Difference between revisions of "Systemd-boot"

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(Installing)
(Use $esp everywhere and update menu keys (Q and P))
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[[Category:Boot loaders]]
 
[[Category:Boot loaders]]
 
[[ja:Gummiboot]]
 
[[ja:Gummiboot]]
[http://freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/gummiboot Gummiboot] is a UEFI boot loader written by Kay Sievers and Harald Hoyer. It is simple to configure, but can only start EFI executables, the Linux kernel (with CONFIG_EFI_STUB enabled), grub.efi, and such.
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[http://freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/gummiboot Gummiboot] is a UEFI boot manager written by Kay Sievers and Harald Hoyer. It is simple to configure, but can only start EFI executables, the Linux kernel EFISTUB, UEFI Shell, grub.efi, and such.
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{{Note|In the entire article {{ic|$esp}} denotes the mountpoint of the EFI System Partition aka ESP.}}
  
 
== Installing ==
 
== Installing ==
  
Install {{Pkg|gummiboot}} and run the following to install gummiboot in the EFI System Partition (ESP) (where {{ic|$esp}} is the mountpoint):
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Install {{Pkg|gummiboot}} and run the following to install gummiboot in ESP:
  
 
  # gummiboot --path=$esp install
 
  # gummiboot --path=$esp install
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== Configuring ==
 
== Configuring ==
  
The basic configuration is kept in {{ic|/boot/loader/loader.conf}}, with just two possible configuration options:
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The basic configuration is kept in {{ic|$esp/loader/loader.conf}}, with just two possible configuration options:
  
 
* {{ic|default}} – default entry to select (without the {{ic|.conf}} suffix); can be a wildcard like {{ic|arch-*}}
 
* {{ic|default}} – default entry to select (without the {{ic|.conf}} suffix); can be a wildcard like {{ic|arch-*}}
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Example:
 
Example:
  
{{hc|/boot/loader/loader.conf|
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{{hc|$esp/loader/loader.conf|
 
default  arch
 
default  arch
 
timeout  4
 
timeout  4
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== Adding boot entries ==
 
== Adding boot entries ==
Gummiboot searches for boot menu items in {{ic|/boot/loader/entries/*.conf}} – each file found must contain exactly one boot entry. The possible options are:
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Gummiboot searches for boot menu items in {{ic|$esp/loader/entries/*.conf}} – each file found must contain exactly one boot entry. The possible options are:
  
 
* {{ic|title}} – operating system name. '''Required.'''
 
* {{ic|title}} – operating system name. '''Required.'''
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* {{ic|machine-id}} – machine identifier from {{ic|/etc/machine-id}}, shown only when multiple entries with same title and version exist. Optional.
 
* {{ic|machine-id}} – machine identifier from {{ic|/etc/machine-id}}, shown only when multiple entries with same title and version exist. Optional.
  
* {{ic|efi}} – EFI program to start, relative to your ESP ({{ic|/boot}}); e.g. {{ic|/vmlinuz-linux}}. Either this or {{ic|linux}} (see below) is '''required.'''
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* {{ic|efi}} – EFI program to start, relative to your ESP ({{ic|$esp}}); e.g. {{ic|/vmlinuz-linux}}. Either this or {{ic|linux}} (see below) is '''required.'''
  
 
* {{ic|options}} – Command-line options to pass to the EFI program. Optional, but you will need at least {{ic|1=initrd=''efipath''}} and {{ic|1=root=''dev''}} if booting Linux.
 
* {{ic|options}} – Command-line options to pass to the EFI program. Optional, but you will need at least {{ic|1=initrd=''efipath''}} and {{ic|1=root=''dev''}} if booting Linux.
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An example entry for Arch Linux:
 
An example entry for Arch Linux:
  
{{hc|/boot/loader/entries/arch.conf|2=
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{{hc|$esp/loader/entries/arch.conf|2=
 
title          Arch Linux
 
title          Arch Linux
 
linux          /vmlinuz-linux
 
linux          /vmlinuz-linux
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* {{ic|Enter}} - boot the selected entry
 
* {{ic|Enter}} - boot the selected entry
 
* {{ic|d}} - select the default entry to boot (stored in a non-volatile EFI variable)
 
* {{ic|d}} - select the default entry to boot (stored in a non-volatile EFI variable)
* {{ic|t/T}} - adjust the timeout (stored in a non-volatile EFI variable)
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* {{ic|-/T}} - decrease the timeout (stored in a non-volatile EFI variable)
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* {{ic|+/t}} - increase the timeout (stored in a non-volatile EFI variable)
 
* {{ic|e}} - edit the kernel command line
 
* {{ic|e}} - edit the kernel command line
* {{ic|q}} - quit
 
 
* {{ic|v}} - show the gummiboot and UEFI version
 
* {{ic|v}} - show the gummiboot and UEFI version
* {{ic|p}} - print the current configuration
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* {{ic|Q}} - quit
* {{ic|h}} - show key mapping
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* {{ic|P}} - print the current configuration
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* {{ic|h/?}} - help
  
 
These hotkeys will, when pressed inside the menu or during bootup, directly boot
 
These hotkeys will, when pressed inside the menu or during bootup, directly boot

Revision as of 13:08, 2 October 2013

Gummiboot is a UEFI boot manager written by Kay Sievers and Harald Hoyer. It is simple to configure, but can only start EFI executables, the Linux kernel EFISTUB, UEFI Shell, grub.efi, and such.

Note: In the entire article $esp denotes the mountpoint of the EFI System Partition aka ESP.

Installing

Install gummiboot and run the following to install gummiboot in ESP:

# gummiboot --path=$esp install

This will automatically copy the gummiboot binary to your EFI System Partition and create a boot entry in the EFI Boot Manager. If you are not booted via EFI, creating the boot entry will fail. You should however still be able to boot gummiboot as it copies the binary to the default EFI binary location on your ESP ($esp/EFI/boot/bootx64.efi on x64 systems) (unless a non-gummiboot $esp/EFI/boot/bootx64.efi is already present).

Note:
  • The gummiboot command by default assumes that your EFI System Partition is mounted on /boot. This means gummiboot in the ESP will not be updated automatically during pkg updates and you will have to call gummiboot --path=$esp update after every package update. Additionally you will have to make sure that the kernel and initramfs are copied onto the ESP as gummiboot can't load EFI binaries from other partitions. It is therefore strongly recommended to mount your ESP to /boot if you use gummiboot, in which case updating will happen automatically by the post_install script of gummiboot during package updates.
  • If gummiboot fails to create a boot entry, check whether all the conditions mentioned here are met.

Configuring

The basic configuration is kept in $esp/loader/loader.conf, with just two possible configuration options:

  • default – default entry to select (without the .conf suffix); can be a wildcard like arch-*
  • timeout – menu timeout in seconds. If this is not set, the menu will only be shown when you hold the space key while booting.

Example:

$esp/loader/loader.conf
default  arch
timeout  4

Note that both options can be changed in the boot menu itself, which will store them as EFI variables.

Adding boot entries

Gummiboot searches for boot menu items in $esp/loader/entries/*.conf – each file found must contain exactly one boot entry. The possible options are:

  • title – operating system name. Required.
  • version – kernel version, shown only when multiple entries with same title exist. Optional.
  • machine-id – machine identifier from /etc/machine-id, shown only when multiple entries with same title and version exist. Optional.
  • efi – EFI program to start, relative to your ESP ($esp); e.g. /vmlinuz-linux. Either this or linux (see below) is required.
  • options – Command-line options to pass to the EFI program. Optional, but you will need at least initrd=efipath and root=dev if booting Linux.

For Linux, you can specify linux path-to-vmlinuz and initrd path-to-initramfs; this will be automatically translated to efi path and options initrd=path – this syntax is only supported for convenience and has no differences in function.

An example entry for Arch Linux:

$esp/loader/entries/arch.conf
title          Arch Linux
linux          /vmlinuz-linux
initrd         /initramfs-linux.img
options        root=PARTUUID=14420948-2cea-4de7-b042-40f67c618660 rw

Please note in the example above that PARTUUID/PARTLABEL identifies a GPT partition, and differs from UUID/LABEL, which identifies a filesystem. Using the PARTUUID/PARTLABEL is advantageous because it is invariant if you reformat the partition with another filesystem. It's also useful if you don't have a filesystem on the partition (or use LUKS, which doesn't support LABELs).

You can also add other EFI programs such as \EFI\arch\grub.efi.

Note: Gummiboot will automatically check for binaries of a Windows Installation (\EFI\Microsoft\Boot\Bootmgfw.efi) or a UEFI Shell (\shellx64.efi) and display entries for them, so you don't have to create these manually.

Inside the boot menu

Keys

The following keys are used inside the menu:

  • Up/Down - select entry
  • Enter - boot the selected entry
  • d - select the default entry to boot (stored in a non-volatile EFI variable)
  • -/T - decrease the timeout (stored in a non-volatile EFI variable)
  • +/t - increase the timeout (stored in a non-volatile EFI variable)
  • e - edit the kernel command line
  • v - show the gummiboot and UEFI version
  • Q - quit
  • P - print the current configuration
  • h/? - help

These hotkeys will, when pressed inside the menu or during bootup, directly boot a specific entry:

  • l - Linux
  • w - Windows
  • a - OS X
  • s - EFI Shell
  • 1-9 - number of entry

Troubleshooting

Manual entry using efibootmgr

If gummiboot install command failed you can create a EFI boot entry manually with efibootmgr utility:

# efibootmgr -c -d /dev/sdX -p Y -l /EFI/gummiboot/gummibootx64.efi -L "Gummiboot"