|Summary help replacing me|
|This article covers IPv6, and basics of configuring different IPv6 related things like static IP adresses.|
|IPv6 - Tunnel Broker Setup|
In Arch Linux, IPv6 is enabled by default. If you are looking for information regarding IPv6 tunnels, you may want to look at IPv6 - Tunnel Broker Setup.
To enable Privacy Extensions for Stateless Address Autoconfiguration in IPv6 according to RFC 4941, reproduce the following steps:
Add these lines to
# Enable IPv6 Privacy Extensions net.ipv6.conf.all.use_tempaddr = 2 net.ipv6.conf.default.use_tempaddr = 2 net.ipv6.conf.<nic0>.use_tempaddr = 2 ... net.ipv6.conf.<nicN>.use_tempaddr = 2
Where <nic0> to <nicN> are your nic's (the "all" or "default" parameters do not apply to nic's that already exist when the sysctl settings are applied).
After a reboot, at the latest, Privacy Extensions should be enabled.
Pinging the multicast address
ff02::1 results in all hosts in link-local scope responding. An interface has to be specified. With a ping to the multicast address
ff02::2 only routers will respond.
$ ping6 ff02::1%eth0
If you add an option
-I <your-global-ipv6>, link-local hosts will respond with their link-global scope addresses. The interface can be omitted in this case.
$ ping6 -I 2001:4f8:fff6::21 ff02::1
Sometime using static address can improve security. For example, if your local router uses Neighbor Discovery or radvd (RFC 2461), your interface will automatically be assigned an address based its MAC address (using IPv6's Stateless Autoconfiguration). This may be less than ideal for security since it allows a system to be tracked even if the network portion of the IP address changes.
To assign a static address (for example
Add your static IP using
netcfg. Follow the netcfg article. When copying an example use
ethernet-static and modify it like so:
CONNECTION='ethernet' DESCRIPTION='ipv6+ipv4 eth0' INTERFACE='eth0' IP=static ADDR=192.168.1.5 NETMASK=24 ROUTES= GATEWAY=192.168.1.1 IP6=static ADDR6=(2001:470:1000:1000::5/64) GATEWAY6=2001:470:1000:1000::1
ipv6.disable_ipv6=1 instead will keep the IPv6 stack functional but will not assign IPv6 addresses to any of your network devices.
One can also avoid assigning IPv6 addresses to specific network interfaces by adding the following sysctl config to
# Disable IPv6 net.ipv6.conf.all.disable_ipv6 = 1 net.ipv6.conf.<interface0>.disable_ipv6 = 1 ... net.ipv6.conf.<interfaceN>.disable_ipv6 = 1
Note that you must list all of the targeted interfaces explicitly, as disabling "all" does not apply to interfaces that are already "up" when sysctl settings are applied.
Note 2, if disabling IPv6 by sysctl, you should comment out the IPv6 hosts in your
#<ip-address> <hostname.domain.org> <hostname> 127.0.0.1 localhost.localdomain localhost #::1 localhost.localdomain localhost
otherwise there could be some connection errors because hosts are resolved to there IPv6 address which is not reachable.
Disabling IPv6 functionality in the kernel does not prevent other programs from trying to use IPv6. In most cases, this is completely harmless, but if you find yourself having issues with that program, you should consult the program's man page(s) for a way to disable that functionality.
- IPv6 - kernel.org Documentation