Hard Drive Active Protection System
Hard Drive Active Protection System (HDAPS) protects your hard drive from sudden shocks (such as dropping or banging your laptop on a desk). It does this by parking the disk heads, so that shocks do not cause them to crash into the drive's platters. Hopefully, this will prevent catastrophic failure.
Your hardware needs to support some kind of shock detection. This is usually in the form of an accelerometer built into your laptop's motherboard. If you have the hardware, you also need a way to communicate what the hardware is detecting to your operating system. This section describes drivers to communicate the accelerometer's state to the OS so it can detect and protect against shocks.
tp_smapi is a set of drivers for many ThinkPad laptops. It is highly recommended if you have a supported ThinkPad, even if you do not plan to use HDAPS. Among a plethora of other useful things, tp_smapi represents the accelerometer output as joystick devices
/dev/input/js# (Note! This could interfere with other joystick devices on your system).
Install tp_smapi from the community repository. After a reboot, this will activate most of the drivers, represented through the
The kernel provides its own HDAPS drivers. Previously, it was necessary to manually
insmod the module via
/etc/rc.local to prevent the default drivers from being loaded. The tp_smapi package from community now installs
hdaps.ko to /lib/modules/$(uname -r)/updates, which will let it supercede the built-in module. Thus, you can simply add
hdaps to your
Invert module parameter
For some ThinkPads, the invert module parameter is needed in order to handle the X and Y rotation axes correctly. In that case, you can add the option in
options hdaps invert=1
invert=1 is an example value used for a ThinkPad T410. The invert option takes the following values:
- invert=1 invert both X and Y axes;
- invert=2 invert the X axes (uninvert if already both axes inverted)
- invert=4 swap X and Y (takes place before inverting)
Note that options can be summed. For instance, invert=5 swaps the axes and inverts them. The maximum value of invert is obviously 7. If you do not know which option is correct for you, just try them out with hdaps-gl or some other GUI (see below). Alternatively, you can determine the exact value for your thinkpad model from this table under the column labelled "HDAPS axis orientation".
As an alternative to reloading the
hdaps module, the
invert value can also be written directly to
Now that your hardware is reporting its shock detection to the OS, we need to do something with this data. This section describes software utilities to transform the sensor output into shock protection.
hdapsd monitors the output of the HDAPS joystick devices to determine if a shock is about to occur, then tells the kernel to park the disk heads.
You should check your "Load cycle count" in SMART when setting up hdaps, if it is too sensitive the head would park too often and load cycle count would rise too rapidly.
The package installs udev rules. Udev will start one hdapsd instance for each rotational, non-removable disk it finds. For more information, see the hdapsd github page
You can adjust the parameters, with which hdapsd is run by providing your own unit file as explained in the systemd article, for example the following file will adjust sensitivity and logging behaviour of the hdaps daemon:
[Service] ExecStart= ExecStart=/usr/bin/hdapsd --sensitivity=40 -blp
And reload the configuration.
Utilities exist to monitor hdapsd's status so you know what is going on while you are using your laptop. These are entirely optional.
HDAPS monitor — KDE4 plasmoid for HDAPS monitoring.
xfce4-hdaps — Xfce4 panel applet that can represents the current status of your hard drive.
HDAPSicon — Formerly thinkhdaps, standalone GTK applet for HDAPS disk protection status.
hdaps-gl — Simple OpenGL application showing the 3D animation of your Thinkpad. Similar to the apllication Lenovo distributes with Windows.