As it pertains to general desktop use, an ICC profile is a binary file which contains precise data regarding the color attributes of an input, or output device.  Single, or multiple profiles can be applied across a system and its devices to produce consistent and repeatable results for graphic and document editing and publishing. ICC profiles are typically calibrated with a (tristimulus) colorimeter, or a spectrophotometer when absolute color accuracy is required.
 ICC Profile. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 6 July 2010. Web. 13 Aug. 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ICC_profile>.
ICC Profile Generation
Profile generation on a Windows 7/Vista/XP, or Mac OS X system is one of the easiest and most widely recommended methods to obtain a ICC monitor profile. Since ICC color profiles are written to an open specification, they are compatible across operating systems. Transferring profiles from one OS to another can be used as a workaround for the lack of support for certain spectrophotometers, or colorimeters under Linux: one can simply produce a profile on a different OS and then use it in a Linux workflow. 2 Recommended colorimeters include the X-Rite i1Display 2 and the Spyder3 Pro. Note that the system on which the profile is generated must host the exact same video card and monitor for which the profile is to be used. Once generation of an ICC profile, or a series of profiles is complete on a Windows 7/Vista/XP system, copy the file(s) from the default path:
Mac OS X generally stores saved ICC profiles in one of two locations:
Once the appropriate .icc files have been copied, install the device profiles to your desired system. Common installation device profiles directories on Linux include:
/usr/share/color/icc /usr/local/share/color/icc /home/<username>/.color/icc
2 Linux Color Management. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 23 Aug. 2010. Web. 22 Aug. 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linux_color_management>
LPROF ICC Profiler
- Review the ArchWiki article Using LPROF to Profile Monitors for details on how to profile monitors.
- Review the official LPROF Main Help Window for details on how to profile additional devices, including printers and scanners.
- Review the official Argyll CMS documentation for details on how to profile selected devices.
Loading ICC Profiles
- xcalib is a lightweight monitor calibration loader which can load an ICC monitor profile to be shared across desktop applications. xcalib is part of the Arch User Repository (AUR)
Load profile Template:Filename in /usr/share/color/icc on display host:0 when X server starts
#!/bin/bash /usr/bin/xcalib -d :0 /usr/share/color/icc/P221W-sRGB.icc
JWM Template:Filename Example
Load profile Template:Filename in /usr/local/share/color/icc on display host:0 when JWM starts
<StartupCommand>xcalib -d :0 /usr/share/color/icc/P221W-sRGB.icc</StartupCommand>
Load profile Template:Filename in /home/arch/.color/icc on display 0 when X server starts
#!/bin/bash /usr/bin/dispwin -d0 /home/arch/.color/icc/906w-Native.icc
JWM Template:Filename Example
Load Argyll calibration file Template:Filename in /usr/local/share/color/icc on display 1 when JWM starts
<StartupCommand>dispwin -d1 /usr/local/share/color/icc/906w-Native.cal</StartupCommand>