Difference between revisions of "IPhone tethering"

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(Installing usbmuxd)
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==== Installing usbmuxd ====
 
==== Installing usbmuxd ====
As said before usbmuxd is available from AUR and you can install it through [[yaourt]]
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usbmuxd is available from the AUR.  You can easily install it with [[yaourt]] or [[clyde]]:
  
 
  # yaourt -S usbmuxd
 
  # yaourt -S usbmuxd

Revision as of 20:21, 26 June 2010

Introduction

With the release of iPhone OS 3.0 it is possible to use the device as a 3G data modem over either USB or Bluetooth on Windows and OS X systems, without the need for jailbreaking. There is no official support for tethering on Linux systems and by the time of writing no working USB driver has been developed. However, tethering over Bluetooth is still an option.


Tethering over Bluetooth

Tethering over Bluetooth will drain the batteries relatively quickly, but simultaneous charging from an USB port works well.

Hardware Requirements

  • iPhone running OS 3.0 with tethering enabled. See Settings > General > Network and turn on the tethering option.
  • Bluetooth Adapter or similar, preferably with EDR(Enhanced Data Rate) for acceptable speeds. Tested with a Belkin F8T016NE.

Setup

From the article entitled Bluetooth:

To use Bluetooth, the bluez package for the Linux Bluetooth protocol stack must be installed:

# pacman -S bluez

Once bluez is installed, both the dbus daemon and the bluetooth daemon must be running:

# /etc/rc.d/dbus start
# /etc/rc.d/bluetooth start

The dbus daemon is used to read settings and for pin pairing, while the bluetooth daemon is required for the Bluetooth protocol. It is important that dbus is started before bluetooth. If dbus was not running when bluetooth was started, then try (after dbus is running):

# /etc/rc.d/bluetooth restart

To start bluetooth automatically on boot, add bluetooth to your daemons array in rc.conf:

DAEMONS=(... bluetooth)

No further configuration seems to be necessary on Arch systems. If problems arise, see the first sources link for possible config file edits.

Gnome/Xfce4

Install the Blueman GTK+ Bluetooth manager

# pacman -S blueman

A Bluetooth icon should appear in your notification area. Note: the icon may not appear if bluetooth was not turned on at startup. Click it, and search for nearby devices, adding your iPhone (note, you may need to have the Bluetooth setting screen up on your iPhone for discovery to work).

Once the iPhone has been added to the devices list, open the Device menu and select pair. This will require the usual entering of a PIN on the computer then the iPhone. Now open the Device menu again, and choose Network Access > Network Access Point. If everything goes well, blueman reports a success and the status bar on your iPhone should glow blue, indicating a successful tether.

Blueman will have created a new network interface, typically bnep0. To connect to it, run the following as root.

# dhcpcd bnep0

Optionally, if you have NetworkManager installed and want it to automatically connect to the bnep0 interface, blacklist the interface in your rc.conf just as with the other interfaces you want to be automatically handled:

INTERFACES=(!eth0 !wlan0 !bnep0 ...)

NetworkManager might still automatically connect to the new interface initially, but on subsequent boots the above action is necessary.

KDE

To be added...

netcfg

Alternatively, you can create a netcfg network profile to allow easy tethering from the command line, without requiring Blueman or Gnome. Assuming an already paired iPhone with address '00:00:DE:AD:BE:EF', simply create a profile in /etc/network.d called - for example - 'tether':

 CONNECTION="ethernet"
 DESCRIPTION="Ethernet via pand tethering to iPhone"
 INTERFACE="bnep0"
 IPHONE="00:00:DE:AD:BE:EF"
 PRE_UP="pand -E -S -c ${IPHONE} -e ${INTERFACE} -n 2>/dev/null"
 POST_DOWN="pand -k ${IPHONE}"
 IP="dhcp"

Then, either as root or using sudo, execute:

 netcfg tether

To bring the interface down and un-tether:

 netcfg down tether

Tethering over USB

You need aur/itunnel and aur/ifuse to do so.

Then follow up http://dev.squarecows.com/2009/05/06/iphone-linux-tethering-via-usb-cable/


USB tethering from within Windows guest in Virtualbox

One potential way to accomplish this is to use a Windows guest in VirtualBox, and present the host Arch system with a network interface (Host Only?). The working iPhone network device in Windows might then be bridged to the host only interface device within Windows. The iPhone USB network driver is installed together with iTunes. However, this has yet to be tested successfully. More info to come.

Tethering via USB with libimobiledevice: Native Support

Note: This section needs to be reviewed for style

With the release of libimobiledevice it's now possible to natively tether the iPhone 3G and 3GS with firmware 3.0 or superior (Not tested with 4.0, now in developer release).

