Difference between revisions of "IBM ThinkPad X31"

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[[Category:IBM (English)]]
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#redirect [[ArchWiki:Archive]]
The IBM Thinkpad X31 is a wonderful little laptop which contains everything you need for your everyday work, and even some gaming, if you tweak things a little. The X31 is rock solid, light (3.7 lbs), and nowadays very cheap. The only drawback is the lack of internal optical drive. You can see the specs of the X31 on [http://www.thinkwiki.org/wiki/Category:X31 ThinkWiki], a wonderful resource with additional informations.
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[[Category:Archive]]
 
 
==Installation==
 
 
 
A basic Arch Linux installation will do just fine for about everything, so I won't talk about sound or other basic stuff. No custom kernel needed. However, you will need the following particular packages:
 
* {{Package Official|ipw2100-fw}} and {{Package Official|wireless_tools}} for wireless
 
* {{Package Official|xf86-video-ati}} for direct rendering (see above)
 
* {{Package Official|uswsusp}} for hibernation (see above)
 
 
 
The following useful packages are in the [[AUR]].
 
* {{Package AUR|rovclock}} for boosting direct rendering (see above)
 
 
 
==Hibernation==
 
 
 
To hibernate using [[pm-utils]] (tested with kernel 2.6.37), you have to adjust some screws of the default setup. Doing this, hibernation works flawlessly. You have to setup [[pm-utils]] first. If it's working out of the box, don't read further.
 
 
 
Don't forget to install ''radeontool'' from the AUR, as it's needed to turn off the lcd backlight.
 
 
 
If your X31 freezes during hibernation or just reboots instead of resume, when you power on again, this might help you:
 
 
 
Append the following to your '''kernel''' line in grub's config:
 
 
 
{{File|name=/boot/grub/menu.lst|content=<nowiki>
 
nomodeset acpi_sleep=nonvs
 
</nowiki>}}
 
 
 
*nomodeset will turn off kernel modesetting, which tries to automatically handle the resolution during boot. Take a look at [http://wiki.sugarlabs.org/go/Nomodeset].
 
*acpi_sleep=nonvs is a workaround, see [[Pm-utils#Troubleshooting]] for detailed information.
 
 
 
==Xorg and direct rendering==
 
 
 
This section assumes the ATI Radeon Mobility M6 LY video card. This can be verified using:
 
$ lspci | grep Mobility
 
 
 
Here is a minimal {{Filename|xorg.conf}}, optimized for performance:
 
{{File|name=/etc/X11/xorg.conf|content=
 
Section "ServerFlags"
 
Option "AutoAddDevices" "False"
 
EndSection
 
 
 
Section "Device"
 
Identifier "Card0"
 
Driver "ati"
 
BusID "PCI:1:0:0"
 
Option "AGPMode" "4"
 
Option "AGPFastWrite" "on" #Faster than default (off)
 
Option "SWcursor" "off" #Faster than default (on)
 
Option "EnablePageFlip" "on" #Faster than default (off)
 
Option "AccelMethod" "EXA" # or XAA, EXA, XAA more stable, XAA is deafult
 
Option "DynamicClocks" "on"
 
Option "BIOSHotkeys"  "on"
 
Option "AGPSize" "32" # default: 8
 
Option "EnableDepthMoves" "true"
 
EndSection
 
 
 
Section "Extensions"
 
  Option "Composite" "Disable"
 
EndSection
 
}}
 
 
 
{{Note|This configuration disables compositing to improve performance. If you need this feature, set {{Codeline|Composite}} to {{Codeline|Enable}}. Also, if you want to use [[Xorg Input Hotplugging]], set {{Codeline|AutoAddDevices}} to {{Codeline|true}}.}}
 
 
 
===Rovclock===
 
 
 
You can also overclock your graphic card. As far as I know, there is no real drawback, but you can play it safe and only use it while running a game or compiz or any application using your graphic card:
 
rovclock -c 220 -m 210
 
 
 
Use this command to get back to default settings:
 
rovclock -c 144 -m 144
 
 
 
If you want to enable it permanently, add the first command in [[xprofile]].
 
