IPv6 tunnel broker setup

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Revision as of 16:15, 8 March 2018 by Lahwaacz (talk | contribs) (Using the tunneling with dynamic IPv4 IP: remove useless statement (wget never sends emails))
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Hurricane Electric offers a free tunnel broker service that is relatively painless to use under Arch if you wish to add IPv6 connectivity to an IPv4-only host.

Registering for a tunnel

It is not that hard to do. Feel free to fill in the directions here if something seems tricky, but otherwise just go the tunnel broker site and complete the registration.

Setting up Hurricane Electric tunnel

Create the following systemd unit, replacing bold text with the IP addresses you got from HE:

Note: If you are behind a NAT (typical home router setup), use your local IPv4 address for Client_IPv4_Address, e.g. 192.168.0.2.
/etc/systemd/system/he-ipv6.service
[Unit]
Description=he.net IPv6 tunnel
After=network.target

[Service]
Type=oneshot
RemainAfterExit=yes
ExecStart=/usr/bin/ip tunnel add he-ipv6 mode sit remote Server_IPv4_Address local Client_IPv4_Address ttl 255
ExecStart=/usr/bin/ip link set he-ipv6 up mtu 1480
ExecStart=/usr/bin/ip addr add Client_IPv6_Address dev he-ipv6
ExecStart=/usr/bin/ip -6 route add ::/0 dev he-ipv6
ExecStop=/usr/bin/ip -6 route del ::/0 dev he-ipv6
ExecStop=/usr/bin/ip link set he-ipv6 down
ExecStop=/usr/bin/ip tunnel del he-ipv6

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

Then start/enable he-ipv6.service.

systemd-networkd

If systemd-networkd handles your network connections, it's probably a better idea to let it handle tunnel broker too (instead of using a .service file).

/etc/systemd/network/he-tunnel.netdev
[Match]
 
[NetDev]
Name=he-ipv6
Kind=sit
MTUBytes=1480
 
[Tunnel]
Local=<local IPv4>
Remote=<tunnel endpoint>
TTL=255
/etc/systemd/network/he-tunnel.network
[Match]
Name=he-ipv6
 
[Network]
Address=<local IPv6>
Gateway=<IPv6 gateway>
DNS=2001:4860:4860::8888
DNS=2001:4860:4860::8844

And, add this line to [Network] section of your default Internet connection .network file:

Tunnel=he-ipv6

Using the tunneling with dynamic IPv4 IP

The simplest way of using tunelling with a dynamic IPv4 IP is to set up a cronjob that is going to periodically update your current address. The example URL and an Update Key can be found in the Advanced tab of the Tunnel Details page.

To check if the update works, run the following command (replace USERNAME, UPDATEKEY and TUNNELID by the details of your account and tunnel):

wget -O - https://USERNAME:UPDATEKEY@ipv4.tunnelbroker.net/nic/update?hostname=TUNNELID

If it works, create a cronjob by opening crontab -e and adding a new line:

*/10 * * * * wget -q -O /dev/null https://USERNAME:UPDATEKEY@ipv4.tunnelbroker.net/nic/update?hostname=TUNNELID