Help:Reading (Español)

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This template has only maintenance purposes. For linking to local translations please use interlanguage links, see Help:i18n#Interlanguage links.

Local languages: Català – Dansk – English – Español – Esperanto – Hrvatski – Indonesia – Italiano – Lietuviškai – Magyar – Nederlands – Norsk Bokmål – Polski – Português – Slovenský – Česky – Ελληνικά – Български – Русский – Српски – Українська – עברית – العربية – ไทย – 日本語 – 正體中文 – 简体中文 – 한국어

External languages (all articles in these languages should be moved to the external wiki): Deutsch – Français – Română – Suomi – Svenska – Tiếng Việt – Türkçe – فارسی

Tango-view-fullscreen.pngThis article or section needs expansion.Tango-view-fullscreen.png

Reason: please use the first argument of the template to provide a brief explanation. (Discuss in Help talk:Reading (Español)#)

Tango-preferences-desktop-locale.pngThis article or section needs to be translated.Tango-preferences-desktop-locale.png

Notes: please use the first argument of the template to provide more detailed indications. (Discuss in Help talk:Reading (Español)#)

Because the vast majority of the ArchWiki contains indications that may need clarification for users new to GNU/Linux, this rundown of basic procedures was written both to avoid confusion in the assimilation of the articles and to deter repetition in the content itself.

Regular user or root

Some lines are written like so:

# pacman -S kernel26

Others have a different prefix:

$ makepkg -s

The numeral sign (#) indicates that the line is to be entered as root, whereas the dollar sign ($) shows that the line is to be entered as a regular user.

A notable exception to watch out for:

# This alias makes ls colorize the listing
alias ls='ls --color=auto'

In this example, the context surrounding the numeral sign communicates that this is not to be run as a command; it should be edited into a file instead. So in this case, the numeral sign denotes a comment. A comment can be explanatory text that will not be interpreted by the associated program. Bash (Español) scripts denotation for comments happens to coincide with the root PS1.

After further examination, "give away" signs include the uppercase character following the # sign. Usually, Unix commands are not written this way and most of the time they are short abbreviations instead of full-blown English words (e.g., Copy becomes Template:Codeline).

Regardless, most articles make this easy to discern by notifying the reader:

Append to Template:Filename:

# This alias makes ls colorize the listing
alias ls='ls --color=auto

Append, create, edit and source

When prompted to append, add, create or edit, consider it an indication for using a text editor, such as nano, in order to make changes to configuration file(s):

# nano /etc/bash.bashrc

In programs, be it shells or otherwise, sourcing applies settings specified in a file. For Bash, sourcing can be done in a command prompt:

$ source /etc/bash.bashrc

and it can also happen in a file itself:

# This line includes settings from another file
source /etc/bash.bashrc

As a result, sourcing a file after alteration is an implied omission in the case of shell files.

However, not all articles will specify the nature of the changes to be made, nor which file to alter in the first place. This wiki builds-up on previous knowledge, such as common locations for files that are prone to sporadic editing.

System-wide versus user-specific configuration

It is important to remember that there are two different kinds of configurations on a GNU/Linux system. System-wide configuration affects all users. Since system-wide settings are generally located in the Template:Filename directory, root privileges are required in order to alter them. E.g., to apply a Bash setting that affects all users, Template:Filename should be modified.

User-specific configuration affects only a single user. Dotfiles are used for user-specific configuration. For example, the file Template:Filename is the user-specific configuration file. The idea is that each user can define their own settings, such as aliases, functions and other interactive features like the prompt, without affecting other users' preferences.

Note: ~/ is a shortcut for the user's home directory, usually Template:Filename.


En inglés Traducción preferida Otras traducciones
daemon daemon
rolling release rolling release
script script archivo de órdenes, archivo de procesamiento por lotes
shell, command shell shell intérprete de órdenes, intérprete de comandos
kernel kernel núcleo
swap swap espacio de intercambio
dual-boot dual-boot Doble arranque o Arranque dual
backend backend
frontend frontend
Window Manager Window Manager Gestor de ventanas
root root raíz
root (user) root superusuario
library biblioteca
Compositing Composición
Desktop Environment Entorno de Escritorio
driver driver controlador
fan, cooler fan cooler, cooler ventilador
host, hostname host, hostname

Closing notes

Recurring procedures include: