iPhone tethering

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Reason: please use the first argument of the template to provide a brief explanation. (Discuss in Talk:IPhone tethering#)

With the release of iPhone OS 3.0 it is possible to use the device as a 3G data modem over either USB or Bluetooth on Windows and OS X systems, without the need for jailbreaking. There is no official support for tethering on Linux systems and by the time of writing no working USB driver has been developed. However, tethering over Bluetooth is still an option.

Tethering over Bluetooth

Tethering over Bluetooth will drain the batteries relatively quickly, but simultaneous charging from an USB port works well.

Hardware Requirements

  • iPhone running OS 3.0 with tethering enabled. See Settings > General > Network and turn on the tethering option.
  • Bluetooth Adapter or similar, preferably with EDR(Enhanced Data Rate) for acceptable speeds. Tested with a Belkin F8T016NE.


From the article entitled Bluetooth:

To use Bluetooth, the bluez package for the Linux Bluetooth protocol stack must be installed:

# pacman -S bluez

Once bluez is installed, both the dbus daemon and the bluetooth daemon must be running:

# /etc/rc.d/dbus start
# /etc/rc.d/bluetooth start

The dbus daemon is used to read settings and for pin pairing, while the bluetooth daemon is required for the Bluetooth protocol. It is important that dbus is started before bluetooth. If dbus was not running when bluetooth was started, then try (after dbus is running):

# /etc/rc.d/bluetooth restart

To start bluetooth automatically on boot, add bluetooth to your daemons array in rc.conf:

DAEMONS=(... bluetooth)

No further configuration seems to be necessary on Arch systems. If problems arise, see the first sources link for possible config file edits.


Install the Blueman GTK+ Bluetooth manager

# pacman -S blueman

A Bluetooth icon should appear in your notification area. Note: the icon may not appear if bluetooth was not turned on at startup. Click it, and search for nearby devices, adding your iPhone (note, you may need to have the Bluetooth setting screen up on your iPhone for discovery to work).

Once the iPhone has been added to the devices list, open the Device menu and select pair. This will require the usual entering of a PIN on the computer then the iPhone. Now open the Device menu again, and choose Network Access > Network Access Point. If everything goes well, blueman reports a success and the status bar on your iPhone should glow blue, indicating a successful tether.

Blueman will have created a new network interface, typically bnep0. To connect to it, run the following as root.

# dhcpcd bnep0

Optionally, if you have NetworkManager installed and want it to automatically connect to the bnep0 interface, blacklist the interface in your rc.conf just as with the other interfaces you want to be automatically handled:

INTERFACES=(!eth0 !wlan0 !bnep0 ...)

NetworkManager might still automatically connect to the new interface initially, but on subsequent boots the above action is necessary.


To be added...


Alternatively, you can create a netcfg network profile to allow easy tethering from the command line, without requiring Blueman or Gnome. Assuming an already paired iPhone with address '00:00:DE:AD:BE:EF', simply create a profile in /etc/network.d called - for example - 'tether':

 DESCRIPTION="Ethernet via pand tethering to iPhone"
 PRE_UP="pand -E -S -c ${IPHONE} -e ${INTERFACE} -n 2>/dev/null"
 POST_DOWN="pand -k ${IPHONE}"

Then, either as root or using sudo, execute:

 netcfg tether

To bring the interface down and un-tether:

 netcfg down tether

Tethering over USB

You need aur/itunnel and aur/ifuse to do so.

Then follow up http://dev.squarecows.com/2009/05/06/iphone-linux-tethering-via-usb-cable/

USB tethering from within Windows guest in Virtualbox

One potential way to accomplish this is to use a Windows guest in VirtualBox, and present the host Arch system with a network interface (Host Only?). The working iPhone network device in Windows might then be bridged to the host only interface device within Windows. The iPhone USB network driver is installed together with iTunes. However, this has yet to be tested successfully. More info to come.

Tethering via USB Natively

Tethering natively over USB is the optimal choice as it provides a more stable connection and uses less batteries than bluetooth or wifi.

To tether your iPhone over USB, you'll need the following packages installed:

# pacman -S usbmuxd libimobiledevice ifuse

Then ensure the ipheth module is loaded (currently included in the default and LTS Archlinux kernels)

# modprobe ipheth

Assuming everything's gone smoothly so far, enable Personal Hotspot on your iPhone and plug it into your computer. At this point you'll have a new ethernet device available, but connecting through it might not work quite yet; for some reason, the ipheth module only works when the iPhone's filesystem has been mounted by ifuse, so unless your system did it automatically when you plugged your iPhone in, you'll need to do it manually:

# ifuse /path/to/mountpoint

To manually unmount it later, run:

# fusermount -u /path/to/mountpoint

Once your iPhone's filesystem is mounted, you should be able to use netcfg, NetworkManager, wicd, dhcpcd etc to connect to the internet through the new iPhone ethernet device just like you would any other ethernet connection.

Enable tethering in the iPhone

If your carrier hasn't already enabled tethering you can do it by:

All of these methods are really easy to find in google. Notice that the 3rd method will just work in fw inferior to 3.1.2, following that you'll first need to use Blackra1n


The iPhone appears in the device list but it doesn't connect

Its possible that you may need to connect your iPhone and pair it with your computer before connecting in some circumstances (iPhones using a PIN unlock?):

# idevicepair pair


  1. jkeating: Tethering iPhone 3.0 with Linux (Fedora 11) over bluetooth
  2. http://www.libimobiledevice.org/
  3. http://giagio.com/wiki/moin.cgi/iPhoneEthernetDriver
  4. http://github.com/mcolyer/libiphone


  • If you get "interface bnep0 does not exist" when trying tethering, you must enable "tethering" in the iPhone :

See http://informationmadness.com/cms/blog/25-blog/1531-iphone-3g-s-tethering-without-installing-anything.html if you are stuck.
sputnick, Thu apr 1 2010.

  • If your iPhone stopped showing in NetworkManager after installing 2.6.34 kernel remove ipheth from kernel
# sudo rmmod ipheth

and than install ipheth-git from AUR. This will compile old kernel module, which is detected fine.