 
 
If, on the contrary, you barely use your graphic card, you can lower both power usage and temperature slightly by underclocking your graphic card at boot by adding this command to [[xprofile]]:
 
rovclock -c 90 -m 100
 
 
 
===Dual Screen===
 
 
 
If you want to use an external screen for a presentation or as an extended desktop, you can use [[xrandr]].
 
For an extended desktop, you should first add one line in your {{Filename|/etc/x11/xorg.conf}} configuration file in the {{Codeline|SubSection "Display"}} area:
 
 
 
Before:
 
SubSection "Display"
 
  Depth    24
 
  Modes "1024x768" "800x600" "640x480"
 
EndSubSection
 
 
 
After:
 
SubSection "Display"
 
Depth    24
 
Modes "1024x768" "800x600" "640x480"
 
Virtual 2304 1024
 
EndSubSection
 
 
 
The numbers are the total rectangular resolution that you need to use. In this case, I'm using the internal 1024x768 screen and an external 1280x1024 screen on the right. The total resolution is 1024+1280=2304 pixels large and 1024>768=1024 pixels height.
 
 
 
Note that in 24 bits with this option, the performance is affected for 3D drawing, so you may need to comment it and use only one screen when you need the graphical power.
 
 
 
Then restart your X server. You can issue this command in a shell:
 
xrandr --output VGA-0 --right-of LVDS
 
 
 
To find the exact name of the monitors and the maximum resolution that you set up in the configuration file, you can type just {{Codeline|xrandr}} without arguments.
 
 
 
==Powersaving==
 
 
 
===Laptop-mode===
 
 
 
This will put your screen brightness to the minimum level when on battery and restore it to maximum when on ac power:
 
echo -e '#!/bin/bash\necho 0 > /sys/class/backlight/thinkpad_screen/brightness' > /etc/laptop-mode/batt-start/battscript
 
chmod 0755 /etc/laptop-mode/batt-start/battscript
 
echo -e '#!/bin/bash\necho 7 > /sys/class/backlight/thinkpad_screen/brightness' > /etc/laptop-mode/lm-ac-start/acscript
 
chmod 0755 /etc/laptop-mode/lm-ac-start/acscript
 
ln -s /etc/laptop-mode/lm-ac-start/acscript /etc/laptop-mode/onlm-ac-start/acscript
 
 
 
It will create scripts, executed by the laptop-mode daemon when switching the power source, that change the brightness of your screen using the thinkpad_acpi module.
 
 
 
===Undervolting===
 
 
 
The X31 CPUs can be undervolted, which means they will offer you the same performance, but with more battery life and a cooler laptop. From personal experience, my CPU temperature,during 100% activity, dropped by 15-20°C just by using this patch. This is extremely easy using the linux-phc patch, but only if you know the proper values to give the CPU. Informations on how to find them is available [http://gentoo-wiki.com/HOWTO_Undervolt_a_Pentium_M_CPU here] or [http://www.thinkwiki.org/wiki/Pentium_M_undervolting_and_underclocking here]. I know it can be hard to find your own values, so here is a table were you can indicate what are the good values for each of the X31 CPUs:
 
* Pentium-m 1600MHz : 34 26 18 12 8 5
 
{{Warning|Your computer may freeze once a month because of those values. If you find more stable ones, please indicate them.}}
 
 
 
Once you have your values, just run:
 
# echo VALUES > /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/cpufreq/phc_vids
 
 
 
For example:
 
# echo 34 26 18 12 8 5 > /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/cpufreq/phc_vids
 
 
 
You can add this command to your {{Filename|/etc/rc.local}} to make the undervolting permanent.
 
 
 
===Modprobe===
 
 
 
Create the following file:
 
{{File|name=/etc/modprobe.d/powersave.conf|content=<nowiki>
 
options usbcore autosuspend=1
 
options ipw2100 associate=0
 
options snd_ac97_codec power_save=1
 
options thinkpad-acpi experimental=1 fan_control=1
 
</nowiki>}}
 
 
 
The three first lines put some of your devices in power-saving mode, respectively the USB ports, the wireless card and the sound card. Note that you need the last line in order to control your fan speed (see above).
 
 
 
===Powertop===
 
 
 
To see additional sources of power drain, install powertop:
 
# pacman -S powertop
 
 
 
And run it while on battery power. See [[Powertop]] for more information.
 
