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With Wikipedia:iSCSI you can access storage over an IP-based network.
The exported storage entity is the target and the importing entity is the initiator.
There are different modules available to set up the target. The SCSI Target Framework (STGT) was the standard before linux 2.6.38. The current standard is the LIO target. The iSCSI Enterprise Target (IET) is an old implementation and SCSI Target Subsystem (SCST) is the successor of IET and was a possible candidate for kernel inclusion before the decision fell for LIO.
There are packages available for LIO, STGT and IET in the AUR (see below).
- 1 Setup with LIO Target
- 2 Setup with SCSI Target Framework (STGT)
- 3 Setup with iSCSI Enterprise Target (IET)
- 4 See also
Setup with LIO Target
LIO target is included in the kernel since 2.6.38. However, the iSCSI target fabric is included since linux 3.1.
The important kernel modules are target_core_mod and iscsi_target_mod, which should be in the kernel and loaded automatically.
You start LIO target with
/etc/rc.d/target is included in AUR when you use the free branch or a less clean version in AUR when you use the original targetcli or lio-utils directly.
# /etc/rc.d/target start
This will load necessary modules, mount the configfs and load previously saved iscsi target configuration.With
# /etc/rc.d/target statusyou can show some information about the running configuration.
You might want to include
target in your rc.conf#Daemons.
You can use targetcli to create the whole configuration or you can alternatively use the lio utils tcm_* and lio_* directly (deprecated).
It is recommended to install the free branch AUR with the dependencies AUR and AUR.AUR from
There is also the originalAUR package available, but it is additionally dependent on lio-utils and epydoc. The external manual is only available in the free branch.
The config shell creates most names and numbers for you automatically, but you can also provide your own settings.
At any point in the shell you can type
help in order to see what commands you can issue here.
In this shell you include a block device (here:
/dev/disk/by-id/md-name-nas:iscsi) to use with
/> cd backstores/blockYou then create an iSCSI Qualified Name (iqn) and a target portal group (tpg) with
/backstores/block> create md_block0 /dev/disk/by-id/md-name-nas:iscsi
...> cd /iscsi
In order to tell LIO that your block device should get used as backstore for the target you issue
.../tpg1> cd luns
.../tpg1/luns> create /backstores/block/md_block0
Then you need to create a portal, making a daemon listen for incoming connections:
.../luns/lun0> cd ../../portals
Targetcli will tell you the IP and port where LIO is listening for incoming connections (defaults to 0.0.0.0 (all)). You will need at least the IP for the clients. The port should be the standard port 3260.
In order for a client/initiator to connect you need to include the iqn of the initiator in the target configuration:
...> cd ../../acls
.../acls> create iqn.2005-03.org.open-iscsi:SERIAL
iqn.2005-03.org.open-iscsi:SERIAL you use the iqn of an initiator.
It can normally be found in
You have to do this for every initiator that needs to connect.
Targetcli will automatically map the created lun to the newly created acl.
The last thing you have to do in targetcli when everything works is saving the configuration with:
...> cd / /> saveconfig
The will the configuration in
You can now safely start and stop
/etc/rc.d/target without losing your configuration.
Authentication per CHAP is enabled per default for your targets. You can either setup passwords or disable this authentication.
Navigate targetcli to your target (i.e. /iscsi/iqn.../tpg1) and
.../tpg1> set attribute authentication=0
Navigate to a certain acl of your target (i.e. /iscsi/iqn.../tpg1/acls/iqn.../) and
...> get auth
will show you the current authentication credentials.
...> set auth userid=foo ...> set auth password=bar
Would enable authentication with foo:bar.
Using (plain) LIO utils
You have to install AUR and the dependencies (python2).AUR from
Tips & Tricks
- With targetstatus you can list the current open sessions. This script is included in the AUR package, but can also be used together with lio-utils or the original targetcli. It needs rtslib or rtslib-fb.
Setup with SCSI Target Framework (STGT)
You will need the Package AUR.AUR from
This is also linked on the official STGT website.
Setup with iSCSI Enterprise Target (IET)
You will need AUR.AUR and AUR from
Create the Target
Modify /etc/iet/ietd.conf accordingly
Hard Drive Target
Target iqn.2010-06.ServerName:desc Lun 0 Path=/dev/sdX,Type=blockio
File based Target
Use "dd" to create a file of the required size, this example is 10GB.
dd if=/dev/zero of=/root/os.img bs=1G count=10
Target iqn.2010-06.ServerName:desc Lun 0 Path=/root/os.img,Type=fileio
Start server services
rc.d start iscsi-target
Also you can "iscsi-target" to DAEMONS in /etc/rc.conf so that it starts up during boot.