Difference between revisions of "Init/Rosetta"

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[[Category:Русский]]
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{{Lowercase title}}
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[[Category:Boot process]]
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[[es:Init Rosetta]]
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[[ja:Init Rosetta]]
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[[ru:Init Rosetta]]
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This article draws a parallel between the old [[SysVinit]] and the current [[systemd]] initialization.
  
[[Category:Процесс загрузки]]
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Keep in mind that you can always omit the {{ic|.service}} and {{ic|.target}} extensions, especially if you're temporarily editing the [[kernel parameters]] when bootloader menu shows up. Easier to remember, as well.
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=== Commands ===
  
[[ru:Init Rosetta]]
 
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|-
 
|-
! scope="col"| Init Command   
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! scope="col"| SysVinit
! scope="col"| systemd Command   
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! scope="col"| systemd
! scope="col"| Comment   
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! scope="col"| Information
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center"| rc.d {start | stop | restart...} daemon 
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| align="center"|  rc.d {start | stop | restart} daemon 
| align="left"| systemctl {start | stop | restart...} daemon.service 
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| align="left"|  systemctl {start | stop | restart} daemon.service 
| align="center"|Change service state
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| align="center"| Change service state.
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center"|rc.d list
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| align="center"|  rc.d list 
| align="left"| systemctl list-unit-files --type=service
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| align="left"|  systemctl list-unit-files --type=service 
| align="center"|List Services
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| align="center"| List Services.
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center"|chkconfig daemon {on | off}
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| align="center"|  chkconfig daemon {on | off} 
| align="left"| systemctl {enable | disable} daemon.service
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| align="left"|  systemctl {enable | disable} daemon.service 
| align="center"|Turn service on or off
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| align="center"| Turn service on or off.
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center"| chkconfig daemon --add
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| align="center"|  chkconfig daemon --add 
| align="left"| systemctl daemon-reload
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| align="left"|  systemctl daemon-reload 
| align="center"| Use when you create or modify configs/scripts 
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| align="center"| Use when you create or modify configs/scripts.
 
|}
 
|}
  
=== Таблица уровней запуска и их аналогов в Systemd ===
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=== Targets table ===
  
 
{| border="1"
 
{| border="1"
!Уровнень запуска SysV!!Systemd Target!!Примечание
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! SysV Runlevel !! systemd Target !! Notes
 
|-
 
|-
| 0 || runlevel0.target, poweroff.target || Выключить систему.
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| 0 || runlevel0.target, poweroff.target || Halt the system.
 
|-
 
|-
| 1, s, single || runlevel1.target, rescue.target || Однопользовательский уровень запуска.
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| 1, s, single || runlevel1.target, rescue.target || Single user mode.
 
|-
 
|-
| 2, 4 || runlevel2.target, runlevel4.target, multi-user.target || Уровень запуска, определенный пользователем/специфичный для узла. По умолчанию соответствует уровню запуска 3.
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| 2, 4 || runlevel2.target, runlevel4.target, multi-user.target || User-defined/Site-specific runlevels. By default, identical to 3.
 
|-
 
|-
| 3 || runlevel3.target, multi-user.target || Многопользовательский режим без графики. Пользователи, как правило, входят с помощью множества консолей или через сеть.
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| 3 || runlevel3.target, multi-user.target || Multi-user, non-graphical. Users can usually login via multiple consoles or via the network.
 
|-
 
|-
| 5 || runlevel5.target, graphical.target || Многопользовательский режим с графикой. Обычно эквивалентен запуску всех сервисов уровня 3 и графическому менеджеру входа.
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| 5 || runlevel5.target, graphical.target || Multi-user, graphical. Usually has all the services of runlevel 3 plus a graphical login.
 
|-
 
|-
| 6 || runlevel6.target, reboot.target || Перезагрузка.
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| 6 || runlevel6.target, reboot.target || Reboot
 
|-
 
|-
| emergency || emergency.target || Аварийная оболочка.
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| emergency || emergency.target || Emergency shell
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}

Revision as of 07:40, 21 August 2013

This article draws a parallel between the old SysVinit and the current systemd initialization.

Keep in mind that you can always omit the .service and .target extensions, especially if you're temporarily editing the kernel parameters when bootloader menu shows up. Easier to remember, as well.

Commands

SysVinit systemd Information
 rc.d {start | stop | restart} daemon   systemctl {start | stop | restart} daemon.service  Change service state.
 rc.d list   systemctl list-unit-files --type=service  List Services.
 chkconfig daemon {on | off}   systemctl {enable | disable} daemon.service  Turn service on or off.
 chkconfig daemon --add   systemctl daemon-reload  Use when you create or modify configs/scripts.

Targets table

SysV Runlevel systemd Target Notes
0 runlevel0.target, poweroff.target Halt the system.
1, s, single runlevel1.target, rescue.target Single user mode.
2, 4 runlevel2.target, runlevel4.target, multi-user.target User-defined/Site-specific runlevels. By default, identical to 3.
3 runlevel3.target, multi-user.target Multi-user, non-graphical. Users can usually login via multiple consoles or via the network.
5 runlevel5.target, graphical.target Multi-user, graphical. Usually has all the services of runlevel 3 plus a graphical login.
6 runlevel6.target, reboot.target Reboot
emergency emergency.target Emergency shell