Requirements

  • In the iPhone: Enable tethering
  • In your computer: Install usbmuxd
  • In your computer: Install libimobiledevice (previously libiphone)
  • In your computer: Install The iPhone Ethernet Driver (ipheth)

Though there are packages for all of these, the usbmuxd is the only requirement recommended to install from arch. Both libimobiledevice and ipheth are recommended to install from the git.

Enable tethering in the iPhone

If your carrier hasn't already enabled tethering you can do it by:

All of these methods are really easy to find in google. Notice that the 3rd method will just work in fw inferior to 3.1.2, following that you'll first need to use Blackra1n


Installing usbmuxd

usbmuxd is available from the AUR. You can easily install it with yaourt or clyde:

# yaourt -S usbmuxd

Installing libimobiledevice

You can get libimobile device from MCoyler site at github http://github.com/mcolyer

To get the source and install run the following commands. This should be pretty much straight forward

# git clone git://github.com/mcolyer/libiphone.git
# cd libiphone
# ./autogen.sh
# make

As always check there are no errors so far; if everything looks good you are ready to install

# sudo make install

Install ipheth

The following section is based in the tutorial available here http://giagio.com/wiki/moin.cgi/iPhoneEthernetDriver

Again we will be getting a git repository, but this install is divided in two sections. Install the kernel module, and installing the pairing program.

Remember that this depends on libimobiledevice and usbmuxd, so install those first.

Since 2.6.34 kernel (available in testing repo) ipheth module is already in kernel, so everything you need is ipheth-utils pkg from AUR.

If you are using 2.6.33 kernel or earlier the right way is described below:

# git clone git://github.com/dgiagio/ipheth.git

Now we are good to install the Kernel Module.

# cd ipheth/ipheth-driver
# make

If there are no errors you can load the module

# sudo insmod ipheth.ko

Now plug your iPhone and run dmesg. It should give you something like the following:

# ...
# [ 8181.461000] ipheth 1-6:4.2: Apple iPhone USB Ethernet device attached
# [ 8181.463067] usbcore: registered new interface driver ipheth
# ...

If you have a hard time finding these lines run

# dmesg | grep ipheth

Now you should have a new network device, mine is called eth1 but it can be different. If you are ussing the NetworkManager Applet you should see a wired network device called Apple iPhone.

Just one step to go. Installing the pairing program. You will have to run this program every time you plug your iPhone, I really don't know why but otherwise it won't work.

# cd ipheth/ipheth-pair
# make
# sudo make install

This will install ipheth-pair (the pairing program) in /lib/udev/ipheth-pair Not the most practical location since it's not in your PATH. With you iPhone plugged rud

# /lib/udev/ipheth-pair

If you don't get any errors you should now be able to connect to tether your iPhone with NetworkManager

You can also use ipheth-git from AUR.

Trouble shooting

iPhone not appearing in the devices list

If you can't see the device in dmesg or in the NetworkManager device list you probably didn't reload the module. Just run:

# sudo insmod ipheth.ko

You can also add the module to rc.conf just

# cd ipheth/ipheth-driver
# make clean
# make
# sudo make install

and then edit the [b]rc.conf[/b] since it's still in a beta stage I don't recommend this, but if it works for you there shouldn't be trouble.

The iPhone appears in the device list but it doesn't connect

Did you pair the iPhone? run

# /lib/udev/ipheth-pair

Now you should be able to connect

You run ipheth-pair but it returns there's no libimobiledevice

If you get this error

# ./ipheth-pair: error while loading shared libraries: libimobiledevice.so.1: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

You can solve it by running

# sudo ln -s /usr/local/lib/libimobiledevice.so.1.0.0 /usr/lib/libimobiledevice.so.1

Sources

  1. jkeating: Tethering iPhone 3.0 with Linux (Fedora 11) over bluetooth
  2. http://www.libimobiledevice.org/
  3. http://giagio.com/wiki/moin.cgi/iPhoneEthernetDriver
  4. http://github.com/mcolyer/libiphone

TroubleShooting

  • If you get "interface bnep0 does not exist" when trying tethering, you must enable "tethering" in the iPhone :

See http://informationmadness.com/cms/blog/25-blog/1531-iphone-3g-s-tethering-without-installing-anything.html if you are stuck.
sputnick, Thu apr 1 2010.

  • If your iPhone stopped showing in NetworkManager after installing 2.6.34 kernel remove ipheth from kernel
# sudo rmmod ipheth

and than install ipheth-git from AUR. This will compile old kernel module, which is detected fine.

--Blasse 05:49, 30 May 2010 (EDT)