 
 
===Hard drive dilemma===
 
 
 
As set earlier, the hard drive is on a power-saving mode that can make it spin off and on often. It may reduce its lifetime. You can install the '''smartmontools''' package and issue this command:
 
# smartctl -A /dev/sda | grep Load_Cycle_Count
 
 
 
If the number is growing too fast, you might want to set off the powersaving mode by issuing:
 
# hdparm -B 254 /dev/sda
 
 
 
Put it in {{Filename|/etc/rc.local}} to modify it at boot time.
 
 
 
==ACPI and Hardware-related==
 
 
 
===Fan-control===
 
 
 
You can use a script from [http://www.thinkwiki.org/wiki/ThinkWiki ThinkWiki] to considerably lower your CPU temperature. Simply download it from [http://www.thinkwiki.org/index.php?title=Code/tp-fancontrol&action=raw&ctype=application/octet-stream here], rename it to {{Filename|tp-fancontrol}}, and run:
 
# chmod 0755 tp-fancontrol
 
# mv tp-fancontrol /usr/bin
 
 
 
To run the script at each boot, add this line to your {{Filename|/etc/rc.local}}:
 
tp-fancontrol -d
 
 
 
Also, I suggest changing the first maximum temperature threshold (the CPU one) to 55. Just edit {{Filename|/usr/bin/tp-fancontrol}}, the file is self-explanatory.
 
 
 
===thinkpad_acpi and tp_smapi kernel modules===
 
 
 
To make use of all hardware, use [[Tp_smapi]] and thinkpad_acpi. The former is in the [[AUR]], thinkpad_acpi is merged into the kernel and has just to be loaded.
 
 
 
Have a look at Thinkwiki for scripts and tweaks:
 
 
 
*[http://www.thinkwiki.org/wiki/Thinkpad-acpi Thinkpad_acpi]
 
*[http://www.thinkwiki.org/wiki/Thinkpad-acpi Tp_smapi]
 
 
 
==Wireless==
 
 
 
If you have the Cisco neta504 wifi card, it's a bit tricky to use the wpa encryption with it.
 
First, unload the airo and the airo_cs modules.
 
remove the module airo from the kernel
 
# rmmod airo
 
# rmmod airo_cs
 
 
 
Next, [[Kernel modules#Blacklisting|blacklist]] the modules in {{Filename|/etc/modprobe.d/}}.
 
 
 
then install ndiswrapper
 
# pacman -S ndiswrapper
 
 
 
download the neta504 driver for windows and unpack it (Be sure that you have unpacked the whole driver !) Then run :
 
# ndiswrapper -i /path/to/your/dir/netA504.inf
 
 
 
Save the ndiswrapper conf file :
 
# ndiswrapper -m
 
# ndiswrapper -ma
 
# ndiswrapper -mi
 
 
 
Now you can add to your kernel the module :
 
# modprobe ndiswrapper
 
 
 
and voilà ! I've tried this with wicd and it works flawlessly !
 
 
 
==Audio keys==
 
 
 
To have an on-screen Display for volume change or thinklight activation you can use Tpb: [[ThinkPad_OSD]]. The audio volume up/down keys will change audio volume independently from ALSA/OSS mixer. This works quite well, so try it out.
 
 
 
To enable the audio keys interfacing with ALSA, add:
 
event=ibm/hotkey HKEY 00000080 *
 
action=/etc/acpi/soundkey.sh %e
 
 
 
to {{Filename|/etc/acpi/events/soundkey}}, create the following file and make it executable:
 
{{File|name=/etc/acpi/soundkey.sh|content=<nowiki>
 
#!/bin/bash
 
 
 
echo here > /tmp/fish
 
echo $4 >> /tmp/fish
 
case "$4" in
 
00001015)
 
amixer -c 0 set Master playback unmute
 
amixer -c 0 set Master playback 3%+
 
;;
 
00001016)
 
amixer -c 0 set Master playback unmute
 
amixer -c 0 set Master playback 3%-
 
;;
 
00001017)
 
amixer -c 0 set Master playback mute
 
;;
 
esac
 
</nowiki>}}
 
 
 
You'll also need to add:
 
echo enable,0xffffffff >/proc/acpi/ibm/hotkey
 
 
 
to {{Filename|/etc/rc.local}} or somewhere similar for the events to be recognized.
 

Latest revision as of 11:27, 25 November 2017

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