Difference between revisions of "Gitweb"

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Gitweb is the default web interface provided with git itself and is the basis for other git scripts like cgit, gitosis and others.
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[[Category:Version Control System]]
=Installation=
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Gitweb is the default web interface provided with [[git]] itself and is the basis for other git scripts like [[cgit]], [[gitosis]] and others.
To install gitweb you fitst have to install git and a webserver. For this example we use apache but you can also use others:
+
 
 +
==Installation==
 +
To install gitweb you first have to install git and a webserver. For this example we use apache but you can also use others:
 
  pacman -S git apache
 
  pacman -S git apache
  
Next you need to copy the current gitweb default to your webserver location. In this example i use the default folder locations:
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Next you need to link the current gitweb default to your webserver location. In this example I use the default folder locations:
  cp -R /usr/share/gitweb/ /srv/http/
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  ln -s /usr/share/gitweb /srv/http/gitweb
  
 
That's it for the "installation". Next is the configuration.
 
That's it for the "installation". Next is the configuration.
  
=Configuration=
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==Configuration==
Add the following to the end of you /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
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===Apache===
 +
Add the following to the end of your /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
 
  <Directory "/srv/http/gitweb">
 
  <Directory "/srv/http/gitweb">
 
     DirectoryIndex gitweb.cgi
 
     DirectoryIndex gitweb.cgi
Line 25: Line 28:
 
You can put the configuration in it's own config file in /etc/httpd/conf/extra/ but that's up to you to decide.
 
You can put the configuration in it's own config file in /etc/httpd/conf/extra/ but that's up to you to decide.
  
Next we need to make a gitweb config file. Open (or create if not existing) the file /etc/conf.d/gitweb.conf and place this in it:
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===Lighttpd===
  $projectroot = "/path/to/your/repositories";
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If you're using lighttpd, make sure mod_alias, mod_redirect, mod_cgi and mod_setenv are loaded. Add the following to /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf:
  $git_temp = "/tmp";
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server.modules += ( "mod_setenv" )
$projects_list = $projectroot;
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setenv.add-environment = ( "GITWEB_CONFIG" => "/etc/conf.d/gitweb.conf" )
 +
  url.redirect += ( "^/gitweb$" => "/gitweb/" )
 +
alias.url += ( "/gitweb/" => "/usr/share/gitweb/" )
 +
  $HTTP["url"] =~ "^/gitweb/" {
 +
        cgi.assign = (".cgi" => "")
 +
        server.indexfiles = ("gitweb.cgi")
 +
}
  
Be sure to change the "/path/to/your/repositories" to the path you want your repositories in.
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===Gitweb config===
 +
Next we need to make a gitweb config file. Open (or create if it does not exist) the file {{ic|/etc/conf.d/gitweb.conf}} and place this in it:
 +
{{hc|/etc/conf.d/gitweb.conf|<nowiki>
 +
$git_temp = "/tmp";
  
Now the the configuration is done, please restart apache by executing:
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# The directories where your projects are. Must not end with a slash.
 +
$projectroot = "/path/to/your/repositories";
 +
 
 +
# Base URLs for links displayed in the web interface.
 +
our @git_base_url_list = qw(git://<your_server> http://git@<your_server>);
 +
</nowiki>}}
 +
 
 +
To enable "blame" view (showing the author of each line in a source file), add the following line:
 +
$feature{'blame'}{'default'} = [1];
 +
 
 +
Now the the configuration is done, please restart your webserver.
 +
For apache:
 
  /etc/rc.d/httpd restart
 
  /etc/rc.d/httpd restart
  
=Adding repositories=
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Or for lighttpd:
To add a repository go to your repository folder. There make your repository like so:
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/etc/rc.d/lighttpd restart
 +
 
 +
===Syntax highlighting===
 +
 
 +
To enable syntax highlighting with Gitweb, you have to first install the {{Pkg|highlight}} package from <nowiki>[community]</nowiki>:
 +
pacman -S highlight
 +
 
 +
When highlight has been installed, simply add this line to your {{ic|gitweb.conf}}:
 +
{{bc|<nowiki>$feature{'highlight'}{'default'} = [1];</nowiki>}}
 +
 
 +
Save the file and highlighting should now be enabled.
 +
 
 +
==Adding repositories==
 +
To add a repository go to your repository folder, make your repository like so:
 
  mkdir my_repository.git
 
  mkdir my_repository.git
 
  git init --bare my_repository.git/
 
  git init --bare my_repository.git/
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I assumed that you want to have this repository as "central" repository storage where you push your commits to so the git-daemon-export-ok and --bare are here to have minimal overhead and to allow the git daemon to be used on it.
 
I assumed that you want to have this repository as "central" repository storage where you push your commits to so the git-daemon-export-ok and --bare are here to have minimal overhead and to allow the git daemon to be used on it.
  
