cloning the special gitolite-admin repository on your workstation:

$ git clone <your_server_hostname>:gitolite-admin

See Gitolite

Add users

Ask each user who will get access to send you a public key. On their workstation generate the pair of ssh keys:

$ ssh-keygen

Rename each public key according to the user's name, with a .pub extension, like sitaram.pub or john-smith.pub. You can also use periods and underscores. Have the users send you the keys.

Copy all these *.pub files to keydir in your gitolite-admin repo clone. You can also organise them into various subdirectories of keydir if you wish, since the entire tree is searched.

Edit the config file (conf/gitolite.conf in your admin repo clone). See the gitolite.conf documentation (http://sitaramc.github.com/gitolite/admin.html#conf) for details on what goes in that file, syntax, etc. Just add new repos as needed, and add new users and give them permissions as required. The users names should be exactly the same as their keyfile names, but without the .pub extension

$ nano conf/gitolite.conf

Commit and push the changes them:

git commit -a
git push

Gitosis-like usernames

If you want to distinguish users with the same login (like username@server1, username@server2) you may want to do the following (for gitolite-3.04-1):

  • edit /usr/lib/gitolite/triggers/post-compile/ssh-authkeys and replace
$user =~ s/(\@[^.]+)?\.pub$//;    # baz.pub, baz@home.pub -> baz

by

$user =~ s/\.pub$//;              # baz@home.pub -> baz@home
  • update authorized_keys file (for example, by pushing into the gitolite-admin repository)

See also

http://sitaramc.github.com/gitolite/index.html