Hauppauge Nova-T Stick
The Hauppauge Nova-T Stick is an USB2.0 DVB-T tuner.
- Microtune MT2060 tuner
- Dibcom DVB-T demodulator
- USB 2.0 controller
- Remote control
Since kernel 2.6.19 nearly all Nova-T sticks are recognized correctly. So if you just plug in your Nova-T Stick and run dmesg, you should see something like this:
usb 2-3: new high speed USB device using ehci_hcd and address 5 usb 2-3: configuration #1 chosen from 1 choice dvb-usb: found a 'Hauppauge Nova-T Stick' in cold state, will try to load a firmware dvb-usb: did not find the firmware file. (dvb-usb-dib0700-01.fw) Please see linux/Documentation/dvb/ for more details on firmware-problems. (-2)
As you see the stick has been recognized, but it's not working yet because the firmware was missing. Download the dvb-usb-dib0700-03-pre1.fw firmware file and copy it to /lib/firmware.
Depending on your box number (e.g 293) or device no. (e.g 70009) the kernel may require the firmware version to be dvb-usb-dib0700-01.fw. So either you just rename the firmware linked above or put a link. That's up to you. Both seem to work fine.
If this is done we just plug out and in stick and see what happens. The output of dmesg is supposed to look like that.
usb 2-3: new high speed USB device using ehci_hcd and address 7 usb 2-3: configuration #1 chosen from 1 choice dvb-usb: found a 'Hauppauge Nova-T Stick' in cold state, will try to load a firmware dvb-usb: downloading firmware from file 'dvb-usb-dib0700-01.fw' dib0700: firmware started successfully. dvb-usb: found a 'Hauppauge Nova-T Stick' in warm state. dvb-usb: will pass the complete MPEG2 transport stream to the software demuxer. DVB: registering new adapter (Hauppauge Nova-T Stick). DVB: registering frontend 0 (DiBcom 7000PC)... MT2060: successfully identified (IF1 = 1220) dvb-usb: Hauppauge Nova-T Stick successfully initialized and connected.
Perfect! Our stick is now ready to do its service.
In order to have access to our usb stick as a normal user you'll have to add you to the video group. Run this command as root:
gpasswd -a USER video
Replace USER with the name of the user which you want to grant access. Afterwards either reboot or relogin.
Now that we have setup our usb stick and it's working fine, let's scan for channels. Therefore I recommend the linuxtv-dvb-apps package which you can find in the community repository.
pacman -S linuxtv-dvb-apps
Also we need a so called initial scan file. This file is needed for scan to work properly. It provides a frequency that scan is going to use as a starting point from which it'll proceed with its scan. These files are specific to your geographic location and have the form of cc-Ttttt, where cc is a two-letter country abbreviation, and Ttttt is the name of the location of the transmitter. You'll find a lot of scan files in the official dvb-apps repository. So for example in Leipzig, Germany, you'd look for a file called de-Leipzig.
No suitable initial scan file found? If you can't find a suitable initial scan file then you should try w_scan.
So if you've got a scan file, let the scanning begin.
scan de-Leipzig > channels
After a few seconds the scan has finished our file "channels" should contain all channels that have been found.
Now there are a lot of ways to watch TV, for example with Kaffeine, xine, mplayer and so on. Also some of these programs provide EPG, Time shafting and things like that. But I'm going to show you how it works with VLC.
As you know all information we need is in our file "channels". So let's take a closer look and try to understand it.
ZDF:482000000:INVERSION_AUTO:BANDWIDTH_8_MHZ:FEC_2_3:FEC_1_2:QAM_16:TRANSMISSION_MODE_8K:GUARD_INTERVAL_1_4:HIERARCHY_NONE:545:546:514 arte:498000000:INVERSION_AUTO:BANDWIDTH_8_MHZ:FEC_2_3:FEC_AUTO:QAM_64:TRANSMISSION_MODE_8K:GUARD_INTERVAL_1_4:HIERARCHY_NONE:33:34:2 Phoenix:498000000:INVERSION_AUTO:BANDWIDTH_8_MHZ:FEC_2_3:FEC_AUTO:QAM_64:TRANSMISSION_MODE_8K:GUARD_INTERVAL_1_4:HIERARCHY_NONE:49:50:3 ...
Basically all we need is the frequency, the bandwidth and the program number. The frequency is the 2nd number right next to the name of the channel. The bandwidth is easy to see and the program number is the last number. So for example if we want to watch "arte" we have to start VLC like this:
vlc -vvv dvb: --dvb-frequency=498000000 --dvb-bandwidth=8 --program=2
Or we just run VLC, press STRG+F and type as MRL this:
dvb:// :dvb-frequency=498000000 :dvb-bandwidth=8 :program=2
After a few seconds we should be watching tv. An easy way to manage your channels is to set up a playlist.