That is all for making a repository. You can now see it on your http://localhost/gitweb (assuming everything went fine). You don't need to restart apache for new repositories since the gitweb cgi script simply reads your repository folder.
+
That is all for making a repository. You can now see it on your http://localhost/gitweb (assuming everything went fine). You do not need to restart apache for new repositories since the gitweb cgi script simply reads your repository folder.
 
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=Git daemon=
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This will allow url's like "git clone git://localhost/my_repository.git".
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Do know that this git:// protocol is read only!
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Edit configuration file for git-dameon /etc/conf.d/git-daemon.conf (GIT_REPO is a place with your git projects), then start git-daemon with root privileges:
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/etc/rc.d/git-daemon start
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To run the git-daemon every time at boot, just append git-deamon to DAEMONS line in /etc/rc.conf file.
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Now you can simply use:
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git clone git://localhost/my_repository.git
+
  
=Thanx to...=
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==Thanks to...==
 
This howto was mainly based on the awesome howto from howtoforge: http://www.howtoforge.com/how-to-install-a-public-git-repository-on-a-debian-server I only picked the parts that are needed to get it working and left the additional things out.
 
This howto was mainly based on the awesome howto from howtoforge: http://www.howtoforge.com/how-to-install-a-public-git-repository-on-a-debian-server I only picked the parts that are needed to get it working and left the additional things out.

Revision as of 20:07, 3 October 2012

Gitweb is the default web interface provided with git itself and is the basis for other git scripts like cgit, gitosis and others.

Installation

To install gitweb you first have to install git and a webserver. For this example we use apache but you can also use others:

pacman -S git apache

Next you need to link the current gitweb default to your webserver location. In this example I use the default folder locations:

ln -s /usr/share/gitweb /srv/http/gitweb

That's it for the "installation". Next is the configuration.

Configuration

Apache

Add the following to the end of your /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf

<Directory "/srv/http/gitweb">
   DirectoryIndex gitweb.cgi
   Allow from all
   AllowOverride all
   Order allow,deny
   Options ExecCGI
   <Files gitweb.cgi>
   SetHandler cgi-script
   </Files>
   SetEnv  GITWEB_CONFIG  /etc/conf.d/gitweb.conf
</Directory>

You can put the configuration in it's own config file in /etc/httpd/conf/extra/ but that's up to you to decide.

Lighttpd

If you're using lighttpd, make sure mod_alias, mod_redirect, mod_cgi and mod_setenv are loaded. Add the following to /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf:

server.modules += ( "mod_setenv" )
setenv.add-environment = ( "GITWEB_CONFIG" => "/etc/conf.d/gitweb.conf" )
url.redirect += ( "^/gitweb$" => "/gitweb/" )
alias.url += ( "/gitweb/" => "/usr/share/gitweb/" )
$HTTP["url"] =~ "^/gitweb/" {
       cgi.assign = (".cgi" => "")
       server.indexfiles = ("gitweb.cgi")
}

Gitweb config

Next we need to make a gitweb config file. Open (or create if it does not exist) the file /etc/conf.d/gitweb.conf and place this in it:

/etc/conf.d/gitweb.conf
$git_temp = "/tmp";

# The directories where your projects are. Must not end with a slash.
$projectroot = "/path/to/your/repositories"; 

# Base URLs for links displayed in the web interface.
our @git_base_url_list = qw(git://<your_server> http://git@<your_server>); 

To enable "blame" view (showing the author of each line in a source file), add the following line:

$feature{'blame'}{'default'} = [1];

Now the the configuration is done, please restart your webserver. For apache:

/etc/rc.d/httpd restart

Or for lighttpd:

/etc/rc.d/lighttpd restart

Syntax highlighting

To enable syntax highlighting with Gitweb, you have to first install the highlight package from [community]:

pacman -S highlight

When highlight has been installed, simply add this line to your gitweb.conf:

$feature{'highlight'}{'default'} = [1];

Save the file and highlighting should now be enabled.

Adding repositories

To add a repository go to your repository folder, make your repository like so:

mkdir my_repository.git
git init --bare my_repository.git/
cd my_repository.git/
touch git-daemon-export-ok
echo "Short project's description" > description

Next open the "config" file and add this:

[gitweb]
        owner = Your Name

This will fill in the "Owner" field in gitweb. It's not required.

I assumed that you want to have this repository as "central" repository storage where you push your commits to so the git-daemon-export-ok and --bare are here to have minimal overhead and to allow the git daemon to be used on it.

That is all for making a repository. You can now see it on your http://localhost/gitweb (assuming everything went fine). You do not need to restart apache for new repositories since the gitweb cgi script simply reads your repository folder.

Thanks to...

This howto was mainly based on the awesome howto from howtoforge: http://www.howtoforge.com/how-to-install-a-public-git-repository-on-a-debian-server I only picked the parts that are needed to get it working and left the additional things out.